Archived — Co-operatives in Canada in 2011
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Table of Contents
- How We Define Co-operatives
- An Overview of 2011 Reporting Co-operatives
- Distribution by Industry
- Annex A: Detailed Data Tables
- Table 1: Overview of Co-operatives by Province and Territories, 2002–2011
- Table 2: Trends by Province and Territories, 2007–2011
- Table 3: Comparison of Co-operatives (Average) by Province and Territories, 2010 – 2011
- Table 4: Volume of Business of Co-operatives by Industry Codes and Province and Territories, 2011
- Table 5: Assets of Co-operatives by Industry Codes and Province and Territories, 2011
- Table 6: Membership of Co-operatives by Industry Codes and Province and Territories, 2011
- Table 7: Employment of Co-operatives by Industry Codes and Province and Territories, 2011
Table of Figures
Co-operatives in Canada in 2011 is an annual publication that provides baseline data on the co-operative sector in Canada. The Government of Canada has been collecting and publishing this data since the 1930s.
The 2011 publication is the 78th edition and has been prepared by Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada's Co-operatives Policy Unit. The Unit provides analysis, advice and support to promote co-operative business innovation and growth in Canada.
The report is based on unweighted data gathered from the 2011 Annual Survey of Canadian Co-operatives. The 2011 survey response rate is 68% (5,251 reporting co-operatives out of 7,761 incorporated co-operatives), a slight increase from the 2010 response rate of 65%.
Unless otherwise indicated, the publication has been prepared with data from the reporting co-operatives that responded to the Annual Survey. Estimates were only conducted for co-operatives that submitted a survey in 2010 and were still in operation in 2011. This report would not be possible without the aggregate data contributions from the Ministry of the Economy, Science and Innovation in the Government of Quebec, and Service Nova Scotia in the Government of Nova Scotia.
The Co-operatives in Canada in 2011 publication classifies co-operatives using the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). This enables direct comparison of the co-operative sector with other sectors across the Canadian economy as well as sectors in the United States and Mexico who use NAICS to classify their industries.
A Note on Financial and Non-Financial Co-operatives
In Canada, co-operatives are generally categorized as financial or non-financial co-operatives. Financial co-operatives consist of deposit-taking credit unions and caisses populaires, as well as mutuals involved in life, property and casualty insurance. At the federal level, these co-operatives are subject to the Co-operative Credit Associations Act, the Bank Act and the Insurance Companies Act, under the authority of the federal Minister of Finance. Since 1986, statistics on these co-operatives has been collected by Statistics Canada, and they have not been included in the Annual Survey of Canadian Co-operatives. As a result, no financial co-operatives are included in this publication. A number of Canada's "non-financial" co-operatives have been coded as "Finance and Insurance" co-operatives. These co-operatives are not incorporated as financing institutions but are, however, used by groups of people or businesses to serve as financial intermediaries and provide services such as small business loans.
Non-financial co-operatives generally consist of consumer, producer, worker or multi-stakeholder co-operatives and can be incorporated and regulated at the provincial, territorial or federal level (e.g., federally incorporated co-ops are subject to the Canada Cooperatives Act under the mandate of Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada).
A Note on Comparability
For the purposes of this report, baseline statistics on co-operatives have been presented and no comparisons are made with other forms of corporations. Because the co-operative business model overlaps with other models, further analysis is needed to enable comparisons. For example, some co-operatives are also considered small and medium enterprises (SMEs) because they fit the definition of having 1 to 499 paid employees and less than $50 million in annual revenues. Similarly, an additional grouping of co-operatives also operate on a non-profit basis or have registered charity status with the Canada Revenue Agency and so could further be compared to Not-For-Profit corporations and registered charities.
|Province or Territory||Abbreviation|
|Prince Edward Island||PE|
|Newfoundland and Labrador||NL|
|Territories (NT+NU+YT)Footnote 1||TE|
Number of Co-operatives
- In 2011, there were 7,761 co-operatives in Canada, spanning all provinces and territories. Of these, 5,251 (or 68%) responded to the Annual Survey of Canadian Co-operatives.
Size of Co-operatives
- In 2011, 49% of reporting co-operatives had no paid employees and were operating using volunteer resources. These co-operatives generated the smallest share of volume of businessFootnote 2 (2%), assets (12%) and membership (3%) of the reporting co-operatives.
- Conversely, less than 0.35% of co-operatives were large enterprises (i.e., with 500 or more employees). Co-operatives in this range of size generated $22.4 billion in volume of business (58% of the total volume of business), owned assets of $10.1 billion (44% of the total assets) and employed approximately 34,000 employees (38% of total employment).
- Of the remaining reporting co-operatives, 49% had 1–99 employees and 28% had 100–499 employeesFootnote 3.
Types of Co-operatives
- In 2011, 70% (or 3,690) reporting co-operatives were member-owned consumer co-operatives and 16% (or 837) of reporting co-operatives were member-owned producer co-operatives.
- Excluding Quebec, 1,613 or 36% of all reporting co-operatives identified themselves also operating as non-profits or as registered charities.
Age of Co-operatives
- In 2011, 15% (or 788) of reporting co-operatives were established over 40 or more years ago; almost half (2,681 or 51%) were established between 21 and 40 years ago.
- Reporting co-operatives in 2011 contributed over 90,070 full-time and part-time jobs to the Canadian labour market. This represented a 2.4% increase from 2010
- In 2011, almost 75% of co-operative jobs were held within three sectors: Wholesale and Retail (42%), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting (21%), and, Construction and Manufacturing (15%). From 2002 to 2011, the total number of people employed by reporting co-operatives increased by 6%.
- Reporting co-operatives had a total of 7.8 million memberships, a 5% increase from 2010. The overwhelming majority (6.7 million or 86%) of these memberships were within the Wholesale and Retail sectors.
- Non-financial co-operatives reported a total volume of business of $38.6 billion in 2011. Three sectors generated 93% of the business: Wholesale and Retail ($23 billion), Construction and Manufacturing ($6.5 billion), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting ($6.4 billion).
- Reporting co-operatives held $22.9 billion in assets in 2011. The top three sectors owned 79% of all assets: Wholesale and Retail ($10.8 billion), Real Estate ($4.6 billion) Construction and Manufacturing ($2.7 billion).
- In 2011, reporting co-operatives paid out $911 million in patronage dividends back to their members and communities. This represented a 22% increase from 2010 that saw $746 million returned to members.
Governance and Volunteers
- In 2011, non-financial co-operatives, excluding those in QuebecFootnote 4, reported 15,676 Board of Directors elected by their membership to help guide the co-operative's operations and make key business decisions for the health of their organizations. Housing co-operatives had the highest number of Board of Directors (over 4,800), followed by Retail and Wholesale (over 2,500) and then Health Care and Social Services (1,800).
- In addition, there were over 22,800 volunteers involved in the day-to-day operations of co-operatives in 2011, excluding co-operatives in Quebec. Housing co-operatives account for 61% of the total volunteers likely due to their non-profit, social housing mandates.
How We Define Co-operatives
A non-financial co-operative is a legally incorporated corporation that is owned by an association of persons seeking to satisfy common needs such as access to products or services, sale of their products or services, or employment.
In Canada, a co-operative must incorporate pursuant to a specific corporate statute at the provincial, territorial or federal level. These Acts govern all types of co-operatives, with the exception of financial co-operatives, which are governed by separate legislation. The nature of the co-operative business model and how they operate is largely defined by these Acts.
Whatever the governing Act may be, co-operatives share three common characteristics in areas of ownership, governance and distribution of profits.
A co-operative is a business jointly owned by its members who use its products or services. In some cases, co-operatives can have members who do not use its services or products (e.g. support members, investor members).
Co-operatives are democratically controlled businesses with the governing principle "one-member, one-vote". This right is exercised at the co-operative's annual general meeting (AGM), where members can vote directly for the board of directors. This democratic governance structure is reinforced by the co-operative's by-laws and the legislation under which the co-operative is incorporated (provincial, territorial or federal).
Distribution of Profits
Any surplus of a co-operative is owned by the member-owners who can decide how to distribute the profits at the AGM, which can include the decisions to allocate either part or all of the surplus to the general reserve for future investments and, the decision to distribute the profits to all the members in the form of patronage dividends based on the individual member's usage of the co-operative over the past fiscal year.
Depending on the governing legislation, a co-operative may choose to operate on a non-profit basis and an additional small number of co-operatives are registered charities. In both instances, these co-operatives do not provide members with a patronage dividend, and all surpluses are directed eventually into their general reserve.
An Overview of 2011 Reporting Co-operatives
Distribution by Geography
In 2011, there were 7,761 incorporated co-operativesFootnote 5 registered under a federal, provincial or territorial co-operative Act. Quebec had the highest share of incorporated co-operatives (37%), followed by Ontario (21%) and Saskatchewan (12%). Of the incorporated co-operatives, data was collected on 68% (or 5,251) reporting co-operatives that completed the 2011 Annual Survey of Canadian Co-operatives.
Size of Co-operatives
In addition to total revenue, assets and sales, the number of employees is commonly used to determine the size of a business. In 2011, 49% of reporting co-operatives had no paid employees. These co-operatives generated approximately $0.8 million (or 2%) in volume of businessFootnote 6, owned 12% of all assets, and had approximately 150,000 (2%) memberships.Footnote 7
Co-operatives with 1 to 99 employees (49%) employed a workforce of over 30,300 or 34% of all employees. They generated a volume of business of $7.6 billion (or 20%) of the total share, owned $6.5 billion (28%) in assets, and had approximately 2 million (26%) members.
Medium size co-operatives (100 to 499 employees) represented 2% of the total reporting co-ops and employed more than 25,600 (28%) Canadians. This group had a volume of business of $7.8 billion (20%), assets of $3.6 billion (16%), and a membership of approximately 1.1 million (14%).
Less than 1% (0.35%) of co-operatives were large enterprises (over 500 employees). Together, they generated $22.4 billion (58%) in volume of business, owned assets of $10.1 billion (44%) and employed approximately 34,000 (38%) workers. While membership of the group stood at approximately 4.4 million (57%), this figure included Mountain Equipment Co-op's 3.6 million members across Canada.
Types of Co-operatives
Co-operatives are generally categorized based on their relationship and benefit to the member: consumer, producer, worker, multi-stakeholder and federations.
In 2011, 70% (or 3,690) of reporting co-operatives were consumer co-operatives. These co-operatives provided products or services to their members (e.g., retail stores, housing, health care, social services).
Sixteen percent (or 837) of reporting co-operatives in 2011 were producer co-operatives. They processed and marketed the goods or services produced by their members, and/or supplied products or services necessary to the members' professional activities (such as farmers, independent entrepreneurs, or artisans). Consumer and producer co-operatives demonstrate the beneficial economies of scale for which co-operatives are known; member-owners band together to purchase large quantities of inputs, or to sell large quantities of outputs jointly. Members benefit from lower prices (for consumer co-operatives) or higher prices (for producer co-operatives). Members also benefit from the infrastructure put in place by their co-operative (e.g., processing facilities for agricultural co-operatives).
Seven percent (or 381) of reporting co-operatives in 2011 were multi-stakeholder co-operatives created to serve the needs of different stakeholder groups, such as employees, producers, consumers, clients, service providers, community residents and other interested individuals and organizations. Generally, common forms of multi-stakeholder co-operatives include health care, community economic development, home care and social co-operatives.
Five percent (or 247) of reporting co-operatives in 2011 were worker co-operatives. They provided employment for their members. In this type of co-operative, the employees are the members and the owners of the enterprise. Common forms include arts and entertainment, manufacturing, education and home care services. Representing less than 1% (or 45), worker-shareholder co-operatives are a form of worker co-operatives found in Quebec. They are incorporated co-operatives that hold partial ownership of the business in which the co-op's members are employed and the co-op can participate in the management of the business.
Approximately 1% of the reporting co-operatives in 2011 were a federation, a co-operative whose membership is composed substantially of other co-operatives generally operating within the same sector. For example, many provinces have a co-operative housing federation that provides services to housing co-operatives and, in turn; there is the Co-operative Housing Federation of Canada that provides national-level services such as advocacy to support the provincial federations.
Age of Co-operatives
The survival rates of co-operatives are strong. Sixty-six percent of the reporting co-operatives in 2011 were incorporated over 20 years ago. Of these, 15% (or 788) were established over 40 or more years ago and almost half (2,681 or 51%) were established between 21 and 40 years ago.
A smaller proportion (15% or 793) of reporting co-operatives in 2011 were established between 3 to 10 years ago and 5% (or 250) were incorporated within 2 years or less.Footnote 8
Reporting co-operatives employed 90,070 Canadians in 2011 in both part and full-time positions and paid out $1.1 billion in salaries and wages. The Wholesale and Retail sectors employed the largest number of Canadians by contributing over 38,000 jobs to the labour market. Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting co-operatives were the second largest employers with close to 19,000 jobs, followed by Construction and Manufacturing co-operatives with over 13,500 jobs. These sectors combined provided 79% of the overall co-operative sector's employment figures. There was a 2.4% increase in employment in 2011. The limited fluctuation in year-over-year can be attributed in part to the conversion of a number of large co-operatives to private owned companies in 2002–2005 and the resulting drop in employment.Footnote 9
Co-operatives reported total memberships of 7.8 million in 2011. Of these, the overwhelming majority (6.4 million or 86%) were found within the Wholesale and Retail sectors. With 3.6 million members, Mountain Equipment Co-op alone reported almost half (46%) of the total co-operative memberships in Canada. Co-operative memberships have increased 53% over the last ten years, from 5.1 million memberships to 7.8 million.
In 2011, reporting co-operatives generated a total of $38.7 billion in volume of business. Wholesale and Retail co-operatives reported the largest volume of business ($23.3 billion combined) followed by Construction and Manufacturing ($6.5 billion) and then Agriculture, Fishing, Forestry and Hunting ($6.4 billion). In Manufacturing, a few large co-operatives active in producing dairy products on behalf of their farmer-members generated the bulk of this volume of business. Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing, and Hunting co-operatives were the third largest revenue generating industries ($6.4 billion) for co-operatives. These sectors combined reported $36.2 billion or 94% of the total volume of business of co-operatives.
Co-operatives also held $23 billion in assets in the form of cash, real estate, equipment, trademarks and copyrights, among others. Almost half (48%) or approximately $11 billion of these assets were held within the Wholesale and Retail sector. The Real Estate industry held 20% or $4.6 billion of the co-operative assets, the bulk of which is the result of housing co-operatives ownership or leasing of property in many of Canada's municipalities. Co-operatives also reported significant assets in Construction and Manufacturing ($2.8 billion), and in Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting ($2.5 billion). These four sectors combined reported $21 billion or 91% of the total assets of co-operatives.
From 2002 to 2011, total volume of business and assets tended to move in tandem. Decreases were in part due to the demutualization of a number of co-operatives in 2002 to 2005 and decreased petroleum product sales in 2009.Footnote 11 From 2002 to 2011, there has been a 51% increase in the total volume of business of co-operatives and a 36% increase in total assets.
A patronage dividend is the portion of income paid annually by a co-operative to its members based on usage and provides direct benefits to members and to communities where co-operative businesses operate. In 2011, reporting co-operatives paid out $911 million in patronage dividends back to their members and communities. This represented a 22% increase from 2010 that saw $746 million returned to members.
Co-operatives in the Wholesale and Retail industry returned over $718 million or 79% of the total amount of co-operative dividends to their members in 2011. Construction and Manufacturing co-operatives (primarily dairy co-operatives) provided the second largest amount of paid dividends returning $136 million or almost 15% to farmer members.
From 2002 to 2011, the amount of patronage paid by Canadian co-operatives to their members steadily increased. The $911 million in patronage dividends paid to members in 2011 represented an increase of $426 million or 88% from 2002.
Co-operatives that are members of a federation or another co-operative may receive patronage dividends from that federation. The difference between what a co-operative receives in patronage dividends and what it pays out to its own members as patronage dividends is net patronage dividends. Net patronage increased from $268 million in 2002 to $359 million in 2011, an increase of approximately 34% over the period. While patronage paid increased 22% between 2010 and 2011, net patronage decreased by 14%.
Governance and Volunteers
The Board of Directors of a co-operative are critical to the organization's development and growth as they represent the needs of the members who elected them, and make key business decisions to ensure the business successfully continues to operate. In 2011, non-financial co-operatives, excluding those in QuebecFootnote 12, reported 15,676 Board of Directors. Housing co-operatives had the highest number of Board of Directors (over 4,800), followed by Retail and Wholesale (over 2,500) and then Health Care and Social Services (1,800). Ontario reported the highest number of Board of Directors (4,211), followed by Saskatchewan (3,338).
Reporting co-operatives in 2011 also reported over 22,800 volunteers involved in co-operatives, excluding co-operatives in Quebec. Housing co-operatives account for 61% of the total volunteers likely due to their non-profit, social housing mandates. Ontario reported the highest number of volunteers in co-operatives (9,998), followed by British Columbia (4,949), and Alberta (1,558).
Distribution by Industry
Total Number of Co-operatives by Industry CodesFootnote 13
Co-operatives in Canada are involved in a wide range of activities, from manufacturing and processing to housing, daycare and health care services in communities. They run entire regional wholesale and retailing systems that provide millions of goods and services to Canadians and they are also involved in the provision of local community utilities such as gas, water and electricity.
In 2011, 42% (or 2,185) of all reporting co-operatives were classified under the Real Estate sector primarily as housing co-operatives. Wholesale and Retail were second (13%) followed by Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting (8%) and Health Care and Social Assistance sectors (8%).
Overview of Co-operatives by Industry CodesFootnote 14
Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting
In 2011, there were 422 reporting co-operatives in the Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting sector that contributed $6.4 billion in volume of business to the economy. The sector reported assets of $2.5 billion and employed over 19,212 employees (second largest employers after Wholesale and Retail) and had a membership of over 73,725.
This sector can be further distributed into five subsectors. Agriculture and Forestry Support is the largest sub-sector accounting for 34% of co-operatives in this industry. It primarily provides farmers with seed cleaning services. Animal production and aquaculture is the second largest sub-sector and primarily includes collective grazing management activities, as well as poultry and egg production, and livestock-rearing accounts. Crop production includes fruits and vegetables, honey and maple products, as well as grains and oilseeds. The last two sub-sectors include forestry, logging and fishing, hunting and trapping.
Quebec's 126 co-operatives contributed $4.9 billion or 77% to the total volume of business of the Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting sector. This difference is largely attributed to the business activities of La Coop Fédérée that was the second largest non-financial co-op in Canada in 2011 and reported $4.4 billion in total business volume. With over $535 million in total volume of business in this sector, Ontario co-operatives reported the second largest amount of business activity in this sector.
The Utilities sector consists of co-operatives that are involved in providing gas, electricity, other forms of energy and water supply services. In 2011, reporting co-operatives within the sector contributed a volume of business of $324 million and owned $643 million in assets. The sector employed a total of 777 persons and had a membership of over 132,000.
In 2011, 162 or 62% of the 261 co-operatives operating within the utilities sector were located in Alberta. These co-operatives are all incorporated under the Rural Utilities Act and include Rural Electrification Associations (REA), natural gas and water co-operatives. They generated $235.6 million or 73% of the sector's volume of business. They owned assets of $534 million or 83% of all assets within the sector. Their membership was more than 115,000, and they employed nearly 590 employees.
The REAs were started in the 1940s by farmers in order to supply rural Alberta with electricity. The REAs were set up as non-profit entities and were created to provide low-costs services to members. Natural gas co-operatives operate their own distribution system and provide natural gas to their members in rural areas.
Of the 99 utility co-operatives operating outside of Alberta, the majority were involved in water supply activities such as agricultural irrigation and rural community water supply. The remainder of reporting utilities co-operatives in 2011 was a mixture of electricity and renewable energy co-operatives (including wind, solar, tidal, hydro, biofuel and biomass co-operatives).
Construction and Manufacturing
In 2011, reporting co-operatives in Construction and Manufacturing generated a combined volume of business of $6.5 billion. The sectors owned assets valued at $2.6 billion, employed more than 13,700 people, and had a membership of over 35,000.
The co-operative model is used in the Construction industry generally by construction workers or trades to pool resources and technical skills to secure contracts. Furthermore, the model is used to provide a variety of services such as green and eco-renovations.
Most of the 12 co-operatives operating in the Construction Sector were primarily focused on non-residential building construction. The remainder dealt with construction projects such as highways and bridges, and specialties such as painting and masonry.
Manufacturing consists of co-operatives mainly engaged in using their producer members' commodities to manufacture a product with a higher market value. The output may be ready for consumption or further used as input in the production of other goods. The co-operatives further provide research and innovation support, and trademarks and patents.
Fifty-six percent of the 108 reporting co-operatives in the Manufacturing sector operated within food manufacturing. These co-operatives engaged in dairy product manufacturing, animal food manufacturing, grain and oilseed milling, and meat production. The second largest sub-sector was wood product manufacturing with 8% of co-operatives. The remaining co-operatives were distributed among the sub-sectors of beverage and tobacco products manufacturing, printing and related support activities, and fabricated metal product manufacturing.
Out of the 108 reporting co-operatives in the Manufacturing sector, more than half (72%) were located in Quebec. Of these, Agropur Coopérative, engaged in dairy product manufacturing, reported a volume of business of $3.6 billion.
Wholesale and Retail Trade
Wholesale co-operatives mainly sell goods and provide services in bulk in order to reduce the overall costs to their members. Co-operatives in this sector play a large role in providing inputs such as fertilizer, gas, seeds, hardware and other bulk items to farmers. The Retail sector operates retail outlets to provide their consumer members with groceries, hardware, petroleum and other general merchandise. In 2011, reporting co-operatives operating in the two sectors generated the highest volume of business of the co-operatives sectors at $23 billion, and the highest assets at $10.8 billion. Together, the sectors employed the most people, providing over 38,000 jobs and had the most members (6.8 million). The high membership is explained by the large number of retail enterprises that offer memberships to individual consumers.
The largest sub-sector within Wholesale and Retail was food and beverage stores. These consisted of specialty food stores including bakeries, organic food stores and farmers' markets, as well as grocery stores. Together, they made up 40% of all co-operatives within Wholesale and Retail. General merchandise stores consisted of retail outlets trading in a wide range of goods from auto to home merchandise.
Saskatchewan alone contributed the highest volume of business ($10.9 billion) to Retail Trade, with Federated Co-operatives Limited (FCL) contributing $8.3 billion in volume of business.
Transportation and Warehousing
Co-operatives in this sector transport passengers and merchandise, warehouse and store goods, and also provide services to other enterprises engaged in these ventures. In 2011, reporting co-operatives in the sector generated $117 million in volume of business, $68 million in assets, employed 1,096 individuals and had 11,002 memberships.
The majority (80%) of co-operatives in this sector fell under transit and ground passenger transportation. This included taxi co-operatives that operated in many of the major municipalities across Canada and car-share co-operatives that provided an alternative for individuals to own and insure an automotive vehicle.
The remaining co-operatives in this sector were engaged in truck freight, air, water, support activities for transportation.
While transportation co-operatives were found across the country, almost more than half were located in Quebec and contributed $82 million to the total volume of business ($116.7 million).
Distribution by Industry (continued)
Overview of Co-operatives by Industry Codes (continued)
Information and Cultural Industries
Co-operatives in this sector are engaged in the production and distribution of informational and cultural items. In 2011, reporting co-operatives in the sector generated a volume of business of $235 million, held assets of $358 million, employed more than 900 and had a membership base of over 102,000.
Within this sector, 33% were in broadcasting, 31% in telecommunications, 16% were engaged in activities such as newspaper, periodical and book publishing, 10% were operating in motion picture and sound recording industries.
Of the total volume of business of $177.5 million, $69.4 million was contributed by Access Communications Co-operative Limited. This co-operative, operating as a non-profit communications and entertainment services provider in Saskatchewan, is one of the few non-agricultural co-operatives in the Top 50 co-operative list for 2010.
Finance and Insurance
There are a number of non-financial co-operatives that fall within the NAICS finance and insurance subsectors. For example, the co-operative model has been used as a fund to pool investments for communities or for co-operatives to access affordable loans and as a third-tier holding entity for large stock insurance companies.
In 2011, reporting co-operatives in this sector contributed $20.3 million in volume of business, owned $208 million in assets, employed 520 workers and had a membership of over 14,000.
Community Investment Co-operatives are essentially an investment fund that offers its shares or units to various investors and generates a return through interest, dividends and capital gains. The co-operative then uses the investment capital to develop and grow business in the local community with assistance from provincial initiatives such as the Nova Scotia's Community Economic Development Investment Funds.
Saskatchewan is home to a number of Loans Co-operatives, created to provide loans to small businesses in order to promote local economic development. These co-operatives typically have a board of directors of local businesses who make the decision to approve or not approve small loans. Their clientele would generally be businesses that could not secure a loan from a financial institution, but are still deemed a worthy investment for the community. These co-operatives play a depository credit intermediation role. They hold a certain level of capital in a fund that is either entirely, or in part, loaned out with an interest rate that covers some of the costs. Gains are returned to grow the fund.
Feeder and Breeder Financing Co-operatives also play a financial intermediary role to ensure that farmers can purchase livestock. Once the co-operative is capitalized or secures a lender (financial institution), it approves the members' credit limits and provides a revolving line of credit with a low interest rate. This is used to purchase and sell cattle. Members repay the co-operative directly and the loans are closed. There are many financial benefits that vary by province, including: very low interest rates, no payments until the sale of the cattle, one-time credit approval and financing up to 100%, among others. These co-operatives have several tools to manage the associated risk of providing loans. First, most are supported by a provincial loan program that guarantees 15–25% of the loans. In addition, the co-operative requires a security deposit from each member to create a reserve in the event of defaults.
Real Estate and Rental and Leasing
Co-operatives operating in the Real Estate, Rental and Leasing industry are primarily non-profit housing co-operatives (97%) associated with a social housing program with a small percentage (3%) of co-operatives operating in the rental and leasing sub-sector. Co-operatives in this sub-sector rented or leased farm equipment and machinery to members.
Members of housing co-operatives are entitled to a number of benefits, such as affordable housing with rents that increase only when operating costs increase, the right to vote on important decisions, and security. The mission of these co-operatives is to help members find suitable housing based on their income.
In 2011, reporting co-operatives in the Real Estate sector generated $900 million in volume of business and owned the second largest assets at $4.6 billion. It had over 113,000 members and employed over 1,500 people. At 2,185 or 42% of co-operatives, the Real Estate sector had the most co-operatives of any sector.
The province of Quebec had the highest proportion (1,301 or 60%) of all reporting co-operatives in the Real Estate industry.
Professional, Scientific and Technical Services and Educational Services
The Professional, Scientific and Technical Services sector includes establishments whose activities are based primarily on human capital. These co-operatives range from provincial and national co-operative associations that provide professional support to their member co-operatives, to management consulting, research and advertising co-operatives.
Educational Services co-operatives provide instruction and training services that range from sign language instruction to study abroad initiatives.
In 2011, reporting co-operatives in Professional, Scientific and Technical Services and Educational Services generated a volume of business of $84.9 million, and owned assets totaling $99.6 million. The two sectors employed more than 1,200 workers and had a membership of more than 22,000.
Quebec and Ontario with a combined volume of business of $77 million contributed the most to the Professional, Scientific and Technical Services and Educational Services sector.
Administrative and Support, Waste Management and Remediation Services
There are two distinct types of co-operatives engaged in this sector: co-operatives that provide daily operational support to organizations or individuals such as travel agencies and business support services; and, co-operatives involved with waste management activities such as recycling facilities.
Reporting co-operatives in this sector generated $44 million in volume of business and owned $27.5 million in assets. They employed 1,000 employees and had a membership of 5,500.
Quebec and Nova Scotia together had 85% of co-operatives working in the Administrative and Support Services sub-sector.
Health Care and Social Assistance
Health Care and Social Assistance co-operatives fell into three NAICS subsectors, namely ambulatory health care services (19%), nursing and residential care facilities (less than 1%) and social assistance (78%).Footnote 15 Social Assistance co-operatives provide services to individuals and families, including counselling, employment support and services to individuals who face multiple barriers to employment, as well as child day-care services. Co-operatives in ambulatory health care services provide direct or indirect health care services to outpatients and include community health clinics, ambulance services and home health care.
In 2011, the 421 reporting co-operatives within the sector generated a volume of business of $258 million, and owned assets valued at $185 million. They employed over 5,000 people and had a membership that stood at close to 162,900.
With 145 reporting co-operatives in 2011, Ontario held the highest proportion of Health Care and Social Assistance co-operatives.
Arts, Entertainment and Recreation
Co-operatives in this sector operate facilities or provide artistic, cultural, entertainment and recreational services for their patrons
The majority (71%) of these reporting co-operatives operated in the amusement, gambling and recreation industries. Twenty-three percent were performing co-operatives in arts, spectator sports and related industries (e.g. curling clubs, marinas, community centers, and golf clubs).
In 2011, 323 reporting co-operatives generated a volume of business of $33 million. The sector had assets of $78 million, employed over 1,100 individuals and more than 37,000 members.
Accommodation and Food Services
Co-operatives also provide accommodations in the tourism industry as well as food services. This includes hotels, resorts, camping, marinas, and RV parks as well as restaurants, coffee shops and student cafeterias.
In 2011, the 55 reporting co-operatives in Accommodation and Food Services generated a combined volume of business of $21.9 million, and owned assets of $18.4 million. The sector employed over 500 workers and had over 10,000 members. Forty-five percent of co-operatives in the sector fell under the accommodation services sub-sector, while 55% fell under the food services and drinking places sub-sector. The majority of these co-operatives (83%) operated in Quebec.
Other Services & Public Administration
Other Services co-operatives are mainly engaged in repairs and routine maintenance on products such as motor vehicles, machinery and equipment as well as co-operatives that provide personal care, funeral and other services. Co-operatives involved in the organization and support of religious activities, grant-making, advocacy and political causes are also included under this sector.
The nine Public Administration co-operatives provided firefighting services to their local communities in Saskatchewan and Alberta. These co-operatives brought together the firefighters, community members, and local government in order to pool resources, skills and support.
In 2011, 215 reporting co-operatives in Other Services and Public Administration together generated a volume of business of $421 million. The sectors owned assets valued at $524 million, employed over 5,000 people and had a membership of more than 290,000.Co-operatives working within the personal and laundry services made up 65% of all reporting co-operatives operating in the Other Services sector. The private households sub-sector refers to households that employed workers such as cooks, maids and gardeners.
Annex A: Detailed Data Tables
|Number of Reporting Co-operatives|
|Volume of Business (in Millions of Dollars)|
|Assets (in Millions of Dollars)|
|Members (in Thousands)|
Annex A: Detailed Data Tables
|Canada||Number of co-ops reporting||5,795||5,686||5,642||5,094||5,251|
|Volume of business in millions of dollars||30,804||35,728||33,853||33,925||38,657|
|Number of members in thousands||6,647||6,925||7,239||7,398||7,809|
|Number of employees||87,620||87,918||87,735||87,963||90,070|
|Assets in millions of dollars||19,256||20,653||21,117||20,685||22,970|
|Liabilities in millions of dollars||11,075||11,614||11,547||10,798||11,871|
|Equity in millions of dollars||8,181||9,038||9,570||9,883||11,108|
|British Columbia||Number of co-ops reporting||392||392||393||301||338|
|Volume of business in millions of dollars||1,223||1,205||1,285||1,265||1,425|
|Number of members in thousands||2,909||3,219||3,467||3,698||3,993|
|Number of employees||4,429||4,013||3,778||4,149||4,378|
|Assets in millions of dollars||1,393||1,400||1,438||1,359||1,473|
|Liabilities in millions of dollars||935||911||913||822||871|
|Equity in millions of dollars||458||489||526||537||603|
|Alberta||Number of co-ops reporting||481||478||465||411||415|
|Volume of business in millions of dollars||4,600||5,212||4,558||4,330||5,201|
|Number of members in thousands||1,175||1,188||1,188||1,184||1,211|
|Number of employees||9,311||9,732||9,918||8,555||9,305|
|Assets in millions of dollars||2,448||2,632||2,763||2,581||2,815|
|Liabilities in millions of dollars||961||1,040||1,129||1,034||1,152|
|Equity in millions of dollars||1,486||1,592||1,633||1,547||1,667|
|Saskatchewan||Number of co-ops reporting||844||811||767||579||611|
|Volume of business in millions of dollars||8,361||11,419||9,518||9,794||11,494|
|Number of members in thousands||560||572||587||483||510|
|Number of employees||10,797||11,089||11,456||11,191||14,443|
|Assets in millions of dollars||4,351||5,036||5,138||5,395||6,452|
|Liabilities in millions of dollars||1,650||1,890||1,734||1,810||2,314|
|Equity in millions of dollars||2,701||3,146||3,405||3,585||4,141|
|Manitoba||Number of co-ops reporting||270||264||255||224||245|
|Volume of business in millions of dollars||1,861||2,142||2,082||1,971||2,501|
|Number of members in thousands||385||413||433||426||469|
|Number of employees||3,617||3,826||4,149||4,119||4,288|
|Assets in millions of dollars||918||968||1,035||1,003||1,182|
|Liabilities in millions of dollars||316||337||357||343||392|
|Equity in millions of dollars||602||631||678||659||790|
|Ontario||Number of co-ops reporting||952||918||901||708||736|
|Volume of business in millions of dollars||2,355||2,390||2,478||2,356||2,759|
|Number of members in thousands||180||168||158||143||171|
|Number of employees||5,750||5,878||5,639||5,493||5,676|
|Assets in millions of dollars||4,076||4,159||4,008||3,184||3,310|
|Liabilities in millions of dollars||3,431||3,445||3,290||2,464||2,517|
|Equity in millions of dollars||645||714||718||720||793|
|Quebec||Number of co-ops reporting||2,294||2,271||2,315||2,379||2,390|
|Volume of business in millions of dollars||10,177||11,091||11,619||11,979||12,986|
|Number of members in thousands||1,126||1,152||1,186||1,250||1,253|
|Number of employees||43,054||42,734||42,739||44,898||43,902|
|Assets in millions of dollars||5,048||5,449||5,719||6,055||6,598|
|Liabilities in millions of dollars||3,092||3,344||3,479||3,608||3,904|
|Equity in millions of dollars||1,956||2,105||2,241||2,413||2,694|
|New Brunswick||Number of co-ops reporting||138||135||133||101||108|
|Volume of business in millions of dollars||1,035||1,043||1,085||955||990|
|Number of members in thousands||193||94||96||89||84|
|Number of employees||3,704||3,216||3,167||3,113||2,282|
|Assets in millions of dollars||378||341||344||318||322|
|Liabilities in millions of dollars||268||221||222||207||213|
|Equity in millions of dollars||110||120||122||111||109|
|Nova Scotia||Number of co-ops reporting||287||282||288||284||303|
|Volume of business in millions of dollars||739||769||780||791||815|
|Number of members in thousands||46||48||51||44||45|
|Number of employees||3,533||3,781||3,195||3,270||3,216|
|Assets in millions of dollars||378||393||398||488||530|
|Liabilities in millions of dollars||256||265||267||342||358|
|Equity in millions of dollars||122||128||131||147||174|
|Prince Edward Island||Number of co-ops reporting||65||63||61||54||58|
|Volume of business in millions of dollars||237||229||219||228||258|
|Number of members in thousands||25||21||21||17||18|
|Number of employees||919||1,058||1,054||1,033||1,211|
|Assets in millions of dollars||88||90||95||98||115|
|Liabilities in millions of dollars||48||45||46||47||64|
|Equity in millions of dollars||40||45||49||51||51|
|Newfoundland||Number of co-ops reporting||33||33||29||19||18|
|Volume of business in millions of dollars||63||67||76||74||91|
|Number of members in thousands||28||30||31||39||41|
|Number of employees||820||800||895||335||599|
|Assets in millions of dollars||41||41||44||38||42|
|Liabilities in millions of dollars||25||25||27||16||18|
|Equity in millions of dollars||16||16||16||22||23|
|Territories||Number of co-ops reporting||39||39||35||34||29|
|Volume of business in millions of dollars||153||161||154||183||137|
|Number of members in thousands||20||21||21||24||15|
|Number of employees||1,686||1,791||1,745||1,807||770|
|Assets in millions of dollars||137||144||135||167||133|
|Liabilities in millions of dollars||91||92||84||93||69|
|Equity in millions of dollars||46||51||51||74||64|
Annex A: Detailed Data Tables
|Canada||Number of Reporting Co-ops||5,094||5,251|
|Volume of business ($) per co-operative||6,659,796||7,361,867|
|Number of members per co-operative||1,452||1,487|
|Number of employees per co-operative||17||17|
|Assets ($) per co-operative||4,060,660||4,374,488|
|Liabilities ($) per co-operative||2,119,749||2,260,677|
|Equity ($) per co-operative||1,940,126||2,115,538|
|British Columbia||Number of Reporting Co-ops||301||338|
|Volume of business ($) per co-operative||4,202,658||4,216,684|
|Number of members per co-operative||12,286||11,814|
|Number of employees per co-operative||14||13|
|Assets ($) per co-operative||4,514,950||4,358,785|
|Liabilities ($) per co-operative||2,730,897||2,575,715|
|Equity ($) per co-operative||1,784,053||1,783,060|
|Alberta||Number of Reporting Co-ops||411||415|
|Volume of business ($) per co-operative||10,535,280||12,533,660|
|Number of members per co-operative||2,881||2,918|
|Number of employees per co-operative||21||22|
|Assets ($) per co-operative||6,279,805||6,782,434|
|Liabilities ($) per co-operative||2,515,815||2,774,859|
|Equity ($) per co-operative||3,763,990||4,017,584|
|Saskatchewan||Number of Reporting Co-ops||579||611|
|Volume of business ($) per co-operative||16,915,371||18,811,047|
|Number of members per co-operative||834||834|
|Number of employees per co-operative||19||24|
|Assets ($) per co-operative||9,317,789||10,559,007|
|Liabilities ($) per co-operative||3,126,079||3,786,823|
|Equity ($) per co-operative||6,191,710||6,777,820|
|Manitoba||Number of Reporting Co-ops||224||245|
|Volume of business ($) per co-operative||8,799,107||10,208,881|
|Number of members per co-operative||1,902||1,916|
|Number of employees per co-operative||18||18|
|Assets ($) per co-operative||4,477,679||4,824,376|
|Liabilities ($) per co-operative||1,531,250||1,600,023|
|Equity ($) per co-operative||2,941,964||3,224,430|
|Ontario||Number of Reporting Co-ops||708||736|
|Volume of business ($) per co-operative||3,327,684||3,748,264|
|Number of members per co-operative||202||232|
|Number of employees per co-operative||8||8|
|Assets ($) per co-operative||4,497,175||4,496,835|
|Liabilities ($) per co-operative||3,480,226||3,419,349|
|Equity ($) per co-operative||1,016,949||1,077,339|
|Quebec||Number of Reporting Co-ops||2,379||2,390|
|Volume of business ($) per co-operative||5,035,309||5,433,388|
|Number of members per co-operative||525||524|
|Number of employees per co-operative||19||18|
|Assets ($) per co-operative||2,545,187||2,760,702|
|Liabilities ($) per co-operative||1,516,604||1,633,588|
|Equity ($) per co-operative||1,014,292||1,127,111|
|New Brunswick||Number of Reporting Co-ops||101||108|
|Volume of business ($) per co-operative||9,455,446||9,166,456|
|Number of members per co-operative||1||775|
|Number of employees per co-operative||31||21|
|Assets ($) per co-operative||3,148,515||2,980,456|
|Liabilities ($) per co-operative||2,049,505||1,971,780|
|Equity ($) per co-operative||1,099,010||1,008,667|
|Nova Scotia||Number of Reporting Co-ops||284||303|
|Volume of business ($) per co-operative||2,785,211||2,691,062|
|Number of members per co-operative||155||149|
|Number of employees per co-operative||12||11|
|Assets ($) per co-operative||1,718,310||1,748,271|
|Liabilities ($) per co-operative||1,204,225||1,180,839|
|Equity ($) per co-operative||517,606||572,614|
|Prince Edward Island||Number of Reporting Co-ops||54||58|
|Volume of business ($) per co-operative||4,222,222||4,442,087|
|Number of members per co-operative||315||313|
|Number of employees per co-operative||19||21|
|Assets ($) per co-operative||1,814,815||1,978,800|
|Liabilities ($) per co-operative||870,370||1,104,565|
|Equity ($) per co-operative||944,444||874,235|
|Newfoundland||Number of Reporting Co-ops||19||18|
|Volume of business ($) per co-operative||3,894,737||5,076,979|
|Number of members per co-operative||2,053||2,259|
|Number of employees per co-operative||18||33|
|Assets ($) per co-operative||2,000,000||2,308,186|
|Liabilities ($) per co-operative||842,105||1,009,089|
|Equity ($) per co-operative||1,157,895||1,299,097|
|Territories||Number of Reporting Co-ops||34||29|
|Volume of business ($) per co-operative||5,382,353||4,717,839|
|Number of members per co-operative||686||506|
|Number of employees per co-operative||52||27|
|Assets ($) per co-operative||3,857,143||4,594,948|
|Liabilities ($) per co-operative||2,657,143||2,379,635|
|Equity ($) per co-operative||2,114,286||2,215,314|
Annex A: Detailed Data Tables
|Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting - 11||6,442.3||34.2||129.7||93.6||429.4||535.4||4,934.6||7.0||172.5||75.9||X||..|
|Utilities - 22||324.0||X||235.6||0.2||16.4||44.5||14.9||X||0.1||X||..||..|
|Construction - 23 and Manufacturing - 31‑33||6,459.4||X||X||15.7||..||636.9||5,084.9||78.5||457.8||X||..||..|
|Wholesale Trade - 41 and Retail Trade - 44‑45||23,293.6||1,227.1||4,697.8||11,247.9||1,975.0||1,011.5||1,929.9||875.5||103.5||30.8||58.4||136.1|
|Transportation and Warehousing - 48‑49||116.7||4.8||X||X||2.6||5.3||82.7||..||0.9||X||X||..|
|Information and cultural industries - 51||235.2||X||X||72.5||26.3||33.9||52.6||1.4||47.7||X||..||..|
|Finance and insurance - 52||20.3||3.3||4.1||1.5||3.5||5.4||..||X||2.0||..||X||..|
|Real estate and rental and leasing - 53||900.5||148.1||27.7||15.3||29.0||407.8||242.3||7.8||17.6||3.8||X||X|
|Professional, scientific and technical Services - 54 & Educational services - 61||84.9||1.6||X||0.9||X||18.3||58.8||X||2.4||X||X||..|
|Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services - 56||44.8||..||X||X||X||5.2||34.2||X||4.1||..||..||X|
|Health care and social assistance - 62||258.1||0.9||X||39.4||16.6||45.9||143.9||0.8||3.8||0.2||X||..|
|Arts, entertainment and recreation - 71||33.4||1.1||X||4.4||1.6||2.4||18.5||2.1||2.0||0.2||X||X|
|Accommodation and food services - 72||21.9||X||X||X||X||X||18.2||X||X||..||..||..|
|Other Services - 81 & Public administration - 91||421.8||3.2||37.7||1.2||0.1||3.3||370.3||3.9||0.8||1.3||..||..|
|X = suppressed data due to confidentiality ..= no reporting co-operatives Unknown NAICS = suppressed aggregate NAICS 2-digit data due to confidentiality|
Annex A: Detailed Data Tables
|Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting - 11||2,494.50||106.5||122.4||51.4||75.8||278.7||1,728.10||3.3||83.5||27.5||X||..|
|Utilities - 22||643.3||X||534.5||1.2||55.1||32.3||15.7||X||0.2||X||..||..|
|Construction - 23 & Manufacturing - 31-33||2,754.70||X||X||3.8||..||337.1||2,050.80||34.8||172.5||X||..||..|
|Wholesale Trade - 41 and Retail Trade - 44‑45||10,895.30||566.2||1,792.50||6,176.80||846.1||366.6||707.2||215.9||62.6||12.1||19||130.4|
|Transportation and Warehousing - 48‑49||68.3||4||X||X||0.9||5.9||51.4||..||1.5||X||X||..|
|Information and cultural industries - 51||358.1||X||X||116.2||35.4||123.5||67.3||1.2||12||X||..||..|
|Finance and insurance - 52||208||9.5||91.2||26.8||49||20.8||..||X||10.1||..||X||..|
|Real estate and rental and leasing - 53||4,615.10||755.1||116.7||33.4||106.4||2,084.60||1,315.50||27.7||159.9||11||X||X|
|Professional, scientific and technical services - 54 & Educational services - 61||99.7||5.3||X||1.2||X||30.1||54.4||X||3.8||X||X||..|
|Administrative and support, water management and remediation services - 56||27.6||..||X||X||X||0.4||23.1||X||3.1||..||..||X|
|Health care and social assistance - 62||185.1||1.4||X||22.8||8.7||12||127.8||0.5||4.2||0.5||X||..|
|Arts, entertainment and recreation - 71||78.1||3.5||X||13.3||2.9||3.2||37.4||3.1||13.4||0.1||X||X|
|Accommodation and food services - 72||18.4||X||X||X||X||X||13.4||X||X||..||..||..|
|Other Services - 81 and Public administration - 91||524.3||19.4||42.7||4||0.2||13.2||406||30.4||2.9||5.6||..||..|
|X = suppressed data due to confidentiality ..= no reporting co-operatives Unknown NAICS = suppressed aggregate NAICS 2-digit data due to confidentiality|
Annex A: Detailed Data Tables
|Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting - 11||73.7||4.4||26.7||18.6||3.1||5.1||11.3||0.9||2.2||0.6||X||..|
|Utilities - 22||132.3||X||115.4||0.4||2.1||3.1||6||X||0.2||X||..||..|
|Construction - 23 and Manufacturing - 31‑33||35.4||X||X||0.6||..||5.3||20.1||0.5||3.6||X||..||..|
|Wholesale Trade - 41 and Retail Trade - 44‑45||6,797.50||3,957.40||1,040.60||438.4||421.3||61.5||721.9||69.2||26||7.8||38.7||14.6|
|Transportation and Warehousing - 48‑49||11||6.8||X||X||0.1||0.4||2.2||..||1.1||X||X||..|
|Information and cultural industries - 51||102.1||X||X||1.1||30.5||21.1||42.1||1.2||0.8||X||..||..|
|Finance and insurance - 52||14.1||0.5||6.8||2.7||0.3||0.9||..||X||2.9||..||X||..|
|Real estate and rental and leasing - 53||113.4||15.6||3.7||1.1||3.2||53.2||32.8||0.9||2||0.9||X||X|
|Professional, scientific and technical Services - 54 & Educational services - 61||22.2||0.7||X||0.4||X||0.5||19.1||X||0.8||X||X||..|
|Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services - 56||5.5||..||X||X||X||0.1||4.3||X||0.4||..||..||X|
|Health care and social assistance - 62||163||1.9||X||30||4.5||8.8||114.2||X||0.3||1.9||0.4||..|
|Arts, entertainment and recreation - 71||37.1||1||X||12.6||3.6||0.9||14||2.5||1.9||0.3||X||X|
|Accommodation and food services - 72||10.9||X||X||X||X||X||10.1||X||X||..||..||..|
|Other Services - 81 & Public administration - 91||290.8||1||12.3||3.8||0||9.5||254.5||2.8||2.9||3.9||..||..|
|X = suppressed data due to confidentiality ..= no reporting co-operatives Unknown NAICS = suppressed aggregate NAICS 2-digit data due to confidentiality|
Annex A: Detailed Data Tables
|Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting - 11||19,212.00||1,111.00||393||90||623||894||14,290.00||153||759||592||X||..|
|Utilities - 22||777||X||590||1||45||26||21||X||1||X||..||..|
|Construction - 23 and Manufacturing - 31-33||13,733.00||X||X||2||..||900||10,627.00||243||1,479.00||X||..||..|
|Wholesale Trade - 41 and Retail Trade - 44‑45||38,197.00||2,978.00||7,724.00||12,809.00||2,686.00||1,356.00||7,394.00||1,630.00||473||140||250||757|
|Transportation and Warehousing - 48‑49||1,096.00||33||X||X||16||9||910||..||14||X||X||..|
|Information and cultural industries - 51||905||X||X||214||156||174||308||20||25||X||..||..|
|Finance and insurance - 52||520||48||67||66||30||280||..||X||24||..||X||..|
|Real estate and rental and leasing - 53||1,534.00||98||69||42||153||858||231||7||20||56||X||X|
|Professional, scientific and technical services - 54 & Educational services - 61||1,237.00||14||X||23||X||95||1,058.00||X||22||X||X||..|
|Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services - 56||1,048.00||..||X||X||X||23||822||X||176||..||..||X|
|Health care and social assistance - 62||5,073.00||25||X||1,007.00||522||939||2,313.00||X||149||5||24||..|
|Arts, entertainment and recreation - 71||1,125.00||29||X||138||45||80||719||52||49||7||X||X|
|Accommodation and food services - 72||521||X||X||X||X||X||507||X||X||..||..||..|
|Other Services - 81 and Public administration - 91||5,092.00||26||174||30||5||42||4,702.00||56||25||32||..||..|
- Date modified: