Archived — Co-operatives in Canada in 2011

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Aussi offert en français sous le titre Les Coopératives au Canada (2011).

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Table of Contents

Table of Figures

List of Figures
Figure Title
Figure 1 Reporting Co-operatives by Volume of Business, Assets and Size, 2011
Figure 2 Reporting Co-operatives by Membership, Employment and Size, 2011
Figure 3 Co-operatives by Type, 2011
Figure 4 Distribution of Reporting Co-operatives by Age, 2011
Figure 5 Co-operative Employment, 2002–2011
Figure 6 Total Membership, 2002–2011
Figure 7 Volume of Business and Assets, 2001–2011
Figure 8 Patronage Paid Versus Net Patronage, 2001–2011
Figure 9 Total Number of Reporting Co-operatives by Industry Codes, 2011
Figure 10 Agriculture and Resources by Number of Reporting Co-operatives, 2011
Figure 11 Agriculture and Resources by Volume of Business, 2011
Figure 12 Utilities by volume of Business, 2011
Figure 13 Construction and Manufacturing by Volume of Business, 2011
Figure 14 Top Wholesale and Retail Sub-sectors by Number of Reporting Co-operatives, 2011
Figure 15 Wholesale and Retail Trade by Volume of Business, 2011
Figure 16 Transportation and Warehousing by Volume of Business, 2011
Figure 17 Information and Cultural Industries by Number of Reporting Co-operatives, 2011
Figure 18 Finance and Insurance by Volume of Business, 2011
Figure 19 Real Estate and Rental and Leasing by Volume of Business, 2011
Figure 20 Professional and Educational Services by Volume of Business, 2011
Figure 21 Administrative, Support, Waste Management and Remediation by Volume of Business, 2011
Figure 22 Health Care and Social Assistance by Volume of Business, 2011
Figure 23 Arts, Entertainment and Recreation by Number of Reporting Co-operatives, 2011
Figure 24 Other Services and Public Administration by Number of Reporting Co-operatives, 2011

Foreword

Co-operatives in Canada in 2011 is an annual publication that provides baseline data on the co-operative sector in Canada. The Government of Canada has been collecting and publishing this data since the 1930s.

The 2011 publication is the 78th edition and has been prepared by Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada's Co-operatives Policy Unit. The Unit provides analysis, advice and support to promote co-operative business innovation and growth in Canada.

The report is based on unweighted data gathered from the 2011 Annual Survey of Canadian Co-operatives. The 2011 survey response rate is 68% (5,251 reporting co-operatives out of 7,761 incorporated co-operatives), a slight increase from the 2010 response rate of 65%.

Unless otherwise indicated, the publication has been prepared with data from the reporting co-operatives that responded to the Annual Survey. Estimates were only conducted for co-operatives that submitted a survey in 2010 and were still in operation in 2011. This report would not be possible without the aggregate data contributions from the Ministry of the Economy, Science and Innovation in the Government of Quebec, and Service Nova Scotia in the Government of Nova Scotia.

The Co-operatives in Canada in 2011 publication classifies co-operatives using the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). This enables direct comparison of the co-operative sector with other sectors across the Canadian economy as well as sectors in the United States and Mexico who use NAICS to classify their industries.

A Note on Financial and Non-Financial Co-operatives

In Canada, co-operatives are generally categorized as financial or non-financial co-operatives. Financial co-operatives consist of deposit-taking credit unions and caisses populaires, as well as mutuals involved in life, property and casualty insurance. At the federal level, these co-operatives are subject to the Co-operative Credit Associations Act, the Bank Act and the Insurance Companies Act, under the authority of the federal Minister of Finance. Since 1986, statistics on these co-operatives has been collected by Statistics Canada, and they have not been included in the Annual Survey of Canadian Co-operatives. As a result, no financial co-operatives are included in this publication. A number of Canada's "non-financial" co-operatives have been coded as "Finance and Insurance" co-operatives. These co-operatives are not incorporated as financing institutions but are, however, used by groups of people or businesses to serve as financial intermediaries and provide services such as small business loans.

Non-financial co-operatives generally consist of consumer, producer, worker or multi-stakeholder co-operatives and can be incorporated and regulated at the provincial, territorial or federal level (e.g., federally incorporated co-ops are subject to the Canada Cooperatives Act under the mandate of Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada). 

A Note on Comparability

For the purposes of this report, baseline statistics on co-operatives have been presented and no comparisons are made with other forms of corporations. Because the co-operative business model overlaps with other models, further analysis is needed to enable comparisons. For example, some co-operatives are also considered small and medium enterprises (SMEs) because they fit the definition of having 1 to 499 paid employees and less than $50 million in annual revenues. Similarly, an additional grouping of co-operatives also operate on a non-profit basis or have registered charity status with the Canada Revenue Agency and so could further be compared to Not-For-Profit corporations and registered charities. 

Abbreviations – Provinces and Territories
Province or Territory Abbreviation
British Columbia BC
Alberta AB
Saskatchewan SK
Manitoba MB
Ontario ON
Quebec QC
New Brunswick NB
Nova Scotia NS
Prince Edward Island PE
Newfoundland and Labrador NL
Northwest Territories NT
Nunavut NY
Yukon YT
Territories (NT+NU+YT)Footnote 1 TE

Highlights

Number of Co-operatives

  • In 2011, there were 7,761 co-operatives in Canada, spanning all provinces and territories. Of these, 5,251 (or 68%) responded to the Annual Survey of Canadian Co-operatives.

Size of Co-operatives

  • In 2011, 49% of reporting co-operatives had no paid employees and were operating using volunteer resources. These co-operatives generated the smallest share of volume of businessFootnote 2 (2%), assets (12%) and membership (3%) of the reporting co-operatives.
  • Conversely, less than 0.35% of co-operatives were large enterprises (i.e., with 500 or more employees). Co-operatives in this range of size generated $22.4 billion in volume of business (58% of the total volume of business), owned assets of $10.1 billion (44% of the total assets) and employed approximately 34,000 employees (38% of total employment).
  • Of the remaining reporting co-operatives, 49% had 1–99 employees and 28% had 100–499 employeesFootnote 3.

Types of Co-operatives

  • In 2011, 70% (or 3,690) reporting co-operatives were member-owned consumer co-operatives and 16% (or 837) of reporting co-operatives were member-owned producer co-operatives.
  • Excluding Quebec, 1,613 or 36% of all reporting co-operatives identified themselves also operating as non-profits or as registered charities.

Age of Co-operatives

  • In 2011, 15% (or 788) of reporting co-operatives were established over 40 or more years ago; almost half (2,681 or 51%) were established between 21 and 40 years ago.

Employment

  • Reporting co-operatives in 2011 contributed over 90,070 full-time and part-time jobs to the Canadian labour market. This represented a 2.4% increase from 2010
  • In 2011, almost 75% of co-operative jobs were held within three sectors: Wholesale and Retail (42%), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting (21%), and, Construction and Manufacturing (15%). From 2002 to 2011, the total number of people employed by reporting co-operatives increased by 6%.

Memberships

  • Reporting co-operatives had a total of 7.8 million memberships, a 5% increase from 2010. The overwhelming majority (6.7 million or 86%) of these memberships were within the Wholesale and Retail sectors.

Financial Performance

  • Non-financial co-operatives reported a total volume of business of $38.6 billion in 2011. Three sectors generated 93% of the business: Wholesale and Retail ($23 billion), Construction and Manufacturing ($6.5 billion), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting ($6.4 billion).
  • Reporting co-operatives held $22.9 billion in assets in 2011. The top three sectors owned 79% of all assets: Wholesale and Retail ($10.8 billion), Real Estate ($4.6 billion) Construction and Manufacturing ($2.7 billion).
  • In 2011, reporting co-operatives paid out $911 million in patronage dividends back to their members and communities. This represented a 22% increase from 2010 that saw $746 million returned to members.

Governance and Volunteers

  • In 2011, non-financial co-operatives, excluding those in QuebecFootnote 4, reported 15,676 Board of Directors elected by their membership to help guide the co-operative's operations and make key business decisions for the health of their organizations. Housing co-operatives had the highest number of Board of Directors (over 4,800), followed by Retail and Wholesale (over 2,500) and then Health Care and Social Services (1,800).
  • In addition, there were over 22,800 volunteers involved in the day-to-day operations of co-operatives in 2011, excluding co-operatives in Quebec. Housing co-operatives account for 61% of the total volunteers likely due to their non-profit, social housing mandates.

How We Define Co-operatives

A non-financial co-operative is a legally incorporated corporation that is owned by an association of persons seeking to satisfy common needs such as access to products or services, sale of their products or services, or employment.

In Canada, a co-operative must incorporate pursuant to a specific corporate statute at the provincial, territorial or federal level. These Acts govern all types of co-operatives, with the exception of financial co-operatives, which are governed by separate legislation. The nature of the co-operative business model and how they operate is largely defined by these Acts.

Whatever the governing Act may be, co-operatives share three common characteristics in areas of ownership, governance and distribution of profits.

Ownership

A co-operative is a business jointly owned by its members who use its products or services. In some cases, co-operatives can have members who do not use its services or products (e.g. support members, investor members).

Governance

Co-operatives are democratically controlled businesses with the governing principle "one-member, one-vote". This right is exercised at the co-operative's annual general meeting (AGM), where members can vote directly for the board of directors. This democratic governance structure is reinforced by the co-operative's by-laws and the legislation under which the co-operative is incorporated (provincial, territorial or federal).

Distribution of Profits

Any surplus of a co-operative is owned by the member-owners who can decide how to distribute the profits at the AGM, which can include the decisions to allocate either part or all of the surplus to the general reserve for future investments and, the decision to distribute the profits to all the members in the form of patronage dividends based on the individual member's usage of the co-operative over the past fiscal year.

Depending on the governing legislation, a co-operative may choose to operate on a non-profit basis and an additional small number of co-operatives are registered charities. In both instances, these co-operatives do not provide members with a patronage dividend, and all surpluses are directed eventually into their general reserve.

To learn more about co-operatives and find other resources and information, please visit the Information Guide on Co-operatives and the Co-operatives Policy website.

An Overview of 2011 Reporting Co-operatives

Distribution by Geography

In 2011, there were 7,761 incorporated co-operativesFootnote 5 registered under a federal, provincial or territorial co-operative Act. Quebec had the highest share of incorporated co-operatives (37%), followed by Ontario (21%) and Saskatchewan (12%). Of the incorporated co-operatives, data was collected on 68% (or 5,251) reporting co-operatives that completed the 2011 Annual Survey of Canadian Co-operatives.

Distribution of Co-ops by Geography in Canada

Map of Distribution of Coops by Geography in Canada (the long description is located below the image)
Description of the Map of Distribution
Distribution of Co-ops by Geography in Canada
Provinces Incorporated Reporting
BC 551 338
AB 614 415
SK 938 611
MB 371 245
ON 1,682 736
QC 2,848 2,390
NL 94 18
PE 106 58
NS 342 303
NB 167 108
YT 8 1
NT 16 8
NU 24 20
Total 7,761 5,251

Size of Co-operatives

In addition to total revenue, assets and sales, the number of employees is commonly used to determine the size of a business. In 2011, 49% of reporting co-operatives had no paid employees. These co-operatives generated approximately $0.8 million (or 2%) in volume of businessFootnote 6, owned 12% of all assets, and had approximately 150,000 (2%) memberships.Footnote 7

Co-operatives with 1 to 99 employees (49%) employed a workforce of over 30,300 or 34% of all employees. They generated a volume of business of $7.6 billion (or 20%) of the total share, owned $6.5 billion (28%) in assets, and had approximately 2 million (26%) members.

Medium size co-operatives (100 to 499 employees) represented 2% of the total reporting co-ops and employed more than 25,600 (28%) Canadians. This group had a volume of business of $7.8 billion (20%), assets of $3.6 billion (16%), and a membership of approximately 1.1 million (14%).

Less than 1% (0.35%) of co-operatives were large enterprises (over 500 employees). Together, they generated $22.4 billion (58%) in volume of business, owned assets of $10.1 billion (44%) and employed approximately 34,000 (38%) workers. While membership of the group stood at approximately 4.4 million (57%), this figure included Mountain Equipment Co-op's 3.6 million members across Canada.

Figure 1: Co-operatives Volume of Business, Assets and Size (Number of Employees), 2011

Bar chart of Reporting Co-operatives by Volume of Business, Assets and Size (Number of Employees), 2011 (the long description is located below the image)
Description of Figure 1
Co-operatives Volume of Business, Assets and Size (Number of Employees), 2011
Size
(Number of Employees)
Reporting Co-operatives
%
Volume of Business
%
Assets
%
0
(n=2,556)
49% 2% 12%
1 to 99
(n=2,551)
49% 20% 28%
100 to 499
(n=128)
2% 20% 16%
Over 500
(n=16)
0% 58% 44%

Figure 2: Co-operatives by Membership, Employment and Size (Number of Employees), 2011

Bar chart of Reporting Co-operatives by Membership, Employment and Size, 2011 (the long description is located below the image)
Description of Figure 2
Co-operatives by Membership, Employment and Size (Number of Employees), 2011
Number of Employees Reporting Co-operatives
%
Membership
%
Employment
%
0
(n=2,556)
49% 3% 0%
1 to 99
(n=2,551)
49% 26% 34%
100 to 499
(n=128)
2% 14% 28%
Over 500
(n=16)
less than 1% 57% 38%

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Types of Co-operatives

Figure 3: Co-operatives by Type, 2011

Pie chart of Co-operatives by Type, 2011 (the long description is located below the image)
Description of Figure 3
Co-operatives by Type, 2011
Co-operatives
Consumer 3,690
Producer 837
Worker 247
Multi-stakeholder 381
Federation 51
Worker-Shareholder 45
Total 5251

Co-operatives are generally categorized based on their relationship and benefit to the member: consumer, producer, worker, multi-stakeholder and federations.

In 2011, 70% (or 3,690) of reporting co-operatives were consumer co-operatives. These co-operatives provided products or services to their members (e.g., retail stores, housing, health care, social services).

Sixteen percent (or 837) of reporting co-operatives in 2011 were producer co-operatives. They processed and marketed the goods or services produced by their members, and/or supplied products or services necessary to the members' professional activities (such as farmers, independent entrepreneurs, or artisans). Consumer and producer co-operatives demonstrate the beneficial economies of scale for which co-operatives are known; member-owners band together to purchase large quantities of inputs, or to sell large quantities of outputs jointly. Members benefit from lower prices (for consumer co-operatives) or higher prices (for producer co-operatives). Members also benefit from the infrastructure put in place by their co-operative (e.g., processing facilities for agricultural co-operatives).

Seven percent (or 381) of reporting co-operatives in 2011 were multi-stakeholder co-operatives created to serve the needs of different stakeholder groups, such as employees, producers, consumers, clients, service providers, community residents and other interested individuals and organizations. Generally, common forms of multi-stakeholder co-operatives include health care, community economic development, home care and social co-operatives.

Five percent (or 247) of reporting co-operatives in 2011 were worker co-operatives. They provided employment for their members. In this type of co-operative, the employees are the members and the owners of the enterprise. Common forms include arts and entertainment, manufacturing, education and home care services. Representing less than 1% (or 45), worker-shareholder co-operatives are a form of worker co-operatives found in Quebec. They are incorporated co-operatives that hold partial ownership of the business in which the co-op's members are employed and the co-op can participate in the management of the business.

Approximately 1% of the reporting co-operatives in 2011 were a federation, a co-operative whose membership is composed substantially of other co-operatives generally operating within the same sector. For example, many provinces have a co-operative housing federation that provides services to housing co-operatives and, in turn; there is the Co-operative Housing Federation of Canada that provides national-level services such as advocacy to support the provincial federations.

Age of Co-operatives

Figure 4: Distribution of Reporting Co-operatives by Age, 2011

Pie chart of Distribution of Reporting Co-operatives by Age, 2011 (the long description is located below the image)
Description of Figure 4
Distribution of Reporting Co-operatives by Age, 2011
Age of Co-op Number of Co-ops of that Age
0–2 years 250
3 to 10 years 793
11 to 20 years 739
21 to 40 years 2,681
41 years or more 788
Total 5,251

The survival rates of co-operatives are strong. Sixty-six percent of the reporting co-operatives in 2011 were incorporated over 20 years ago. Of these, 15% (or 788) were established over 40 or more years ago and almost half (2,681 or 51%) were established between 21 and 40 years ago. 

A smaller proportion (15% or 793) of reporting co-operatives in 2011 were established between 3 to 10 years ago and 5% (or 250) were incorporated within 2 years or less.Footnote 8

Employment

Reporting co-operatives employed 90,070 Canadians in 2011 in both part and full-time positions and paid out $1.1 billion in salaries and wages. The Wholesale and Retail sectors employed the largest number of Canadians by contributing over 38,000 jobs to the labour market. Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting co-operatives were the second largest employers with close to 19,000 jobs, followed by Construction and Manufacturing co-operatives with over 13,500 jobs. These sectors combined provided 79% of the overall co-operative sector's employment figures. There was a 2.4% increase in employment in 2011. The limited fluctuation in year-over-year can be attributed in part to the conversion of a number of large co-operatives to private owned companies in 2002–2005 and the resulting drop in employment.Footnote 9

Figure 5: Co-operative Employment, 2002–2011

Bar chart of Co-operative Employment, 2002-2011 (the long description is located below the image)
Description of Figure 5
Co-operative Employment, 2002–2011
Year Employment
2002 84,952
2003 84,097
2004 85,147
2005 87,600
2006 87,172
2007 87,620
2008 87,918
2009 87,735
2010 87,963
2011 90,070

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MembershipsFootnote 10

Co-operatives reported total memberships of 7.8 million in 2011. Of these, the overwhelming majority (6.4 million or 86%) were found within the Wholesale and Retail sectors. With 3.6 million members, Mountain Equipment Co-op alone reported almost half (46%) of the total co-operative memberships in Canada. Co-operative memberships have increased 53% over the last ten years, from 5.1 million memberships to 7.8 million.

Figure 6: Total Memberships (Millions), 2002–2011

Bar chart of Total Memberships (Millions), 2002-2011 (the long description is located below the image)
Description of Figure 6
Total Memberships (Millions), 2002–2011
Year Membership
(in millions)
2002 5.1
2003 5.3
2004 5.6
2005 5.9
2006 6.3
2007 6.6
2008 6.9
2009 7.2
2010 7.4
2011 7.8

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Financial Performance

In 2011, reporting co-operatives generated a total of $38.7 billion in volume of business. Wholesale and Retail co-operatives reported the largest volume of business ($23.3 billion combined) followed by Construction and Manufacturing ($6.5 billion) and then Agriculture, Fishing, Forestry and Hunting ($6.4 billion). In Manufacturing, a few large co-operatives active in producing dairy products on behalf of their farmer-members generated the bulk of this volume of business. Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing, and Hunting co-operatives were the third largest revenue generating industries ($6.4 billion) for co-operatives. These sectors combined reported $36.2 billion or 94% of the total volume of business of co-operatives.

Co-operatives also held $23 billion in assets in the form of cash, real estate, equipment, trademarks and copyrights, among others. Almost half (48%) or approximately $11 billion of these assets were held within the Wholesale and Retail sector. The Real Estate industry held 20% or $4.6 billion of the co-operative assets, the bulk of which is the result of housing co-operatives ownership or leasing of property in many of Canada's municipalities. Co-operatives also reported significant assets in Construction and Manufacturing ($2.8 billion), and in Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting ($2.5 billion). These four sectors combined reported $21 billion or 91% of the total assets of co-operatives.

From 2002 to 2011, total volume of business and assets tended to move in tandem. Decreases were in part due to the demutualization of a number of co-operatives in 2002 to 2005 and decreased petroleum product sales in 2009.Footnote 11  From 2002 to 2011, there has been a 51% increase in the total volume of business of co-operatives and a 36% increase in total assets.

Figure 7: Volume of Business and Assets, 2002–2011

Line graph of Volume of Business and Assets, 2002-2011 (the long description is located below the image)
Description of Figure 7
Volume of Business and Assets, 2002–2011
Year Assets
(millions $)
Volume of Business
(millions $)
2002 $16,808 $26,088
2003 $16,727 $26,067
2004 $17,574 $27,561
2005 $17,699 $27,686
2006 $18,417 $28,794
2007 $19,256 $30,804
2008 $20,653 $35,728
2009 $21,117 $33,853
2010 $20,685 $33,925
2011 $22,970 $38,657

Patronage Dividends

A patronage dividend is the portion of income paid annually by a co-operative to its members based on usage and provides direct benefits to members and to communities where co-operative businesses operate. In 2011, reporting co-operatives paid out $911 million in patronage dividends back to their members and communities. This represented a 22% increase from 2010 that saw $746 million returned to members.

Co-operatives in the Wholesale and Retail industry returned over $718 million or 79% of the total amount of co-operative dividends to their members in 2011. Construction and Manufacturing co-operatives (primarily dairy co-operatives) provided the second largest amount of paid dividends returning $136 million or almost 15% to farmer members.

From 2002 to 2011, the amount of patronage paid by Canadian co-operatives to their members steadily increased. The $911 million in patronage dividends paid to members in 2011 represented an increase of $426 million or 88% from 2002.

Co-operatives that are members of a federation or another co-operative may receive patronage dividends from that federation. The difference between what a co-operative receives in patronage dividends and what it pays out to its own members as patronage dividends is net patronage dividends. Net patronage increased from $268 million in 2002 to $359 million in 2011, an increase of approximately 34% over the period. While patronage paid increased 22% between 2010 and 2011, net patronage decreased by 14%.

Figure 8: Patronage Paid versus Net Patronage, 2002–2011

Line graph of Patronage Paid versus Net Patronage, 2002-2011 (the long description is located below the image)
Description of Figure 8
Patronage Paid versus Net Patronage, 2002–2011
Year Patronage Paid
(millions $)
Net Patroange
(millions $)
2002 $485 $268
2003 $566 $344
2004 $608 $377
2005 $666 $408
2006 $735 $412
2007 $874 $459
2008 $1,044 $561
2009 $811 $396
2010 $746 $418
2011 $911 $321

Governance and Volunteers

The Board of Directors of a co-operative are critical to the organization's development and growth as they represent the needs of the members who elected them, and make key business decisions to ensure the business successfully continues to operate. In 2011, non-financial co-operatives, excluding those in QuebecFootnote 12, reported 15,676 Board of Directors. Housing co-operatives had the highest number of Board of Directors (over 4,800), followed by Retail and Wholesale (over 2,500) and then Health Care and Social Services (1,800). Ontario reported the highest number of Board of Directors (4,211), followed by Saskatchewan (3,338).

Reporting co-operatives in 2011 also reported over 22,800 volunteers involved in co-operatives, excluding co-operatives in Quebec. Housing co-operatives account for 61% of the total volunteers likely due to their non-profit, social housing mandates. Ontario reported the highest number of volunteers in co-operatives (9,998), followed by British Columbia (4,949), and Alberta (1,558).

Distribution by Industry

Total Number of Co-operatives by Industry CodesFootnote 13

Co-operatives in Canada are involved in a wide range of activities, from manufacturing and processing to housing, daycare and health care services in communities. They run entire regional wholesale and retailing systems that provide millions of goods and services to Canadians and they are also involved in the provision of local community utilities such as gas, water and electricity.

In 2011, 42% (or 2,185) of all reporting co-operatives were classified under the Real Estate sector primarily as housing co-operatives. Wholesale and Retail were second (13%) followed by Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting (8%) and Health Care and Social Assistance sectors (8%).

Figure 9: Total Number of Reporting Co-ops by NAICS, 2011

Bar chart of Total Number of Reporting Co-ops by NAICS, 2011 (the long description is located below the image)
Description of Figure 9
Total Number of Reporting Co-ops by NAICS, 2011
NAICS Sector Number of Co-ops Reporting
Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting (11) 422
Utilities (22) 261
Construction (23) & Manufacturing (31–33) 120
Wholesale Trade (41) & Retail Trade (44–45) 706
Transportation and Warehousing (48–49) 57
Information and Cultural Industries (51) 97
Finance and Insurance (52) 178
Real Estate and Rental and Leasing (53) 2,185
Professional, Scientific and Technical Services (54) & Educational Services (61) 132
Administrative and Support, Waste Management and Remediation Services (56) 78
Health Care and Social Assistance (62) 421
Arts, Entertainment and Recreation (71) 323
Accommodation and Food Services (72)  55
Other Services (81) & Public Administration (91) 215

Overview of Co-operatives by Industry CodesFootnote 14

Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting

Figure 10: Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting by Number of Reporting Co-ops, 2011
Bar chart of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting by Number of Reporting Co-ops, 2011 (the long description is located below the image)
Description of Figure 10
Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting by Number of Reporting Co-ops, 2011
NAICS Sector Number of Reporting Co-operatives
Support Activities for Agriculture and Forestry  145
Animal Production and Aquaculture  117
Crop Production  82
Forestry and Logging 42
Fishing, Hunting and Trapping 31
Suppressed Data 5

In 2011, there were 422 reporting co-operatives in the Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting sector that contributed $6.4 billion in volume of business to the economy. The sector reported assets of $2.5 billion and employed over 19,212 employees (second largest employers after Wholesale and Retail) and had a membership of over 73,725.

This sector can be further distributed into five subsectors. Agriculture and Forestry Support is the largest sub-sector accounting for 34% of co-operatives in this industry. It primarily provides farmers with seed cleaning services. Animal production and aquaculture is the second largest sub-sector and primarily includes collective grazing management activities, as well as poultry and egg production, and livestock-rearing accounts. Crop production includes fruits and vegetables, honey and maple products, as well as grains and oilseeds. The last two sub-sectors include forestry, logging and fishing, hunting and trapping.

Figure 11: Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting by Volume of Business (Millions), 2011
Bar chart of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting by Volume of Business (Millions), 2011 (the long description is located below the image)
Description of Figure 11
Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting by Volume of Business (Millions), 2011
Province Volume of Business
(millions $)
BC $34.1
AB $129.6
SK $93.6
MB $429.4
ON $535.4
QC $4,934.6
NB $7.0
NS $172.4
PE $75.9
NL $29.9

Quebec's 126 co-operatives contributed $4.9 billion or 77% to the total volume of business of the Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting sector. This difference is largely attributed to the business activities of La Coop Fédérée that was the second largest non-financial co-op in Canada in 2011 and reported $4.4 billion in total business volume. With over $535 million in total volume of business in this sector, Ontario co-operatives reported the second largest amount of business activity in this sector.

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Utilities

The Utilities sector consists of co-operatives that are involved in providing gas, electricity, other forms of energy and water supply services. In 2011, reporting co-operatives within the sector contributed a volume of business of $324 million and owned $643 million in assets. The sector employed a total of 777 persons and had a membership of over 132,000.

Figure 12: Utilities by Volume of Business (Millions), 2011
Bar chart of Utilities by Volume of Business (Millions), 2011 (the long description is located below the image)
Description of Figure 12
Utilities by Volume of Business (Millions), 2011
Province Volume of Business
(millions $)
BC $0.05
AB $235.6
SK $0.2
MB $16.4
ON $45.5
QC $14.8
NB $12.1
NS $0.1
PE $0.02

In 2011, 162 or 62% of the 261 co-operatives operating within the utilities sector were located in Alberta. These co-operatives are all incorporated under the Rural Utilities Act and include Rural Electrification Associations (REA), natural gas and water co-operatives. They generated $235.6 million or 73% of the sector's volume of business. They owned assets of $534 million or 83% of all assets within the sector. Their membership was more than 115,000, and they employed nearly 590 employees.

The REAs were started in the 1940s by farmers in order to supply rural Alberta with electricity. The REAs were set up as non-profit entities and were created to provide low-costs services to members. Natural gas co-operatives operate their own distribution system and provide natural gas to their members in rural areas.

Of the 99 utility co-operatives operating outside of Alberta, the majority were involved in water supply activities such as agricultural irrigation and rural community water supply. The remainder of reporting utilities co-operatives in 2011 was a mixture of electricity and renewable energy co-operatives (including wind, solar, tidal, hydro, biofuel and biomass co-operatives).

Construction and Manufacturing

In 2011, reporting co-operatives in Construction and Manufacturing generated a combined volume of business of $6.5 billion. The sectors owned assets valued at $2.6 billion, employed more than 13,700 people, and had a membership of over 35,000.

The co-operative model is used in the Construction industry generally by construction workers or trades to pool resources and technical skills to secure contracts. Furthermore, the model is used to provide a variety of services such as green and eco-renovations.

Most of the 12 co-operatives operating in the Construction Sector were primarily focused on non-residential building construction. The remainder dealt with construction projects such as highways and bridges, and specialties such as painting and masonry.

Figure 13: Construction and Manufacturing by Volume of Business (Millions), 2011
Bar chart of Construction and Manufacturing by Volume of Business (Millions), 2011 (the long description is located below the image)
Description of Figure 13
Construction and Manufacturing by Volume of Business (Millions), 2011
Province Volume of Business
(millions $)
BC $0.005
AB $40.9
SK $15.7
ON $636.9
QC $5,084.9
NB $78.5
NS $457.8
PE $144.6

Manufacturing consists of co-operatives mainly engaged in using their producer members' commodities to manufacture a product with a higher market value. The output may be ready for consumption or further used as input in the production of other goods. The co-operatives further provide research and innovation support, and trademarks and patents.

Fifty-six percent of the 108 reporting co-operatives in the Manufacturing sector operated within food manufacturing. These co-operatives engaged in dairy product manufacturing, animal food manufacturing, grain and oilseed milling, and meat production. The second largest sub-sector was wood product manufacturing with 8% of co-operatives. The remaining co-operatives were distributed among the sub-sectors of beverage and tobacco products manufacturing, printing and related support activities, and fabricated metal product manufacturing.

Out of the 108 reporting co-operatives in the Manufacturing sector, more than half (72%) were located in Quebec. Of these, Agropur Coopérative, engaged in dairy product manufacturing, reported a volume of business of $3.6 billion.

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Wholesale and Retail Trade

Wholesale co-operatives mainly sell goods and provide services in bulk in order to reduce the overall costs to their members. Co-operatives in this sector play a large role in providing inputs such as fertilizer, gas, seeds, hardware and other bulk items to farmers. The Retail sector operates retail outlets to provide their consumer members with groceries, hardware, petroleum and other general merchandise. In 2011, reporting co-operatives operating in the two sectors generated the highest volume of business of the co-operatives sectors at $23 billion, and the highest assets at $10.8 billion. Together, the sectors employed the most people, providing over 38,000 jobs and had the most members (6.8 million). The high membership is explained by the large number of retail enterprises that offer memberships to individual consumers.

Figure 14: Wholesale and Retail Trade by Number of Reporting Co-operatives, 2011
Bar chart of Wholesale and Retail Trade by Number of Reporting Co-operatives, 2011 (the long description is located below the image)
Description of Figure 14
Wholesale and Retail Trade by Number of Reporting Co-operatives, 2011
NAICS Sector Number of Reporting Co-operatives
Farm product merchant wholesalers 6
Motor vehicle and parts dealers 6
Food, beverage and tobacco merchant wholesalers 7
Suppressed data 12
Building material and garden equipment and supplies dealers 14
Petroleum and petroleum products merchant wholesalers 16
Miscellaneous retailers 20
Gasoline Stations 34
Miscellaneous Merchant Wholesalers 65
Sporting Goods, Hobby, Book and Music Stores  79
General Merchandise Stores 164
Food and Beverage Stores 283
Figure 15: Wholesale and Retail Trade by Volume of Business (Millions), 2011
Bar chart of Wholesale and Retail Trade by Volume of Business (Millions), 2011 (the long description is located below the image)
Description of Figure 15
Wholesale and Retail Trade by Volume of Business (Millions), 2011
Province Volume of Business
(millions $)
BC $1,227.1
AB $4,697.8
SK $11,247.8
MB $1,975.0
ON $1,011.4
QC $1,929.8
NB $875.5
NS $103.5
PE $30.8
NL $58.4
TE $136.1

The largest sub-sector within Wholesale and Retail was food and beverage stores. These consisted of specialty food stores including bakeries, organic food stores and farmers' markets, as well as grocery stores. Together, they made up 40% of all co-operatives within Wholesale and Retail. General merchandise stores consisted of retail outlets trading in a wide range of goods from auto to home merchandise.

Saskatchewan alone contributed the highest volume of business ($10.9 billion) to Retail Trade, with Federated Co-operatives Limited (FCL) contributing $8.3 billion in volume of business.

Transportation and Warehousing

Figure 16: Transportation and Warehousing by Volume of Business (Millions), 2011
Bar chart of Transportation and Warehousing by Volume of Business (Millions), 2011 (the long description is located below the image)
Description of Figure 16
Transportation and Warehousing by Volume of Business (Millions), 2011
Province Volume of Business
(millions $)
BC $4.8
AB $18.7
SK $0.8
MB $2.6
ON $5.3
QC $82.6
NS $0.9
PE $0.3
NL $0.3

Co-operatives in this sector transport passengers and merchandise, warehouse and store goods, and also provide services to other enterprises engaged in these ventures. In 2011, reporting co-operatives in the sector generated $117 million in volume of business, $68 million in assets, employed 1,096 individuals and had 11,002 memberships.

The majority (80%) of co-operatives in this sector fell under transit and ground passenger transportation. This included taxi co-operatives that operated in many of the major municipalities across Canada and car-share co-operatives that provided an alternative for individuals to own and insure an automotive vehicle.

The remaining co-operatives in this sector were engaged in truck freight, air, water, support activities for transportation.

While transportation co-operatives were found across the country, almost more than half were located in Quebec and contributed $82 million to the total volume of business ($116.7 million).

Distribution by Industry (continued)

Overview of Co-operatives by Industry Codes (continued)

Information and Cultural Industries

Co-operatives in this sector are engaged in the production and distribution of informational and cultural items. In 2011, reporting co-operatives in the sector generated a volume of business of $235 million, held assets of $358 million, employed more than 900 and had a membership base of over 102,000.

Within this sector, 33% were in broadcasting, 31% in telecommunications, 16% were engaged in activities such as newspaper, periodical and book publishing, 10% were operating in motion picture and sound recording industries.

Figure 17: Information and Cultural Industries by Number of Reporting Co-operatives, 2011
Bar chart of Information and Cultural Industries by Number of Reporting Co-operatives, 2011 (the long description is located below the image)
Description of Figure 17
Information and Cultural Industries by Number of Reporting Co-operatives, 2011
NAICS Sector Number of Reporting Co-operatives
Broadcasting (except internet) 32
Telecommunications 30
Publishing industries (except internet) 16
Motion picture and sound recording 10
Suppressed data 9

Of the total volume of business of $177.5 million, $69.4 million was contributed by Access Communications Co-operative Limited. This co-operative, operating as a non-profit communications and entertainment services provider in Saskatchewan, is one of the few non-agricultural co-operatives in the Top 50 co-operative list for 2010.

Finance and Insurance

There are a number of non-financial co-operatives that fall within the NAICS finance and insurance subsectors. For example, the co-operative model has been used as a fund to pool investments for communities or for co-operatives to access affordable loans and as a third-tier holding entity for large stock insurance companies.

Figure 18: Finance and Insurance by Volume of Business (Millions), 2011
Bar chart of Finance and Insurance by Volume of Business (Millions), 2011 (the long description is located below the image)
Description of Figure 18
Finance and Insurance by Volume of Business (Millions), 2011
Province Volume of Business
(millions $)
BC $3.3
AB $4.1
SK $1.5
MB $3.5
ON $5.4
NB $0.4
NS $2.0
NL $0.047

In 2011, reporting co-operatives in this sector contributed $20.3 million in volume of business, owned $208 million in assets, employed 520 workers and had a membership of over 14,000.

Community Investment Co-operatives are essentially an investment fund that offers its shares or units to various investors and generates a return through interest, dividends and capital gains. The co-operative then uses the investment capital to develop and grow business in the local community with assistance from provincial initiatives such as the Nova Scotia's Community Economic Development Investment Funds.

Saskatchewan is home to a number of Loans Co-operatives, created to provide loans to small businesses in order to promote local economic development. These co-operatives typically have a board of directors of local businesses who make the decision to approve or not approve small loans. Their clientele would generally be businesses that could not secure a loan from a financial institution, but are still deemed a worthy investment for the community. These co-operatives play a depository credit intermediation role. They hold a certain level of capital in a fund that is either entirely, or in part, loaned out with an interest rate that covers some of the costs. Gains are returned to grow the fund. 

Feeder and Breeder Financing Co-operatives also play a financial intermediary role to ensure that farmers can purchase livestock. Once the co-operative is capitalized or secures a lender (financial institution), it approves the members' credit limits and provides a revolving line of credit with a low interest rate. This is used to purchase and sell cattle. Members repay the co-operative directly and the loans are closed. There are many financial benefits that vary by province, including: very low interest rates, no payments until the sale of the cattle, one-time credit approval and financing up to 100%, among others. These co-operatives have several tools to manage the associated risk of providing loans. First, most are supported by a provincial loan program that guarantees 15–25% of the loans. In addition, the co-operative requires a security deposit from each member to create a reserve in the event of defaults.

Real Estate and Rental and Leasing

Co-operatives operating in the Real Estate, Rental and Leasing industry are primarily non-profit housing co-operatives (97%) associated with a social housing program with a small percentage (3%) of co-operatives operating in the rental and leasing sub-sector. Co-operatives in this sub-sector rented or leased farm equipment and machinery to members.

Figure 19: Real Estate, Rental and Leasing by Volume of Business (Millions), 2011
Bar chart of Real Estate and Rental and Leasing by Volume of Business (Millions), 2011 (the long description is located below the image)
Description of Figure 19
Real Estate and Rental and Leasing by Volume of Business (Millions), 2011
Province Volume of Business
(millions $)
BC $148.1
AB $27.7
SK $15.3
MB $29.0
ON $407.8
QC $242.3
NB $7.7
NS $17.6
PE $3.8
NL $0.5
TE $0.4

Members of housing co-operatives are entitled to a number of benefits, such as affordable housing with rents that increase only when operating costs increase, the right to vote on important decisions, and security. The mission of these co-operatives is to help members find suitable housing based on their income.

In 2011, reporting co-operatives in the Real Estate sector generated $900 million in volume of business and owned the second largest assets at $4.6 billion. It had over 113,000 members and employed over 1,500 people. At 2,185 or 42% of co-operatives, the Real Estate sector had the most co-operatives of any sector.

The province of Quebec had the highest proportion (1,301 or 60%) of all reporting co-operatives in the Real Estate industry.

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Professional, Scientific and Technical Services and Educational Services

Figure 20: Professional, Scientific and Technical Services and Educational Services by Volume of Business (Millions), 2011
Bar chart of Professional, Scientific and Technical Services and Educational Services by Volume of Business (Millions), 2011 (the long description is located below the image)
Description of Figure 20
Professional, Scientific and Technical Services and Educational Services by Volume of Business (Millions), 2011
Province Volume of Business
(millions $)
BC $1.5
AB $1.8
SK $0.8
MB $0.3
ON $18.3
QC $58.8
NB $0.09
NS $2.3
PE $0.2
NL $0.4

The Professional, Scientific and Technical Services sector includes establishments whose activities are based primarily on human capital. These co-operatives range from provincial and national co-operative associations that provide professional support to their member co-operatives, to management consulting, research and advertising co-operatives.

Educational Services co-operatives provide instruction and training services that range from sign language instruction to study abroad initiatives.

In 2011, reporting co-operatives in Professional, Scientific and Technical Services and Educational Services generated a volume of business of $84.9 million, and owned assets totaling $99.6 million. The two sectors employed more than 1,200 workers and had a membership of more than 22,000.

Quebec and Ontario with a combined volume of business of $77 million contributed the most to the Professional, Scientific and Technical Services and Educational Services sector. 

Administrative and Support, Waste Management and Remediation Services

Figure 21: Administrative, Support, Waste Management and Remediation by Volume of Business (Millions), 2011
Bar chart of Administrative, Support, Waste Management and Remediation by Volume of Business (Millions), 2011 (the long description is located below the image)
Description of Figure 21
Administrative, Support, Waste Management and Remediation by Volume of Business (Millions), 2011
Province Volume of Business
(millions $)
AB $1.0
SK $0.06
MB $0.1
ON $5.2
QC $34.2
NS $4.0
TE $0.1

There are two distinct types of co-operatives engaged in this sector: co-operatives that provide daily operational support to organizations or individuals such as travel agencies and business support services; and, co-operatives involved with waste management activities such as recycling facilities.

Reporting co-operatives in this sector generated $44 million in volume of business and owned $27.5 million in assets. They employed 1,000 employees and had a membership of 5,500.

Quebec and Nova Scotia together had 85% of co-operatives working in the Administrative and Support Services sub-sector.

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Health Care and Social Assistance

Figure 22: Health Care and Social Assistance by Volume of Business (Millions), 2011
Bar chart of Health Care and Social Assistance by Volume of Business (Millions), 2011 (the long description is located below the image)
Description of Figure 22
Health Care and Social Assistance by Volume of Business (Millions), 2011
Province Volume of Business
(millions $)
BC $0.9
AB $5.8
SK $39.4
MB $16.5
ON $45.9
QC $143.8
NB $0.7
NS $3.8
PE $0.1
NL $0.7

Health Care and Social Assistance co-operatives fell into three NAICS subsectors, namely ambulatory health care services (19%), nursing and residential care facilities (less than 1%) and social assistance (78%).Footnote 15 Social Assistance co-operatives provide services to individuals and families, including counselling, employment support and services to individuals who face multiple barriers to employment, as well as child day-care services. Co-operatives in ambulatory health care services provide direct or indirect health care services to outpatients and include community health clinics, ambulance services and home health care.

In 2011, the 421 reporting co-operatives within the sector generated a volume of business of $258 million, and owned assets valued at $185 million. They employed over 5,000 people and had a membership that stood at close to 162,900.

With 145 reporting co-operatives in 2011, Ontario held the highest proportion of Health Care and Social Assistance co-operatives.

Arts, Entertainment and Recreation

Figure 23: Arts, Entertainment and Recreation by Number of Reporting Co-operatives, 2011
Bar chart of Arts, Entertainment and Recreation by Number of Reporting Co-operatives, 2011 (the long description is located below the image)
Description of Figure 23
Arts, Entertainment and Recreation by Number of Reporting Co-operatives, 2011
NAICS Sector Number of Reporting Co-operatives
Amusement, gambling and recreation industries 230
Performing arts, spectator sports and related industries 75
Suppressed data 10
Heritage institutions 8

Co-operatives in this sector operate facilities or provide artistic, cultural, entertainment and recreational services for their patrons

The majority (71%) of these reporting co-operatives operated in the amusement, gambling and recreation industries. Twenty-three percent were performing co-operatives in arts, spectator sports and related industries (e.g. curling clubs, marinas, community centers, and golf clubs).

In 2011, 323 reporting co-operatives generated a volume of business of $33 million. The sector had assets of $78 million, employed over 1,100 individuals and more than 37,000 members.

Accommodation and Food Services

Co-operatives also provide accommodations in the tourism industry as well as food services. This includes hotels, resorts, camping, marinas, and RV parks as well as restaurants, coffee shops and student cafeterias. 

In 2011, the 55 reporting co-operatives in Accommodation and Food Services generated a combined volume of business of $21.9 million, and owned assets of $18.4 million. The sector employed over 500 workers and had over 10,000 members. Forty-five percent of co-operatives in the sector fell under the accommodation services sub-sector, while 55% fell under the food services and drinking places sub-sector. The majority of these co-operatives (83%) operated in Quebec.

Other Services & Public Administration

Figure 24: Other Services and Public Administration by Number of Reporting Co-operatives, 2011
Bar chart of Other Services and Public Administration by Number of Reporting Co-operatives, 2011 (the long description is located below the image)
Description of Figure 24
Other Services and Public Administration by Number of Reporting Co-operatives, 2011
NAICS Sector Number of Reporting Co-operatives
Personal and laundry services  133
Private households 41
Religious, grant-making, civic, and professional and similar organizations 24
Local, municipal and regional public administration 9
Suppressed data 8

Other Services co-operatives are mainly engaged in repairs and routine maintenance on products such as motor vehicles, machinery and equipment as well as co-operatives that provide personal care, funeral and other services. Co-operatives involved in the organization and support of religious activities, grant-making, advocacy and political causes are also included under this sector.

The nine Public Administration co-operatives provided firefighting services to their local communities in Saskatchewan and Alberta. These co-operatives brought together the firefighters, community members, and local government in order to pool resources, skills and support.

In 2011, 215 reporting co-operatives in Other Services and Public Administration together generated a volume of business of $421 million. The sectors owned assets valued at $524 million, employed over 5,000 people and had a membership of more than 290,000.

Co-operatives working within the personal and laundry services made up 65% of all reporting co-operatives operating in the Other Services sector. The private households sub-sector refers to households that employed workers such as cooks, maids and gardeners.

Annex A: Detailed Data Tables

Table 1: Overview of Co-operatives by Province and Territories, 2002–2011
Year BC AB SK MB ON QC NB NS PE NL TE Total
Number of Reporting Co-operatives
2011 338 415 611 245 736 2,390 108 303 58 18 29 5,251
2010 301 411 579 224 708 2,379 101 284 54 19 34 5,094
2009 393 465 767 255 901 2,315 133 288 61 29 35 5,642
2008 392 478 811 264 918 2,271 135 282 63 33 39 5,686
2007 392 481 844 270 952 2,294 138 287 65 33 39 5,795
2006 380 467 855 263 940 2,293 140 280 61 35 37 5,751
2005 385 440 844 267 964 2,258 139 273 63 42 35 5,710
2004 398 504 879 277 947 2,225 141 257 61 56 35 5,780
2003 403 548 918 281 926 2,153 135 216 59 59 34 5,732
2002 406 590 929 289 930 2,065 143 216 58 57 35 5,718
Volume of Business (in Millions of Dollars)
2011 1,425 5,201 11,494 2,501 2,759 12,986 990 815 258 91 137 38,657
2010 1,265 4,330 9,794 1,971 2,356 11,979 955 791 228 74 183 33,925
2009 1,285 4,558 9,518 2,082 2,478 11,619 1,085 780 219 76 154 33,853
2008 1,205 5,212 11,419 2,142 2,390 11,091 1,043 769 229 67 161 35,728
2007 1,223 4,600 8,361 1,861 2,355 10,177 1,035 739 237 63 153 30,804
2006 1,145 4,161 7,670 1,799 2,415 9,323 1,091 734 220 86 148 28,794
2005 1,132 4,206 6,808 1,712 2,393 9,073 1,171 728 229 124 109 27,686
2004 1,119 4,203 7,594 1,639 2,233 8,515 1,088 723 223 123 102 27,561
2003 1,058 3,998 6,871 1,609 2,197 8,153 1,036 709 213 125 97 26,067
2002 1,083 3,623 7,874 1,459 2,080 7,735 1,092 688 216 115 124 26,088
Assets (in Millions of Dollars)
2011 1,473 2,815 6,452 1,182 3,310 6,598 322 530 115 42 133 22,970
2010 1,359 2,581 5,395 1,003 3,184 6,055 318 488 98 38 167 20,685
2009 1,438 2,763 5,138 1,035 4,008 5,719 344 398 95 44 135 21,117
2008 1,400 2,632 5,036 968 4,159 5,449 341 393 90 41 144 20,653
2007 1,393 2,448 4,351 918 4,076 5,048 378 378 88 41 137 19,256
2006 1,377 2,453 3,791 876 4,107 4,796 384 362 88 50 134 18,417
2005 1,373 2,356 3,294 848 4,166 4,633 418 353 83 58 116 17,699
2004 1,462 2,337 3,747 803 4,068 4,145 407 340 83 74 108 17,574
2003 1,428 2,234 3,259 769 4,023 4,030 398 328 89 72 97 16,727
2002 1,439 2,090 3,498 742 4,095 3,902 458 323 88 69 103 16,808
Members (in Thousands)
2011 3,993 1,211 510 469 171 1,253 84 45 18 41 15 7,809
2010 3,698 1,184 483 426 143 1,250 89 44 17 39 24 7,398
2009 3,467 1,188 587 433 158 1,186 96 51 21 31 21 7,239
2008 3,219 1,188 572 413 168 1,152 94 48 21 30 21 6,925
2007 2,909 1,175 560 385 180 1,126 193 46 25 28 20 6,647
2006 2,691 1,178 554 345 184 1,070 187 45 25 41 20 6,340
2005 2,471 1,117 467 328 179 1,026 171 40 24 45 17 5,886
2004 2,346 1,033 512 314 176 978 152 39 24 45 17 5,635
2003 2,149 1,048 548 296 177 907 66 37 20 40 14 5,304
2002 1,981 1,017 549 281 179 901 78 37 20 40 16 5,098
Employees
2011 4,378 9,305 14,443 4,288 5,676 43,902 2,282 3,216 1,211 599 770Footnote 16 90,070
2010 4,149 8,555 11,191 4,119 5,493 44,898 3,113 3,270 1,033 335 1,807 87,963
2009 3,778 9,918 11,456 4,149 5,639 42,739 3,167 3,195 1,054 895 1,745 87,735
2008 4,013 9,732 11,089 3,826 5,878 42,734 3,216 3,781 1,058 800 1,791 87,918
2007 4,429 9,311 10,797 3,617 5,750 43,054 3,704 3,533 919 820 1,686 87,620
2006 4,368 9,311 10,352 3,837 5,635 42,960 3,691 3,469 912 974 1,663 87,172
2005 4,636 9,330 9,956 4,027 5,676 43,013 3,729 3,361 1,163 1,120 1,589 87,600
2004 4,162 11,380 11,775 4,047 5,579 36,911 3,622 3,372 1,214 1,420 1,665 85,147
2003 4,224 11,325 12,165 4,048 5,450 36,894 3,301 3,294 1,381 1,401 614 84,097
2002 4,377 11,117 13,142 3,845 5,645 36,681 3,986 3,064 1,370 1,025 688 84,940

Annex A: Detailed Data Tables

Table 2: Trends by Province and Territories, 2007–2011
2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Canada Number of co-ops reporting 5,795 5,686 5,642 5,094 5,251
Volume of business in millions of dollars 30,804 35,728 33,853 33,925 38,657
Number of members in thousands 6,647 6,925 7,239 7,398 7,809
Number of employees 87,620 87,918 87,735 87,963 90,070
Assets in millions of dollars 19,256 20,653 21,117 20,685 22,970
Liabilities in millions of dollars 11,075 11,614 11,547 10,798 11,871
Equity in millions of dollars 8,181 9,038 9,570 9,883 11,108
British Columbia Number of co-ops reporting 392 392 393 301 338
Volume of business in millions of dollars 1,223 1,205 1,285 1,265 1,425
Number of members in thousands 2,909 3,219 3,467 3,698 3,993
Number of employees 4,429 4,013 3,778 4,149 4,378
Assets in millions of dollars 1,393 1,400 1,438 1,359 1,473
Liabilities in millions of dollars 935 911 913 822 871
Equity in millions of dollars 458 489 526 537 603
Alberta Number of co-ops reporting 481 478 465 411 415
Volume of business in millions of dollars 4,600 5,212 4,558 4,330 5,201
Number of members in thousands 1,175 1,188 1,188 1,184 1,211
Number of employees 9,311 9,732 9,918 8,555 9,305
Assets in millions of dollars 2,448 2,632 2,763 2,581 2,815
Liabilities in millions of dollars 961 1,040 1,129 1,034 1,152
Equity in millions of dollars 1,486 1,592 1,633 1,547 1,667
Saskatchewan Number of co-ops reporting 844 811 767 579 611
Volume of business in millions of dollars 8,361 11,419 9,518 9,794 11,494
Number of members in thousands 560 572 587 483 510
Number of employees 10,797 11,089 11,456 11,191 14,443
Assets in millions of dollars 4,351 5,036 5,138 5,395 6,452
Liabilities in millions of dollars 1,650 1,890 1,734 1,810 2,314
Equity in millions of dollars 2,701 3,146 3,405 3,585 4,141
Manitoba Number of co-ops reporting 270 264 255 224 245
Volume of business in millions of dollars 1,861 2,142 2,082 1,971 2,501
Number of members in thousands 385 413 433 426 469
Number of employees 3,617 3,826 4,149 4,119 4,288
Assets in millions of dollars 918 968 1,035 1,003 1,182
Liabilities in millions of dollars 316 337 357 343 392
Equity in millions of dollars 602 631 678 659 790
Ontario Number of co-ops reporting 952 918 901 708 736
Volume of business in millions of dollars 2,355 2,390 2,478 2,356 2,759
Number of members in thousands 180 168 158 143 171
Number of employees 5,750 5,878 5,639 5,493 5,676
Assets in millions of dollars 4,076 4,159 4,008 3,184 3,310
Liabilities in millions of dollars 3,431 3,445 3,290 2,464 2,517
Equity in millions of dollars 645 714 718 720 793
Quebec Number of co-ops reporting 2,294 2,271 2,315 2,379 2,390
Volume of business in millions of dollars 10,177 11,091 11,619 11,979 12,986
Number of members in thousands 1,126 1,152 1,186 1,250 1,253
Number of employees 43,054 42,734 42,739 44,898 43,902
Assets in millions of dollars 5,048 5,449 5,719 6,055 6,598
Liabilities in millions of dollars 3,092 3,344 3,479 3,608 3,904
Equity in millions of dollars 1,956 2,105 2,241 2,413 2,694
New Brunswick Number of co-ops reporting 138 135 133 101 108
Volume of business in millions of dollars 1,035 1,043 1,085 955 990
Number of members in thousands 193 94 96 89 84
Number of employees 3,704 3,216 3,167 3,113 2,282
Assets in millions of dollars 378 341 344 318 322
Liabilities in millions of dollars 268 221 222 207 213
Equity in millions of dollars 110 120 122 111 109
Nova Scotia Number of co-ops reporting 287 282 288 284 303
Volume of business in millions of dollars 739 769 780 791 815
Number of members in thousands 46 48 51 44 45
Number of employees 3,533 3,781 3,195 3,270 3,216
Assets in millions of dollars 378 393 398 488 530
Liabilities in millions of dollars 256 265 267 342 358
Equity in millions of dollars 122 128 131 147 174
Prince Edward Island Number of co-ops reporting 65 63 61 54 58
Volume of business in millions of dollars 237 229 219 228 258
Number of members in thousands 25 21 21 17 18
Number of employees 919 1,058 1,054 1,033 1,211
Assets in millions of dollars 88 90 95 98 115
Liabilities in millions of dollars 48 45 46 47 64
Equity in millions of dollars 40 45 49 51 51
Newfoundland Number of co-ops reporting 33 33 29 19 18
Volume of business in millions of dollars 63 67 76 74 91
Number of members in thousands 28 30 31 39 41
Number of employees 820 800 895 335 599
Assets in millions of dollars 41 41 44 38 42
Liabilities in millions of dollars 25 25 27 16 18
Equity in millions of dollars 16 16 16 22 23
Territories Number of co-ops reporting 39 39 35 34 29
Volume of business in millions of dollars 153 161 154 183 137
Number of members in thousands 20 21 21 24 15
Number of employees 1,686 1,791 1,745 1,807 770
Assets in millions of dollars 137 144 135 167 133
Liabilities in millions of dollars 91 92 84 93 69
Equity in millions of dollars 46 51 51 74 64

Annex A: Detailed Data Tables

Table 3: Comparison of Co-operatives (Average) by Province and Territories, 2010 – 2011
2010 2011
Canada Number of Reporting Co-ops 5,094 5,251
Volume of business ($) per co-operative 6,659,796 7,361,867
Number of members per co-operative 1,452 1,487
Number of employees per co-operative 17 17
Assets ($) per co-operative 4,060,660 4,374,488
Liabilities ($) per co-operative 2,119,749 2,260,677
Equity ($) per co-operative 1,940,126 2,115,538
British Columbia Number of Reporting Co-ops 301 338
Volume of business ($) per co-operative 4,202,658 4,216,684
Number of members per co-operative 12,286 11,814
Number of employees per co-operative 14 13
Assets ($) per co-operative 4,514,950 4,358,785
Liabilities ($) per co-operative 2,730,897 2,575,715
Equity ($) per co-operative 1,784,053 1,783,060
Alberta Number of Reporting Co-ops 411 415
Volume of business ($) per co-operative 10,535,280 12,533,660
Number of members per co-operative 2,881 2,918
Number of employees per co-operative 21 22
Assets ($) per co-operative 6,279,805 6,782,434
Liabilities ($) per co-operative 2,515,815 2,774,859
Equity ($) per co-operative 3,763,990 4,017,584
Saskatchewan Number of Reporting Co-ops 579 611
Volume of business ($) per co-operative 16,915,371 18,811,047
Number of members per co-operative 834 834
Number of employees per co-operative 19 24
Assets ($) per co-operative 9,317,789 10,559,007
Liabilities ($) per co-operative 3,126,079 3,786,823
Equity ($) per co-operative 6,191,710 6,777,820
Manitoba Number of Reporting Co-ops 224 245
Volume of business ($) per co-operative 8,799,107 10,208,881
Number of members per co-operative 1,902 1,916
Number of employees per co-operative 18 18
Assets ($) per co-operative 4,477,679 4,824,376
Liabilities ($) per co-operative 1,531,250 1,600,023
Equity ($) per co-operative 2,941,964 3,224,430
Ontario Number of Reporting Co-ops 708 736
Volume of business ($) per co-operative 3,327,684 3,748,264
Number of members per co-operative 202 232
Number of employees per co-operative 8 8
Assets ($) per co-operative 4,497,175 4,496,835
Liabilities ($) per co-operative 3,480,226 3,419,349
Equity ($) per co-operative 1,016,949 1,077,339
Quebec Number of Reporting Co-ops 2,379 2,390
Volume of business ($) per co-operative 5,035,309 5,433,388
Number of members per co-operative 525 524
Number of employees per co-operative 19 18
Assets ($) per co-operative 2,545,187 2,760,702
Liabilities ($) per co-operative 1,516,604 1,633,588
Equity ($) per co-operative 1,014,292 1,127,111
New Brunswick Number of Reporting Co-ops 101 108
Volume of business ($) per co-operative 9,455,446 9,166,456
Number of members per co-operative 1 775
Number of employees per co-operative 31 21
Assets ($) per co-operative 3,148,515 2,980,456
Liabilities ($) per co-operative 2,049,505 1,971,780
Equity ($) per co-operative 1,099,010 1,008,667
Nova Scotia Number of Reporting Co-ops 284 303
Volume of business ($) per co-operative 2,785,211 2,691,062
Number of members per co-operative 155 149
Number of employees per co-operative 12 11
Assets ($) per co-operative 1,718,310 1,748,271
Liabilities ($) per co-operative 1,204,225 1,180,839
Equity ($) per co-operative 517,606 572,614
Prince Edward Island Number of Reporting Co-ops 54 58
Volume of business ($) per co-operative 4,222,222 4,442,087
Number of members per co-operative 315 313
Number of employees per co-operative 19 21
Assets ($) per co-operative 1,814,815 1,978,800
Liabilities ($) per co-operative 870,370 1,104,565
Equity ($) per co-operative 944,444 874,235
Newfoundland Number of Reporting Co-ops 19 18
Volume of business ($) per co-operative 3,894,737 5,076,979
Number of members per co-operative 2,053 2,259
Number of employees per co-operative 18 33
Assets ($) per co-operative 2,000,000 2,308,186
Liabilities ($) per co-operative 842,105 1,009,089
Equity ($) per co-operative 1,157,895 1,299,097
Territories Number of Reporting Co-ops 34 29
Volume of business ($) per co-operative 5,382,353 4,717,839
Number of members per co-operative 686 506
Number of employees per co-operative 52 27
Assets ($) per co-operative 3,857,143 4,594,948
Liabilities ($) per co-operative 2,657,143 2,379,635
Equity ($) per co-operative 2,114,286 2,215,314

Annex A: Detailed Data Tables

Table 4: Volume of Business of Co-operatives (Millions) by NAICS and Province and Territories, 2011Footnote 17
Canada BC AB SK MB ON QC NB NS PE NL TE
Unknown NAICS 0.00005 .. .. .. .. .. 0.00005 .. .. .. .. ..
Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting - 11 6,442.3 34.2 129.7 93.6 429.4 535.4 4,934.6 7.0 172.5 75.9 X ..
Utilities - 22 324.0 X 235.6 0.2 16.4 44.5 14.9 X 0.1 X .. ..
Construction - 23 and Manufacturing - 31‑33 6,459.4 X X 15.7 .. 636.9 5,084.9 78.5 457.8 X .. ..
Wholesale Trade - 41 and Retail Trade - 44‑45 23,293.6 1,227.1 4,697.8 11,247.9 1,975.0 1,011.5 1,929.9 875.5 103.5 30.8 58.4 136.1
Transportation and Warehousing - 48‑49 116.7 4.8 X X 2.6 5.3 82.7 .. 0.9 X X ..
Information and cultural industries - 51 235.2 X X 72.5 26.3 33.9 52.6 1.4 47.7 X .. ..
Finance and insurance - 52 20.3 3.3 4.1 1.5 3.5 5.4 .. X 2.0 .. X ..
Real estate and rental and leasing - 53 900.5 148.1 27.7 15.3 29.0 407.8 242.3 7.8 17.6 3.8 X X
Professional, scientific and technical Services - 54 & Educational services - 61 84.9 1.6 X 0.9 X 18.3 58.8 X 2.4 X X ..
Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services - 56 44.8 .. X X X 5.2 34.2 X 4.1 .. .. X
Health care and social assistance - 62 258.1 0.9 X 39.4 16.6 45.9 143.9 0.8 3.8 0.2 X ..
Arts, entertainment and recreation - 71 33.4 1.1 X 4.4 1.6 2.4 18.5 2.1 2.0 0.2 X X
Accommodation and food services - 72 21.9 X X X X X 18.2 X X .. .. ..
Other Services - 81 & Public administration - 91 421.8 3.2 37.7 1.2 0.1 3.3 370.3 3.9 0.8 1.3 .. ..
Total 38,657.2 1,425.2 5,201.5 11,493.5 2,501.2 2,758.7 12,985.8 990.0 815.4 257.6 91.4 136.8
X = suppressed data due to confidentiality ..= no reporting co-operatives Unknown NAICS = suppressed aggregate NAICS 2-digit data due to confidentiality

Annex A: Detailed Data Tables

Table 5: Assets of Co-operatives (Millions) by NAICS and Province and Territories, 2011
Canada BC AB SK MB ON QC NB NS PE NL TE
Unknown NAICS 0.000005 0.00005
Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting - 11 2,494.50 106.5 122.4 51.4 75.8 278.7 1,728.10 3.3 83.5 27.5 X ..
Utilities - 22 643.3 X 534.5 1.2 55.1 32.3 15.7 X 0.2 X .. ..
Construction - 23 & Manufacturing - 31-33 2,754.70 X X 3.8 .. 337.1 2,050.80 34.8 172.5 X .. ..
Wholesale Trade - 41 and Retail Trade - 44‑45 10,895.30 566.2 1,792.50 6,176.80 846.1 366.6 707.2 215.9 62.6 12.1 19 130.4
Transportation and Warehousing - 48‑49 68.3 4 X X 0.9 5.9 51.4 .. 1.5 X X ..
Information and cultural industries - 51 358.1 X X 116.2 35.4 123.5 67.3 1.2 12 X .. ..
Finance and insurance - 52 208 9.5 91.2 26.8 49 20.8 .. X 10.1 .. X ..
Real estate and rental and leasing - 53 4,615.10 755.1 116.7 33.4 106.4 2,084.60 1,315.50 27.7 159.9 11 X X
Professional, scientific and technical services - 54 & Educational services - 61 99.7 5.3 X 1.2 X 30.1 54.4 X 3.8 X X ..
Administrative and support, water management and remediation services - 56 27.6 .. X X X 0.4 23.1 X 3.1 .. .. X
Health care and social assistance - 62 185.1 1.4 X 22.8 8.7 12 127.8 0.5 4.2 0.5 X ..
Arts, entertainment and recreation - 71 78.1 3.5 X 13.3 2.9 3.2 37.4 3.1 13.4 0.1 X X
Accommodation and food services - 72 18.4 X X X X X 13.4 X X .. .. ..
Other Services - 81 and Public administration - 91 524.3 19.4 42.7 4 0.2 13.2 406 30.4 2.9 5.6 .. ..
Total 22,970.40 1,473.30 2,814.70 6,451.60 1,182.00 3,309.70 6,598.10 321.9 529.7 114.8 41.5 133.3
X = suppressed data due to confidentiality ..= no reporting co-operatives Unknown NAICS = suppressed aggregate NAICS 2-digit data due to confidentiality

Annex A: Detailed Data Tables

Table 6: Membership of Co-operatives (Thousands) by NAICS and Province and Territories, 2011
Canada BC AB SK MB ON QC NB NS PE NL TE
Unknown NAICS 0.012 .. .. .. .. .. 0.012 .. .. .. .. ..
Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting - 11 73.7 4.4 26.7 18.6 3.1 5.1 11.3 0.9 2.2 0.6 X ..
Utilities - 22 132.3 X 115.4 0.4 2.1 3.1 6 X 0.2 X .. ..
Construction - 23 and Manufacturing - 31‑33 35.4 X X 0.6 .. 5.3 20.1 0.5 3.6 X .. ..
Wholesale Trade - 41 and Retail Trade - 44‑45 6,797.50 3,957.40 1,040.60 438.4 421.3 61.5 721.9 69.2 26 7.8 38.7 14.6
Transportation and Warehousing - 48‑49 11 6.8 X X 0.1 0.4 2.2 .. 1.1 X X ..
Information and cultural industries - 51 102.1 X X 1.1 30.5 21.1 42.1 1.2 0.8 X .. ..
Finance and insurance - 52 14.1 0.5 6.8 2.7 0.3 0.9 .. X 2.9 .. X ..
Real estate and rental and leasing - 53 113.4 15.6 3.7 1.1 3.2 53.2 32.8 0.9 2 0.9 X X
Professional, scientific and technical Services - 54 & Educational services - 61 22.2 0.7 X 0.4 X 0.5 19.1 X 0.8 X X ..
Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services - 56 5.5 .. X X X 0.1 4.3 X 0.4 .. .. X
Health care and social assistance - 62 163 1.9 X 30 4.5 8.8 114.2 X 0.3 1.9 0.4 ..
Arts, entertainment and recreation - 71 37.1 1 X 12.6 3.6 0.9 14 2.5 1.9 0.3 X X
Accommodation and food services - 72 10.9 X X X X X 10.1 X X .. .. ..
Other Services - 81 & Public administration - 91 290.8 1 12.3 3.8 0 9.5 254.5 2.8 2.9 3.9 .. ..
Total 7,808.90 3,993.20 1,210.80 509.8 469.3 170.8 1,252.60 83.7 45.1 18.2 40.7 14.7
X = suppressed data due to confidentiality ..= no reporting co-operatives Unknown NAICS = suppressed aggregate NAICS 2-digit data due to confidentiality

Annex A: Detailed Data Tables

Table 7: Employment of Co-operatives by NAICS and Province and Territories, 2011
Canada BC AB SK MB ON QC NB NS PE NL TE
Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting - 11 19,212.00 1,111.00 393 90 623 894 14,290.00 153 759 592 X ..
Utilities - 22 777 X 590 1 45 26 21 X 1 X .. ..
Construction - 23 and Manufacturing - 31-33 13,733.00 X X 2 .. 900 10,627.00 243 1,479.00 X .. ..
Wholesale Trade - 41 and Retail Trade - 44‑45 38,197.00 2,978.00 7,724.00 12,809.00 2,686.00 1,356.00 7,394.00 1,630.00 473 140 250 757
Transportation and Warehousing - 48‑49 1,096.00 33 X X 16 9 910 .. 14 X X ..
Information and cultural industries - 51 905 X X 214 156 174 308 20 25 X .. ..
Finance and insurance - 52 520 48 67 66 30 280 .. X 24 .. X ..
Real estate and rental and leasing - 53 1,534.00 98 69 42 153 858 231 7 20 56 X X
Professional, scientific and technical services - 54 & Educational services - 61 1,237.00 14 X 23 X 95 1,058.00 X 22 X X ..
Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services - 56 1,048.00 .. X X X 23 822 X 176 .. .. X
Health care and social assistance - 62 5,073.00 25 X 1,007.00 522 939 2,313.00 X 149 5 24 ..
Arts, entertainment and recreation - 71 1,125.00 29 X 138 45 80 719 52 49 7 X X
Accommodation and food services - 72 521 X X X X X 507 X X .. .. ..
Other Services - 81 and Public administration - 91 5,092.00 26 174 30 5 42 4,702.00 56 25 32 .. ..
Total 90,070.00 4,378.00 9,305.00 14,443.00 4,288.00 5,676.00 43,902.00 2,282.00 3,216.00 1,211.00 599 770
X = suppressed data due to confidentiality ..= no reporting co-operatives Unknown NAICS = suppressed aggregate NAICS 2-digit data due to confidentiality
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