Processing Artificial Intelligence: Highlighting the Canadian Patent Landscape

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International

Total patented inventions: 85,144

Patent Filing Trend (1998 – 2017) - Patented Inventions
Publication Year Patented Inventions
1998 1,242
1999 1,167
2000 1,245
2001 1,304
2002 1,794
2003 1,799
2004 1,818
2005 1,874
2006 2,141
2007 2,395
2008 2,829
2009 3,447
2010 3,888
2011 3,673
2012 4,568
2013 5,584
2014 6,889
2015 8,602
2016 10,669
2017 18,216
Patent Filing Trend (1998 – 2017) - Annual Growth Rate
Publication Year Annual Growth Rate
1998 -
1999 -6.04%
2000 6.68%
2001 4.74%
2002 37.58%
2003 0.28%
2004 1.06%
2005 3.08%
2006 14.25%
2007 11.86%
2008 18.12%
2009 21.85%
2010 12.79%
2011 -5.53%
2012 24.37%
2013 22.24%
2014 23.37%
2015 24.87%
2016 24.03%
2017 70.74%

Chinese and American assignees cumulatively accounted for 65% of total patented inventions filed globally.

Patent Filing Trend (1998 – 2017)
Publication Year China United States Japan Republic of Korea Germany Canada United Kingdom Australia
1998 5 337 435 18 97 14 12 2
1999 5 272 443 26 98 10 5 0
2000 11 335 395 53 87 6 8 3
2001 15 406 341 42 66 13 9 2
2002 19 459 363 37 114 32 28 3
2003 54 457 333 42 85 16 15 3
2004 72 434 334 51 91 26 9 4
2005 86 455 420 65 111 18 9 12
2006 116 560 480 72 92 21 24 20
2007 192 716 447 139 103 34 17 17
2008 423 772 496 170 126 43 18 11
2009 697 976 510 165 142 58 19 14
2010 960 1,074 493 127 154 46 21 27
2011 1,059 961 407 178 118 50 22 23
2012 1,932 967 387 197 129 50 35 16
2013 2,631 1,429 484 276 195 61 55 13
2014 3,513 1,832 443 402 163 69 33 19
2015 4,655 2,064 539 385 141 69 41 15
2016 6,180 2,386 622 471 173 81 46 27
2017 11,955 3,477 794 690 227 135 71 23

IP Concentration Index

Index approaching 0.5 in 2017 thereby indicating dominance of two countries in AI patent activity.

IP Concentration Index
Publication Year IP Concentration Index
1998 0.19
1999 0.20
2000 0.17
2001 0.16
2002 0.11
2003 0.10
2004 0.09
2005 0.11
2006 0.12
2007 0.13
2008 0.13
2009 0.14
2010 0.15
2011 0.16
2012 0.22
2013 0.27
2014 0.32
2015 0.35
2016 0.38
2017 0.46

Canadian Researchers

Patented inventions filed by Canadian researchers grew at a similar rate when compared to researchers globally over the past five years.

2,497 Canadian researchers filed 1,419 patented inventions.

Patent Filing Trend (1998 – 2017)
Publication Year CIPO USPTO WIPO (PCT) Other Annual Growth Rate
1998 4 4 4 1 -
1999 8 2 2 0 -7.69%
2000 9 6 5 0 66.67%
2001 4 20 5 0 45.00%
2002 17 31 10 0 100.00%
2003 14 29 5 1 -15.52%
2004 12 17 10 1 -18.37%
2005 13 15 5 1 -15.00%
2006 12 28 9 4 55.88%
2007 10 45 12 1 28.30%
2008 16 40 20 3 16.18%
2009 31 52 14 0 22.78%
2010 14 64 18 2 1.03%
2011 22 45 11 0 -20.41%
2012 16 40 18 1 -3.85%
2013 11 40 16 4 -5.33%
2014 21 43 24 5 30.99%
2015 16 66 23 6 19.35%
2016 20 65 36 13 18.92%
2017 25 138 34 14 58.33%

Canadian Institutions

Canadian institutions account for less than 1% of the total patented inventions filed by institutions globally.

284 Canadian institutions filed 618 patented inventions.

Patent Filing Trend (1998 – 2017)
Publication Year CIPO USPTO WIPO (PCT) Others
1998 3 2 6 1
1999 3 1 1 1
2000 1 1 0 0
2001 5 4 3 0
2002 15 2 7 0
2003 10 2 3 0
2004 8 4 7 0
2005 7 0 2 0
2006 7 1 4 4
2007 11 12 7 1
2008 13 3 15 2
2009 12 10 13 0
2010 6 12 10 2
2011 12 14 9 1
2012 11 13 13 2
2013 7 14 7 1
2014 13 12 12 3
2015 13 18 17 2
2016 19 19 30 1
2017 20 53 33 7
Patent Filing Trend (1998 – 2017) - Annual Growth Rate
Publication Year Annual Growth Rate
1998 -
1999 -50%
2000 -67%
2001 500%
2002 100%
2003 -38%
2004 27%
2005 -53%
2006 78%
2007 94%
2008 6%
2009 6%
2010 -14%
2011 20%
2012 8%
2013 -26%
2014 38%
2015 25%
2016 38%
2017 61%

Relative Specialization Index (RSI)

Canadian researchers and institutions are both specialized in the field of AI, although their specialization has decreased over the past decade.

Researcher’s Country of Origin
Publication Year 1998-2007 2008-2017
Republic of Korea -0.56 -0.44
Germany -0.06 -0.27
Japan -0.07 -0.18
United Kingdom -0.14 -0.03
Australia 0.12 0.22
Canada 0.34 0.30
United States 0.40 0.35
Institution’s Country of Origin
Publication Year 1998-2007 2008-2017
Republic of Korea -0.21 -0.26
Germany 0.00 -0.24
United Kingdom -0.08 -0.13
Japan 0.62 0.11
Canada 0.26 0.22
Australia 0.31 0.22
United States 0.38 0.34

Relative Specialization by AI Applications

Canadian researchers fare well in various applications of AI against American researchers who are considered to be prolific filers in AI.

Relative Specialization by AI Applications
AI Application Canada United States
Distributed Artificial Intelligence -0.55 -0.65
Planning and Scheduling -0.17 -0.28
Control Methods -0.02 0.12
Speech Processing 0.09 -0.06
Predictive Analytics 0.08 0.32
Robotics 0.42 0.34
Knowledge Representation and Reasoning 0.48 0.29
Computer Vision 0.43 1.72
Natural Language Processing 1.32 2.41

Geographical Clusters of Activity

Interestingly, most of the prominent Census Metropolitan Areas (CMAs) are specialized in different application fields of AI.

Patented Inventions / GDP
Province Patented Inventions / GDP
Northwest Territories 0
Nunavut 0
Alberta 1.68208E-10
Yukon 0
Saskatchewan 1.48738E-10
Newfoundland and Labrador 1.20333E-10
Ontario 3.71479E-10
British Columbia 3.63912E-10
Manitoba 5.50297E-11
Quebec 2.03698E-10
New Brunswick 1.62311E-10
Nova Scotia 1.35275E-10
Prince Edward Island 1.4298E-10
# of Institutions
CMA # of Institutions
Calgary 19
Edmonton 4
Guelph 2
Halifax 5
Hamilton 4
Kingston 3
Kitchener-Cambridge-Waterloo 20
Lethbridge 1
London 2
Moncton 1
Montréal 42
Oshawa 2
Ottawa-Gatineau 30
Québec 4
Regina 1
Saskatoon 4
Sherbrooke' 1
St. Catharines-Niagara 1
St. John's 1
Toronto 78
Trois-Rivières 2
Vancouver 30
Victoria 4
Winnipeg 3

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Aussi offert en français sous le titre Traitement de l’intelligence artificielle : aperçu du paysage canadien des brevets.

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