Intellectual property in Canada
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|Patent||Trade secret||Industrial design||Trademark||Copyright|
|Coverage||New, useful and non-obvious invention||Invention, business information||Visual features of a product||Source of goods or services||Original literary, artistic, musical or dramatic work|
|Product, process, machine, chemical composition, use||Business method, invention, recipe, manufacturing process||Shape, configuration, pattern, ornament, or any combination of these features||Words, designs, tastes, textures, moving images, modes of packaging, holograms, sounds, scents, three-dimensional shapes, colours, or a combination of these features||Software, sound recording, photograph, painting, web content, communication signals|
|Rights||Exclude others from using, making or selling||No formal rights (contractual obligations)||Exclude others from making, using, selling or importing||Prevent others from using your trademark||Prevent others from reproducing your original work|
|Duration||Up to 20 years from date of filing||As long as confidentiality is maintained||Up to 15 years from date of filing||10 years (renewable)||Life of creator + 50 years in general|
|Disclosure grace period||12 months||No disclosure||12 months||Not applicable||Not applicable (automatic rights)|
Cat. No. IU71-4/42-2017 ISBN 978-0-660-09136-5
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