IP roadmap – Geographical Indications in Canada

View as PDF (PDF: 13 KB; 1 page)

Permission to reproduce

Except as otherwise specifically noted, the information in this publication may be reproduced, in part or in whole and by any means, without charge or further permission from the Canadian Intellectual Property Office (CIPO), provided that due diligence is exercised in ensuring the accuracy of the information reproduced, that CIPO is identified as the source institution, and that the reproduction is not represented as an official version of the information reproduced, nor as having been made in affiliation with, or with the endorsement of, CIPO.

For permission to reproduce the information in this publication for commercial redistribution, please email droitdauteur.copyright@tpsgc-pwgsc.gc.ca.


Geographical Indications in Canada

The Canadian Intellectual Property Office (CIPO) is responsible for processing requests for protection of geographical indications (GIs) and ensuring that they are entered on the list of protected GIs maintained by the Registrar. A geographical indication can identify a wine or spirit, or an agricultural product or food of a category set out in the Trademarks Act.

  1. Request

    A request may be submitted to CIPO to have a GI entered on the list of protected GIs in Canada for wines, spirits or agricultural products and food (for example: cheeses, fresh, frozen and processed meats, etc.).

    Requests and all supporting documentation must be submitted in writing and be in either English or French (except for the GI itself). A separate request must be made for each GI, accompanied by the prescribed fee of $450 per request.

    The responsible authority making the request may use the sample forms available on CIPO's website.

  2. Examination

    CIPO examines for compliance in cooperation with Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC). If an indication meets the criteria to be entered on the list of protected GIs, CIPO will recommend that the Minister publish a statement proposing that the indication be entered on the list of geographical indications.

  3. Publication

    GI is published on CIPO website to notify third parties. Within two months after the publication of the statement, any interested party may, upon payment of the prescribed fee of $1,000, file a statement of objection with the Registrar of Trademarks and serve a copy on the responsible authority.

  4. Objection

    If third party objects, the procedure is before the Trademarks Opposition Board.

  5. Listing

    GI is entered on the List of Protected GIs. The Registrar of Trademarks will enter the indication on the list of GIs if a statement of objection has not been filed or a statement of objection has been filed but it has been withdrawn or rejected.

  6. Term Protection

    The term of protection is unlimited.

For more information on Geographical Indications, please go to Canada.ca/trademarks or contact our Client Service Centre at 1-866-997-1936.

Date modified: