Data Sources

The information on this site is based on data provided to Industry Canada by Statistics Canada. The main sources are listed below.


Annual survey of manufactures and logging (ASML)

The data analyzed in Canadian Industry Statistics corresponds with CANSIM Table 301-0006. This particular table consists of data on the activities of all manufacturers in Canada.

The survey is based on establishments rather than companies or enterprises. See statistical units used in business surveys on Statistics Canada's site for more details on how these are defined in this context.

The Annual Survey of Manufactures and Logging collects financial data and production data. The main financial data are the value of manufacturing revenues, employment data (the number of employees, as well as salaries and wages), the cost of raw materials and energy consumption. Commodity data (materials and components, as well as goods shipped) are also collected for establishments that are sent a long form questionnaire.

Specific data elements gathered from this survey include:

  • number of establishments
  • number of production workers
  • production worker wages
  • number of non-manufacturing employees
  • non-manufacturing employee salaries
  • total salaries and wages
  • cost of materials and supplies
  • cost of energy, water and vehicle fuel
  • total revenue
  • revenue from goods manufactured, and
  • manufacturing value added

NAICS codes are assigned according to the establishment's primary activity. In most cases, when an establishment is engaged in more than one activity, the activities are treated as independent. The activity with the largest value-added is identified as the establishments primary activity, and the establishment is classified to the industry corresponding to that activity. In practice, it is often necessary to use other variables, such as total revenues, manufacturing revenues, or employment, as proxies for value added.

Beginning in 2004, the Annual Survey of Manufactures was replaced by the Annual Survey of Manufactures and Logging, ushering in methodological changes that included a change in the coverage for published statistics available on CANSIM. Beginning with reference year 2004, manufacturing shipments data cover the activities of all businesses classified as manufacturers in Canada.

Also beginning in 2004, the financial variables included in the ASML are defined in accordance with the Statistics Canada Chart of Accounts (COA) classification. The language currently used in Canadian Industry Statistics has been modified in some cases to closer align with that used in the ASML. Some ASML variables are defined differently than those collected in the past. Readers should use caution when interpreting trends in the variables cost of energy, water and vehicle fuel and cost of materials and supplies as they are not strictly comparable to similar variables published prior to 2004.

Statistics Canada offers more information on the methodology of the Annual Survey of Manufactures and Logging.

In Canadian Industry Statistics, the Annual Survey of Manufactures and Logging data is analyzed under the following topics for the manufacturing sector as well as its subsectors, industry groups, industries and national industries:

top of page

Canadian business patterns (CBP)

The Canadian Business Patterns (CBP) database is released semi-annually and contains data that reflect counts of business establishments as of December 2011 by:

  • nine employment size ranges
  • geography groupings: province/territory, census division, census metropolitan area and census agglomeration, and
  • North American Industry Classification System (NAICS)

The information is gathered from the Business Register. The Business Register maintains a complete, up to date and unduplicated list of all active businesses in Canada that have a corporate income tax (T2) account, are an employer or have a GST account with an annual gross business income of over $30,000. It may not match other estimates of locations derived from survey results.

In Canadian Industry Statistics, the Canadian Business Patterns data is analyzed under the following topic for the Canadian Economy and its sectors:

top of page

Canadian international merchandise trade database

The Canadian International Merchandise Trade database is maintained by Statistics Canada and records all goods entering and leaving Canada through Customs.

Industry Canada taps into this source making trade statistics available through its Trade Data Online dynamic report/graph generator on Industry Canada's web site. Sections of Canadian Industry Statistics dealing with the international trade of goods link directly to this site.

Trade Data Online provides the ability to generate customized reports on Canadian and U.S. trade of goods with over 200 countries from 1990 to the present. Goods (products) are classified using the Harmonized System (HS) codes used internationally to compile merchandise trade statistics.

Import and export data are customs-based and presented in current dollars. Quantities are not available on this site, but may be purchased online (where available) from Statistics Canada's Canadian international merchandise trade database.

In addition, in a separate module, trade statistics for Canada are available by industry from 1992 onwards. Industries are classified using North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) codes. Trade data are only available for the manufacturing sector of the economy.

The following data are available on a NAICS basis for manufacturing industries:

  • imports by country of origin and province of clearance
  • exports by country of destination and province of origin

Additional trade data on goods compiled on a balance-of-payments basis is available from Statistics Canada. For information on "trade in services" see the Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada's Trade in Services web site.

In Canadian Industry Statistics, international trade data is analyzed under the following topic for the manufacturing sector as well as its subsectors, industry groups, industries and national industries:

top of page

Fixed capital flows and stocks

Statistics Canada makes use of the Capital and Repair Expenditures Survey to produce much of the annual data used to estimate fixed non-residential capital flows and stocks (CANSIM Table 031-0002). Specifically, the data is used to produce annual estimates of end-year gross stock, investment and depreciation by industry and by province and territory. The estimates are produced for construction (building and engineering) and machinery and equipment asset groupings. The estimates are available historically in constant, current, chained (Fisher) and original (book value) dollars.

The conceptual universe and target population of this survey covers all Canadian businesses and governments from all the provinces and territories in Canada. Public establishments can be municipal, provincial or federal. Capital spending by government departments involving grants and/or subsidies to outside entities (i.e. municipalities, agencies, institutions or businesses) is not counted. The establishment is considered to be a private institution based on ownership: specifically, if less than 50% of the voting rights are controlled by the government.

Outlays for used Canadian assets are excluded since they constitute a transfer of assets within Canada and have no effect on the aggregates of our domestic inventory. Assets imported from outside Canada are included as they increase our domestic inventory. Assets acquired for lease to others are included, but assets acquired as a lessee are not.

The "fixed non-residential capital flows and stocks" data from the Capital and Repairs Expenditures Survey is released annually and contains the following data elements:

  • end-year gross stock by type of asset: building construction, engineering construction and machinery and equipment
  • annual investment by type of asset: building construction, engineering construction and machinery and equipment, and
  • rates of depreciation by type of asset: building construction, engineering construction and machinery and equipment

Statistics Canada collects data on both capital expenditures and repairs expenditures. The capital investment section of Canadian Industry Statistics focuses only on the capital expenditures, and only actual expenditures are reported (forecasts of spending intentions are not included).

Capital investment is comprised of gross expenditures on fixed assets for use in the operation of an establishment or for lease or rent to others. It includes:

  • cost of all new buildings, engineering and machinery and equipment (which normally have a life of more than 1 year) and are charged to fixed assets accounts
  • modifications, additions and major renovations
  • capital costs such as feasibility studies and architectural, legal, installation or engineering fees
  • subsidies
  • capitalized interest charges on loans with which capital projects are financed
  • work done by an establishment's own labour force, and
  • additions to work in progress

Capital Investment data are presented in current dollars. Accumulated investment is a gross measure, as depreciation is not subtracted from investment. Yearly deductions are made to gross stock to account for assets that cease to exist in that year.

In Canadian Industry Statistics Fixed Capital Flows and Stocks data are analysed under the following topic for the manufacturing sector as well as its subsectors, industry groups, industries and national industries:

top of page

Gross domestic product by industry

This Statistics Canada activity provides Gross Domestic Product (GDP) at basic prices as a measure of the economic production which takes place within the geographical boundaries of Canada.

GDP is gross in the sense that it does not deduct the depreciation of capital, and domestic as it measures production occurring within the political boundaries of Canada.

GDP data is maintained by Statistics Canada's Canadian System of National Economic Accounts. GDP by industry is also known as output based GDP because it sums the value added (output less intermediate consumption of goods and services) of all industries in Canada. Other GDP series are calculated using either final expenditures on goods and services produced (expenditure-based GDP) or incomes earned by productive activities (income-based GDP) methods.

Historically, GDP by industry was presented at factor cost, excluding taxes and subsidies. In 2001, the Canadian System of National Economic Accounts adopted the basic prices valuation which is equal to GDP at factor cost plus taxes paid and less subsidies received on the factors of production (labour or capital). The decision to move from a factor cost to a basic price measurement better represents the costs incurred by producers in the processes of production.

GDP by industry is available in constant 2007 dollars or in chained 2007 dollars. In Canadian Industry Statistics it is presented in chained 2007 dollars. The process of chaining takes into account fluctuations in relative prices and the composition of output over time. Chained GDP preserves the original growth rates of industries and is especially important in examining the performance of industries which have been susceptible to rapid price changes (such as information technology and related industries).

However, one short-coming of the chained estimates is the non-addictivity of the components (industries) to the aggregate (economy) in non-base years. In general, observations on industry growth should refer to chained GDP by industry, while observations on the industry share of total GDP should refer to constant dollar GDP by industry.

In Canadian Industry Statistics GDP by industry data are analysed under the following topic for the Canadian Economy and its sectors:

top of page

Labour productivity

The annual indices on productivity are obtained from Statistics Canada and correspond with values from CANSIM Table 383-0012. Currently, productivity data by industry is available over a five year period, indexed to 2007 levels.

Labour productivity is measured as real Gross Domestic Product (GDP) for every hour worked in Canada's business sector. Labour productivity derived from real GDP is presented as an index in order to avoid methodological problems associated with level comparisons.

The business sector excludes public administration, non-profit organizations and the Canadian System of National Economic Accounts imputation of the rental value of owner-occupied dwellings. It is difficult to draw inferences on productivity from these sectors and they are therefore excluded. In 2004, the business sector GDP accounted for about 84% of the Canadian total.

At the Canadian economy level, the labour productivity index is presented in terms of all economic activities that have been realized within the country. That is, it covers both the business and non-business sectors. Caution should be used when comparing index values at the Canadian Economy level with all other levels, which are presented in terms of the business sector only.

Labour productivity data is unavailable for a number of NAICS sectors since certain activities are excluded. Also, data for the Finance and Insurance (NAICS 52), Real Estate and Rental and Leasing (NAICS 53) and Management of Companies and Enterprises (NAICS 55) sectors are combined.

In Canadian Industry Statistics, Labour Productivity is analyzed under the following topic for the Canadian Economy and its sectors:

top of page

Annual retail trade survey

The Annual Retail Trade Survey measures, on an annual basis, the operating and financial characteristics of Canadian retailers. It combines data from the Annual Retail Chain Survey, the Annual Retail Store Survey, and the Annual Retail Non-store Survey.

Data from this survey provide information on revenue, expenses and inventory. The data are used by all levels of government, government agencies, the retail industry and individuals in assessing trends within the industry, measuring performance, benchmarking and to study the evolving structure of the retail industry. The information is also a critical input into the measure of gross margins in the Canadian System of National Accounts (CSNA).

In Canadian Industry Statistics, Annual Retail Trade Survey data are analyzed under the following topic for the retail trade sector as well as its subsectors, industry groups, and industries:

top of page

Annual wholesale trade survey

The objective of the Annual Wholesale Trade Survey is to present timely information on the operating revenues, expenditures and inventory of wholesalers in Canada by trade group and at national and provincial or territorial levels for the previous calendar year.

The data are used by all levels of government, government agencies, the wholesale industry and individuals in assessing trends, within the industry, measuring performance, benchmarking and to study the evolving structure of the wholesale industry. The information is also a critical input into the measure of gross margins in the Canadian System of National Accounts (CSNA).

In Canadian Industry Statistics, Annual Wholesale Trade Survey data are analyzed under the following topic for the wholesale trade sector as well as its subsectors, industry groups, and industries:

top of page

Small business profiles

The Small Business Profiles present selected revenue, expense, profit and balance sheet items as well as financial ratios on small business in Canada.

The target population consists of small businesses which are defined as those having annual revenue between $30,000 and $5,000,000. The information is presented by industry using the North American Industrial Classification System (NAICS) to the 6 digit level.

The profiles are produced using information extracted from tax returns submitted to the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) for the 2010 tax year. Tax Data Division of Statistics Canada maintains files that provide income and expenses from self-employment for unincorporated businesses as well as GIFI schedules (Balance Sheets and Income Statements) for incorporated businesses.

In Canadian Industry Statistics, Small Business Profiles data are analyzed under the following topic for the sectors, subsectors, industry groups, industries and national industries of the Canadian Economy:

top of page

Important notes on Statistics Canada data sources

Statistics Canada information is used with the permission of Statistics Canada. Users are forbidden to copy the data and re-disseminate them, in an original or modified form, for commercial purposes, without the expressed permission of Statistics Canada. Information on the availability of the wide range of data from Statistics Canada can be obtained from Statistics Canada's Regional Offices, its Web site at http://www.statcan.gc.ca, and its toll free access number 1-800-263-1136.