Laboratory manual for the evaluation of non-automatic weighing devices

Part 1, section 1—Introduction, guidelines and application of limits of error

Table of contents


1.0 Purpose of this manual

The purpose of this manual is:

Warning: from time to time the criteria provided in this manual may have to be updated due to weighing device technology changes. It is recommended that manufacturers contact the manager of the Approval Services Laboratories to discuss any new and special features that they plan to incorporate into their devices to ensure that they comply with the requirements.

2.0 Scope

This manual provides the examination criteria and test procedures for non automatic weighing devices and major components thereof that may be subject to separate evaluation.

A non automatic weighing device is a weighing device that requires the intervention of an operator in the weighing process. Such devices weigh commodities statically and require the intervention of the operator during the weighing process, for example to apply or remove the material to be weighed from the load receiving element, to read the weight or initiate the printing of tickets, etc.

Examples of non-automatic weighing devices are:

An automatic weighing device weighs without the intervention of an operator and follows a predetermined program of automatic processes that are characteristic of the device. Weighing can be done in motion or statically.

Examples of automatic weighing devices are:

Note: An automatic weighing device designed for the static weighing of prepackaged commodities of variable weight to which accessories are attached to automate the application and removal of packages remains in the non automatic category although the system is somewhat automated.

3.0 Abbreviations used in this manual

AC

Alternating Current

AZSM

Automatic Zero-Setting Mechanism

AZT or AZTM

Automatic Zero Tracking Mechanism

Max

Maximum Device Capacity

CDN

Canadian

CofZ

Centre of Zero

d

Scale Interval (also: division, graduation)

DC

Direct Current

DUT

Device Under Test

e

Verification Scale Interval

IZSM

Initial Zero-Setting Mechanism

LCD

Liquid Crystal Display

LED

Light Emitting Diode

LRE

Load Receiving/Weighing Element

MC

Measurement Canada

Emin

Minimum Permissible Error

Emax

Maximum Permissible Error

n

Number of Intervals (graduations, divisions)

OIML

International Organization of Legal Metrology

POS

Point-of-Sale System

RH

Relative Humidity

SAZSM

Semi Automatic Zero-Setting Mechanism

VDT

Video Display Terminal

ZU

Zone of Uncertainty

+ve

Positive

-ve

Negative

Technologist

means a member of the staff of the Measurement Canada Approval Services Laboratory who is responsible for evaluating devices.

Laboratory

means the Approval Services Laboratories.

4.0 Review and up-date of the requirements, communication and confidentiality

Evaluation for approval usually consists of three parts: (1) examination of the design of the device; (2) performance testing, including susceptibility to influence factors; and (3) durability testing. Examination of the design is intended to ensure that the device conforms to prescribed standards, is appropriate to the intended use and has the characteristics that will ensure accurate measurement and reasonable protection from fraud. Such examination is particularly important when a device has new or unusual characteristics or features. The technologist has to determine whether these new characteristics meet the requirements. Any major question will be reviewed by the Program Development Directorate and Engineering and Laboratory Services. This manual will be updated from time to time to take into account of technological changes. Good communications internally and with clients are essential to the effectiveness of the device approval program.

All information relating to the design, performance and intended use of devices submitted for approval is confidential. The Laboratory is bound to protect this information and must limit access to it, or to data developed during the approval process, to properly authorized organizations or individuals (usually the applicant or manufacturer).

The technologist is not necessarily an expert in the design of weighing devices. When a noncompliance comes to light, the technologist is not required to determine the cause or suggest ways of correcting it. The technologist informs the applicant, who is responsible for solving the problem.

5.0 Weighing devices and major components subject to approval evaluation

Weighing devices and major components are normally examined and tested entirely in the Laboratory. However, some devices and load receiving/weighing elements, because of their size or capacity and the present limitations of the Laboratory, are evaluated and tested partly or entirely in the field. In addition, some peripheral devices that perform simple complementary metrological functions such as price computation or that cannot affect the performance of the device to which they are interfaced are evaluated and tested in the field only. Such is the case of a printer that merely reproduces the weight values displayed by the device. The table below gives an overview of which device types are evaluated in the laboratory and which are evaluated in the field.

Table 1: Test locations for various device types
Device type Test location
Any electronic or mechanical primary indicating element that performs metrological functions. Examined and tested entirely in the Laboratory.
Secondary indicating element, printer, secondary display, price-computing scale, cash register and any other peripheral equipment that may be interfaced to a device but does not alter the device performance or does not perform metrological functions. These elements are evaluated in the field by inspectors on initial inspection of the weighing device. Such elements will, however, be examined and tested by the Laboratory if they are built into a device submitted for approval.
Cash register/software of a point-of-sale system (POS) that performs significant metrological functions that may affect measurement (functions other than the computation of total prices on the basis of the weight data provided by the weighing element or the scale, and the printing of the data on a cash register tape. Examined and tested entirely in the Laboratory. Weighing elements intended to be interfaced with cash registers of that category may be approved separately.
Complete weighing device and load receiving/weighing element whose capacity is not more than 1000 kg or whose dimensions do not exceed 1.6 m × 1.6 m. Examined and tested entirely in the Laboratory, including temperature susceptibility tests and durability tests.
Complete weighing device and load receiving/weighing element whose capacity is more than 1000 kg to no more than 10,000 kg and whose dimensions do not exceed 1.6 × 1.6 m. Examined and tested entirely in the Laboratory. Only partial tests are performed in the environment chamber.
Complete weighing device and load receiving/weighing element whose capacity is more than 10,000 kg or whose dimensions exceed 1.6 m × 1.6 m. (This category includes vehicle scales, tank scales, large capacity hopper scales and railway track scales.) The examination and testing are conducted in the field in accordance with the requirements of the Weights and Measures document entitled "Class Approval".

Note that indicating elements for these types of devices are examined and tested in the Laboratory.

Software that performs significant metrological functions. Examined and tested entirely in the Laboratory. Policy, requirements and procedures concerning the evaluation of software is being drafted.

6.0 Request for approval and assistance to be provided during evaluation

The applicant must complete the appropriate approval request form and send it to the manager of the Approval Services Laboratories. The applicant must also provide two copies of the instruction manual and the operator's manual, photographs of the device, and blueprints or drawings showing the arrangement of the components of the device. The applicant must provide the Laboratory technologist with all pertinent details concerning the construction, operating and sealing characteristics of the device, the various functions that the device can perform, the intended use of the device, and its installation particulars.

At the technologist's request, the applicant must submit one or more sample devices and one or more pieces of peripheral equipment, such as a printer, that will be of assistance in assessing the operation of the device in association with such equipment. In some cases, the applicant will be asked to supply and assemble the material and equipment necessary to conduct the adequate tests (for example: supports for overhead-rail scales). The applicant must provide all assistance necessary to enable the technologist to properly conduct the evaluation of the device.

The applicant must prepare, set the operating parameters of, calibrate and install, as applicable, the sample devices necessary to allow proper assessment. The purpose of these measures is to make for more efficient assessment of devices.

7.0 Selection criteria for sample devices

Criteria have been established to determine the number of devices and the particular devices of the same type or family that are required to be submitted to the Laboratory for type evaluations. Deviations from the criteria occur when the criteria do not target those devices within the family that may represent the most difficult technological challenge to achieve compliance with the requirements. The general criteria are as follows:

Furthermore, when the housing is available in various materials (plastic, stainless steel), each version must be submitted for radio interference testing (RFI). Each version of the housing must be examined for compliance with general requirements, especially sealing requirements. So-called "intrinsically safe" housings may also have to be submitted.

The technologist, in consultation with the manufacturer, will determine how many and what devices of a family or type have to be submitted to the Laboratory for evaluation.

Note: Large capacity devices such as vehicle scales are tested individually in the field after installation in accordance with the Weights and Measures document entitled "Class Approval". Indicating elements of such devices, however, must be of a design approved by the Approval Services Laboratories.

8.0 Representativeness of sample devices and peripheral equipment submitted for evaluation

The sample device submitted for evaluation and approval testing must be complete in assembly and representative of the model that will be marketed.

If the device can be used with one or more peripheral modules, such as a printer, or if the device can be configured or adjusted remotely by means of a device such as a computer, the applicant must provide a representative peripheral module to allow assessment of the compatibility and operation of the device when connected to peripheral modules.

A device or major component may be designed to perform functions that are not allowed in Canada but are authorized in other countries, for example, use of a unit of measurement prohibited in Canada but allowed in the United States. The device may have such functions provided that the prohibited features can be deactivated and sealed.

A counting feature incorporated in weighing devices is not tested by the Laboratory. It may, however, remain active and be used in trade. Devices used to count numbers of units are not subject to the Weights and Measures Act.

9.0 Testing, marking and approval of complete devices and separate components

Complete weighing devices consisting of an indicating element and a load receiving/weighing element in the same housing are tested as complete units and are approved as such. The major components of such devices cannot be separated and connected to other components to form a new device. A single identification plate giving all the prescribed information is required.

Complete weighing devices made up of individual components or modules connected together are tested as complete units if the applicant specifies that the modules are not intended to be separated and connected to other modules approved separately to form another device. In this case, a single approval notice will be issued for the complete device. The Notice of Approval will state that the modules of the device cannot be separated and used with other modules to form a different device. A single identification plate for the entire device giving all the prescribed information will be required.

If the applicant indicates that the major components of a device like that described in the foregoing paragraph may be used with other major components approved separately, the latter components will then be tested separately to a limit of error equal to 0.7 times the acceptance limit of error normally applied to a complete device. Each major component of the device will have to bear its own identification plate giving the prescribed information. A single Notice of Approval may be issued for the complete device stating that the major components of the device may be separated and connected to other compatible approved modules, or each major component may be approved separately.

Major components submitted individually for approval are tested separately. In this case, a tolerance of 0.7 times the acceptance limit of error normally applied to a complete device will be used. These components will be approved separately and may be connected to other compatible approved devices. Each major component must be marked with the prescribed information.

10.0 Alteration, modification and adjustment during evaluation

The applicant will be informed of the progress of the examination and testing during evaluation and will be notified promptly of any points of noncompliance. The applicant may then make the necessary corrections or adjustments. The technologist will ensure that any alterations or adjustments made have corrected the noncompliance. The technologist will also have to ensure that any alterations or adjustments made have not changed other characteristics already verified and tested. Where alterations or adjustments are made to a device during evaluation, the technologist will have to determine from the nature of the alteration or adjustment whether some or all of the tests have to be repeated.

11.0 Repeatability of tests during evaluation

The Laboratory endeavors to design and execute the tests in a way and under conditions that ensure as much reproducibility of the results as possible. Some degree of variation, however, is unavoidable. Devices that clearly do not meet the performance requirements would not meet them even under more controlled conditions, no matter how many times the tests are repeated.

A device whose performance is marginally unsatisfactory may be able to meet the limits of error once out of two or three times if the tests are repeated several times. The performance of such a device is nevertheless unsatisfactory.

The Approval Services Laboratory is under no obligation to repeat any tests or portions of tests at the applicant's request where such tests have been duly performed and any repetition of them would add nothing to the evaluation of the device.

12.0 Alterations subsequent to approval

The manufacturer or the applicant must notify the Approval Services Laboratory of its intent to make alterations to the design of an approved device or major component. The alterations may be major or minor. They can include changing the appearance of the housing, changing the material of which the housing is made, physical reorganization of the electronic cards, modification of the software, additional features or options, and so on.

Depending on the scope of the alterations and their potential impact on the performance of the device and its overall compliance with requirements, the Approval Services Laboratory may merely endorse the file and update the Notice of Approval if necessary, or it may carry out a re-examination and partial or complete retesting of the device.

Where the Approval Services Laboratory deems necessary, it may ask the manufacturer to submit a device for examination.

13.0 Updating designs pursuant to changes in specifications

When ministerial design, composition, and construction specifications are changed, the designs of devices approved prior to the change in the specifications do not have to be altered to meet the new requirements. They may continue to be marketed without alteration.

Unless otherwise indicated, changes to performance requirements, such as the limits of error, apply to all designs of device even if they were approved prior to the introduction of the changes.

14.0 Limits of error

14.1 General

The limits of error depend upon the class designation of the device and its value of verification scale interval "e" (most of the time e = d (graduation)). Contrary to the previous weights and measures requirements, the limits of error are the same for increasing and decreasing loads, and they are not increased by half-graduation for digital-display devices.

14.2 Limits of error applicable to complete devices and major components tested separately

The full acceptance limits of error apply to complete devices subjected to approval testing.

When a major component, such as an electronic indicating element or a load receiving/weighing element, is tested separately, the limits of error that apply are 0.7 times the acceptance limits of error normally applied to a complete device. This does not apply to a major component that is the only element likely to produce measurement errors (linearity, hysteresis, repeatability and so on) because of disturbances or influence factors (for example, a load receiving/weighing element that produces a digital signal interpretable by computer software). In this case, the full acceptance limits of error will be granted to the load receiving/weighing element.

14.3 Limits of error applicable to multiple range and multi-interval devices

A multiple range device has two or more weighing ranges with different capacities and different intervals for the same load receiving/weighing element, and each range extends from zero to its maximum capacity. Each range is considered a separate device. The limits of error for each range are determined on the basis of the value of the verification scale interval of that range.

A multi-interval device has a single weighing range divided into partial weighing ranges with different intervals, and the weighing range is determined automatically by the load applied, for increasing and decreasing loads. The limits of error are determined on the basis of the class of the device and the value of the verification scale interval "e" of the partial range corresponding to the load applied.

The following example shows how to determine the limits of error applicable to a Class III 15 kg weighing device with partial ranges and verification scale intervals "e" (graduations) set as follows:

Given that the limits of error are calculated as follows:

Table 2: Acceptance limits of error applicable to Class III weighing devices
Load expressed in number of verification scale intervals "e" Acceptance limits of error expressed in number of verification scale intervals "e"
0 – 500 ±0.5 e
> 500 – 2 000 ±1 e
> 2 000 – 4 000 ±1.5 e
> 4 000 ±2.5 e

The limits of error applicable to each range are therefore:

Table 3: Example of typical limits of error
  Number of intervals "e" Value in kilograms Limits of error (acceptance)
First Range
(e = 1 g)
0 – 500 e 0 – 500 g 0.5 g (0.5 e)
> 500 – 2 000 e > 500 g – 2 kg 1 g (1 e)
Second Range
(e = 2 g)
0 – 500 e 0 – 1 kg N/A
> 500 – 1 000 e > 1 – 2 kg N/A
> 1000 – 2 000 e > 2 – 4 kg 2 g (1 e)
> 2000 – 2 500 e > 4 – 5 kg 3 g (1.5 e)
Third Range
(e = 5 g)
0 – 500 e 0 – 2.5 kg N/A
> 500 – 1 000 e > 2.5 – 5 kg N/A
> 1000 – 2 000 e > 5 – 10 kg 5 g (1 e)
> 2000 – 3 000 e > 10 – 15 kg 7.5 g (1.5 e)
> 3 000 e > 15 kg N/A

15.0 Determining the error before rounding – digital-display devices

In some cases during approval testing, the internal error or error before rounding will have to be determined in order to accurately establish the performance curve of the device and whether it meets the prescribed limits of error. When the device is tested to full capacity and the errors noted are well within the prescribed limits, direct reading of the registrations may be satisfactory. If the errors are marginal, it will be necessary to determine the internal error or error before rounding.

Two methods may be used: (1) the enhanced resolution of the device; or (2) the "small weights" method (weights equal to no more than 1⁄10 of the value of the verification scale interval).

15.1 Enhanced resolution

If the device has a resolution-enhancing feature (multiplied by 10 or more), this feature will be used during testing.

15.2 "Small weights" method

Also known as "flip weights" or "break point determination", by applying small weights equal to 110 d a device and observing the point at which it begins to change from one indication to the next, one can determine the internal resolution of the device down to 110 of its normal indication. For example, to determine the internal error on a 50 kg × 10 g device, small weights of 1 g will be used.

To determine the break point of a particular reading, first start with only the known weight on the scale. For example, 10 kg on a 50 kg × 10 g scale. The scale will read 10.00 kg. One at a time, place 1 g of weights on the scale, pausing in between each application. During this pause, observe the indication. If it is now displaying 10.01 kg, stop and record the amount of weight you've added to the scale. If it is alternating between 10.00 kg and 10.01 kg, continue adding weights until it is stable and record the total weight added.

Calculation of internal errors. To calculate the internal error, it is assumed that the zero reference point is at the mid range of the interval, that is that the scale is rounding properly and that it will change from one indication to the next exactly halfway between those two indications. The error is therefore determined by dividing the division size by 2 and subtracting the value of the small weights from the pervious step. To continue the previous example, assume we added 4g to the scale before it began to display 10.01 kg in a stable manner. The error is therefore (10 g ⁄ 2) − 4 g = 1 g.

16.0 Increasing and decreasing load tests – selection of loads

The increasing and decreasing load tests are procedures required to determine the performance characteristics of weighing devices or major components tested separately. These tests are performed several times during the evaluation at room temperature and at prescribed extremes of temperature (generally −10°C, 20°C and 40°C).

At least five known increasing and decreasing test loads (preferably 10 loads), ranging between zero and the maximum capacity, will be applied. The internal error before rounding will be determined for each load unless the error is well within the limits of error.

Known test loads will be selected whose value corresponds as much as possible to the turning points of the limits of error (see items 1, 2 and 3 of the graph in point 14.1 above). These are the critical points where the device is most likely to fail.

17.0 Sequence of tests

The tests described in this manual and the order in which they are to be carried out must be followed as closely as possible. The sequence of tests has been established to simplify the procedure as a whole and to minimize the time required to complete full evaluation of devices. The order in which the tests are to be carried out is given in Part 3 of this manual.

18.0 Adjustment and calibration of the device during evaluation

18.1 General

The device will be calibrated as close to zero error as possible before the test program begins, and thereafter, if necessary, only as indicated in the recommended test sequence in Part 3 of the manual. Unless otherwise indicated by the applicant or the manufacturer, the device will be calibrated as close to zero error as possible at 70% of its maximum capacity.

18.2 Adjustment of calibration points

Electronic indicating elements evaluated separately

Calibration points normally serve to correct linearity errors of load receiving/weighing elements to which indicating elements are connected. The calibration points of indicating elements tested separately will be set at zero or inhibited. The indicating element will be adjusted to the maximum number of verification scale intervals "e" (counts) requested by the applicant, within the limits imposed by the class of the device.

Complete devices

The linearity of complete weighing devices will be set as close to zero error as possible at the appropriate time by means of the calibration points.

Weighing elements tested separately

The calibration points of a high precision indicating element used as standard for the evaluation of a weighing element will be set to zero effect or inhibited.

18.3 Temperature of device at time of adjustment

All adjustments before and during evaluation will be made with the device at room temperature (≈20°C).

18.4 Warm-up of device before testing

The performance of some devices is sometimes affected when the internal temperature (electronic components) varies and is not stable. When a device is unplugged for a length of time and then plugged in again, the manufacturer usually recommends allowing the device to warm up before being used. The device should have a mechanism to prevent the display and printing of weights until the internal temperature is sufficiently stable to allow accurate measurement. The technologist will conduct the test as soon as the device displays a weight value.

18.5 Pre‑loading (exercising) the device before testing

After the device has been assembled and installed, and whenever it is moved and reinstalled, it may be loaded, if necessary, up to its full capacity to "exercise" the load cell or cells before testing. The recommended test sequence and the test procedures described in Part 3 of this manual provide information as to when it is necessary and permitted to "exercise" the device.

18.6 AZSM/AZT adjustment

Unless otherwise indicated in the description of the test procedures, if the device is equipped with AZSM/AZT, the AZSM/AZT will be set at the minimum value. If the minimum value is zero, the AZSM/AZT will be set at zero. Where a particular procedure specifies that the AZSM/AZT is to be deactivated and the device does not allow this to be done easily, the effect of the mechanism will be cancelled by applying a small load (10 d) to conduct the tests.

19.0 Devices equipped with IZSM

Some devices are equipped with IZSM. This feature allows rough setting of the zero according to the weight of the platter, platform or load receiving element. This setting operation occurs automatically whenever the device is turned on or plugged in. The IZSM range is usually limited to 20% of the device capacity, but may range up to 100%. The load cells of such devices are likely to operate over a much wider range than the capacity marked on the device. The technologist must therefore perform appropriate tests to ensure that the performance of the device is acceptable over its whole extended capacity.

When the IZSM limit is 20%, the largest load to which the device will be subjected will be 120% of the capacity (capa%). In this case, all the tests will be carried out while the IZSM is at the maximum (20%).

When the IZSM limit is 100%, the largest load to which the device will be exposed will be 200% of the marked capacity (capacity + 100%). When the IZSM capacity exceeds 20%, the increasing and decreasing load tests (linearity, hysteresis and repeatability) at room temperature will be performed twice, that is, when the IZSM is at minimum capacity (0%) and maximum capacity (100%). All other tests, including the tests for susceptibility to temperature variations (−10°C and 40°C) will be performed while the IZSM is at maximum capacity (100%).

The possible adjustment of the IZSM of a separately approved indicating element must not exceed 20% of the maximum approved capacity of the indicating element, because the performance of the load receiving/weighing elements to which it will be associated is not known.

20.0 Control of the environment

The environment in which the tests will be carried out is considered constant and suitable when:

During temperature variation susceptibility testing, the rate of passage from one temperature to another must not exceed 1°C per minute.

For a given influence test, one factor is varied at a time (temperature, humidity) while the others are kept constant.

21.0 Separate testing of electronic indicators – method and equipment

Electronic indicating elements may be tested in one of the following ways:

The preferred method is that involving the use of a load receiving/weighing element, because, unlike the load-simulator method, it can be used to carry out the whole test program.

21.1 Tests using a load receiving/weighing element or load cell installed in a dead load tester

The accuracy of the load receiving/weighing element or the load cell as regards linearity, repeatability and hysteresis must allow proper evaluation of the indicating element. The intrinsic errors of the load receiving/weighing element or the load cell must not lead to rejection of the indicating elements under assessment.

The performance of the load receiving/weighing element or the load cell must first be checked using a suitably calibrated high-precision reference indicator. The maximum combined linearity, repeatability and hysteresis error must not exceed 70% of the limits of error allowed for a complete device (Except a weighing element that is the only element likely to produce measurement errors; for instance a weighing element that produces digital signals interpretable by a computer software would be given full limits of error). During testing, the load receiving/weighing element or the load cell will be kept at constant temperature and humidity.

21.2 Simulator tests

The accuracy of the simulator must first be checked to ensure that the intrinsic errors are minimal and will not cause rejection of the indicating element, and that its overall performance makes it possible to properly determine the performance of the indicating element. The linearity and hysteresis of the simulator must therefore be checked first by means of a calibrated high-precision electronic indicator. During testing of the indicating element, the simulator will be kept at constant temperature and humidity.

The precision simulator used depends on the type of excitation current for which the indicating element is set.

22.0 Standard test plans

The following table lists the tests to be performed on new devices submitted for approval and also for common revisions to existing approvals. Due to differences in design, some tests may not be applicable to all devices.

Table 4: Standard test plans for new approvals
Device type Required tests – Part 2 Required tests – Part 3
Complete Device All Sections
  • LG-3.01 – Linearity, Hysteresis and Repeatability at Ambient Temperature
  • LG-3.02 – Load Discrimination
  • LG-3.03 – Eccentricity (Section/Shift Tests)
  • LG-3.04 – Tilting (Off Level Position)
  • LG-3.05 – Suitability of the Level Indicator
  • LG-3.06 – Warm up Time
  • LG-3.07 – Power Interruption
  • LG-3.08 – AC Voltage Variations
  • LG-3.09 – DC Voltage Variations
  • LG-3.10 – Immunity to Radiated Electromagnetic Fields
  • LG-3.11 – Susceptibility to Magnetism – Magnetic Loads (EMF load cells)
  • LG-3.12 – Susceptibility to Magnetism – Ferromagnetic Plate (EMF load cells)
  • LG-3.13 – Temperature Effect on Linearity, Hysteresis and Repeatability
  • LG-3.14 – Creep and Creep Return to Zero
  • LG-3.15 – Temperature Effect on No-Load Indication
  • LG-3.20 – Endurance Test
  • LG-3.21 – Portability Test (if not permanently installed)
Indicator All sections except:
  • Section 11 – Load Receiving Element
  • Section 19 – Tilting
  • LG-3.01 – Linearity, Hysteresis and Repeatability at Ambient Temperature
  • LG-3.06 – Warm up Time
  • LG-3.07 – Power Interruption
  • LG-3.08 – AC Voltage Variations
  • LG-3.09 – DC Voltage Variations
  • LG-3.10 – Immunity to Radiated Electromagnetic Fields
  • LG-3.13 – Temperature Effect on Linearity, Hysteresis and Repeatability
  • LG-3.15 – Temperature Effect on No-Load Indication
  • LG-3.21 – Portability Test (if not to be permanently installed)
Weighing / Load Receiving Element
  • Section 1 – Markings
  • Section 2 – Sealing (Smart Load Cells, Junction Boxes)
  • Section 11 – Load Receiving Element
  • Section 12 – Relationship of Vmin and d (MRA only)
  • Section 19 – Tilting
  • LG-3.01 – Linearity, Hysteresis and Repeatability at Ambient Temperature
  • LG-3.02 – Load Discrimination
  • LG-3.03 – Eccentricity (Section/Shift Tests)
  • LG-3.04 – Tilting (Off Level Position)
  • LG-3.05 – Suitability of the Level Indicator
  • LG-3.08 – AC Voltage Variations (separately powered LREs)
  • LG-3.09 – DC Voltage Variations (separately powered LREs)
  • LG-3.10 – Immunity to Radiated Electromagnetic Fields (Smart Load Cells)
  • LG-3.11 – Susceptibility to Magnetism – Magnetic Loads (EMF load cells)
  • LG-3.12 – Susceptibility to Magnetism – Ferromagnetic Plate (EMF load cells)
  • LG-3.13 – Temperature Effect on Linearity, Hysteresis and Repeatability
  • LG-3.14 – Creep and Creep Return to Zero
  • LG-3.15 – Temperature Effect on No-Load Indication
  • LG-3.20 – Endurance Test
  • LG-3.21 – Portability Test (if not to be permanently installed)
Table 5: Standard test plans for revisions
Revision type Required tests – Part 2 Required tests – Part 3
New Load Cell
  • Section 12 – Relationship of Vmin and d (MRA only)
  • LG-3.01 – Linearity, Hysteresis and Repeatability at Ambient Temperature
  • LG-3.02 – Load Discrimination
  • LG-3.03 – Eccentricity (Section/Shift Tests)
  • LG-3.04 – Tilting (Off Level Position)
  • LG-3.05 – Suitability of the Level Indicator
  • LG-3.06 – Warm up Time
  • LG-3.07 – Power Interruption
  • LG-3.08 – AC Voltage Variations
  • LG-3.09 – DC Voltage Variations
  • LG-3.10 – Immunity to Radiated Electromagnetic Fields
  • LG-3.11 – Susceptibility to Magnetism – Magnetic Loads (EMF load cells)
  • LG-3.12 – Susceptibility to Magnetism – Ferromagnetic Plate (EMF load cells)
  • LG-3.13 – Temperature Effect on Linearity, Hysteresis and Repeatability
  • LG-3.14 – Creep and Creep Return to Zero
  • LG-3.15 – Temperature Effect on No-Load Indication
  • LG-3.20 – Endurance Test
  • LG-3.21 – Portability Test (if not permanently installed)
New Display
  • Section 3 – Indication and Registration
  • Section 5 – Values Defined
  • Section 6 – Agreement of Registrations
  • Section 10 – Indicating Zero and Negative
  • Section 14 – Limits of Indication
  • Section 23 – Devices Used for Direct Sale to Public (if applicable)
  • LG-3.01 – Linearity, Hysteresis and Repeatability at Ambient Temperature
  • LG-3.02 – Load Discrimination
  • LG-3.03 – Eccentricity
  • LG-3.08 – AC Voltage Variations
  • LG-3.09 – DC Voltage Variations
  • LG-3.13 – Temperature Effect on Linearity, Hysteresis and Repeatability
  • LG-3.15 – Temperature Effect on No-Load Indication
New Housing
  • Section 1 – Markings (for permanence of label)
  • Section 2 – Sealing
  • LG-3.01 – Linearity, Hysteresis and Repeatability at Ambient Temperature
  • LG-3.02 – Load Discrimination
  • LG-3.03 – Eccentricity
  • LG-3.10 – Immunity to Radiated Electromagnetic Fields
  • LG-3.13 – Temperature Effect on Linearity, Hysteresis and Repeatability
  • LG-3.14 – Creep and Creep Return to Zero
  • LG-3.15 – Temperature Effect on No-Load Indication
New Platter (size)
  • Section 11 – Load Receiving and Weighing Element
  • LG-3.01 – Linearity, Hysteresis and Repeatability
  • LG-3.02 – Load Discrimination
  • LG-3.03 – Eccentricity
New Platter (design)
  • Section 11 – Load Receiving and Weighing Element
  • LG-3.01 – Linearity, Hysteresis and Repeatability
  • LG-3.02 – Load Discrimination
  • LG-3.03 – Eccentricity
  • LG-3.13 – Temperature Effect on Linearity, Hysteresis and Repeatability
  • LG-3.14 – Creep and Creep Return to Zero
  • LG-3.15 – Temperature Effect on No-Load Indication
New Power Supply
  • Section 1 – Markings
  • LG-3.01 – Linearity, Hysteresis and Repeatability
  • LG-3.02 – Load Discrimination
  • LG-3.03 – Eccentricity
  • LG-3.08 – AC Voltage Variations
  • LG-3.09 – DC Voltage Variations
New Unit of Measure
  • Section 1 – Markings
  • Section 3 – Indication and Representation
  • Section 5 – Values Defined
  • Section 6 – Agreement of Registrations
  • Section 7 – Price Computing Feature
  • Section 14 – Limits of Indication
  • LG-3.01 – Linearity, Hysteresis and Repeatability
  • LG-3.02 – Load Discrimination
  • LG-3.03 – Eccentricity
Table 6: Standard test plans for field tests
Device type Required tests – Part 2 Required tests – Part 3
On-Board Weighing Systems
  • Section 1 – Markings
  • Section 2 – Sealing
  • Section 14 – Limits of Indication
  • Entry of Keyboard Tare or Manual weight prohibited
  • Forklift devices – blanking display if forklift is in motion and LG-18.01
  • LG-3.01 – Linearity, Hysteresis and Repeatability at Ambient Temperature
  • LG-3.02 – Load Discrimination
  • LG-3.03 – Eccentricity (Section/Shift Tests)
  • LG-3.04 – Tilting (Off Level Position)
  • LG-3.14 – Creep and Creep Return to Zero
  • (Not applicable to dynamic devices – Wheel Loaders)
  • LG-3.20 – Endurance (Permanence) Test
  • Following tests are for dynamic devices only (Wheel Loaders):
    • RPM Test
    • Bounce Test
    • 30 minute re-zero requirement and zero after transaction
Truck Scales
  • Section 1 – Markings
  • Section 2 – Sealing
  • Section 14 – Limits of Indication
  • LG-3.01 – Linearity, Hysteresis and Repeatability at Ambient Temperature
  • LG-3.02 – Load Discrimination
  • LG-3.03 – Eccentricity (Section/Shift Tests)
  • LG-3.14 – Creep and Creep Return to Zero
Hopper Scales
  • Section 1 – Markings
  • Section 2 – Sealing
  • Section 11 – Load Receiving/Weighing Element
  • LG-3.01 – Linearity, Hysteresis and Repeatability at Ambient Temperature
  • LG-3.02 – Load Discrimination
  • LG-3.03 – Eccentricity
  • LG-3.14 – Creep and Creep Return to Zero
Electronic Load Receiving and Weighing Element
  • Section 1 – Markings
  • Section 2 – Sealing
  • Section 11 – Load Receiving/Weighing Element
  • LG-3.01 – Linearity, Hysteresis and Repeatability at Ambient Temperature
  • LG-3.02 – Load Discrimination
  • LG-3.03 – Eccentricity
  • LG-3.14 – Creep and Creep Return to Zero

Revision

Rev.1 (September 2009)

Typographical correction

Rev.2 (March 2010)

Added definition for AZT, AZSM redefined

Rev.3

Added Part 22 – Standard Test Plans

Rev.4 (May 2013)
  • Removed some images for online publishing
  • Re-worded "small weights" method section
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