BPR-1 — General Rules

Issue 7
Posted on February 22, 2016

Preface

Issue 7 of BPR-1 is hereby released.

Listed below are the changes:

  1. The application procedures have been moved to each of the other Broadcast Procedures and Rules documents.
  2. WGS84 (World Geodetic System 1984) is defined as the new standard for geographical coordinates.
  3. The section related to the On-Air Testing Procedure has been updated.
  4. A new file format has been established for antenna patterns.
  5. Other updates have been made, including editorial changes.

Issued under the authority of the Minister of Innovation, Science and Economic Development.

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Daniel Duguay
Director General
Engineering, Planning and Standards Branch

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Peter Hill
Director General
Spectrum Management Operations Branch

Broadcasting Procedures and Rules (BPR)

The Radiocommunication Act stipulates that no radio apparatus that forms part of a broadcasting undertaking may be installed or operated without a broadcasting certificate issued by the Minister of Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada (ISED). Pursuant to paragraphs 5(1)(a) and (d) of the Radiocommunication Act, the Minister is empowered to fix the terms and conditions of the broadcasting certificate and to establish technical requirements and standards in relation to broadcasting undertakings.

This document prescribes required information for filing applications for broadcasting certificates and specifies technical standards and requirements, as well as operational terms and conditions applicable to broadcasting undertakings.

Broadcasting Procedures and Rules consists of six parts: Part 1, entitled General Rules, sets out technical requirements and application procedures common to all broadcasting undertakings. Parts 2, 3, 4, 9 and 10 set forth specific requirements applicable to AM, FM, analogue TV, terrestrial S-DARS and digital television (DTV) respectively.

The content of these documents notwithstanding, ISED may authorize certain minor departures from standards and operational requirements specified herein, when it is shown that quality of service will not be compromised and that harmful interference will not occur.


1. Application Procedure and Subsequent Action

This section establishes the procedure to be followed in preparing and submitting information required in support of applications for broadcasting undertakings.

1.1 Procedure for Submission by Qualified Personnel

Planning and design of new broadcasting undertakings, changes to existing systems, as well as the preparation of engineering briefs submitted in support of applications for designs or design changes, constitute the practice of professional engineering. It is the responsibility of the person signing the submission to comply with appropriate provincial legislation insofar as the practice of professional engineering is concerned.

ISED requires that the design of a proposed system or proposed changes to an existing system be carried out under the responsible supervision of a professional engineer who shall certify the adequacy of the design by affixing his/her signature and stamp to the engineering brief when this brief is sent to the Department in paper format. A signed electronic version of the engineering brief in PDF format can also be sent to the Department with the application.

When submitting an application to ISED, the applicant shall follow the rules as described in the appropriate Broadcast Procedures and Rules document.

Where low-power broadcasting undertakings are concerned, the Department may, in specific circumstances, waive its requirement that technical submissions be prepared by broadcasting engineering consultants, provided that qualified technical staff prepare and sign the submission.

1.2 Application Processing

An application to the Department for a broadcasting certificate shall be accompanied by an application to the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) for a broadcasting licence. If a confirmation of the CRTC application is not received within 30 days, the technical application will be returned to the applicant. This does not apply to terrestrial S-DARS or to applications meeting CRTC exemption criteria.

If the submission is found to be missing information, or is incomplete or incorrect, the applicant and/or consultant will be so notified and the CRTC will be advised accordingly. If the required information is not supplied within the period of time specified in the departmental letter (normally 30 to 45 days), the application will be returned.

Although the CRTC has established criteria to exempt certain categories of AM, FM, TV, and cable systems from the requirements of CRTC licensing, for spectrum management reasons the Department maintains separate exemption criteria based on equipment standards. CRTC licence-exempt broadcasting/receiving undertakings must still meet the relevant BPRs, and must obtain radio authorizations in the form of broadcasting certificates to operate unless these undertakings also meet the applicable ISED exemption criteria.

ISED exemption criteria for broadcasting and receiving undertakings are available online under the Department’s Broadcasting Certificate Exempt Radio Apparatus List.

1.3 Application for Call Signs

An application for a call sign for a new broadcasting undertaking shall be made in writing to the Department at the time of application for the broadcasting certificate. To request a change of call sign for an existing undertaking, an application also needs to be made in writing.

A listing of unassigned basic call signs is available on the Department’s Broadcasting Database webpage.

The rules pertaining to call signs are contained in Section 7, Assignment and Identification Requirements for AM, FM, and TV Broadcasting Undertakings.

1.4 On-Air Testing Procedure

On-air testing assures that the broadcasting undertaking will operate in accordance with the approved technical brief and the issued Letter of Approval (LOA), and that the required protection is being given to broadcasting undertakings and radio systems, especially those involved with safety-of-life: aeronautical navigational and communications (NAV/COM) systems.

Following approval by ISED and by the CRTC (where applicable) and prior to undertaking construction, any changes to the approved proposal (e.g. site, parameters, equipment etc.) shall be submitted to the Department for authorization.

Departmental authorization is required for on-air testing. When construction of the approved facilities is complete, a request for on-air testing shall be made to the local ISED District Office (see Annex A) at least three weeks (unless otherwise specified in the Letter of Approval) prior to transmission tests.

1.4.1 Identification of the Broadcast Undertaking

During on-air testing, identification of the broadcast undertaking will be made at 15-minute intervals, giving as a minimum the call sign, frequency and location of the undertaking. In the case of rebroadcasting undertakings without capability to originate the aforementioned information, the broadcaster will be responsible for making the public aware that the new undertaking is being tested. As an example, a notice could be placed in the local press which would explain that the undertaking is testing, and a means of contact, such as a telephone number, be given in the event of interference. The notice should be published for the duration of the on-air testing period, starting on the day the test is scheduled to begin.

The period for on-air testing shall be a minimum of three weeks and a maximum of six weeks, unless otherwise authorized by the Department. If interference or other problems materialize, this period may be extended pending satisfactory resolution of said problems.

Within four months of the successful completion of on-air testing, the applicant shall certify to the Department under the authorized approval of a qualified professional engineer, that the broadcasting undertaking is ready to commence operation in accordance with the approved technical submission, and request permission to commence operation. For low-power undertakings, it is recognized in certain situations that the certification may also be provided by qualified technical staff as per Section 1.1.

1.4.2 On-Air Testing for AM broadcasting undertakings

When construction of the approved facilities is complete, an applicant for an AM broadcasting undertaking shall request an on-air testing authorization from the local ISED District Office, which will include requirements for initial antenna tuning and adjustment. Should interference or other problems materialize during the antenna tuning and adjustment, satisfactory resolution of said problems will be required.

During this period, identification of the broadcast undertaking is required as per Section 1.4.1. After the AM broadcasting undertaking has completed tuning and adjustment and is ready for on-air testing, a request to begin on-air testing shall be made to the local ISED District Office.

The applicant shall also submit a Proof of Performance to the Department as described in Broadcasting Procedures and Rules Part 2: Application Procedures and Rules for AM Broadcasting Undertakings (BPR-2). Following successful on-air testing and approval of the submitted Proof of Performance, the Department shall notify the applicant that it may commence regular programming. If a Preliminary Proof of Performance was submitted in order to commence regular programming, the applicant shall submit a Final Proof of Performance within four months of the approval of their Preliminary Proof of Performance.

1.4.3 As-Built Changes

It is recognized that in many cases the final installation may not be exactly as described in the original technical submission. In such cases, the required certification shall clearly describe all changes from the original submission and shall include, if applicable, revised pages for the technical brief (or an addendum describing the changes), a revised coverage contour map and a comparative contour map if applicable. The Department will then determine if an application for a change of facilities is required. Note that, depending on the changes made, the CRTC may independently require the submission of an application. The applicant should contact the Commission for advice if required.

1.5 Broadcasting Allotment Plans

ISED maintains allotment plans and related information for AM, FM and TV, along with information about assignments, on the Broadcasting Database webpage.

For the DTV allotment plan, see the Allotment Plans webpage.

The Department in its role as spectrum manager, may make changes to the Canadian Broadcasting Allotment Plans based on technical considerations. Please note that a broadcasting certificate shall not be construed as conferring any right to continued tenure in respect of the channel assigned to the broadcasting undertaking.

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2. Antenna-Supporting Structure and Siting Considerations

Applicants proposing to erect a new antenna structure or to modify an existing structure must comply with requirements set out in the Client Procedures Circular (CPC-2-0-03), Radiocommunication and Broadcasting Antenna Systems — as may be amended — available on the Department’s website.

2.1 Land-Use Authority and Public Consultation

Unless the broadcasting proposal is excluded from land-use authority and public consultations (see CPC-2-0-03 for details), the following applies:

For applications already approved by the CRTC or those meeting CRTC exemption criteria, the broadcasting applicant may proceed immediately to public and land-use authority consultation as described in CPC-2-0-03.

All other applications are subject to CRTC licensing processes in addition to ISED requirements and, as such, broadcasting applicants may opt to commence public and land-use authority consultations after having received CRTC approval. However, broadcasting applicants choosing this option are required, at the time of the CRTC application, to notify the land-use authority via Letter of Intent (see Annex D), with a commitment to conduct any required consultations after receiving CRTC approval. A copy of the Letter of Intent shall be sent to ISED. If the land-use authority raises concerns about the proposal as described in the Letter of Intent, the applicant is encouraged to engage in discussions with the land-use authority about those concerns, and to attempt to resolve any issues.

The Department’s technical acceptability will be subject to the successful completion of the consultation process and the Department’s Letter of Approval will be sent only when the Department has been informed that the consultation process as per CPC-2-0-03 has been completed successfully.

2.2 Exposure to Radio Frequency (RF) Energy

As outlined in Client Procedures Circular CPC-2-0-03, it is the responsibility of proponents and/or operators of installations to ensure that all radiocommunication and broadcasting antenna systems comply with Health Canada’s Safety Code 6 (SC6) guidelines entitled Limits of Human Exposure to Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Energy in the Frequency Range from 3 kHz to 300 GHz to assure the protection of the general public at all times. To this end and in addition to relevant requirements set forth in CPC-2-0-03, the engineering brief submitted in support of an application for a broadcasting certificate shall contain an analysis of the RF exposure levels produced by the new or modified transmitting facility. Details of the RF exposure evaluation procedure are given in Section 8 of this document.

2.3 Immunity-type Interference

Broadcast receivers and associated equipment, as well as radio-sensitive equipment in proximity of a broadcast transmitting site can experience immunity-type interference. Broadcasters are to ensure that their installations are designed and operated in such a way that such interference is minimized. The departmental document EMCAB-2 has defined field strength levels that can be used as a guideline in making determinations for these types of interference situations; the service-specific BPRs address this issue in more detail.

2.4 Other Factors Affecting Site Selection

Each service has specific factors that may affect site selection; for example, strong adjacent channel signals, intermodulation, interference to other services, proximity to nearby structures, etc. Refer to the service-specific BPR document for more information.

2.5 Broadcasters’ Responsibility

Applicants are required to consider the population that may be affected by the types of interference described in sections 2.3 and 2.4. Furthermore, if there is potential for large developments in the area, the impact on future residents should also be considered. Broadcasters are responsible for solving certain interference problems in the vicinity of their installations. Refer to the service-specific BPR for details.

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3. Preparation of Coverage Maps

The engineering briefs in support of applications for new broadcasting undertakings, or for changes in the facilities of existing undertakings shall include service contours as prescribed under the relevant broadcasting application procedure. These service contours shall be submitted either in paper or in electronic format. Preparation of the contour maps is described in this Section.

The maps are used by the Department for its technical evaluation of the proposal.  The Department will make electronic copies of these maps available for circulation to broadcasting consultants, the CRTC, the broadcasting industry, and other interested agencies.

3.1 Preparation of Contour Maps

 Contour maps must have all features clearly legible. The recommended electronic format for contour maps should have a minimal resolution of 300 dpi over a printed area of 11” X 14”.

The following is a summary of the requirements:

  1. Geographic coordinate information shall appear on at least two adjacent edges of maps supplied with a minimal accuracy of 1 degree (for both latitude and longitude).
  2. A dimensional scale shall also be clearly shown.
  3. Antenna location shall be plotted and marked with a cross with geographical coordinates, precise to one-second accuracy.
  4. All contours shall be clearly labelled. The preferred technique is to place labels along the contour lines, thereby avoiding arrows.
  5. A title block of minimal dimensions representing an area of 10% of the total map, shall preferably be placed in the lower right-hand corner. It should contain sufficient information to identify the proposal. A stamp by a professional engineer should be placed beside the title block. An acceptable block is illustrated below:

    Name of Broadcasting Engineer Consultant space to insert full name

    Applicant's Name
    Proposed Location of Undertaking
    Call Sign

    Parameters of Proposed Operation (freq. or channel; average
    e.r.p.; class; mode of operation, etc.)

    Date Map Prepared          Signature or Initials

  6. In cases of proposed changes to facilities, AM to FM conversions, and analog to digital conversions, a map showing comparative contours shall be submitted. Refer to the service-specific BPR for details.

3.2 Notes

  1. For paper contour representations, Natural Resources Canada (Surveys and Mapping Branch) maps shall normally be used in the submission, with a scale consistent with the extent of the contour and the format required. However, should more up-to-date official provincial government maps be available, these may be used when for instance, there is particular significance in determining the most recent metropolitan area limits.
  2. Computer-generated contour maps are to be generated using Geographic Information System (GIS) software together with a GIS database (i.e. a standardized digitized geographical base map).

    The GIS database used (whether it is a vector or raster-type base map) must have the resolution and the level of detail of a 1:1 000 000 scale map as a minimum for contour maps. For site location maps, a scale of 1:50 000 is required. If the GIS database used does not have this resolution, Natural Resources Canada maps or other types as referred to in (a) are required. Computer generated maps must have a representation (in terms of the level of detail or layers and colour scheme), comparable to Natural Resources Canada maps referred to in (a), and must be in accordance with the other requirements in Section 3 of this document. Scale must be consistent with the extent of the contour and the format required.
  3. All contour maps supplied shall be clear in all details ensuring that significant information is not hidden by labelling.

3.3 Electronic Submission of Service Contours

Electronic service contours will need to comply with the MapInfo file infrastructure (see Section 3.3.2).

3.3.1 Support for the Data Submitted

The service contours shall be submitted electronically.

3.3.2 Contour Data

3.3.2.1 Geographical Projection

The latitude-longitude geographical projection shall be used and the datum WGS84 must be specified. 

3.3.2.2 Service Contours

Service contours shall be defined using at least one point at every 5 degrees starting at 0 degrees True North. For directional patterns, more points must be added if required to properly define the nulls and the shape of the directionality in the pattern. For interference contours, the level of detail needed with regard to the points used shall be similar to the service contour. All contours must define closed regions, thus covering 360 degrees.

3.3.3 Files to Submit

3.3.3.1 MapInfo Users

The following file types must be used when submitting contour information, with one set per service contour:

  • *.dat
  • *.id
  • *.map
  • *.tab

The * symbol represents the name given to the file.

3.3.3.2 For Users of Geographical Information Systems (GIS) Software Packages Other than MapInfo

When choosing a GIS software package, ensure that it can export its output to the MapInfo Interchange Format (MIF), and that it can generate the required file types *.mid and *.mif, with one set of these files per service contour.

3.3.4   Naming Convention for the Files Submitted

The following structure shall be used to name each file submitted:

  • Application identifier + underscore + contour type
  • Application identifier: A string of 12 characters maximum
  • Contour type: Depends on service; the following examples illustrate which symbols to use. For AM, follow the contour value with the appropriate D, N or NL letters (Day, Night or Night Limit).

The following table of examples illustrates use of this naming convention. The application identifier used here for demonstration purposes is the usual “*”symbol.

Table 1: Naming Convention - Examples
Type of Application Contour Type Naming Under MapInfo Naming Under Other GIS
Contour Symbol
FM 500 μV/m 05 *_05.dat, *_05.id, *_05.map, *_05.tab *_05.mid
*_05.mif
3 mV/m 3 *_3.dat, *_3.id, *_3.map, *_3.tab *_3.mid
*_3.mif
TV Grade A A *_A.dat, *_A.id, *_A.map, *_A.tab *_A.mid
*_A.mif
Grade B B *_B.dat, *_B.id, *_B.map, *_B.tab *_B.mid
*_B.mif
DTV Noise-Limited Bounding Contour (NLBC) NLBC *_NLBC.dat,
*_NLBC.id,
*_NLBC.map,
*_NLBC.tab
*_NLBC.mid
*_NLBC.mif
DTV Urban Contour (DUC) DUC *_DUC.dat, *_DUC.id,
*_DUC.map, *_DUC.tab
*_DUC.mid
*_DUC.mif
AM Daytime 0.5 mV/m 05D *_05D.dat, *_05D.id, *_05D.map, *_05D.tab *_05D.mid
*_05D.mif
Night Limit (NL)
mV/m
NL *_NL.dat, *_NL.id, *_NL.map
*_NL.tab
*_NL.mid
*_NL.mif

Realistic or terrain-limited contours should append an "R" to the end of a symbol, e.g. *_AR for a realistic Grade A contour.

The following contour type should be used for interference areas for any type of application:

  • Contour type = channel + class + city of the interfering station.

Each interference area should be located in a separate set of files.

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4. AM, FM, or TV Proposals Predicated on Release of Assigned Broadcasting Frequencies, or Proposals for Changes to Existing Broadcasting Facilities

Occasionally, it may appear expedient to file an application for a broadcasting undertaking predicated on a frequency which is not yet available, but is expected to become available as a result of a change of frequency or other changes at existing facilities.

The Department may accept an application for a broadcasting certificate based on the above situation. However, technical acceptability will be conditional on the release of the frequency, or on the implementation of the change to facilities at the existing broadcasting undertaking. Should this application be approved by the CRTC (where applicable), the implementation of the undertaking may not be affected until the frequency has actually been vacated or facilities changed. In order to minimize problems, coordination between all parties is encouraged. The cooperation of all parties is required for the approval of the application.

Under no circumstances will a proposal involving interference during the transition period be considered unless an agreement has been reached with the parties involved.

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5. Requirements for the Technical Operation of Broadcasting Transmitter Facilities

These operational requirements apply to broadcasting undertakings that have received their broadcasting certificates.

The holder of a broadcasting certificate for a transmitter facility is responsible for maintaining frequency, modulation, antenna radiation patterns (directional and omnidirectional) and total power within permitted tolerances at all times. Minimum requirements for controlling, measuring, and monitoring broadcast transmitter facilities are specified in Section 5.1 below.

Compliance with minimum requirements may be achieved either by operating the plant under local control (attended) or under remote control (unattended). If the facility is normally operated unattended via remote control system and that system fails, the facility shall be operated under local control until the remote control system is once again operative.

5.1 Controlling, Measuring and Monitoring Transmitter Facilities

This section outlines the minimum requirements for controlling, measuring, and monitoring transmitter facilities.

5.1.1 Controls:

  1. [RF power] ON-OFF.
  2. For AM stations, selection of day and night power and/or radiation pattern selection where applicable.
  3. [Transmitter] resets, if applicable.

5.1.2 Accurate Monthly Measurements:

  1. Frequency: The carrier frequency shall be measured.
  2. Modulation: Maximum permissible modulation levels relevant to the specific mode of transmission shall be verified.
  3. Power: The power output of the transmitter shall be measured by either a permanently installed calibrated power meter or by connecting a calibrated external power measuring device to a transmitter output port. For AM radio transmitters, measurements shall be made of the RF current at the transmitter output or at the common point. For an AM radio transmitter with directional antenna(s), measurements shall also be made of the tower currents (or ratios) and phases for each radiation pattern certified.

For AM stations, the implementation of Modulation Dependent Carrier Level (MDCL) control may have an impact on the above operating parameters.  The MDCL control must be turned off when accurate measurements are performed in order to obtain results that are not affected by it.

5.1.2.1 Additional Aspects Associated with Accurate Measurements

Normally, the accurate measurements noted in Section 5.1.2 shall be taken monthly. However, if the broadcaster requests that accurate measurements be taken less frequently and can demonstrate to the satisfaction of the Department that frequency, modulation, and power remain stable, the Department may permit measurements to be taken and logged less frequently.

Measurements in Section 5.1.2 shall be logged and the logs made available for inspection by the Department on demand, for a minimum period of six years for AM undertakings and two years for others. Also, any significant plant abnormalities and corrective action taken shall be logged.

It is the responsibility of the holder of the broadcasting certificate to maintain the plant within permitted maximum tolerances at all times. If any parameter is out of tolerance at the time of accurate measurements, then corrective action shall be taken, along with more frequent measurements, until the parameter is reset within tolerance.

5.1.3 Monitoring

During periods between accurate measurements, undertakings shall be monitored either locally at the transmitter or remotely. Communication between monitoring and control points shall be available.

Rebroadcasting undertakings from which off-air signals are not available at the control point shall be monitored by a local person designated by the holder of the broadcasting certificate. Monitoring RF power may be accomplished from either a direct monitoring method, or using RF field strength. The minimum requirement is an indication from an S meter incorporated into a suitable monitor receiver at the control point, or an indication of the signal strength from a digitally-tuned receiver.

Undertakings shall be capable of being monitored continuously as follows:

5.1.3.1 AM Undertakings

AM transmitters may be monitored with a digitally-tuned receiver. At the control point, a means for monitoring modulation shall be available, such as:

  • an audio level meter connected to the output of the receiver,
  • an oscilloscope displaying the modulated RF signal,
  • any other audible or visible signalling device which will indicate the level of modulation.

In all cases, the off-air program audio shall be available at the control point for monitoring subjective quality and modulation.

The above monitoring equipment shall remain operational when MDCL control is enabled.

For directional arrays, indication of additional antenna parameters may be required at the control point.

5.1.3.2 FM Undertakings

For modulation monitoring, an audio-level meter driven by the receiver shall be visible at the control point, or, an alternative audible or visible signalling device which indicates the level of modulation that may be used. The off-air program audio shall be available at the control point for monitoring subjective quality and modulation. If applicable, facilities shall also be provided for aural monitoring of stereophonic and other signals.

5.1.3.3 TV Undertakings

Undertakings that have manned control facilities within reach of off-air signals shall have the following at their disposal:

  • a demodulated off-air TV signal together with picture and waveform monitors;

For analog TV:

  • a means of indicating the depth of the modulation of the visual carrier; and
  • a means of monitoring aural program level and quality.

Monitoring of RF power of the aural transmitter may be interpreted from transmission line power, voltage or current, plate current, or RF field strength. Remote monitoring of aural RF power is not mandatory.

5.1.3.4 Other digital transmission facilities (DTV, S-DARS)

Monitoring of RF power shall be performed when requested by the Department.

5.1.3.5 Continuous Monitoring

Broadcasting undertakings that utilize remote control calibrated monitoring systems:

  • to monitor the critical operating parameters listed in sections 5.1.2 and 5.1.3;
  • to immediately report out-of-tolerance conditions to the control point(s);
  • to log out-of-tolerance conditions;

shall be considered as meeting the monitoring requirements in Section 5 provided that corrective measures are initiated as soon as out-of-tolerance conditions are detected (see Section 5.1.2.1 on accurate measurements).

In situations where the broadcasting undertakings utilize such remote control and monitoring systems, the measurements referenced in Section 5.1.2, and any appropriate recalibration of the monitoring system shall be conducted and logged during regular maintenance visits.

The holder of a broadcasting certificate is responsible for ensuring that obstruction marking, lighting, and monitoring for antenna support structures are in accordance with current Transport Canada requirements.

5.2 Description of Technical Facilities

The applicant for a broadcasting certificate shall submit to the Director, Broadcast, Coordination and Planning, prior to on-air operation, a description of the technical facilities at their disposal enabling them to comply with the minimum requirements specified in Section 5.1 above. The submission shall include:

  • Transmitter manufacturer, model, and departmental Technical Acceptance Certificate (TAC) number. The requirement for a TAC does not apply to digital transmitters.
  • A description of the monitoring and the out-of-tolerance reporting system where the facilities are monitored on a continuous basis, as described in Section 5.1.3.5 above.
  • A list of equipment available for the accurate measurements required in Section 5.1.2. If the measurement equipment does not normally remain at the transmitter plant, its normal location and availability shall be specified.
  • A list of equipment available for monitoring as specified in Section 5.1.3.
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6. Requirements for the Establishment of Auxiliary Transmitting Systems

6.1 Introduction

Many broadcasting undertakings find it expedient to provide auxiliary transmitting systems to ensure continuity of service in the event of main transmitting system failure or for maintenance periods. This action is in the public interest and every encouragement is given to licensees to equip their undertakings in this manner.

In order to comply with the provisions of the Radiocommunication Act and international agreements, and to maintain an appropriate engineering standard of equipment and installations, the requirements as outlined in this section have been put into place.

Authorization is required for the installation and use of any auxiliary transmitting system. Applications for authorization to establish alternate or standby facilities shall be made either on-line at http://sms-sgs.ic.gc.ca/ or to the Director, Broadcasting Applications Engineering using departmental form ISED-ISDE3689, Application for a Broadcasting Certificate for an Auxiliary Broadcast Transmitting System, which is found online.

The following shall be submitted with the application:

  1. a text file containing horizontal and vertical antenna pattern data, in accordance with Annex E for electronic submissions, or horizontal and vertical antenna pattern data in tabulated format for non-electronic submissions; and
  2. form IC-2430, Radiocommunication and Broadcasting Antenna Systems Attestation for standby transmitters submitted via e-mail (in PDF format) or by non-electronic submission.

Authorization to establish an emergency transmitting system shall be obtained from the responsible local ISED office.

Nothing contained herein relieves the licensee of his/her responsibilities under Radiocommunication Regulations relating to the control of undertakings in a national emergency.

6.2 Definitions and Usage

Main Transmitter:

A broadcasting transmitter for which a TAC has been issued with rated power output as authorized, and which is primarily used to provide the service for which the undertaking is licensed.

Auxiliary Transmitters

  1. Alternate Transmitter: A broadcasting transmitter for which a TAC has been issued with the same rated power and electrical characteristics as the main transmitter, and which is used alternately with the main transmitter to provide the service for which the undertaking is licensed.
  2. Standby Transmitter: A broadcasting transmitter for which a TAC has been issued which is used to maintain some continuity of service in the event of main or alternate transmitter failure. This transmitter may also be used during specified periods when maintenance is being carried out on the main transmitter. The power or the coverage required by a standby transmitter is specified in Section 6.3.2.
  3. Emergency Transmitter: An unplanned broadcasting transmitter installation used to provide continuity of service necessitated by unforeseen circumstances beyond the control of the undertaking licensee. The operation of such systems shall normally be limited to a duration of two weeks; however, a longer term may be authorized when warranted due to extraordinary circumstances. Authority may be obtained from the responsible departmental local office; otherwise, the provisions of Section 6.5 hereunder apply.

    Unless otherwise approved by the department, the maximum power for these emergency operations for various broadcasting services shall be the lesser of the licensed station power or, for:
    • AM Broadcasting - 250 watts
    • FM Broadcasting - 1 kW e.r.p.
    • Television - 1 kW e.r.p.
    Emergency transmitters, if not issued a TAC, shall comply with technical requirements dealing with frequency tolerance, spurious harmonic radiation, and safety. It is strongly recommended that these emergency transmitters comply with as many as possible of the other requirements as well.

6.3 Location of Main and Auxiliary Transmitters

6.3.1 Main and Alternate Transmitters

Main and alternate transmitters shall be located at the main transmitter site as shown on the broadcasting certificate and shall operate into the antenna system which has been approved for the broadcast undertaking’s power and frequency. In all respects, the two transmitters shall be completely interchangeable without measurable effect on the signal in any direction.

6.3.2 Standby Transmitters

Standby transmitters may be located at either the main transmitter site, or another approved site, and shall operate into either the main or another approved antenna system.

The location and parameters of the standby operation shall be such that the local service contour would enclose the principal population centre which the undertaking is licensed to serve. The power of AM standby transmitters located in a metropolitan area shall not exceed the lesser of the station’s licensed power or 250 watts.

6.3.3 Emergency Transmitters

Emergency transmitting systems are unplanned installations and their necessity results from unforeseen circumstances beyond the control of the undertaking licensee. The location of any such system shall be agreed upon by the local Departmental Office.

6.4 Maintenance and Operation

The requirements of Section 5 shall apply to alternate and standby facilities. When alternate, standby, or emergency transmitters are used, a log shall be kept covering each operation with an explanation of the circumstances and the necessity for such an operation.

6.4.1 Identification of Undertakings During Standby or Emergency Operation

Undertakings shall identify themselves hourly during times of standby or emergency operation and shall include an indication that the undertaking is operating with reduced power and with a different antenna location where applicable.

6.5 Special Case Operations

There may be exceptional circumstances requiring the operation of auxiliary facilities other than those described here. Such requirements shall be submitted to the Director, Broadcast, Coordination and Planning, and will be dealt with on a case-by-case basis.

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7. Assignment and Identification Requirements for Broadcasting Undertakings

7.1 Introduction

Article 19 of the ITU Radio Regulations requires that the identification of broadcasting stations be done through the use of call signs. In Canada, this requirement is reflected in Radiocommunication Regulations Section 18, in the Broadcasting Procedures and Rules and in Broadcasting Equipment Technical Standard 11, Technical Requirements Respecting the Identification of Broadcasting Stations (BETS-11). Call signs do not apply to S DARS broadcasting stations.

7.2 Assignment of Call Signs

The call sign shall be used for the identification of the broadcasting station by the main program and optionally by ancillary programs. Special call signs will not be issued for ancillary services (e.g. SCMO).

The call signs in the list developed by the Department begin with one of the letter groupings CF, CH, CI, CJ, CK, which constitute a subset of the letters that have been assigned to Canada under the ITU (see ITU Radio Regulations, Article 19 and Appendix 42). By special arrangement, broadcasting undertakings owned and operated by the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation can be assigned call signs beginning with CB.

Basic call signs are made up of four letters, the first two taken from the two-letter groupings CF, CH, CI, CJ, CK indicated above. In special cases, three-letter call signs will be used for national network undertakings. Suffixes FM, TV, and DT will identify FM, TV, and DTV undertakings, respectively. Numerical suffixes will be appended to identify rebroadcasting undertakings, where the same basic call sign is assigned to the originating as well as to the rebroadcasting undertaking (rebroadcasting undertakings are those that simultaneously broadcast the programs of another undertaking for at least half of the broadcasting schedule).

If a specific call sign is not required by the applicant, special call signs consisting of two letters and four digits will be used for satellite-fed low power FMFootnote 1 and TV undertakings which have no local programming i.e. VF2000 to VF9999 for FM and CH2000 to CH9999 for TV.

The call sign shall be selected by the applicant at the time of submitting an application for a broadcasting certificate and a broadcasting licence.Footnote 2 It shall be selected from the list of available call signs which ISED has posted on its website (see Section 1.3). The selected call sign will be reserved for the period that the application is considered active. Information concerning the call sign may be obtained by examining the application for the broadcasting certificate which is on file at the Department, after the CRTC has published its public notice relative to the related licence application.

7.3 Identification of Broadcasting Undertakings

Pursuant to the Radiocommunication Regulations, Section 18, a broadcasting station for which a call sign has been issued must identify itself in accordance with the provisions of Technical Requirements Respecting the Identification of Broadcasting Stations (BETS-11).

The holder of the broadcasting certificate for a rebroadcasting undertaking complies with these requirements if its originating broadcasting undertaking identifies it in accordance with the provisions of Section 2.3 of BETS-11.

Rebroadcasting undertakings that meet the criteria of Section 2.4 of BETS-11 comply with these requirements.

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8. Assessment of Exposure to RF Energy

8.1 Introduction

The Health Canada guideline Limits of Human Exposure to Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Energy in the Frequency Range from 3 kHz to 300 GHz — Safety Code 6, sets out safety requirements for the installation and use of stationary radiofrequency apparatus that operate in the frequency range 3 kHz to 300 GHz.

While the responsibility for developing Safety Code 6 rests with Health Canada, ISED has adopted this guideline for the purpose of protecting the general public.

It is the responsibility of proponents and operators of installations to ensure that all radiocommunication and broadcasting installations comply with Safety Code 6 at all times. This includes consideration of the combined effects of nearby installations within the local radio environment. To this end, the engineering brief submitted in support of an application for a broadcasting certificate shall contain an analysis of RF exposure levels.

8.2 Purpose

The purpose of this RF exposure procedure is to:

  1. describe the departmental process with respect to the analysis and the technical acceptability of applications;
  2. recommend prediction methods to determine compliance with Safety Code 6; and
  3. specify responsibility with respect to the protection of the general public from exposure to RF energy.

8.3 Method of Analysis

Exposure limits specified in Safety Code 6 vary as a function of frequency. Where exposure to radiofrequency energy is caused by more than one source, compliance with exposure limits shall be verified by summing up the contributions of individual sources expressed as a fraction of the exposure limit for all radiocommunication and broadcasting systems in the area under consideration.

The fractional contribution is expressed as a fraction of the exposure limit at the pertinent frequency:

\[F_i = \frac{P_i}{S_i}\]


(1)

where:

Fi = the fractional contribution of each source.
Pi = the power density produced by each source.
Si = exposure limit at the pertinent frequency.

Using a simple conservative approach, each fractional contribution for FM, TV, DTV, S‑DARS and other considered non‑broadcasting undertakings is calculated using either of the following formulas based on the modified free space propagation modelFootnote 3 using Safety Code 6 limits for uncontrolled environments:

\[F_i = \frac{3.341 \times 10^{-1} \times k \times ERP_i}{d^2 \times P_{si}}\]
\[F_i = \frac{1.260 \times 10^2 \times k \times ERP_i}{d^2 \times E^2_{si}}\]
\[F_i = \frac{8.863 \times 10^{-4} \times k \times ERP_i}{d^2 \times H^2_{si}}\]


(2)

where:

k = 1 for single polarization FM, DTV, S‑DARS terrestrial transmitters and other single polarization non‑broadcasting undertakings.
k = 2 for dual or circularly polarized FM, DTV and other dual or circularly polarized non‑broadcasting undertakings.
k = 0.7 for horizontally polarized NTSC TV undertakings.
k = 1.4 for dual or circularly polarized NTSC TV undertakings.
ERPi = Maximum ERP for the individual station, in watts.
d = shortest unobstructed distance from ground or any location accessible to the public, to the centre of radiation of the transmitting antenna, in metres.
Psi = Safety Code 6 exposure limit for uncontrolled environments expressed as power density in W/m2 at the pertinent frequency.
Esi = Safety Code 6 exposure limit for uncontrolled environments expressed as electric field in V/m at the pertinent frequency.
Hsi = Safety Code 6 exposure limit for uncontrolled environments expressed as magnetic field in A/m at the pertinent frequency

The total exposure level for a given radio environment is then given by:

\[F = \sum^{N}_{i=1} F_{i} = \sum^{N}_{i=1} \frac {P_i}{S_i} \]

where:

F = total fractional contribution of all sources.
N = number of radio frequency sources under consideration.

For compliance with Safety Code 6, the value of F must be less than unity.

For AM broadcasting undertakings, the Department will use the tables in Annex B as a method to evaluate the distance from individual towers of the antenna array where exposure to radio frequency energy is predicted to exceed 50% of the exposure limit.

The Department will also accept actual measurements for existing facilities as part of the analysis.

8.4 Conditions for Technical Acceptability

The following conditions must be met, as applicable to each service, for an installation to be deemed technically acceptable:

  1. Standalone low-power and very low-power AM, FM, and TV undertakings may be exempt from any further analysis related to RF exposure limit if the applicant can demonstrate that the general public will not have access to the area within the distance given in Annex C, provided that the overall contribution from other radio apparatus in the vicinity is considered insignificant.
  2. For all other FM, TV, S-DARS and DTV undertakings, calculate Fi for the proposed application alone, assuming an isotropic source using the maximum value of the proposed ERPi (equation 2 of Section 8.3)Footnote 4. For AM undertakings, the method described in Annex B shall be used to determine the compliance distance.

    If Fi ≤ 0.01 (i.e. 1% of the exposure limit) in any area accessible to the general public, then compliance is presumed. However, the Department may, at its discretion, require further analysis.
  3. If the 1% limit in step b is exceeded in an area accessible to the general public, the analysis should be repeated taking into account the contribution of the proposed facility, as well as contributions from all radio frequency transmitters in the vicinity.Footnote 5
    1. Evaluated Total Exposure < 50% of Exposure Limit

      Note: Evaluated total exposure is the predicted exposure from the facilities, or the sum of the measured levels of the existing exposure and the predicted levels from the proposed facilities.

      If evaluated total exposure is at least 50% below the exposure limit, compliance is presumed and no further analysis is needed.
    2. 50% of Exposure Limit ≤ Evaluated Total Exposure ≤ Exposure Limit

      If the evaluated total exposure is equal to or greater than 50% of the exposure limit without exceeding the said limit in any area accessible to the general public, then technical acceptability could be granted under the condition that the applicant undertakes measurements once the proposed facility is built and turned on for testing. Alternatively, the applicant may propose and install corrective measures. In all cases, the applicant must demonstrate compliance with Safety Code 6 before the Department issues the broadcasting certificate.

      Refer to GL-01, Guidelines for the Measurement of Radio Frequency Fields at Frequencies from 3 kHz to 300 GHz, for recommended measurement procedures and determination of compliance, and to CPC-2-0-20, Radio Frequency (RF) Fields- Signs and Access Controls, which outlines corrective measures to ensure compliance with Safety Code 6 requirements for uncontrolled environments.
    3. Evaluated Total Exposure > Exposure Limit

      If evaluated total exposure is predicted to exceed the exposure limit in any area accessible to the general public, the proposal shall include corrective measures to ensure compliance with Safety Code 6; otherwise, it will be considered technically unacceptable.

8.5 Contact and Induced Currents

It is important to note that undertakings operating in the frequency range up to 110 MHz may induce an alternating electric potential on ungrounded or poorly grounded metallic objects in the vicinity of the antenna(s).

If a person touches such objects, RF currents will flow through the person to the ground and the current levels will depend on a number of factors. Even though a person may not be touching a metallic object, RF currents can still be induced in the body by external RF fields and may flow through the body to the ground. Taking contact and induced current measurements is the only reliable way to ensure compliance with Safety Code 6 for such undertakings. The exposure limits for contact and induced currents from 3 kHz to 110 MHz are specified in Safety Code 6. Refer to GL-01, Guidelines for the Measurement of Radio Frequency Fields at Frequencies from 3 kHz to 300 GHz, for recommended measurement procedures of contact and induced currents.

8.6 Operational Considerations

Under conditional technical acceptability (see item (c) (ii) of Section 8.4), if measurements uncover areas accessible to the general public that exceed the exposure limit, then immediate corrective action(s) must be taken by the applicant to bring the installation into compliance with Safety Code 6.

  1. Corrective measures recommended to bring the facility into compliance with Safety Code 6 can be found in ISED’s CPC-2-0-20, Radio Frequency (RF) Fields-Signs and Access Controls
  2. Where area demarcation and access control alone cannot ensure compliance to Safety Code 6 limits for uncontrolled environments, the applicant shall reduce transmitter power and/or adjust the antenna system, or take other measures (to the extent of shutting down the broadcasting facility) to comply with Safety Code 6.

In all cases, the Department reserves the right to request the measurement of the exposure levels at a site, before or after the construction of the undertaking.

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9. Requirements for the Selection of Transmitting Equipment

The applicant or holder of a broadcasting certificate for a broadcasting transmitting undertaking is required to use transmitting equipment that meets the following criteria for all regular-power and low-power undertakings:

  1. The equipment has been issued a Technical Acceptance Certificate (TAC) under the applicable Broadcasting Equipment Technical Standard as a single unit; or the equipment has been constructed of sub-assemblies from certified transmitters (e.g. an exciter from one transmitter and a final amplifier from another transmitter).

    Note: The foregoing notwithstanding, the Department reserves the right to require that measurements be taken and that a report be submitted to demonstrate compatibility with the applicable Broadcasting Equipment Technical Standard with regards to spurious and harmonic emissions.
  2. Emissions from digital broadcasting facilities must conform with technical requirements specified in the service-specific Broadcast Procedure and Rules.
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Footnotes

Footnote 1

Two-letter, four digit call signs are also used for other low-power FM undertakings that are CRTC licence-exempt such as tourist information stations or short duration stations for special events.

Return to footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

Broadcasting licences are obtained from the CRTC.

Return to footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

The modified free‑space power density formula is used to account for ground wave reflection. The equivalent E‑field includes both the direct and the reflected E‑fields where the reflected portion of the E‑field is taken as 60% of the direct E‑field. The modified free space propagation model can be expressed as follows:
Wm = 2.56 × EIRP /4πr2
where
Wm is the power density obtained from the antenna at the point of interest (W/m2)
EIRP is the effective isotropic radiated power (W)
r is the distance from the radiation center of the antenna to the point of interest (m)

Return to footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

See Section 3.3.1 of GL-08, Guidelines for the Preparation of Radio Frequency (RF) Exposure Compliance Reports for Radiocommunication and Broadcasting Antenna Systems, for instructions when detailed calculations are used to demonstrate compliance.

Return to footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

In addition to the RF installations at the site under study, nearby transmitting antennas can also impact the calculations, especially if they are high-power stations. It is important to assess the full radio environment when evaluating Safety Code 6 compliance. Mathematical predictions and field measurements have demonstrated that non-broadcast wireless stations beyond 100 metres have negligible impact on the overall exposure level. Close attention should be given to broadcast stations within 1 km of the proposed site. If it is suspected that there are stations nearby that may impact RF levels at the site under study, these must be taken into account in the detailed calculations. If any antenna systems have been excluded from the calculations, the rationale should be provided.

Return to footnote 5 referrer

Annex A – Addresses and Regional Boundaries

Address of the Departmental Headquarters

Director
Broadcast, Coordination, and Planning
Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada
235 Queen Street
Ottawa, Ontario
K1A 0H5

email: IC.broadcasting-radiodiffusion.IC@canada.ca

Addresses of Regional Offices

Refer to Radiocommunication Information Circular 66 (RIC-66) for the addresses of Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada’s regional and district offices. This document is available on the Department’s website at: http://www.ic.gc.ca/eic/site/smt-gst.nsf/eng/sf01742.html.

Description of Regional Boundaries

  • Western Region: Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, the Northwest Territories, Nunavut, British Columbia, and the Yukon
  • Quebec Region: Quebec
  • Atlantic and Ontario Region: New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, Newfoundland and Labrador, and Ontario


Annex B – Method to Evaluate Compliance with the Limits of Human Exposure to Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Energy for AM Broadcasting Undertakings

This Annex provides a two-step methodology to evaluate Safety Code 6 compliance distances for AM broadcasting undertakings.

Since compliance distance will likely be in the near-field region of AM transmitting antennas, both the electric field (E-Field) and the magnetic field (H-Field) need to be considered. The evaluation of compliance distance is performed in two steps, as follows.

Step 1: Determining the applicable field-strength limits

The first step consists of determining nerve stimulation-based (NS) and specific absorption rate-based (SAR) reference levels for both the electric field and the magnetic field for the AM site of interest. These limits are provided in the Safety Code 6 document – Limits of Human Exposure to Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Energy in the Frequency Range from 3 kHz to 300 GHz. When evaluating the 50% of Safety Code 6 limits, the Safety Code 6 NS-based limit shall be multiplied by a factor of 0.5, while the Safety Code 6 SAR-based limit shall be multiplied by a factor of 0.71.

The most stringent field strength limit (the lower field strength limit) between the nerve stimulation (NS) limit and the specific absorption rate (SAR) limit shall be used.

Step 2: Calculating the theoretical compliance distances

Tables B1-B9 provide the electric and magnetic field-strength levels at various distances from the base of AM broadcasting towers for a number of frequency and tower electrical lengths. Since the tables are normalized to a radiated power of 1 kW for an AM single tower, the field-strength limits evaluated in Step 1 need to be adjusted for the actual nominal station power. In the case of tower arrays, the radiated power of each tower can be used to adjust the field limits if they are known. Otherwise, a conservative prediction is to be made by assuming all transmitted power is radiated from each antenna. In such a case, the appropriate value from the tables could be used to define the zone of minimum compliance distance around the array, consisting of circles with appropriate radii, each of which are centered around a tower in the array.

In the case of a shared AM transmission tower broadcasting on multiple frequencies, a minimum compliance distance should be calculated for each frequency using the method described in this Annex, and assuming that the radiated power is the sum of the powers of all stations transmitted by the tower. The largest calculated minimum compliance distance should be selected as the overall minimum compliance distance for the tower.

The following formulas shall be used to adjust field strength levels based on applicable limits determined in Step 1:


\[ E_{adjusted} = \frac {E_{lim\left(50\%\right)\_step 1}} {\sqrt {P_{nominal} \times 1.78}} \]

(eq. B.1)
\[ H_{adjusted} = \frac {H_{lim\left(50\%\right)\_step 1}} {\sqrt {P_{nominal} \times 1.78}} \]

(eq. B.2)
where:
Elim(50%)_step1
is 50% of Safety Code 6 limits (E-field) determined in Step 1 (V/m rms)
 
Hlim(50%)_step1
is 50% of the Safety Code 6 limits (H-field) determined in Step 1 (A/m rms)
 
Pnominal
is the unmodulated radiated power from the tower (carrier only) in kW if known. Otherwise, the station’s nominal (authorized) radiated power in kW shall be used.


Once the adjusted field limits are calculated, the Tables B1-B9 provide the theoretical compliance distances for various frequencies and electrical antenna heights in degrees (360° = 1 wavelength). For electrical or magnetic field values that fall in between the data points in the tables provided, the first data point with an electrical or magnetic field value below the target value for compliance should be selected.

Note 1: Electrical antenna height (in degrees) is calculated using the following formula:


Electrical _ Antenna _ Height(°) = Antenna _ Height(m) × 1.2 × frequency(MHz)
(eq. B.3)


Tables B1-B9 can be used directly to evaluate the electric and magnetic fields for facilities that use:

  • electrical height within 1% wavelength (i.e., within 3.6 electrical degrees) of the electrical height for the given table, and
  • carrier frequency at the frequency or the adjacent channel frequency for the given Table.

For antennas that do not correspond to the above conditions, the electrical and magnetic fields will be evaluated as follows:

  • For electrical field, available Tables using the next higher and lower frequency, and next higher and lower electrical length, shall be consulted (4 readings). The largest distance reading shall be retained as the compliant distance for electrical field.
  • Separately for the magnetic field, the available tables using the next higher and lower frequency, and next higher and lower electrical length, shall be consulted (4 readings). The largest distance reading shall be retained as the compliant distance for magnetic field.

The Safety Code 6 compliance distance shall be determined as the largest distance among the two distances retained for the electrical and magnetic fields. The compliance distance as determined using this method is referenced to the surface of the tower, and cannot be less than 2 metres.

Tables of Distance from Tower vs. Adjusted Electric and Magnetic Field Strength

Tables B1 to B9: Predicted Distances for Compliance with SC-6 limits

Appendix B continued

Tables of Distance from Tower vs. Adjusted Electric and Magnetic Field Strength

Table B1: Predicted Distances for Compliance with SC-6 limits: 30 degrees Electrical Height
Electrical Height 30 deg
535 kHz 740 kHz 940 kHz 1140 kHz 1340 kHz 1540 kHz 1705 kHz
Distance (m) Etotal (V/m) Htotal (A/m) Etotal (V/m) Htotal (A/m) Etotal (V/m) Htotal (A/m) Etotal (V/m) Htotal (A/m) Etotal (V/m) Htotal (A/m) Etotal (V/m) Htotal (A/m) Etotal (V/m) Htotal (A/m)
2 1367.10 1.460 1270.19 1.430 1182.94 1.390 1142.06 1.360 1143.80 1.360 1109.27 1.330 1082.11 1.310
2.5 1029.53 1.160 957.88 1.130 888.32 1.100 855.84 1.070 854.45 1.070 827.15 1.040 805.51 1.030
3 812.48 0.952 754.55 0.929 698.12 0.899 670.78 0.876 667.57 0.871 644.04 0.847 625.32 0.834
3.5 663.63 0.807 614.79 0.785 566.80 0.758 542.99 0.737 538.41 0.730 518.40 0.708 501.35 0.696
4 555.68 0.698 513.81 0.677 472.83 0.652 451.35 0.632 446.23 0.625 426.38 0.605 411.76 0.593
4.5 475.75 0.613 438.22 0.594 401.62 0.570 381.77 0.551 375.63 0.543 358.82 0.524 344.52 0.514
5 413.41 0.546 379.71 0.527 346.96 0.505 328.72 0.487 322.28 0.478 305.17 0.461 292.84 0.450
5.5 364.51 0.491 332.89 0.473 303.53 0.452 286.42 0.434 278.36 0.425 263.23 0.409 250.73 0.399
6 324.30 0.446 295.61 0.428 267.91 0.408 251.96 0.391 244.60 0.382 229.30 0.366 218.05 0.357
6.5 291.51 0.407 264.01 0.389 238.83 0.370 223.62 0.354 216.12 0.345 201.56 0.330 190.24 0.321
7 263.47 0.374 238.40 0.357 215.18 0.339 199.84 0.323 191.24 0.314 177.85 0.299 167.32 0.291
7.5 239.80 0.346 216.78 0.329 193.78 0.311 179.34 0.296 171.47 0.287 158.07 0.273 148.41 0.265
8 219.96 0.321 197.08 0.304 176.12 0.287 162.60 0.272 153.66 0.264 141.14 0.251 132.41 0.243
8.5 202.77 0.299 180.95 0.283 161.00 0.266 147.50 0.252 139.33 0.243 126.84 0.231 118.07 0.223
9 187.09 0.280 166.29 0.264 147.37 0.248 134.78 0.234 125.60 0.225 113.98 0.213 105.99 0.206
9.5 173.72 0.263 153.91 0.247 136.01 0.231 122.49 0.218 114.16 0.209 103.41 0.198 95.44 0.191
10 161.63 0.247 142.82 0.232 124.99 0.217 112.36 0.204 104.52 0.195 93.87 0.184 86.24 0.178
10.5 150.74 0.233 132.91 0.218 116.06 0.203 103.81 0.191 95.61 0.182 85.44 0.172 78.07 0.166
11 141.99 0.220 123.22 0.206 107.33 0.191 95.75 0.179 87.69 0.171 77.86 0.161 70.98 0.155
11.5 133.38 0.209 115.58 0.194 99.81 0.181 88.59 0.169 80.56 0.161 71.22 0.151 64.73 0.146
12 124.88 0.198 108.08 0.184 93.09 0.171 82.03 0.159 74.27 0.151 65.29 0.142 59.06 0.137
12.5 117.46 0.189 101.53 0.175 86.84 0.162 76.15 0.150 68.56 0.143 59.98 0.134 54.11 0.129
13 111.09 0.180 95.35 0.166 81.25 0.153 70.87 0.142 63.43 0.135 55.21 0.127 49.65 0.122
13.5 105.74 0.172 89.82 0.158 76.14 0.146 66.00 0.135 58.74 0.128 50.88 0.120 45.63 0.116
14 99.88 0.164 84.74 0.151 71.44 0.139 61.61 0.128 54.49 0.122 47.04 0.114 42.06 0.110
14.5 94.84 0.157 79.99 0.144 67.09 0.132 57.53 0.122 50.69 0.116 43.52 0.108 38.85 0.104
15 90.13 0.150 75.57 0.137 63.08 0.126 53.90 0.116 47.15 0.110 40.34 0.103 35.95 0.099
15.5 85.75 0.144 71.58 0.132 59.46 0.121 50.49 0.111 44.02 0.105 37.52 0.098 33.41 0.094
16 81.80 0.139 67.82 0.126 56.01 0.115 47.30 0.106 41.01 0.100 34.89 0.094 30.99 0.090
16.5 77.96 0.133 64.38 0.121 52.95 0.111 44.42 0.102 38.42 0.096 32.52 0.090 28.90 0.086
17 74.43 0.128 61.13 0.116 50.01 0.106 41.77 0.097 35.96 0.092 30.43 0.086 26.91 0.083
17.5 71.11 0.123 58.13 0.112 47.27 0.102 39.34 0.093 33.71 0.088 28.39 0.082 25.15 0.079
18 68.11 0.119 55.32 0.107 44.77 0.098 37.03 0.090 31.58 0.084 26.65 0.079 23.61 0.076
18.5 65.13 0.115 52.63 0.103 42.37 0.094 34.92 0.086 29.76 0.081 25.03 0.076 22.18 0.073
19 62.45 0.111 50.13 0.100 40.18 0.091 33.02 0.083 27.95 0.078 23.51 0.073 20.87 0.070
19.5 59.86 0.107 47.85 0.096 38.19 0.087 31.23 0.080 26.35 0.075 22.12 0.070 19.67 0.068
20 57.51 0.104 45.68 0.093 36.22 0.084 29.55 0.077 24.87 0.072 20.83 0.068 18.58 0.065
20.5 55.147 0.100 43.620 0.090 34.451 0.081 27.972 0.074 23.485 0.070 19.740 0.065 17.592 0.063
21 52.992 0.097 41.660 0.087 32.786 0.078 26.503 0.072 22.212 0.067 18.666 0.063 16.713 0.061
21.5 50.943 0.094 39.806 0.084 31.230 0.076 25.141 0.069 21.044 0.065 17.697 0.061 15.848 0.059
22 48.998 0.091 38.156 0.081 29.775 0.073 23.884 0.067 19.981 0.063 16.832 0.059 15.084 0.057
22.5 47.156 0.089 36.509 0.079 28.328 0.071 22.635 0.065 18.926 0.061 15.977 0.057 14.428 0.055
23 45.417 0.086 34.968 0.076 27.080 0.069 21.584 0.063 17.975 0.059 15.223 0.055 13.775 0.053
23.5 43.781 0.083 33.528 0.074 25.839 0.067 20.538 0.061 17.127 0.057 14.574 0.053 13.225 0.052
24 42.248 0.081 32.191 0.072 24.702 0.065 19.597 0.059 16.380 0.055 13.928 0.052 12.681 0.050
24.5 40.719 0.079 30.860 0.070 23.567 0.063 18.661 0.057 15.542 0.054 13.291 0.050 12.242 0.049
25 39.291 0.077 29.628 0.068 22.535 0.061 17.824 0.056 14.903 0.052 12.753 0.049 11.806 0.047
25.5 37.963 0.075 28.399 0.066 21.602 0.059 16.992 0.054 14.267 0.051 12.218 0.047 11.373 0.046
26 36.539 0.073 27.272 0.064 20.574 0.057 16.260 0.052 13.636 0.049 11.783 0.046 11.038 0.045
26.6 35.215 0.070 26.143 0.062 19.643 0.056 15.528 0.051 13.005 0.048 11.353 0.045 10.611 0.043
27.1 33.892 0.068 25.017 0.060 18.815 0.054 14.801 0.049 12.471 0.046 10.921 0.043 10.282 0.042
27.7 32.569 0.066 23.892 0.058 17.889 0.052 14.071 0.048 11.943 0.045 10.495 0.042 9.946 0.041
28.3 31.248 0.064 22.769 0.056 17.063 0.051 13.444 0.046 11.414 0.043 10.078 0.041 9.632 0.040
29 29.927 0.062 21.745 0.055 16.139 0.049 12.719 0.045 10.889 0.042 9.703 0.040 9.328 0.039
29.6 28.706 0.060 20.722 0.053 15.315 0.047 12.094 0.043 10.363 0.041 9.349 0.038 9.047 0.037
30.3 27.487 0.058 19.602 0.051 14.591 0.046 11.471 0.042 9.930 0.039 9.008 0.037 8.776 0.036
31.1 26.170 0.057 18.680 0.049 13.771 0.044 10.947 0.040 9.507 0.038 8.696 0.036 8.528 0.035
31.8 24.951 0.055 17.662 0.048 13.050 0.043 10.424 0.039 9.094 0.037 8.398 0.035 8.282 0.034
32.6 23.834 0.053 16.743 0.046 12.330 0.041 9.865 0.038 8.715 0.036 8.120 0.034 8.057 0.033
33.5 22.619 0.051 15.823 0.044 11.612 0.040 9.367 0.036 8.357 0.034 7.854 0.032 7.842 0.032
34.3 21.503 0.049 14.908 0.043 10.993 0.038 8.898 0.035 8.020 0.033 7.610 0.031 7.630 0.031
35.3 20.389 0.047 14.091 0.041 10.377 0.037 8.461 0.034 7.703 0.032 7.377 0.030 7.439 0.030
36.2 19.275 0.045 13.275 0.039 9.781 0.035 8.055 0.032 7.410 0.031 7.155 0.029 7.249 0.029
37.2 18.261 0.044 12.462 0.038 9.225 0.034 7.672 0.031 7.137 0.030 6.944 0.028 7.070 0.028
38.2 17.150 0.042 11.648 0.036 8.692 0.033 7.318 0.030 6.884 0.029 6.754 0.027 6.902 0.027
39.3 16.238 0.040 10.935 0.035 8.199 0.032 6.985 0.029 6.644 0.028 6.566 0.026 6.735 0.026
40.5 15.227 0.039 10.223 0.034 7.746 0.030 6.683 0.028 6.424 0.026 6.398 0.025 6.579 0.025
41.6 14.316 0.037 9.612 0.032 7.316 0.029 6.393 0.027 6.225 0.025 6.222 0.024 6.424 0.024
42.9 13.407 0.036 8.990 0.031 6.915 0.028 6.134 0.026 6.028 0.025 6.066 0.023 6.269 0.023
44.2 12.598 0.034 8.412 0.030 6.545 0.027 5.896 0.025 5.851 0.024 5.911 0.023 6.125 0.022
45.5 11.790 0.033 7.862 0.028 6.216 0.026 5.678 0.024 5.686 0.023 5.767 0.022 5.982 0.021
46.9 10.981 0.031 7.354 0.027 5.898 0.025 5.471 0.023 5.520 0.022 5.613 0.021 5.839 0.021
48.4 10.274 0.030 6.886 0.026 5.621 0.023 5.286 0.022 5.376 0.021 5.480 0.020 5.696 0.020
49.9 9.537 0.028 6.449 0.025 5.354 0.022 5.111 0.021 5.232 0.020 5.337 0.019 5.564 0.019

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Table B2: Predicted Distances for Compliance with SC-6 limits: 60 degrees Electrical Height
Electrical Height 60 deg
  535 kHz 740 kHz 940 kHz 1140 kHz 1340 kHz 1540 kHz 1705 kHz
Distance (m) Etotal (V/m) Htotal (A/m) Etotal (V/m) Htotal (A/m) Etotal (V/m) Htotal (A/m) Etotal (V/m) Htotal (A/m) Etotal (V/m) Htotal (A/m) Etotal (V/m) Htotal (A/m) Etotal (V/m) Htotal (A/m)
2 225.19 0.686 210.27 0.677 206.17 0.676 192.34 0.664 193.69 0.665 171.15 0.640 185.25 0.654
2.5 170.08 0.545 158.29 0.538 154.99 0.537 144.88 0.526 146.08 0.527 128.98 0.507 139.27 0.518
3 134.43 0.452 124.90 0.445 122.60 0.444 114.30 0.435 114.71 0.435 101.50 0.419 109.28 0.427
3.5 110.04 0.385 102.14 0.379 100.15 0.378 93.28 0.370 93.45 0.370 82.67 0.356 88.81 0.362
4 92.53 0.335 85.76 0.330 83.95 0.328 78.18 0.321 78.21 0.321 69.07 0.309 74.13 0.314
4.5 79.36 0.297 73.50 0.292 71.84 0.290 66.74 0.284 66.72 0.283 58.90 0.272 63.10 0.276
5 69.26 0.266 64.00 0.261 62.52 0.259 58.00 0.253 57.88 0.253 51.10 0.243 54.59 0.246
5.5 61.14 0.241 56.47 0.236 55.08 0.234 51.07 0.229 50.87 0.228 44.91 0.219 47.95 0.222
6 54.66 0.220 50.45 0.215 49.11 0.214 45.43 0.208 45.20 0.207 39.89 0.199 42.45 0.202
6.5 49.34 0.202 45.45 0.198 44.19 0.196 40.83 0.191 40.58 0.190 35.78 0.182 38.06 0.185
7 44.79 0.187 41.24 0.183 40.05 0.181 36.99 0.176 36.72 0.175 32.39 0.168 34.30 0.170
7.5 40.97 0.174 37.72 0.170 36.50 0.168 33.69 0.164 33.36 0.162 29.47 0.156 31.18 0.157
8 37.68 0.162 34.63 0.159 33.54 0.157 30.90 0.152 30.56 0.151 27.01 0.145 28.53 0.146
8.5 34.91 0.152 31.99 0.149 30.94 0.147 28.51 0.143 28.11 0.141 24.82 0.136 26.21 0.137
9 32.41 0.143 29.69 0.140 28.64 0.138 26.41 0.134 26.03 0.133 22.99 0.127 24.15 0.128
9.5 30.28 0.135 27.65 0.132 26.69 0.130 24.47 0.126 24.14 0.125 21.33 0.120 22.47 0.120
10 28.29 0.128 25.86 0.125 24.89 0.123 22.86 0.119 22.52 0.118 19.92 0.113 20.93 0.114
10.5 26.63 0.122 24.21 0.118 23.32 0.116 21.39 0.113 21.04 0.111 18.64 0.107 19.53 0.107
11 25.01 0.116 22.77 0.112 21.88 0.111 20.06 0.107 19.69 0.106 17.58 0.101 18.35 0.102
11.5 23.70 0.110 21.46 0.107 20.66 0.105 18.93 0.102 18.55 0.100 16.55 0.096 17.30 0.097
12 22.41 0.106 20.37 0.102 19.47 0.100 17.83 0.097 17.54 0.096 15.64 0.092 16.37 0.092
12.5 21.23 0.101 19.29 0.098 18.48 0.096 16.94 0.093 16.54 0.091 14.84 0.088 15.46 0.088
13 20.17 0.097 18.32 0.094 17.51 0.092 16.06 0.089 15.66 0.087 14.15 0.084 14.66 0.084
13.5 19.21 0.093 17.37 0.090 16.64 0.088 15.20 0.085 14.88 0.084 13.48 0.080 13.97 0.080
14 18.36 0.089 16.61 0.086 15.79 0.084 14.54 0.082 14.21 0.080 12.81 0.077 13.39 0.077
14.5 17.52 0.086 15.87 0.083 15.04 0.081 13.79 0.078 13.55 0.077 12.35 0.074 12.82 0.074
15 16.78 0.083 15.13 0.080 14.40 0.078 13.24 0.075 12.90 0.074 11.80 0.071 12.26 0.071
15.5 16.05 0.080 14.50 0.077 13.76 0.075 12.60 0.073 12.36 0.071 11.35 0.068 11.80 0.068
16 15.42 0.077 13.87 0.074 13.22 0.073 12.16 0.070 11.91 0.069 11.00 0.066 11.36 0.066
16.5 14.80 0.075 13.34 0.072 12.69 0.070 11.63 0.068 11.47 0.066 10.57 0.064 11.01 0.063
17 14.27 0.072 12.81 0.070 12.17 0.068 11.20 0.065 11.04 0.064 10.24 0.061 10.67 0.061
17.5 13.75 0.070 12.29 0.067 11.64 0.066 10.77 0.063 10.61 0.062 9.91 0.059 10.33 0.059
18 13.24 0.068 11.87 0.065 11.22 0.063 10.35 0.061 10.25 0.060 9.63 0.057 10.04 0.057
18.5 12.72 0.066 11.46 0.063 10.80 0.062 10.02 0.059 9.91 0.058 9.36 0.056 9.75 0.055
19 12.31 0.064 11.04 0.061 10.48 0.060 9.69 0.057 9.60 0.056 9.11 0.054 9.51 0.054
19.5 11.89 0.062 10.63 0.060 10.09 0.058 9.38 0.056 9.31 0.054 8.88 0.052 9.28 0.052
20 11.48 0.061 10.31 0.058 9.76 0.056 9.10 0.054 9.04 0.053 8.67 0.051 9.07 0.050
20.5 11.168 0.059 9.959 0.056 9.442 0.055 8.819 0.053 8.787 0.051 8.479 0.049 8.865 0.049
21 10.760 0.057 9.637 0.055 9.149 0.053 8.564 0.051 8.559 0.050 8.293 0.048 8.685 0.048
21.5 10.451 0.056 9.337 0.053 8.876 0.052 8.330 0.050 8.343 0.049 8.126 0.047 8.516 0.046
22 10.132 0.054 9.059 0.052 8.614 0.050 8.107 0.048 8.150 0.047 7.971 0.045 8.360 0.045
22.5 9.834 0.053 8.790 0.051 8.365 0.049 7.894 0.047 7.954 0.046 7.827 0.044 8.215 0.044
23 9.557 0.052 8.541 0.049 8.135 0.048 7.703 0.046 7.782 0.045 7.685 0.043 8.081 0.043
23.5 9.280 0.051 8.292 0.048 7.915 0.047 7.522 0.045 7.621 0.044 7.563 0.042 7.947 0.042
24 9.024 0.049 8.067 0.047 7.707 0.045 7.353 0.044 7.469 0.043 7.443 0.041 7.825 0.041
24.5 8.779 0.048 7.850 0.046 7.509 0.044 7.184 0.043 7.317 0.042 7.331 0.040 7.713 0.040
25 8.543 0.047 7.644 0.045 7.321 0.043 7.035 0.042 7.188 0.041 7.223 0.039 7.604 0.039
25.5 8.329 0.046 7.448 0.044 7.145 0.042 6.888 0.041 7.060 0.040 7.123 0.038 7.504 0.038
26 8.104 0.045 7.252 0.043 6.968 0.041 6.750 0.040 6.931 0.039 7.026 0.037 7.405 0.037
26.6 7.879 0.044 7.066 0.042 6.800 0.040 6.611 0.039 6.813 0.038 6.927 0.036 7.308 0.036
27.1 7.664 0.043 6.870 0.041 6.633 0.039 6.474 0.038 6.694 0.037 6.829 0.036 7.209 0.035
27.7 7.450 0.042 6.686 0.040 6.477 0.038 6.347 0.037 6.587 0.036 6.742 0.035 7.112 0.034
28.3 7.227 0.041 6.500 0.039 6.312 0.037 6.220 0.036 6.469 0.035 6.645 0.034 7.024 0.033
29 7.022 0.040 6.316 0.038 6.155 0.036 6.093 0.035 6.361 0.034 6.558 0.033 6.927 0.033
29.6 6.808 0.039 6.141 0.037 5.999 0.035 5.978 0.034 6.254 0.033 6.462 0.032 6.831 0.032
30.3 6.594 0.038 5.966 0.036 5.854 0.034 5.861 0.033 6.148 0.032 6.376 0.031 6.745 0.031
31.1 6.391 0.037 5.792 0.035 5.708 0.034 5.745 0.032 6.051 0.031 6.291 0.030 6.649 0.030
31.8 6.187 0.036 5.627 0.034 5.563 0.033 5.629 0.031 5.945 0.030 6.205 0.030 6.554 0.029
32.6 5.984 0.035 5.463 0.033 5.428 0.032 5.524 0.030 5.850 0.030 6.120 0.029 6.458 0.028
33.5 5.791 0.034 5.299 0.032 5.303 0.031 5.418 0.030 5.754 0.029 6.026 0.028 6.374 0.028
34.3 5.598 0.033 5.145 0.031 5.168 0.030 5.323 0.029 5.660 0.028 5.941 0.027 6.280 0.027
35.3 5.405 0.032 4.992 0.030 5.043 0.029 5.219 0.028 5.575 0.027 5.858 0.026 6.186 0.026
36.2 5.222 0.031 4.848 0.029 4.929 0.028 5.125 0.027 5.480 0.026 5.774 0.025 6.092 0.025
37.2 5.039 0.030 4.705 0.028 4.815 0.027 5.040 0.026 5.397 0.025 5.690 0.025 5.999 0.024
38.2 4.867 0.029 4.571 0.027 4.711 0.026 4.947 0.025 5.313 0.025 5.597 0.024 5.896 0.024
39.3 4.694 0.028 4.438 0.026 4.607 0.025 4.863 0.024 5.229 0.024 5.514 0.023 5.803 0.023
40.5 4.532 0.027 4.315 0.026 4.504 0.025 4.780 0.024 5.146 0.023 5.432 0.022 5.711 0.022
41.6 4.370 0.026 4.192 0.025 4.411 0.024 4.697 0.023 5.054 0.022 5.340 0.022 5.608 0.021
42.9 4.218 0.025 4.079 0.024 4.318 0.023 4.614 0.022 4.971 0.022 5.247 0.021 5.506 0.021
44.2 4.066 0.025 3.977 0.023 4.225 0.022 4.541 0.021 4.889 0.021 5.165 0.020 5.404 0.020
45.5 3.924 0.024 3.874 0.022 4.143 0.021 4.459 0.021 4.807 0.020 5.074 0.020 5.303 0.019
46.9 3.782 0.023 3.772 0.021 4.060 0.021 4.387 0.020 4.725 0.019 4.982 0.019 5.201 0.019
48.4 3.650 0.022 3.680 0.021 3.988 0.020 4.315 0.019 4.643 0.019 4.891 0.018 5.100 0.018
49.9 3.529 0.021 3.588 0.020 3.906 0.019 4.243 0.018 4.561 0.018 4.790 0.018 4.999 0.018

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Table B3: Predicted Distances for Compliance with SC-6 limits: 70 degrees Electrical Height
Electrical Height 70 deg
535 kHz 740 kHz 940 kHz 1140 kHz 1340 kHz 1540 kHz 1705 kHz
Distance (m) Etotal (V/m) Htotal (A/m) Etotal (V/m) Htotal (A/m) Etotal (V/m) Htotal (A/m) Etotal (V/m) Htotal (A/m) Etotal (V/m) Htotal (A/m) Etotal (V/m) Htotal (A/m) Etotal (V/m) Htotal (A/m)
2 117.33 0.569 107.99 0.562 104.53 0.559 101.71 0.556 91.55 0.542 92.83 0.543 95.59 0.545
2.5 88.34 0.453 81.49 0.447 78.82 0.445 76.75 0.442 69.03 0.431 70.02 0.431 72.14 0.433
3 69.94 0.376 64.45 0.371 62.28 0.369 60.70 0.366 54.59 0.357 55.43 0.357 57.04 0.358
3.5 57.22 0.321 52.76 0.316 51.02 0.314 49.58 0.312 44.76 0.304 45.33 0.304 46.68 0.305
4 48.16 0.280 44.41 0.276 42.82 0.274 41.75 0.272 37.65 0.265 38.18 0.265 39.28 0.265
4.5 41.35 0.248 38.11 0.244 36.77 0.242 35.74 0.240 32.36 0.234 32.80 0.234 33.75 0.234
5 36.14 0.222 33.27 0.219 32.12 0.217 31.26 0.215 28.27 0.210 28.70 0.209 29.50 0.210
5.5 31.90 0.202 29.42 0.198 28.38 0.197 27.67 0.195 25.07 0.190 25.43 0.189 26.16 0.190
6 28.58 0.184 26.30 0.181 25.42 0.180 24.68 0.178 22.52 0.173 22.78 0.173 23.49 0.173
6.5 25.82 0.170 23.79 0.167 22.94 0.165 22.37 0.164 20.33 0.159 20.67 0.159 21.32 0.159
7 23.49 0.157 21.64 0.154 20.88 0.153 20.41 0.151 18.60 0.147 18.90 0.147 19.49 0.147
7.5 21.55 0.146 19.81 0.144 19.22 0.142 18.75 0.141 17.16 0.137 17.43 0.136 17.99 0.136
8 19.88 0.137 18.25 0.134 17.66 0.133 17.27 0.131 15.88 0.128 16.23 0.127 16.68 0.127
8.5 18.38 0.129 16.95 0.126 16.45 0.125 16.05 0.123 14.86 0.120 15.10 0.119 15.62 0.119
9 17.12 0.121 15.78 0.119 15.28 0.117 14.97 0.116 13.89 0.113 14.20 0.112 14.62 0.112
9.5 15.99 0.115 14.75 0.112 14.34 0.111 14.03 0.109 13.04 0.107 13.44 0.106 13.84 0.106
10 14.99 0.109 13.84 0.106 13.52 0.105 13.21 0.104 12.32 0.101 12.71 0.100 13.10 0.100
10.5 14.10 0.103 13.06 0.101 12.73 0.100 12.50 0.098 11.72 0.096 12.10 0.095 12.47 0.095
11 13.33 0.098 12.38 0.096 12.05 0.095 11.82 0.094 11.23 0.091 11.50 0.090 11.97 0.090
11.5 12.67 0.094 11.72 0.092 11.38 0.091 11.24 0.089 10.66 0.087 11.02 0.086 11.48 0.086
12 12.02 0.090 11.16 0.088 10.82 0.087 10.78 0.085 10.24 0.083 10.61 0.082 11.00 0.082
12.5 11.38 0.086 10.62 0.084 10.37 0.083 10.29 0.082 9.84 0.079 10.23 0.079 10.63 0.078
13 10.84 0.083 10.12 0.081 9.92 0.079 9.87 0.078 9.49 0.076 9.88 0.076 10.30 0.075
13.5 10.40 0.080 9.68 0.078 9.50 0.076 9.48 0.075 9.16 0.073 9.56 0.072 9.99 0.072
14 9.95 0.077 9.28 0.075 9.13 0.073 9.13 0.072 8.87 0.070 9.28 0.070 9.71 0.069
14.5 9.53 0.074 8.91 0.072 8.78 0.071 8.81 0.070 8.61 0.068 9.03 0.067 9.46 0.067
15 9.15 0.071 8.57 0.069 8.46 0.068 8.52 0.067 8.37 0.065 8.80 0.065 9.22 0.064
15.5 8.80 0.069 8.26 0.067 8.18 0.066 8.25 0.065 8.14 0.063 8.59 0.062 9.02 0.062
16 8.48 0.066 7.96 0.065 7.91 0.064 8.01 0.063 7.94 0.061 8.39 0.060 8.83 0.060
16.5 8.17 0.064 7.69 0.063 7.66 0.062 7.78 0.060 7.76 0.059 8.21 0.058 8.65 0.058
17 7.89 0.062 7.44 0.061 7.43 0.060 7.57 0.059 7.59 0.057 8.05 0.056 8.48 0.056
17.5 7.62 0.060 7.20 0.059 7.22 0.058 7.38 0.057 7.43 0.055 7.90 0.055 8.33 0.054
18 7.38 0.059 6.99 0.057 7.02 0.056 7.19 0.055 7.28 0.053 7.75 0.053 8.19 0.053
18.5 7.14 0.057 6.79 0.055 6.83 0.054 7.03 0.053 7.15 0.052 7.63 0.051 8.07 0.051
19 6.92 0.055 6.59 0.054 6.66 0.053 6.88 0.052 7.02 0.050 7.51 0.050 7.95 0.050
19.5 6.71 0.054 6.42 0.052 6.50 0.051 6.73 0.050 6.91 0.049 7.40 0.048 7.83 0.048
20 6.52 0.053 6.25 0.051 6.35 0.050 6.60 0.049 6.80 0.048 7.30 0.047 7.73 0.047
20.5 6.335 0.051 6.095 0.050 6.212 0.049 6.483 0.048 6.698 0.046 7.194 0.046 7.639 0.046
21 6.171 0.050 5.948 0.048 6.084 0.047 6.365 0.046 6.600 0.045 7.103 0.045 7.547 0.044
21.5 6.004 0.049 5.801 0.047 5.966 0.046 6.254 0.045 6.511 0.044 7.025 0.044 7.456 0.043
22 5.850 0.047 5.676 0.046 5.848 0.045 6.156 0.044 6.433 0.043 6.935 0.042 7.376 0.042
22.5 5.704 0.046 5.550 0.045 5.742 0.044 6.060 0.043 6.354 0.042 6.857 0.041 7.299 0.041
23 5.560 0.045 5.435 0.044 5.636 0.043 5.972 0.042 6.278 0.041 6.789 0.040 7.221 0.040
23.5 5.436 0.044 5.320 0.043 5.540 0.042 5.886 0.041 6.210 0.040 6.723 0.039 7.143 0.039
24 5.312 0.043 5.215 0.042 5.445 0.041 5.809 0.040 6.144 0.039 6.655 0.039 7.076 0.038
24.5 5.189 0.042 5.121 0.041 5.360 0.040 5.735 0.039 6.080 0.038 6.589 0.038 7.010 0.037
25 5.076 0.041 5.027 0.040 5.285 0.039 5.659 0.038 6.014 0.037 6.525 0.037 6.944 0.037
25.5 4.972 0.040 4.933 0.039 5.211 0.038 5.594 0.037 5.959 0.036 6.469 0.036 6.889 0.036
26 4.859 0.040 4.850 0.038 5.127 0.037 5.529 0.037 5.904 0.036 6.404 0.035 6.824 0.035
26.6 4.757 0.039 4.766 0.037 5.062 0.037 5.465 0.036 5.850 0.035 6.349 0.034 6.759 0.034
27.1 4.654 0.038 4.683 0.037 4.988 0.036 5.400 0.035 5.795 0.034 6.295 0.034 6.694 0.033
27.7 4.551 0.037 4.589 0.036 4.915 0.035 5.336 0.034 5.731 0.033 6.230 0.033 6.630 0.033
28.3 4.448 0.036 4.516 0.035 4.841 0.034 5.272 0.033 5.677 0.032 6.176 0.032 6.565 0.032
29 4.346 0.035 4.433 0.034 4.777 0.033 5.208 0.033 5.623 0.032 6.112 0.031 6.501 0.031
29.6 4.243 0.034 4.350 0.033 4.704 0.032 5.154 0.032 5.569 0.031 6.048 0.031 6.437 0.030
30.3 4.141 0.034 4.277 0.032 4.640 0.032 5.090 0.031 5.506 0.030 5.995 0.030 6.364 0.030
31.1 4.049 0.033 4.194 0.032 4.577 0.031 5.037 0.030 5.452 0.029 5.931 0.029 6.300 0.029
31.8 3.957 0.032 4.121 0.031 4.514 0.030 4.973 0.029 5.399 0.029 5.868 0.028 6.227 0.028
32.6 3.864 0.031 4.049 0.030 4.450 0.029 4.920 0.028 5.336 0.028 5.805 0.027 6.154 0.027
33.5 3.772 0.030 3.976 0.029 4.388 0.028 4.857 0.028 5.283 0.027 5.732 0.027 6.081 0.026
34.3 3.680 0.029 3.914 0.028 4.335 0.028 4.804 0.027 5.221 0.026 5.669 0.026 6.008 0.026
35.3 3.589 0.028 3.842 0.027 4.272 0.027 4.741 0.026 5.168 0.026 5.607 0.025 5.926 0.025
36.2 3.507 0.028 3.779 0.027 4.220 0.026 4.689 0.025 5.106 0.025 5.534 0.025 5.853 0.024
37.2 3.425 0.027 3.717 0.026 4.157 0.025 4.636 0.025 5.053 0.024 5.462 0.024 5.771 0.024
38.2 3.343 0.026 3.655 0.025 4.105 0.024 4.574 0.024 4.991 0.023 5.390 0.023 5.689 0.023
39.3 3.272 0.025 3.593 0.024 4.053 0.024 4.522 0.023 4.929 0.023 5.318 0.022 5.607 0.022
40.5 3.190 0.025 3.541 0.024 4.001 0.023 4.470 0.022 4.867 0.022 5.246 0.022 5.526 0.022
41.6 3.119 0.024 3.480 0.023 3.949 0.022 4.408 0.022 4.806 0.021 5.175 0.021 5.434 0.021
42.9 3.057 0.023 3.428 0.022 3.897 0.022 4.356 0.021 4.734 0.021 5.093 0.020 5.353 0.020
44.2 2.986 0.022 3.376 0.021 3.846 0.021 4.295 0.020 4.673 0.020 5.012 0.020 5.261 0.020
45.5 2.925 0.022 3.325 0.021 3.794 0.020 4.243 0.020 4.602 0.019 4.931 0.019 5.170 0.019
46.9 2.864 0.021 3.274 0.020 3.753 0.019 4.182 0.019 4.540 0.019 4.850 0.019 5.079 0.018
48.4 2.803 0.020 3.232 0.019 3.702 0.019 4.121 0.018 4.469 0.018 4.769 0.018 4.978 0.018
49.9 2.742 0.019 3.181 0.019 3.650 0.018 4.060 0.018 4.398 0.017 4.688 0.017 4.887 0.017

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Table B4: Predicted Distances for Compliance with SC-6 limits: 80 degrees Electrical Height
Electrical Height 80 deg
535 kHz 740 kHz 940 kHz 1140 kHz 1340 kHz 1540 kHz 1705 kHz
Distance (m) Etotal (V/m) Htotal (A/m) Etotal (V/m) Htotal (A/m) Etotal (V/m) Htotal (A/m) Etotal (V/m) Htotal (A/m) Etotal (V/m) Htotal (A/m) Etotal (V/m) Htotal (A/m) Etotal (V/m) Htotal (A/m)
2 45.28 0.472 44.85 0.471 43.06 0.466 45.14 0.470 40.86 0.458 43.79 0.463 42.63 0.459
2.5 34.35 0.376 34.10 0.375 32.76 0.372 34.46 0.374 31.40 0.365 33.68 0.369 32.94 0.365
3 27.37 0.312 27.16 0.312 26.25 0.309 27.67 0.310 25.40 0.303 27.26 0.306 26.75 0.303
3.5 22.54 0.267 22.46 0.266 21.81 0.264 23.00 0.265 21.32 0.259 22.85 0.262 22.58 0.259
4 19.00 0.233 19.04 0.232 18.60 0.230 19.63 0.231 18.38 0.226 19.77 0.228 19.63 0.226
4.5 16.52 0.207 16.56 0.206 16.25 0.204 17.18 0.205 16.26 0.200 17.48 0.202 17.43 0.200
5 14.53 0.186 14.64 0.185 14.45 0.183 15.31 0.184 14.59 0.180 15.72 0.182 15.78 0.180
5.5 12.95 0.169 13.06 0.168 12.98 0.166 13.80 0.167 13.32 0.163 14.30 0.165 14.48 0.163
6 11.71 0.154 11.90 0.154 11.83 0.152 12.61 0.153 12.28 0.149 13.22 0.151 13.40 0.149
6.5 10.65 0.142 10.87 0.142 10.90 0.140 11.64 0.141 11.44 0.138 12.33 0.139 12.62 0.137
7 9.78 0.132 10.04 0.132 10.12 0.130 10.86 0.131 10.75 0.128 11.61 0.129 11.91 0.127
7.5 9.06 0.123 9.34 0.123 9.46 0.121 10.18 0.122 10.16 0.119 11.04 0.120 11.34 0.119
8 8.44 0.115 8.73 0.115 8.91 0.114 9.62 0.114 9.68 0.111 10.48 0.112 10.82 0.111
8.5 7.90 0.108 8.22 0.108 8.43 0.107 9.14 0.107 9.24 0.105 10.04 0.105 10.42 0.104
9 7.43 0.102 7.77 0.102 8.02 0.101 8.71 0.101 8.88 0.099 9.65 0.099 10.05 0.099
9.5 7.03 0.097 7.38 0.096 7.66 0.095 8.34 0.096 8.57 0.094 9.33 0.094 9.73 0.093
10 6.66 0.092 7.04 0.092 7.34 0.090 8.02 0.091 8.29 0.089 9.03 0.089 9.46 0.088
10.5 6.34 0.087 6.73 0.087 7.07 0.086 7.74 0.086 8.04 0.084 8.78 0.085 9.21 0.084
11 6.06 0.083 6.46 0.083 6.82 0.082 7.48 0.082 7.82 0.081 8.56 0.081 9.00 0.080
11.5 5.81 0.080 6.22 0.079 6.60 0.078 7.26 0.079 7.62 0.077 8.35 0.077 8.80 0.077
12 5.57 0.076 6.00 0.076 6.40 0.075 7.06 0.075 7.45 0.074 8.16 0.074 8.63 0.073
12.5 5.36 0.073 5.80 0.073 6.22 0.072 6.88 0.072 7.29 0.071 8.00 0.071 8.47 0.070
13 5.17 0.070 5.63 0.070 6.05 0.069 6.72 0.069 7.15 0.068 7.85 0.068 8.32 0.068
13.5 5.00 0.068 5.46 0.067 5.91 0.067 6.57 0.067 7.02 0.065 7.72 0.066 8.19 0.065
14 4.83 0.065 5.31 0.065 5.77 0.064 6.43 0.064 6.90 0.063 7.59 0.063 8.06 0.063
14.5 4.69 0.063 5.18 0.063 5.65 0.062 6.31 0.062 6.79 0.061 7.47 0.061 7.95 0.060
15 4.55 0.061 5.06 0.060 5.54 0.060 6.19 0.060 6.69 0.059 7.36 0.059 7.85 0.058
15.5 4.44 0.059 4.94 0.058 5.44 0.058 6.09 0.058 6.60 0.057 7.27 0.057 7.75 0.056
16 4.32 0.057 4.83 0.057 5.34 0.056 5.99 0.056 6.51 0.055 7.18 0.055 7.66 0.055
16.5 4.21 0.055 4.73 0.055 5.25 0.054 5.90 0.054 6.43 0.053 7.10 0.053 7.57 0.053
17 4.12 0.054 4.64 0.053 5.16 0.053 5.82 0.053 6.35 0.052 7.02 0.052 7.49 0.051
17.5 4.02 0.052 4.56 0.052 5.09 0.051 5.74 0.051 6.28 0.050 6.94 0.050 7.42 0.050
18 3.94 0.051 4.48 0.050 5.02 0.050 5.68 0.049 6.21 0.049 6.87 0.049 7.34 0.048
18.5 3.85 0.049 4.41 0.049 4.95 0.048 5.61 0.048 6.15 0.047 6.80 0.047 7.27 0.047
19 3.78 0.048 4.33 0.047 4.89 0.047 5.54 0.047 6.09 0.046 6.73 0.046 7.20 0.046
19.5 3.72 0.047 4.27 0.046 4.83 0.046 5.49 0.046 6.04 0.045 6.68 0.045 7.14 0.044
20 3.64 0.045 4.21 0.045 4.78 0.044 5.43 0.044 5.98 0.044 6.62 0.044 7.08 0.043
20.5 3.589 0.044 4.150 0.044 4.726 0.043 5.377 0.043 5.935 0.042 6.565 0.043 7.024 0.042
21 3.526 0.043 4.097 0.043 4.673 0.042 5.323 0.042 5.881 0.041 6.509 0.041 6.960 0.041
21.5 3.474 0.042 4.054 0.042 4.629 0.041 5.279 0.041 5.837 0.040 6.455 0.040 6.904 0.040
22 3.422 0.041 4.001 0.041 4.586 0.040 5.235 0.040 5.793 0.040 6.400 0.040 6.850 0.039
22.5 3.369 0.040 3.958 0.040 4.543 0.039 5.191 0.039 5.749 0.039 6.356 0.039 6.806 0.038
23 3.327 0.039 3.916 0.039 4.500 0.038 5.148 0.038 5.706 0.038 6.312 0.038 6.752 0.037
23.5 3.276 0.038 3.874 0.038 4.468 0.038 5.105 0.038 5.663 0.037 6.269 0.037 6.698 0.037
24 3.234 0.038 3.841 0.037 4.435 0.037 5.072 0.037 5.630 0.036 6.225 0.036 6.655 0.036
24.5 3.202 0.037 3.799 0.037 4.393 0.036 5.039 0.036 5.588 0.035 6.172 0.035 6.602 0.035
25 3.161 0.036 3.767 0.036 4.361 0.035 4.997 0.035 5.555 0.035 6.140 0.035 6.559 0.034
25.5 3.129 0.035 3.736 0.035 4.329 0.035 4.964 0.034 5.523 0.034 6.097 0.034 6.516 0.034
26 3.088 0.035 3.704 0.034 4.297 0.034 4.932 0.034 5.481 0.033 6.054 0.033 6.464 0.033
26.6 3.057 0.034 3.672 0.034 4.275 0.033 4.900 0.033 5.449 0.033 6.012 0.033 6.421 0.032
27.1 3.015 0.033 3.641 0.033 4.243 0.032 4.868 0.032 5.407 0.032 5.969 0.032 6.369 0.032
27.7 2.984 0.032 3.609 0.032 4.212 0.032 4.826 0.032 5.375 0.031 5.917 0.031 6.317 0.031
28.3 2.953 0.032 3.578 0.031 4.180 0.031 4.794 0.031 5.333 0.030 5.875 0.030 6.264 0.030
29 2.922 0.031 3.546 0.031 4.148 0.030 4.762 0.030 5.291 0.030 5.833 0.030 6.212 0.029
29.6 2.881 0.030 3.515 0.030 4.117 0.030 4.730 0.029 5.259 0.029 5.781 0.029 6.160 0.029
30.3 2.850 0.030 3.483 0.029 4.085 0.029 4.688 0.029 5.217 0.028 5.729 0.028 6.108 0.028
31.1 2.818 0.029 3.452 0.029 4.054 0.028 4.656 0.028 5.175 0.028 5.687 0.028 6.046 0.027
31.8 2.787 0.028 3.421 0.028 4.022 0.027 4.615 0.027 5.134 0.027 5.635 0.027 5.984 0.027
32.6 2.756 0.027 3.390 0.027 3.991 0.027 4.583 0.027 5.082 0.026 5.573 0.026 5.923 0.026
33.5 2.725 0.027 3.358 0.026 3.960 0.026 4.541 0.026 5.040 0.026 5.521 0.026 5.861 0.025
34.3 2.694 0.026 3.337 0.026 3.928 0.025 4.500 0.025 4.999 0.025 5.470 0.025 5.799 0.025
35.3 2.664 0.025 3.306 0.025 3.897 0.025 4.468 0.025 4.948 0.024 5.408 0.024 5.728 0.024
36.2 2.633 0.025 3.275 0.024 3.866 0.024 4.427 0.024 4.896 0.024 5.347 0.024 5.666 0.023
37.2 2.612 0.024 3.244 0.024 3.835 0.023 4.386 0.023 4.855 0.023 5.286 0.023 5.595 0.023
38.2 2.581 0.023 3.213 0.023 3.794 0.023 4.345 0.023 4.804 0.022 5.224 0.022 5.524 0.022
39.3 2.550 0.023 3.192 0.022 3.763 0.022 4.304 0.022 4.753 0.022 5.163 0.022 5.443 0.022
40.5 2.530 0.022 3.161 0.022 3.732 0.021 4.262 0.021 4.692 0.021 5.092 0.021 5.372 0.021
41.6 2.499 0.021 3.130 0.021 3.701 0.021 4.211 0.021 4.641 0.020 5.031 0.020 5.291 0.020
42.9 2.478 0.021 3.100 0.020 3.660 0.020 4.171 0.020 4.580 0.020 4.960 0.020 5.210 0.020
44.2 2.448 0.020 3.079 0.020 3.629 0.020 4.130 0.019 4.529 0.019 4.889 0.019 5.129 0.019
45.5 2.427 0.019 3.048 0.019 3.589 0.019 4.079 0.019 4.468 0.019 4.808 0.019 5.048 0.019
46.9 2.397 0.019 3.018 0.019 3.558 0.018 4.028 0.018 4.407 0.018 4.737 0.018 4.957 0.018
48.4 2.376 0.018 2.987 0.018 3.517 0.018 3.977 0.018 4.337 0.018 4.657 0.017 4.877 0.017
49.9 2.356 0.018 2.956 0.017 3.476 0.017 3.927 0.017 4.276 0.017 4.586 0.017 4.786 0.017

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Table B5: Predicted Distances for Compliance with SC-6 limits: 90 degrees Electrical Height
Electrical Height 90 deg
535 kHz 740 kHz 940 kHz 1140 kHz 1340 kHz 1540 kHz 1705 kHz
Distance (m) Etotal (V/m) Htotal (A/m) Etotal (V/m) Htotal (A/m) Etotal (V/m) Htotal (A/m) Etotal (V/m) Htotal (A/m) Etotal (V/m) Htotal (A/m) Etotal (V/m) Htotal (A/m) Etotal (V/m) Htotal (A/m)
2 37.81 0.397 37.26 0.396 38.53 0.390 38.58 0.388 38.01 0.389 38.86 0.384 37.81 0.387
2.5 28.88 0.317 28.58 0.316 29.63 0.312 29.77 0.310 29.50 0.310 30.30 0.307 29.61 0.309
3 23.19 0.263 23.02 0.263 24.01 0.259 24.20 0.258 24.15 0.258 24.94 0.256 24.49 0.257
3.5 19.17 0.225 19.19 0.225 20.09 0.222 20.41 0.221 20.43 0.221 21.21 0.219 21.06 0.220
4 16.35 0.197 16.55 0.197 17.36 0.194 17.73 0.193 17.80 0.193 18.62 0.192 18.53 0.193
4.5 14.30 0.175 14.46 0.175 15.29 0.172 15.69 0.172 15.91 0.172 16.65 0.170 16.61 0.171
5 12.64 0.157 12.93 0.157 13.67 0.155 14.11 0.155 14.35 0.155 15.11 0.153 15.19 0.154
5.5 11.34 0.143 11.66 0.143 12.41 0.141 12.86 0.141 13.23 0.141 13.90 0.140 14.09 0.141
6 10.32 0.131 10.68 0.131 11.34 0.129 11.81 0.129 12.19 0.129 12.86 0.128 13.08 0.129
6.5 9.46 0.121 9.82 0.121 10.53 0.119 11.00 0.119 11.39 0.119 12.08 0.118 12.39 0.119
7 8.75 0.112 9.12 0.112 9.82 0.111 10.33 0.111 10.73 0.111 11.42 0.110 11.74 0.111
7.5 8.14 0.105 8.54 0.105 9.22 0.104 9.74 0.103 10.18 0.104 10.88 0.103 11.20 0.104
8 7.61 0.098 8.04 0.098 8.71 0.097 9.23 0.097 9.70 0.097 10.35 0.097 10.68 0.097
8.5 7.16 0.093 7.59 0.093 8.27 0.092 8.80 0.091 9.28 0.092 9.93 0.091 10.26 0.092
9 6.76 0.087 7.22 0.088 7.88 0.087 8.42 0.086 8.92 0.087 9.57 0.086 9.94 0.087
9.5 6.42 0.083 6.88 0.083 7.54 0.082 8.09 0.082 8.60 0.082 9.24 0.082 9.63 0.082
10 6.11 0.079 6.58 0.079 7.24 0.078 7.80 0.078 8.32 0.078 8.95 0.078 9.36 0.078
10.5 5.84 0.075 6.32 0.075 6.98 0.074 7.54 0.074 8.06 0.075 8.70 0.074 9.11 0.075
11 5.60 0.072 6.10 0.072 6.74 0.071 7.30 0.071 7.84 0.071 8.47 0.071 8.89 0.071
11.5 5.37 0.069 5.88 0.069 6.53 0.068 7.10 0.068 7.64 0.068 8.27 0.068 8.69 0.068
12 5.17 0.066 5.69 0.066 6.33 0.065 6.91 0.065 7.46 0.065 8.08 0.065 8.52 0.066
12.5 5.00 0.063 5.52 0.063 6.16 0.063 6.74 0.063 7.29 0.063 7.91 0.063 8.35 0.063
13 4.83 0.061 5.36 0.061 6.01 0.060 6.59 0.060 7.14 0.061 7.75 0.060 8.20 0.061
13.5 4.68 0.059 5.22 0.059 5.85 0.058 6.44 0.058 7.00 0.058 7.62 0.058 8.07 0.058
14 4.54 0.056 5.09 0.057 5.72 0.056 6.31 0.056 6.88 0.056 7.49 0.056 7.94 0.056
14.5 4.41 0.055 4.97 0.055 5.60 0.054 6.19 0.054 6.76 0.054 7.37 0.054 7.82 0.055
15 4.30 0.053 4.85 0.053 5.49 0.052 6.08 0.052 6.66 0.053 7.26 0.052 7.71 0.053
15.5 4.19 0.051 4.75 0.051 5.39 0.051 5.97 0.051 6.55 0.051 7.16 0.051 7.61 0.051
16 4.09 0.049 4.65 0.050 5.30 0.049 5.88 0.049 6.46 0.049 7.06 0.049 7.52 0.050
16.5 4.00 0.048 4.57 0.048 5.20 0.048 5.79 0.048 6.37 0.048 6.97 0.048 7.43 0.048
17 3.91 0.047 4.49 0.047 5.12 0.046 5.71 0.046 6.29 0.047 6.88 0.046 7.34 0.047
17.5 3.83 0.045 4.41 0.045 5.04 0.045 5.64 0.045 6.22 0.045 6.80 0.045 7.26 0.045
18 3.75 0.044 4.34 0.044 4.97 0.044 5.57 0.044 6.15 0.044 6.73 0.044 7.19 0.044
18.5 3.68 0.043 4.27 0.043 4.90 0.043 5.50 0.043 6.07 0.043 6.66 0.043 7.12 0.043
19 3.62 0.042 4.21 0.042 4.84 0.042 5.44 0.042 6.01 0.042 6.59 0.042 7.04 0.042
19.5 3.56 0.041 4.15 0.041 4.78 0.041 5.38 0.041 5.95 0.041 6.53 0.041 6.98 0.041
20 3.50 0.040 4.09 0.040 4.72 0.040 5.31 0.040 5.90 0.040 6.46 0.040 6.91 0.040
20.5 3.440 0.039 4.044 0.039 4.668 0.039 5.263 0.039 5.839 0.039 6.403 0.039 6.848 0.039
21 3.389 0.038 3.994 0.038 4.618 0.038 5.213 0.038 5.788 0.038 6.351 0.038 6.797 0.038
21.5 3.339 0.037 3.943 0.037 4.567 0.037 5.162 0.037 5.737 0.037 6.300 0.037 6.735 0.037
22 3.298 0.036 3.903 0.036 4.526 0.036 5.121 0.036 5.696 0.036 6.249 0.036 6.683 0.036
22.5 3.248 0.035 3.863 0.035 4.486 0.035 5.080 0.035 5.645 0.036 6.198 0.035 6.632 0.036
23 3.208 0.035 3.822 0.035 4.445 0.035 5.030 0.035 5.604 0.035 6.147 0.035 6.581 0.035
23.5 3.168 0.034 3.782 0.034 4.405 0.034 4.989 0.034 5.563 0.034 6.096 0.034 6.529 0.034
24 3.127 0.033 3.741 0.033 4.364 0.033 4.958 0.033 5.513 0.033 6.055 0.033 6.478 0.034
24.5 3.097 0.033 3.711 0.033 4.334 0.033 4.918 0.033 5.482 0.033 6.014 0.033 6.427 0.033
25 3.057 0.032 3.681 0.032 4.294 0.032 4.877 0.032 5.441 0.032 5.963 0.032 6.386 0.032
25.5 3.027 0.031 3.650 0.031 4.263 0.031 4.847 0.031 5.400 0.031 5.922 0.031 6.335 0.032
26 2.996 0.031 3.610 0.031 4.233 0.031 4.816 0.031 5.359 0.031 5.881 0.031 6.294 0.031
26.6 2.966 0.030 3.580 0.030 4.202 0.030 4.775 0.030 5.329 0.030 5.840 0.030 6.243 0.030
27.1 2.936 0.029 3.550 0.030 4.162 0.029 4.745 0.030 5.288 0.030 5.789 0.030 6.192 0.030
27.7 2.896 0.029 3.519 0.029 4.132 0.029 4.704 0.029 5.247 0.029 5.749 0.029 6.141 0.029
28.3 2.866 0.028 3.489 0.028 4.101 0.028 4.674 0.028 5.206 0.028 5.708 0.028 6.090 0.029
29 2.835 0.028 3.459 0.028 4.071 0.028 4.633 0.028 5.166 0.028 5.657 0.028 6.039 0.028
29.6 2.805 0.027 3.428 0.027 4.040 0.027 4.603 0.027 5.125 0.027 5.606 0.027 5.988 0.027
30.3 2.775 0.026 3.398 0.026 4.000 0.026 4.562 0.026 5.084 0.027 5.565 0.027 5.937 0.027
31.1 2.745 0.026 3.368 0.026 3.970 0.026 4.532 0.026 5.044 0.026 5.515 0.026 5.876 0.026
31.8 2.715 0.025 3.337 0.025 3.939 0.025 4.491 0.025 5.003 0.025 5.464 0.025 5.825 0.026
32.6 2.685 0.025 3.307 0.025 3.909 0.025 4.451 0.025 4.962 0.025 5.413 0.025 5.764 0.025
33.5 2.654 0.024 3.277 0.024 3.868 0.024 4.410 0.024 4.912 0.024 5.352 0.024 5.703 0.024
34.3 2.634 0.023 3.257 0.023 3.838 0.023 4.380 0.023 4.871 0.024 5.302 0.024 5.642 0.024
35.3 2.604 0.023 3.226 0.023 3.808 0.023 4.339 0.023 4.820 0.023 5.251 0.023 5.582 0.023
36.2 2.574 0.022 3.196 0.022 3.767 0.022 4.299 0.022 4.770 0.022 5.190 0.022 5.511 0.023
37.2 2.544 0.022 3.166 0.022 3.737 0.022 4.258 0.022 4.729 0.022 5.130 0.022 5.450 0.022
38.2 2.524 0.021 3.135 0.021 3.707 0.021 4.218 0.021 4.679 0.021 5.069 0.021 5.379 0.021
39.3 2.493 0.020 3.105 0.021 3.666 0.021 4.177 0.021 4.628 0.021 5.008 0.021 5.309 0.021
40.5 2.463 0.020 3.085 0.020 3.636 0.020 4.137 0.020 4.578 0.020 4.948 0.020 5.238 0.020
41.6 2.443 0.019 3.055 0.019 3.605 0.019 4.086 0.020 4.517 0.020 4.887 0.020 5.158 0.020
42.9 2.413 0.019 3.024 0.019 3.565 0.019 4.046 0.019 4.467 0.019 4.817 0.019 5.087 0.019
44.2 2.393 0.018 2.994 0.018 3.535 0.018 4.006 0.018 4.406 0.019 4.756 0.019 5.006 0.019
45.5 2.363 0.018 2.964 0.018 3.495 0.018 3.955 0.018 4.356 0.018 4.686 0.018 4.936 0.018
46.9 2.343 0.017 2.944 0.017 3.454 0.017 3.905 0.017 4.295 0.017 4.615 0.017 4.855 0.018
48.4 2.322 0.017 2.913 0.017 3.424 0.017 3.864 0.017 4.235 0.017 4.545 0.017 4.775 0.017
49.9 2.292 0.016 2.883 0.016 3.384 0.016 3.814 0.016 4.174 0.016 4.474 0.016 4.685 0.016

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Table B6: Predicted Distances for Compliance with SC-6 limits: 108 degrees Electrical Height
Electric Height 108 deg
535 kHz 740 kHz 940 kHz 1140 kHz 1340 kHz 1540 kHz 1705 kHz
Distance (m) Etotal (V/m) Htotal (A/m) Etotal (V/m) Htotal (A/m) Etotal (V/m) Htotal (A/m) Etotal (V/m) Htotal (A/m) Etotal (V/m) Htotal (A/m) Etotal (V/m) Htotal (A/m) Etotal (V/m) Htotal (A/m)
2 93.87 0.285 91.23 0.282 88.01 0.282 84.93 0.283 82.08 0.285 79.06 0.288 80.31 0.282
2.5 71.13 0.228 69.11 0.225 66.74 0.226 64.58 0.227 62.43 0.228 60.21 0.231 61.26 0.227
3 56.47 0.190 54.93 0.188 53.12 0.188 51.38 0.189 49.86 0.191 48.14 0.193 49.01 0.190
3.5 46.44 0.163 45.22 0.161 43.78 0.162 42.51 0.163 41.17 0.164 39.91 0.166 40.66 0.163
4 39.19 0.142 38.20 0.142 37.13 0.142 36.01 0.143 35.04 0.144 33.94 0.146 34.65 0.144
4.5 33.80 0.127 33.02 0.126 32.03 0.127 31.13 0.128 30.37 0.129 29.52 0.131 30.11 0.129
5 29.65 0.114 28.94 0.114 28.19 0.114 27.44 0.115 26.75 0.117 26.12 0.118 26.60 0.117
5.5 26.33 0.104 25.76 0.104 25.06 0.104 24.48 0.105 23.91 0.107 23.33 0.108 23.90 0.107
6 23.65 0.096 23.20 0.096 22.56 0.096 22.11 0.097 21.67 0.098 21.14 0.100 21.62 0.099
6.5 21.45 0.089 21.03 0.089 20.51 0.089 20.09 0.090 19.68 0.091 19.37 0.093 19.76 0.092
7 19.57 0.083 19.26 0.082 18.76 0.083 18.47 0.084 18.18 0.085 17.79 0.087 18.27 0.086
7.5 17.96 0.077 17.67 0.077 17.29 0.078 17.01 0.079 16.73 0.080 16.56 0.081 16.95 0.080
8 16.60 0.073 16.43 0.073 16.06 0.073 15.79 0.074 15.63 0.075 15.47 0.077 15.85 0.076
8.5 15.48 0.069 15.22 0.069 14.96 0.069 14.80 0.070 14.65 0.071 14.50 0.073 14.89 0.072
9 14.49 0.065 14.24 0.065 13.99 0.066 13.84 0.067 13.79 0.068 13.65 0.069 14.04 0.068
9.5 13.52 0.062 13.37 0.062 13.23 0.063 13.09 0.064 12.95 0.065 12.92 0.066 13.31 0.065
10 12.77 0.059 12.62 0.059 12.48 0.060 12.35 0.061 12.32 0.062 12.29 0.063 12.68 0.062
10.5 12.02 0.056 11.89 0.056 11.75 0.057 11.72 0.058 11.69 0.059 11.67 0.060 12.06 0.060
11 11.39 0.054 11.35 0.054 11.22 0.055 11.19 0.056 11.17 0.057 11.25 0.058 11.55 0.057
11.5 10.86 0.051 10.73 0.052 10.70 0.053 10.68 0.053 10.66 0.054 10.74 0.055 11.14 0.055
12 10.33 0.049 10.21 0.050 10.18 0.051 10.16 0.051 10.25 0.052 10.33 0.053 10.73 0.053
12.5 9.82 0.048 9.79 0.048 9.76 0.049 9.78 0.050 9.86 0.051 9.97 0.052 10.32 0.051
13 9.39 0.046 9.38 0.046 9.36 0.047 9.40 0.048 9.50 0.049 9.63 0.050 9.98 0.050
13.5 8.99 0.044 8.99 0.045 9.00 0.045 9.05 0.046 9.17 0.047 9.32 0.048 9.66 0.048
14 8.63 0.043 8.64 0.043 8.66 0.044 8.74 0.045 8.87 0.046 9.04 0.047 9.38 0.047
14.5 8.29 0.041 8.32 0.042 8.35 0.043 8.45 0.043 8.60 0.044 8.78 0.045 9.12 0.045
15 7.98 0.040 8.02 0.041 8.07 0.041 8.18 0.042 8.34 0.043 8.55 0.044 8.89 0.044
15.5 7.69 0.039 7.74 0.039 7.81 0.040 7.94 0.041 8.11 0.042 8.33 0.043 8.67 0.043
16 7.42 0.038 7.49 0.038 7.57 0.039 7.70 0.040 7.90 0.041 8.13 0.042 8.47 0.042
16.5 7.18 0.037 7.25 0.037 7.35 0.038 7.49 0.039 7.70 0.040 7.94 0.040 8.28 0.040
17 6.94 0.036 7.03 0.036 7.13 0.037 7.30 0.038 7.52 0.039 7.77 0.039 8.11 0.039
17.5 6.73 0.035 6.82 0.035 6.94 0.036 7.12 0.037 7.35 0.038 7.60 0.038 7.94 0.038
18 6.52 0.034 6.63 0.034 6.75 0.035 6.95 0.036 7.18 0.037 7.45 0.038 7.78 0.038
18.5 6.33 0.033 6.44 0.034 6.59 0.034 6.79 0.035 7.03 0.036 7.31 0.037 7.64 0.037
19 6.15 0.032 6.27 0.033 6.43 0.034 6.63 0.034 6.89 0.035 7.18 0.036 7.51 0.036
19.5 5.98 0.031 6.11 0.032 6.28 0.033 6.49 0.034 6.76 0.034 7.06 0.035 7.39 0.035
20 5.82 0.031 5.96 0.031 6.14 0.032 6.36 0.033 6.63 0.034 6.94 0.034 7.27 0.034
20.5 5.674 0.030 5.818 0.031 6.005 0.031 6.243 0.032 6.523 0.033 6.834 0.034 7.165 0.034
21 5.532 0.029 5.687 0.030 5.874 0.031 6.123 0.031 6.413 0.032 6.734 0.033 7.065 0.033
21.5 5.391 0.029 5.556 0.029 5.754 0.030 6.012 0.031 6.313 0.032 6.634 0.032 6.965 0.032
22 5.270 0.028 5.436 0.029 5.643 0.029 5.912 0.030 6.213 0.031 6.544 0.032 6.865 0.032
22.5 5.149 0.028 5.325 0.028 5.543 0.029 5.812 0.030 6.123 0.030 6.454 0.031 6.785 0.031
23 5.028 0.027 5.214 0.028 5.442 0.028 5.712 0.029 6.033 0.030 6.374 0.030 6.695 0.031
23.5 4.917 0.027 5.114 0.027 5.342 0.028 5.632 0.029 5.953 0.029 6.294 0.030 6.615 0.030
24 4.816 0.026 5.013 0.027 5.252 0.027 5.542 0.028 5.873 0.029 6.224 0.029 6.545 0.029
24.5 4.716 0.026 4.923 0.026 5.172 0.027 5.462 0.028 5.793 0.028 6.154 0.029 6.465 0.029
25 4.625 0.025 4.833 0.026 5.091 0.026 5.392 0.027 5.723 0.028 6.084 0.028 6.395 0.028
25.5 4.535 0.025 4.752 0.025 5.011 0.026 5.322 0.027 5.663 0.027 6.014 0.028 6.335 0.028
26 4.444 0.024 4.662 0.025 4.931 0.025 5.242 0.026 5.593 0.027 5.954 0.027 6.265 0.028
26.6 4.354 0.024 4.582 0.024 4.861 0.025 5.172 0.026 5.523 0.026 5.884 0.027 6.195 0.027
27.1 4.263 0.023 4.502 0.024 4.781 0.025 5.102 0.025 5.453 0.026 5.825 0.026 6.135 0.027
27.7 4.173 0.023 4.421 0.023 4.711 0.024 5.042 0.025 5.393 0.025 5.755 0.026 6.065 0.026
28.3 4.093 0.022 4.341 0.023 4.631 0.024 4.972 0.024 5.323 0.025 5.694 0.025 5.995 0.026
29 4.002 0.022 4.261 0.023 4.561 0.023 4.902 0.024 5.263 0.024 5.625 0.025 5.935 0.025
29.6 3.922 0.022 4.181 0.022 4.491 0.023 4.832 0.023 5.193 0.024 5.564 0.025 5.865 0.025
30.3 3.832 0.021 4.111 0.022 4.421 0.022 4.762 0.023 5.133 0.024 5.504 0.024 5.795 0.024
31.1 3.752 0.021 4.031 0.021 4.351 0.022 4.702 0.022 5.073 0.023 5.434 0.024 5.735 0.024
31.8 3.671 0.020 3.951 0.021 4.281 0.021 4.632 0.022 5.003 0.023 5.374 0.023 5.665 0.023
32.6 3.591 0.020 3.881 0.020 4.211 0.021 4.572 0.022 4.943 0.022 5.314 0.023 5.595 0.023
33.5 3.511 0.019 3.811 0.020 4.151 0.021 4.512 0.021 4.883 0.022 5.244 0.022 5.525 0.022
34.3 3.431 0.019 3.740 0.020 4.081 0.020 4.442 0.021 4.813 0.021 5.184 0.022 5.465 0.022
35.3 3.361 0.018 3.670 0.019 4.021 0.020 4.382 0.020 4.753 0.021 5.114 0.021 5.394 0.021
36.2 3.281 0.018 3.600 0.019 3.951 0.019 4.322 0.020 4.693 0.020 5.054 0.021 5.324 0.021
37.2 3.211 0.018 3.530 0.018 3.891 0.019 4.262 0.019 4.633 0.020 4.994 0.020 5.254 0.020
38.2 3.140 0.017 3.470 0.018 3.831 0.018 4.202 0.019 4.573 0.019 4.924 0.020 5.184 0.020
39.3 3.070 0.017 3.410 0.017 3.771 0.018 4.142 0.018 4.513 0.019 4.864 0.019 5.114 0.019
40.5 3.000 0.016 3.340 0.017 3.711 0.017 4.092 0.018 4.453 0.018 4.793 0.019 5.044 0.019
41.6 2.930 0.016 3.280 0.017 3.651 0.017 4.032 0.018 4.393 0.018 4.723 0.018 4.974 0.018
42.9 2.870 0.016 3.230 0.016 3.601 0.017 3.972 0.017 4.332 0.018 4.663 0.018 4.893 0.018
44.2 2.810 0.015 3.170 0.016 3.541 0.016 3.922 0.017 4.272 0.017 4.593 0.017 4.823 0.018
45.5 2.740 0.015 3.110 0.015 3.491 0.016 3.862 0.016 4.212 0.017 4.523 0.017 4.753 0.017
46.9 2.690 0.014 3.060 0.015 3.441 0.015 3.812 0.016 4.152 0.016 4.463 0.016 4.673 0.017
48.4 2.630 0.014 3.010 0.015 3.391 0.015 3.752 0.015 4.092 0.016 4.393 0.016 4.593 0.016
49.9 2.570 0.014 2.960 0.014 3.331 0.015 3.702 0.015 4.032 0.015 4.323 0.016 4.523 0.016

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Table B7: Predicted Distances for Compliance with SC-6 limits: 135 degrees Electrical Height
Electric Height 135 deg
535 kHz 740 kHz 940 kHz 1140 kHz 1340 kHz 1540 kHz 1705 kHz
Distance (m) Etotal (V/m) Htotal (A/m) Etotal (V/m) Htotal (A/m) Etotal (V/m) Htotal (A/m) Etotal (V/m) Htotal (A/m) Etotal (V/m) Htotal (A/m) Etotal (V/m) Htotal (A/m) Etotal (V/m) Htotal (A/m)
2 151.16 0.157 144.22 0.158 139.61 0.158 135.16 0.159 130.77 0.162 127.43 0.165 125.21 0.166
2.5 114.29 0.126 109.02 0.127 105.44 0.127 102.30 0.128 99.15 0.131 96.71 0.133 95.06 0.134
3 90.61 0.106 86.44 0.106 83.62 0.107 81.15 0.108 78.76 0.110 76.86 0.112 75.60 0.113
3.5 74.40 0.091 71.02 0.092 68.77 0.093 66.73 0.094 64.84 0.096 63.24 0.098 62.20 0.099
4 62.68 0.080 59.91 0.081 58.02 0.082 56.33 0.083 54.73 0.085 53.48 0.087 52.60 0.088
4.5 54.01 0.072 51.58 0.073 49.95 0.074 48.55 0.075 47.23 0.077 46.11 0.079 45.38 0.080
5 47.32 0.065 45.17 0.066 43.74 0.067 42.49 0.068 41.37 0.070 40.48 0.072 39.85 0.073
5.5 41.88 0.060 40.05 0.061 38.85 0.062 37.78 0.063 36.72 0.065 35.93 0.066 35.44 0.067
6 37.55 0.055 35.92 0.056 34.89 0.057 33.93 0.058 33.00 0.060 32.29 0.062 31.78 0.063
6.5 33.97 0.051 32.50 0.052 31.58 0.053 30.65 0.055 29.95 0.056 29.25 0.058 28.87 0.059
7 30.96 0.048 29.63 0.049 28.83 0.050 28.04 0.051 27.34 0.053 26.76 0.055 26.40 0.056
7.5 28.50 0.045 27.29 0.046 26.41 0.047 25.73 0.049 25.15 0.050 24.58 0.052 24.33 0.053
8 26.32 0.043 25.14 0.044 24.46 0.045 23.80 0.046 23.23 0.048 22.77 0.049 22.53 0.050
8.5 24.41 0.040 23.34 0.042 22.68 0.043 22.13 0.044 21.57 0.046 21.21 0.047 20.88 0.048
9 22.75 0.038 21.79 0.040 21.14 0.041 20.69 0.042 20.14 0.044 19.80 0.045 19.56 0.046
9.5 21.23 0.037 20.37 0.038 19.83 0.039 19.39 0.040 18.94 0.042 18.60 0.043 18.38 0.044
10 20.03 0.035 19.18 0.036 18.64 0.037 18.20 0.039 17.76 0.040 17.43 0.042 17.31 0.043
10.5 18.85 0.034 18.10 0.035 17.57 0.036 17.14 0.037 16.80 0.039 16.47 0.040 16.35 0.041
11 17.78 0.032 17.04 0.034 16.61 0.035 16.28 0.036 15.85 0.037 15.63 0.039 15.51 0.040
11.5 16.83 0.031 16.19 0.032 15.77 0.033 15.44 0.035 15.11 0.036 14.89 0.038 14.77 0.039
12 15.98 0.030 15.35 0.031 15.03 0.032 14.60 0.034 14.38 0.035 14.16 0.037 14.04 0.037
12.5 15.24 0.029 14.62 0.030 14.29 0.031 13.97 0.033 13.65 0.034 13.53 0.035 13.42 0.036
13 14.51 0.028 13.99 0.029 13.67 0.030 13.35 0.032 13.13 0.033 12.91 0.034 12.80 0.035
13.5 13.89 0.027 13.36 0.028 13.05 0.030 12.73 0.031 12.51 0.032 12.39 0.034 12.28 0.034
14 13.27 0.026 12.84 0.028 12.53 0.029 12.21 0.030 12.00 0.031 11.88 0.033 11.87 0.034
14.5 12.75 0.026 12.23 0.027 12.01 0.028 11.80 0.029 11.58 0.031 11.47 0.032 11.36 0.033
15 12.23 0.025 11.81 0.026 11.50 0.027 11.28 0.029 11.17 0.030 11.06 0.031 10.95 0.032
15.5 11.81 0.024 11.30 0.026 11.09 0.027 10.87 0.028 10.76 0.029 10.65 0.031 10.64 0.031
16 11.30 0.024 10.89 0.025 10.68 0.026 10.46 0.027 10.35 0.029 10.24 0.030 10.24 0.031
16.5 10.89 0.023 10.58 0.024 10.27 0.025 10.16 0.027 10.01 0.028 9.95 0.029 9.94 0.030
17 10.58 0.022 10.17 0.024 9.96 0.025 9.80 0.026 9.68 0.027 9.63 0.029 9.65 0.030
17.5 10.17 0.022 9.83 0.023 9.63 0.024 9.49 0.026 9.39 0.027 9.35 0.028 9.36 0.029
18 9.87 0.021 9.52 0.023 9.33 0.024 9.20 0.025 9.10 0.026 9.07 0.028 9.10 0.028
18.5 9.55 0.021 9.22 0.022 9.04 0.023 8.92 0.025 8.84 0.026 8.83 0.027 8.86 0.028
19 9.26 0.021 8.94 0.022 8.77 0.023 8.66 0.024 8.59 0.025 8.59 0.027 8.63 0.027
19.5 8.98 0.020 8.67 0.021 8.51 0.023 8.42 0.024 8.36 0.025 8.37 0.026 8.42 0.027
20 8.72 0.020 8.43 0.021 8.28 0.022 8.19 0.023 8.14 0.025 8.16 0.026 8.22 0.027
20.5 8.462 0.019 8.184 0.021 8.047 0.022 7.971 0.023 7.936 0.024 7.961 0.025 8.029 0.026
21 8.228 0.019 7.961 0.020 7.835 0.021 7.769 0.023 7.744 0.024 7.780 0.025 7.847 0.026
21.5 8.005 0.019 7.748 0.020 7.632 0.021 7.577 0.022 7.562 0.023 7.608 0.025 7.686 0.025
22 7.792 0.018 7.556 0.020 7.440 0.021 7.395 0.022 7.391 0.023 7.437 0.024 7.525 0.025
22.5 7.590 0.018 7.363 0.019 7.258 0.020 7.224 0.022 7.220 0.023 7.286 0.024 7.374 0.025
23 7.397 0.018 7.181 0.019 7.086 0.020 7.052 0.021 7.068 0.022 7.135 0.023 7.234 0.024
23.5 7.215 0.017 7.010 0.019 6.925 0.020 6.901 0.021 6.917 0.022 7.005 0.023 7.103 0.024
24 7.043 0.017 6.838 0.018 6.764 0.020 6.750 0.021 6.776 0.022 6.864 0.023 6.973 0.024
24.5 6.881 0.017 6.686 0.018 6.612 0.019 6.609 0.020 6.646 0.022 6.743 0.023 6.852 0.023
25 6.720 0.017 6.535 0.018 6.471 0.019 6.478 0.020 6.525 0.021 6.623 0.022 6.742 0.023
25.5 6.568 0.016 6.394 0.018 6.340 0.019 6.347 0.020 6.404 0.021 6.512 0.022 6.631 0.023
26 6.417 0.016 6.253 0.017 6.199 0.018 6.216 0.020 6.284 0.021 6.392 0.022 6.521 0.022
26.6 6.266 0.016 6.112 0.017 6.068 0.018 6.096 0.019 6.163 0.020 6.282 0.021 6.421 0.022
27.1 6.114 0.016 5.971 0.017 5.937 0.018 5.965 0.019 6.043 0.020 6.171 0.021 6.311 0.022
27.7 5.973 0.015 5.830 0.017 5.807 0.018 5.844 0.019 5.932 0.020 6.071 0.021 6.211 0.021
28.3 5.822 0.015 5.689 0.016 5.676 0.017 5.724 0.019 5.812 0.020 5.961 0.020 6.110 0.021
29 5.671 0.015 5.548 0.016 5.545 0.017 5.603 0.018 5.702 0.019 5.851 0.020 6.010 0.021
29.6 5.530 0.015 5.417 0.016 5.415 0.017 5.483 0.018 5.591 0.019 5.751 0.020 5.910 0.021
30.3 5.389 0.014 5.276 0.016 5.294 0.017 5.362 0.018 5.481 0.019 5.650 0.020 5.810 0.020
31.1 5.238 0.014 5.146 0.015 5.164 0.016 5.252 0.017 5.371 0.018 5.550 0.019 5.710 0.020
31.8 5.098 0.014 5.015 0.015 5.043 0.016 5.132 0.017 5.271 0.018 5.450 0.019 5.620 0.020
32.6 4.967 0.014 4.884 0.015 4.923 0.016 5.021 0.017 5.161 0.018 5.350 0.019 5.520 0.019
33.5 4.826 0.013 4.754 0.015 4.802 0.016 4.911 0.017 5.060 0.018 5.250 0.018 5.430 0.019
34.3 4.686 0.013 4.633 0.014 4.682 0.015 4.801 0.016 4.960 0.017 5.160 0.018 5.340 0.019
35.3 4.555 0.013 4.513 0.014 4.572 0.015 4.701 0.016 4.860 0.017 5.070 0.018 5.250 0.018
36.2 4.424 0.013 4.393 0.014 4.461 0.015 4.591 0.016 4.770 0.017 4.980 0.017 5.170 0.018
37.2 4.294 0.012 4.272 0.014 4.351 0.015 4.490 0.015 4.680 0.016 4.890 0.017 5.080 0.018
38.2 4.163 0.012 4.152 0.013 4.241 0.014 4.390 0.015 4.580 0.016 4.800 0.017 4.990 0.017
39.3 4.043 0.012 4.042 0.013 4.141 0.014 4.300 0.015 4.500 0.016 4.720 0.016 4.910 0.017
40.5 3.923 0.012 3.931 0.013 4.041 0.014 4.210 0.015 4.410 0.015 4.640 0.016 4.830 0.017
41.6 3.802 0.011 3.821 0.013 3.940 0.014 4.120 0.014 4.320 0.015 4.550 0.016 4.751 0.016
42.9 3.682 0.011 3.721 0.012 3.840 0.013 4.030 0.014 4.240 0.015 4.470 0.016 4.671 0.016
44.2 3.572 0.011 3.621 0.012 3.750 0.013 3.940 0.014 4.160 0.015 4.400 0.015 4.591 0.016
45.5 3.462 0.011 3.521 0.012 3.660 0.013 3.860 0.014 4.080 0.014 4.320 0.015 4.521 0.015
46.9 3.351 0.011 3.421 0.012 3.580 0.013 3.780 0.013 4.010 0.014 4.250 0.015 4.441 0.015
48.4 3.251 0.010 3.330 0.011 3.490 0.012 3.700 0.013 3.930 0.014 4.170 0.014 4.361 0.015
49.9 3.151 0.010 3.240 0.011 3.410 0.012 3.630 0.013 3.860 0.013 4.100 0.014 4.291 0.014

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Table B8: Predicted Distances for Compliance with SC-6 limits: 180 degrees Electrical Height
Electric Height 180 deg
535 kHz 740 kHz 940 kHz 1140 kHz 1340 kHz 1540 kHz 1705 kHz
Distance (m) Etotal (V/m) Htotal (A/m) Etotal (V/m) Htotal (A/m) Etotal (V/m) Htotal (A/m) Etotal (V/m) Htotal (A/m) Etotal (V/m) Htotal (A/m) Etotal (V/m) Htotal (A/m) Etotal (V/m) Htotal (A/m)
2 198.97 0.093 189.54 0.097 182.54 0.100 177.61 0.101 172.84 0.101 168.28 0.099 165.85 0.102
2.5 150.45 0.073 143.73 0.077 138.54 0.078 134.51 0.079 130.73 0.079 127.45 0.077 125.55 0.079
3 119.24 0.060 113.79 0.062 109.62 0.064 106.36 0.064 103.60 0.064 101.06 0.062 99.57 0.064
3.5 97.80 0.051 93.38 0.052 90.04 0.053 87.40 0.054 85.05 0.053 82.99 0.052 81.77 0.053
4 82.41 0.044 78.67 0.045 75.92 0.046 73.62 0.046 71.68 0.045 70.01 0.044 68.93 0.045
4.5 70.91 0.038 67.69 0.039 65.27 0.039 63.39 0.040 61.77 0.039 60.25 0.038 59.36 0.038
5 62.09 0.034 59.28 0.035 57.13 0.035 55.48 0.035 54.00 0.034 52.75 0.033 51.94 0.034
5.5 54.97 0.030 52.56 0.031 50.59 0.031 49.15 0.031 47.95 0.030 46.74 0.029 46.07 0.030
6 49.27 0.027 47.11 0.028 45.37 0.028 44.07 0.027 42.90 0.027 41.91 0.026 41.28 0.027
6.5 44.57 0.025 42.64 0.025 41.02 0.025 39.85 0.025 38.87 0.024 37.92 0.024 37.38 0.024
7 40.59 0.023 38.79 0.023 37.40 0.023 36.35 0.022 35.41 0.022 34.55 0.022 34.11 0.022
7.5 37.28 0.021 35.61 0.021 34.34 0.021 33.39 0.021 32.54 0.020 31.72 0.020 31.28 0.020
8 34.41 0.019 32.85 0.019 31.70 0.019 30.76 0.019 30.02 0.019 29.28 0.019 28.87 0.019
8.5 31.93 0.018 30.47 0.018 29.43 0.018 28.60 0.017 27.87 0.017 27.23 0.017 26.82 0.017
9 29.80 0.017 28.46 0.017 27.42 0.016 26.60 0.016 25.97 0.016 25.34 0.016 24.93 0.016
9.5 27.82 0.016 26.59 0.015 25.66 0.015 24.94 0.015 24.31 0.015 23.69 0.015 23.38 0.016
10 26.18 0.015 24.95 0.014 24.13 0.014 23.41 0.014 22.79 0.014 22.27 0.015 21.96 0.015
10.5 24.67 0.014 23.54 0.014 22.72 0.013 22.00 0.013 21.49 0.014 20.97 0.014 20.66 0.014
11 23.27 0.013 22.25 0.013 21.43 0.013 20.82 0.013 20.30 0.013 19.79 0.014 19.48 0.014
11.5 22.00 0.012 21.08 0.012 20.36 0.012 19.75 0.012 19.24 0.012 18.72 0.013 18.51 0.013
12 20.93 0.012 20.01 0.011 19.30 0.011 18.69 0.011 18.28 0.012 17.76 0.013 17.56 0.013
12.5 19.88 0.011 19.06 0.011 18.35 0.011 17.84 0.011 17.33 0.011 16.92 0.012 16.71 0.013
13 18.93 0.011 18.12 0.010 17.51 0.010 17.00 0.011 16.59 0.011 16.18 0.012 15.88 0.012
13.5 18.09 0.010 17.28 0.010 16.67 0.010 16.26 0.010 15.76 0.011 15.44 0.012 15.14 0.012
14 17.36 0.010 16.55 0.009 16.04 0.010 15.53 0.010 15.13 0.011 14.72 0.012 14.52 0.012
14.5 16.63 0.009 15.92 0.009 15.32 0.009 14.91 0.010 14.50 0.010 14.09 0.011 13.89 0.012
15 16.01 0.009 15.30 0.009 14.69 0.009 14.29 0.009 13.88 0.010 13.57 0.011 13.37 0.012
15.5 15.39 0.008 14.68 0.008 14.17 0.009 13.77 0.009 13.36 0.010 13.05 0.011 12.85 0.012
16 14.77 0.008 14.16 0.008 13.66 0.008 13.25 0.009 12.85 0.010 12.54 0.011 12.34 0.012
16.5 14.25 0.008 13.65 0.008 13.14 0.008 12.74 0.009 12.43 0.010 12.12 0.011 11.92 0.012
17 13.74 0.008 13.13 0.008 12.63 0.008 12.22 0.009 11.92 0.010 11.61 0.011 11.51 0.012
17.5 13.23 0.007 12.62 0.007 12.22 0.008 11.81 0.008 11.51 0.010 11.20 0.011 11.10 0.012
18 12.82 0.007 12.21 0.007 11.81 0.008 11.40 0.008 11.10 0.009 10.89 0.011 10.69 0.012
18.5 12.40 0.007 11.80 0.007 11.40 0.007 11.09 0.008 10.79 0.009 10.48 0.011 10.38 0.012
19 12.00 0.007 11.49 0.007 11.09 0.007 10.69 0.008 10.48 0.009 10.18 0.011 10.02 0.011
19.5 11.69 0.006 11.08 0.007 10.68 0.007 10.38 0.008 10.07 0.009 9.87 0.011 9.71 0.011
20 11.28 0.006 10.78 0.007 10.38 0.007 10.07 0.008 9.81 0.009 9.57 0.011 9.42 0.011
20.5 10.976 0.006 10.472 0.006 10.069 0.007 9.787 0.008 9.523 0.009 9.288 0.011 9.146 0.011
21 10.670 0.006 10.166 0.006 9.804 0.007 9.500 0.008 9.248 0.009 9.023 0.011 8.891 0.011
21.5 10.365 0.006 9.891 0.006 9.529 0.007 9.236 0.008 8.983 0.009 8.769 0.011 8.637 0.011
22 10.060 0.006 9.617 0.006 9.265 0.007 8.982 0.008 8.739 0.009 8.535 0.011 8.403 0.011
22.5 9.816 0.006 9.363 0.006 9.021 0.007 8.738 0.008 8.505 0.009 8.311 0.011 8.189 0.011
23 9.562 0.005 9.120 0.006 8.777 0.007 8.515 0.008 8.282 0.009 8.098 0.011 7.976 0.011
23.5 9.319 0.005 8.886 0.006 8.554 0.007 8.292 0.008 8.079 0.009 7.895 0.011 7.783 0.011
24 9.085 0.005 8.663 0.006 8.341 0.007 8.089 0.008 7.876 0.009 7.692 0.011 7.591 0.011
24.5 8.862 0.005 8.450 0.006 8.138 0.007 7.886 0.008 7.683 0.009 7.510 0.011 7.408 0.011
25 8.660 0.005 8.248 0.006 7.946 0.007 7.703 0.008 7.501 0.009 7.338 0.011 7.236 0.011
25.5 8.457 0.005 8.055 0.006 7.753 0.007 7.521 0.008 7.319 0.009 7.166 0.011 7.074 0.011
26 8.255 0.005 7.863 0.006 7.561 0.007 7.339 0.008 7.147 0.009 6.994 0.011 6.912 0.011
26.6 8.052 0.005 7.671 0.006 7.379 0.007 7.157 0.008 6.975 0.009 6.832 0.011 6.750 0.011
27.1 7.850 0.005 7.479 0.005 7.197 0.007 6.975 0.008 6.803 0.009 6.670 0.011 6.589 0.011
27.7 7.658 0.005 7.287 0.005 7.015 0.007 6.803 0.008 6.631 0.009 6.508 0.011 6.437 0.011
28.3 7.456 0.005 7.095 0.005 6.833 0.006 6.621 0.008 6.459 0.009 6.347 0.011 6.275 0.011
29 7.264 0.005 6.913 0.005 6.651 0.006 6.450 0.008 6.298 0.009 6.185 0.011 6.124 0.011
29.6 7.063 0.004 6.721 0.005 6.470 0.006 6.278 0.008 6.126 0.009 6.024 0.011 5.973 0.011
30.3 6.871 0.004 6.540 0.005 6.288 0.006 6.107 0.008 5.965 0.009 5.873 0.011 5.831 0.011
31.1 6.679 0.004 6.358 0.005 6.117 0.006 5.935 0.008 5.803 0.009 5.721 0.011 5.680 0.011
31.8 6.488 0.004 6.167 0.005 5.935 0.006 5.764 0.008 5.642 0.009 5.570 0.011 5.539 0.011
32.6 6.297 0.004 5.995 0.005 5.764 0.006 5.603 0.008 5.481 0.009 5.419 0.011 5.398 0.011
33.5 6.115 0.004 5.814 0.005 5.593 0.006 5.442 0.008 5.330 0.009 5.278 0.011 5.257 0.011
34.3 5.934 0.004 5.633 0.005 5.422 0.006 5.280 0.008 5.179 0.009 5.137 0.011 5.126 0.011
35.3 5.743 0.004 5.462 0.005 5.261 0.006 5.119 0.008 5.028 0.009 4.996 0.011 4.996 0.011
36.2 5.572 0.004 5.291 0.005 5.100 0.006 4.969 0.008 4.887 0.009 4.866 0.011 4.865 0.011
37.2 5.391 0.004 5.120 0.005 4.939 0.006 4.808 0.008 4.746 0.009 4.735 0.010 4.744 0.011
38.2 5.220 0.004 4.959 0.005 4.778 0.006 4.667 0.008 4.606 0.009 4.604 0.010 4.624 0.011
39.3 5.049 0.004 4.798 0.005 4.627 0.006 4.516 0.008 4.465 0.009 4.484 0.010 4.513 0.011
40.5 4.878 0.004 4.637 0.005 4.476 0.006 4.375 0.008 4.334 0.009 4.363 0.010 4.403 0.011
41.6 4.717 0.004 4.487 0.005 4.326 0.006 4.235 0.008 4.214 0.009 4.243 0.010 4.292 0.011
42.9 4.557 0.004 4.326 0.005 4.185 0.006 4.104 0.008 4.093 0.009 4.142 0.010 4.192 0.011
44.2 4.396 0.004 4.185 0.005 4.045 0.006 3.974 0.008 3.973 0.009 4.032 0.010 4.102 0.011
45.5 4.245 0.004 4.035 0.005 3.904 0.006 3.853 0.008 3.862 0.009 3.932 0.010 4.001 0.011
46.9 4.095 0.004 3.894 0.005 3.774 0.006 3.733 0.008 3.752 0.009 3.831 0.010 3.911 0.011
48.4 3.944 0.004 3.754 0.005 3.643 0.006 3.612 0.008 3.642 0.009 3.741 0.010 3.831 0.011
49.9 3.804 0.004 3.623 0.005 3.523 0.006 3.502 0.008 3.541 0.009 3.651 0.010 3.751 0.011

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Table B9: Predicted Distances for Compliance with SC-6 limits: 225 degrees Electrical Height
Electric Height 225 deg
535 kHz 740 kHz 940 kHz 1140 kHz 1340 kHz 1540 kHz 1705 kHz
Distance (m) Etotal (V/m) Htotal (A/m) Etotal (V/m) Htotal (A/m) Etotal (V/m) Htotal (A/m) Etotal (V/m) Htotal (A/m) Etotal (V/m) Htotal (A/m) Etotal (V/m) Htotal (A/m) Etotal (V/m) Htotal (A/m)
2 180.693 0.315 172.11 0.317 165.97 0.316 160.99 0.315 155.82 0.319 151.10 0.320 149.63 0.317
2.5 136.692 0.250 129.91 0.251 125.50 0.250 121.71 0.249 117.43 0.252 114.36 0.253 113.06 0.250
3 108.334 0.207 103.10 0.207 99.42 0.206 96.45 0.205 92.99 0.207 90.59 0.207 89.54 0.205
3.5 88.887 0.176 84.58 0.176 81.56 0.175 79.12 0.174 76.31 0.175 74.29 0.175 73.41 0.173
4 74.854 0.153 71.20 0.152 68.69 0.151 66.63 0.150 64.28 0.151 62.50 0.151 61.82 0.149
4.5 64.386 0.135 61.24 0.134 59.06 0.133 57.25 0.132 55.28 0.132 53.75 0.132 53.20 0.130
5 56.258 0.121 53.59 0.120 51.59 0.118 50.04 0.117 48.31 0.118 46.99 0.117 46.42 0.115
5.5 49.865 0.109 47.45 0.108 45.71 0.107 44.41 0.105 42.77 0.105 41.61 0.105 41.13 0.103
6 44.666 0.099 42.46 0.098 40.98 0.097 39.76 0.095 38.37 0.095 37.30 0.095 36.85 0.093
6.5 40.392 0.091 38.45 0.090 37.04 0.088 35.95 0.087 34.64 0.087 33.69 0.086 33.33 0.084
7 36.846 0.084 35.02 0.083 33.80 0.081 32.74 0.080 31.55 0.080 30.69 0.079 30.32 0.077
7.5 33.782 0.078 32.14 0.077 30.95 0.075 30.07 0.073 29.01 0.073 28.13 0.072 27.76 0.071
8 31.212 0.073 29.70 0.071 28.61 0.070 27.73 0.068 26.76 0.068 25.99 0.067 25.63 0.065
8.5 28.933 0.068 27.53 0.067 26.54 0.065 25.67 0.063 24.79 0.063 24.03 0.062 23.76 0.060
9 26.919 0.064 25.62 0.062 24.73 0.061 23.96 0.059 23.08 0.059 22.42 0.058 22.14 0.056
9.5 25.244 0.060 23.95 0.059 23.16 0.057 22.39 0.055 21.61 0.055 20.95 0.054 20.68 0.052
10 23.704 0.057 22.51 0.055 21.73 0.054 21.05 0.052 20.27 0.051 19.61 0.050 19.34 0.049
10.5 22.294 0.054 21.20 0.052 20.42 0.050 19.84 0.049 19.06 0.048 18.49 0.047 18.22 0.045
11 21.101 0.051 20.01 0.049 19.33 0.048 18.74 0.046 17.97 0.045 17.50 0.044 17.22 0.043
11.5 19.924 0.048 18.94 0.047 18.25 0.045 17.67 0.043 16.99 0.043 16.52 0.042 16.24 0.040
12 18.960 0.046 18.07 0.045 17.39 0.043 16.81 0.041 16.13 0.040 15.65 0.039 15.37 0.038
12.5 18.008 0.044 17.12 0.042 16.53 0.041 15.95 0.039 15.37 0.038 14.89 0.037 14.61 0.035
13 17.161 0.042 16.37 0.040 15.69 0.039 15.20 0.037 14.62 0.036 14.14 0.035 13.96 0.033
13.5 16.421 0.040 15.63 0.039 15.05 0.037 14.56 0.035 13.98 0.034 13.50 0.033 13.22 0.032
14 15.689 0.039 14.90 0.037 14.41 0.035 13.93 0.034 13.35 0.033 12.87 0.032 12.68 0.030
14.5 15.059 0.037 14.27 0.035 13.78 0.034 13.30 0.032 12.72 0.031 12.33 0.030 12.15 0.028
15 14.434 0.036 13.74 0.034 13.26 0.032 12.77 0.031 12.19 0.030 11.81 0.028 11.62 0.027
15.5 13.912 0.034 13.22 0.033 12.73 0.031 12.25 0.029 11.76 0.028 11.28 0.027 11.09 0.025
16 13.392 0.033 12.70 0.031 12.21 0.030 11.83 0.028 11.24 0.027 10.86 0.026 10.67 0.024
16.5 12.876 0.032 12.28 0.030 11.80 0.028 11.31 0.027 10.82 0.026 10.44 0.025 10.23 0.023
17 12.462 0.031 11.77 0.029 11.38 0.027 10.89 0.026 10.41 0.025 10.06 0.023 9.85 0.022
17.5 12.048 0.030 11.36 0.028 10.97 0.026 10.58 0.025 10.07 0.024 9.69 0.022 9.47 0.021
18 11.635 0.029 11.04 0.027 10.55 0.025 10.17 0.024 9.72 0.023 9.34 0.021 9.12 0.020
18.5 11.226 0.028 10.64 0.026 10.24 0.024 9.83 0.023 9.39 0.022 9.01 0.020 8.80 0.019
19 10.916 0.027 10.32 0.025 9.88 0.023 9.51 0.022 9.07 0.021 8.70 0.019 8.49 0.018
19.5 10.508 0.026 10.00 0.024 9.57 0.023 9.20 0.021 8.78 0.020 8.41 0.019 8.20 0.017
20 10.201 0.025 9.70 0.023 9.28 0.022 8.92 0.020 8.49 0.019 8.13 0.018 7.92 0.016
20.5 9.934 0.024 9.410 0.023 9.000 0.021 8.647 0.019 8.229 0.018 7.870 0.017 7.649 0.016
21 9.647 0.024 9.134 0.022 8.732 0.020 8.381 0.019 7.972 0.018 7.623 0.016 7.401 0.015
21.5 9.381 0.023 8.878 0.021 8.486 0.020 8.135 0.018 7.735 0.017 7.375 0.016 7.164 0.014
22 9.127 0.022 8.632 0.021 8.251 0.019 7.898 0.017 7.498 0.016 7.149 0.015 6.937 0.013
22.5 8.881 0.022 8.398 0.020 8.014 0.018 7.683 0.017 7.283 0.016 6.932 0.014 6.719 0.013
23 8.648 0.021 8.183 0.019 7.801 0.018 7.468 0.016 7.077 0.015 6.726 0.014 6.513 0.012
23.5 8.423 0.021 7.969 0.019 7.596 0.017 7.264 0.015 6.872 0.014 6.532 0.013 6.319 0.012
24 8.219 0.020 7.766 0.018 7.402 0.017 7.068 0.015 6.678 0.014 6.346 0.013 6.133 0.011
24.5 8.016 0.020 7.572 0.018 7.208 0.016 6.884 0.014 6.504 0.013 6.162 0.012 5.949 0.011
25 7.823 0.019 7.389 0.017 7.025 0.016 6.701 0.014 6.329 0.013 5.988 0.012 5.784 0.010
25.5 7.640 0.019 7.205 0.017 6.851 0.015 6.528 0.013 6.156 0.012 5.824 0.011 5.620 0.010
26 7.457 0.018 7.033 0.016 6.678 0.015 6.354 0.013 5.982 0.012 5.660 0.011 5.446 0.009
26.6 7.275 0.018 6.850 0.016 6.505 0.014 6.191 0.012 5.819 0.011 5.497 0.010 5.282 0.009
27.1 7.092 0.017 6.677 0.015 6.332 0.014 6.018 0.012 5.655 0.011 5.333 0.010 5.119 0.008
27.7 6.910 0.017 6.504 0.015 6.160 0.013 5.855 0.012 5.492 0.010 5.160 0.009 4.955 0.008
28.3 6.727 0.016 6.332 0.014 5.997 0.013 5.682 0.011 5.319 0.010 4.996 0.009 4.791 0.008
29 6.555 0.016 6.150 0.014 5.824 0.012 5.510 0.011 5.156 0.009 4.833 0.008 4.628 0.007
29.6 6.373 0.015 5.977 0.013 5.652 0.012 5.347 0.010 4.993 0.009 4.670 0.008 4.474 0.007
30.3 6.191 0.015 5.805 0.013 5.480 0.011 5.184 0.010 4.830 0.009 4.517 0.007 4.311 0.006
31.1 6.019 0.014 5.643 0.012 5.317 0.011 5.012 0.009 4.668 0.008 4.354 0.007 4.148 0.006
31.8 5.847 0.014 5.471 0.012 5.145 0.010 4.849 0.009 4.505 0.008 4.191 0.007 3.995 0.006
32.6 5.675 0.013 5.299 0.012 4.983 0.010 4.687 0.008 4.343 0.007 4.038 0.006 3.842 0.005
33.5 5.504 0.013 5.137 0.011 4.821 0.009 4.525 0.008 4.180 0.007 3.876 0.006 3.690 0.005
34.3 5.332 0.012 4.966 0.011 4.659 0.009 4.363 0.007 4.028 0.006 3.723 0.005 3.537 0.004
35.3 5.161 0.012 4.804 0.010 4.497 0.008 4.201 0.007 3.876 0.006 3.571 0.005 3.384 0.004
36.2 4.999 0.011 4.642 0.010 4.336 0.008 4.049 0.007 3.724 0.006 3.429 0.005 3.242 0.004
37.2 4.838 0.011 4.491 0.009 4.184 0.008 3.897 0.006 3.572 0.005 3.277 0.004 3.100 0.004
38.2 4.677 0.011 4.330 0.009 4.033 0.007 3.746 0.006 3.420 0.005 3.135 0.004 2.967 0.004
39.3 4.516 0.010 4.178 0.008 3.881 0.007 3.594 0.005 3.268 0.004 2.993 0.004 2.825 0.003
40.5 4.364 0.010 4.027 0.008 3.730 0.006 3.443 0.005 3.127 0.004 2.851 0.004 2.703 0.003
41.6 4.203 0.009 3.876 0.008 3.578 0.006 3.301 0.005 2.985 0.004 2.719 0.003 2.571 0.003
42.9 4.062 0.009 3.725 0.007 3.437 0.006 3.160 0.004 2.853 0.004 2.587 0.003 2.449 0.003
44.2 3.911 0.008 3.584 0.007 3.296 0.005 3.019 0.004 2.722 0.003 2.466 0.003 2.337 0.003
45.5 3.771 0.008 3.443 0.006 3.155 0.005 2.877 0.004 2.591 0.003 2.344 0.003 2.235 0.003
46.9 3.620 0.008 3.302 0.006 3.014 0.004 2.746 0.003 2.459 0.003 2.232 0.003 2.134 0.003
48.4 3.489 0.007 3.161 0.006 2.883 0.004 2.615 0.003 2.338 0.003 2.121 0.003 2.032 0.003
49.9 3.348 0.007 3.030 0.005 2.752 0.004 2.494 0.003 2.227 0.003 2.019 0.003 1.950 0.004

Annex C – Radio Exposure Compliance Distances for Low-power (LP) and Very Low-power (VLP) Undertakings

If the applicant can demonstrate that the general public cannot access the area surrounding the transmitting antenna delimited by the distance given in this table, said applicant will be exempt from the analysis required in Section 8. This table is based on the following three assumptions:

  • Single polarization was used in deriving values
  • The overall contribution from other radio apparatus in the vicinity is considered non-significant
  • “Distance from Antenna in Metres” is the distance from the centre of radiation of the antenna to any point
Table C1
Broadcasting Service Distance from Antenna in Metres
Low‑power AM (electrical height below 60 degrees) 14.5
Low‑power AM (electrical height 60 degrees or above) 4
Low‑power FM 5.1
Very Low‑power FM 2.3
Low power Television ‑ Channel 2 to 6 (analog) 7.2
Low power Television ‑ Channel 7‑13 (analog) 14.4
Low power Television ‑ Channel 14‑51 (analog) 43.6
Very Low power Television ‑ Channel 2 to 6 (analog) 4.1
Very Low power Television ‑ Channel 7‑13 (analog) 4.1
Very Low power Television ‑ Channel 14‑51 (analog) 7.8
Low power Digital Television ‑ Channel 2 to 6 13.8
Low power Digital Television ‑ Channel 7 to 13 17.6
Low power Digital Television ‑ Channel 14 to 51 31.5

Note: Calculated distance is based on 50% of Safety Code 6 limits for uncontrolled environments using the modified free-space propagation model.


Annex D – Letter of Intent

This is to inform you that [company name] has applied to Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada (ISED) and the Canadian Radio‑television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) for the authority to [operate a new or to modify an existing] [AM / FM / TV / DTV / /S‑DARS] station to serve [community name]. The transmitting facility, which will be located in your community, includes a [new antenna‑supporting structure at space to insert address / modification to the existing antenna‑supporting structure located at space to insert address].

This is also to inform you that requirements set out in CPC‑2‑0‑03 for the [new/modification of the] transmitting facility will be fully complied with before any construction begins. However, our project is part of the CRTC public hearing process and is dependent upon CRTC approval. Therefore, we prefer to fully implement the full consultation process only if we receive a favourable ruling from the CRTC in regards to our application. Please be advised that ISED will not issue the authority for construction until we have completed any and all consultation processes required under CPC‑2‑0‑03.

If you have further questions or comments, please contact [name], at [contact information]. [The CRTC public hearing for this application is scheduled for space to insert date].

Yours sincerely,

space to insert full name
Designated Corporate Officer or Individual Applicant


Annex E – Antenna Pattern File Format

The “.pat” antenna files are ASCII files that can be created or edited with any text editor or word processor. The files store a combination of angular positions and pattern attenuation values. Antenna attenuation can be given either as dB values or as relative fields. Both azimuth and elevation pattern values can be stored. In order to do a proper normalization of the antenna patterns for calculation, the angles of maximum radiation must be included. Interpolation is performed for azimuth or elevation angles that are in between angular positions given in the file.

The file format is as follows:

 'Antenna Name', GAIN, PATVAL
AZA(1), AZPAT(1)
AZA(2), AZPAT(2)
.
.
AZA(N), AZPAT(N)
999
NUM_ELPAT, NELVAL
ELPAT_AZ(1)
ELA(1,1), ELPAT(1,1)
ELA(1,2), ELPAT(1,2)
.
.
ELA(1, NELVAL), ELPAT(1,NELVAL)
ELPAT_AZ (2)
ELA(2,1), ELPAT(2,1)
ELA(2,2), ELPAT(2,2)
.
.
ELA(2,NELVAL), ELPAT(2,NELVAL)
.
.
ELPAT_AZ (NUM_ELPAT)
ELA(NUM_ELPAT,1), ELPAT(NUM_ELPAT,1)
ELA(NUM_ELPAT,2), ELPAT(NUM_ELPAT,2)
.
.
ELA(NUM_ELPAT,NELVAL), ELPAT (NUM_ELPAT,NELVAL)

where:

'Antenna Name': The name of the antenna, limited to a maximum of 20 characters and enclosed in single quotation marks. The name is used to uniquely identify the antenna.

GAIN: The maximum gain of the antenna in dBi. Optional value which is not used in calculations.

PATVAL: This number indicates whether the tabulated pattern data is given as relative values or in dB. PATVAL = 1 for relative field; PATVAL = 2 for dB (with negative sign).

AZA (1..N): Azimuth angles for azimuth pattern values. These need to be in ascending order in the file. Maximum azimuth increment is 45°.

AZPAT (1..N): Azimuth pattern value in relative field as a decimal fraction, or in dB, depending on the value of PATVAL.

N: Total number of azimuths listed in the file, limited to a maximum of 721 points.

999: A special code which separates the azimuth plane from the elevation plane antenna data.

NUM_ELPAT: Number of elevation pattern descriptions, limited to a maximum of 72 “sections”.

NELVAL: Number of elevation pattern values that are specified for each elevation section, limited to a maximum number of 181 points per section. Each elevation section must use the same set of angles.

ELPAT_AZ: The azimuth in degrees for which the following elevation pattern is given. The value must be between 0 and 360 degrees, inclusive.

ELA: Elevation angle of which the elevation pattern is specified. The angles must begin above the horizon (positive sign) and progress to below the horizon (negative sign).

ELPAT: Elevation pattern value in relative field as a decimal fraction, or in dB, depending on the value of PATVAL.


A sample “.pat” file is listed below. The pattern values are listed in dB (PATVAL = 2), there are 26 azimuth values given and 2 elevation sections, each having 19 elevation values. The first elevation section is for 0 degree azimuth, the second cut for 180 degree azimuth.

'Demo',31.0,2 4,-24.00007822
0,0 3,-36.00326279
1,-4.000001861 2,-16.99991797
2,-16.99991797 1,-4.000001861
3,-36.00326279 0,0
4,-24.00007822 -1,-4.000001861
5,-31.00179498 -2,-16.99991797
6,-38.99629455 -3,-36.00326279
7,-53.97940009 -4,-24.00007822
8,-46.98970004 -5,-31.00179498
9,-47.44727495 -6,-38.99629455
45,-50.0 -7,-53.97940009
90,-50.0 -8,-46.98970004
135,-50.0 -89,-47.44727495
180,-50.0 180
225,-50.0 89,-47.44727495
270,-50.0 8,-46.98970004
315,-50.0 7,-53.97940009
351,-47.44727495 6,-38.99629455
352,-46.98970004 5,-31.00179498
353,-53.97940009 4,-24.00007822
354,-38.99629455 3,-36.00326279
355,-31.00179498 2,-16.99991797
356,-24.00007822 1,-4.000001861
357,-36.00326279 0,0
358,-16.99991797 -1,-4.000001861
359,-4.000001861 -2,-16.99991797
999 -3,-36.00326279
2, 19 -4,-24.00007822
0 -5,-31.00179498
89,-47.44727495 -6,-38.99629455
8,-46.98970004 -7,-53.97940009
7,-53.97940009 -8,-46.98970004
6,-38.99629455 -89,-47.44727495
5,-31.00179498
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