Archived — Gazette Notice DGRB-002-06
Department of Industry
Notice No. DGRB-002-06 — Spectrum Licence Fees for Broadband Public Safety in the Band 4940-4990 MHz
This notice announces Industry Canada's spectrum licence fee proposal for the frequency band 4940-4990 MHz, and requests further comment on the proposed fee and related service standards.
The provision of public safety and national security services rely heavily on advanced communications and the need for new wireless technologies and radio applications has put significant pressure on government to allot spectrum for these requirements. Accordingly, the Department reserved spectrum in the band 4940-4990 MHz to ensure that public safety agencies are given access to dedicated spectrum in order to meet their needs, when it released the technical and licensing policy for this band, Spectrum Utilization Policy, Technical and Licensing Requirements for Broadband Public Safety in the Band 4940-4990 MHz (DGTP-005-06). That document deals with all licensing issues, except licence fees.
By way of this notice, and in accordance with subsection 4(1) of the User Fees Act 1 (the UFA), the Department is providing additional detail with respect to costs and revenues associated with the service, comparable fees, and a further opportunity for stakeholders to comment on the proposed fee for the band 4940-4990 MHz, as well as the related service standards.
The Radiocommunication Act grants the Minister of Industry the power to prescribe and fix fees for the use of the radio frequency spectrum. Under this authority, the Department, on behalf of Canadians, manages the spectrum and collects licensing fees for the use of this resource. Unlike some other government fees, the establishment of spectrum licence fees is not on a cost recovery basis, but rather the recovery of the fair market value of the licence.
The Department initially proposed in the consultation document DGTP-005-05, Proposed Spectrum Utilization Policy, Technical and Licensing Requirements for Broadband Public Safety in the Band 4940-4990 MHz, that the fee for spectrum in the 4940-4990 MHz be $0.0041662 per 50 MHz per population (50 MHz/pop) with a minimum fee of $250.003 for a term of ten years, payable to the Department by March 31st of each year.
In response to the proposed fee, several stakeholders voiced concerns about charging licence fees to public safety agencies. They cited concern that the development and deployment of public safety services, and the interoperability between public safety agencies, may be hindered if licensees were unable to afford the fee. Some suggested that the Department treat this band as it does other public safety bands and implement a similar fee structure, whereas others suggested that the fees should not exceed the cost of managing the band.
Notwithstanding these suggestions, Industry Canada continues to believe that the proposed fee reflects fair market value for this spectrum and will encourage its efficient use. Further, under the Radiocommunication Act, all users, including governments, are required to pay licence fees on the same basis as other users of spectrum. This came into effect in March 1987 with the passing of Bill C-3, a bill to amend the Radio Act4, through which Parliament eliminated the preferential licence fees granted to users of the spectrum in the federal, provincial and municipal governments, including public safety entities.
3.1 Cost Elements
To determine the cost of implementing this service, Industry Canada has estimated the amount of time required to develop and implement this initiative over the first three years. Prior to launching any new service or issuing any licences, significant resources are expended to consult with stakeholders and to develop the utilization policy, technical and licensing requirements.
The initial costs are highlighted in Table 1, under Year 1. Like most policy processes, the time to develop and implement new services can be quite lengthy. However, as with most programs the operating costs are expected to decrease with time.
|Year||Year 1||Year 2||Year 3|
|Salary||$335 000||$164 000||$211 000|
|Non-salary||$78 000||$40 000||$52 000|
|Projected Costs||$413 000||$204 000||$263 000|
3.2 Revenue Elements
This frequency band and the anticipated associated equipment are still in development. As such, the Department anticipates a gradual roll-out of networks and systems. Applicants will only need a licence for the area where the network is deployed, and only for the jurisdictional area, or the portion of that area, where they anticipate operating. Licence fees will increase only as networks are expanded to provide services to an increased population. This approach to licensing will provide licensees with some control over their licensing costs while ensuring they only pay fees that reflect the area for which they are authorized.
As Table 2 demonstrates, over the initial three-year period, the Department anticipates that revenues will be low because this will be a new service and the equipment anticipated for use is not yet proven. As well, the price for new equipment is high because it has not yet benefited from economies of scale.
|Year||Year 1||Year 2||Year 3|
|Projected Revenue||$1 500||$33 000||$66 000|
Stakeholders have indicated a clear interest in developing these frequencies for broadband public safety services. The Department anticipates that these parties will monitor the development of this band with a view to deploy services in time. Many public safety entities already have systems in place for public safety communications; however, as new equipment for this band is proven and existing systems are replaced, it is expected that public safety entities will make increasing use of the frequency band 4940-4990 MHz.
The following table provides examples of spectrum licence fees for different service areas:
|National||30 007 094||$125 010|
|Provice of Quebec||7 237 479||$30 151|
|Greater Toronto Area||4 682 897||$19 509|
|Montreal||3 426 350||$14 274|
|Vancouver||1 986 965||$8 278|
|Calgary||951 395||$3 964|
|Halifax||359 183||$1 496|
4. Fee Comparisons
In developing the proposed fee and to establish the value of this spectrum, fees within Canada and three other countries were considered the United States (U.S.); the United Kingdom (U.K.); and Australia. It is important to note that a direct comparison between the proposed fee for band 4940-4990 MHz, other Canadian fees and those of the other administrations is possible only in theory owing to differences in service applications and because of different principles in how the spectrum is managed and how fees are charged for its use.
4.1 United States
The U.S., like Canada, intends to issue shared-use spectrum licences in the frequency band 4940-4990 MHz for use by public safety entities. Unlike Canada, where spectrum fees reflect market value, in the U.S. fees for non-auctioned spectrum are limited to reflect only the cost recovery for the management of the spectrum. Furthermore, the U.S. does not charge application or regulatory fees to public safety entities5. As such, a comparison is only possible by examining the neighbouring spectrum at 3650-3700 MHz, where the U.S. charges approximately $200 USD per year to recover management costs. This is consistent with the Department's proposed minimum licence fee of $250 for low population areas.
4.2 United Kingdom
In the U.K., spectrum in the range of 4400-5000 MHz is licensed for exclusive use by the Ministry of Defence. The military pays for the spectrum at £3 900 per one national MHz based on administrative incentive pricing 6, an amount similar to what the private sector would pay. In theory, for a U.K. 50 MHz national spectrum licence in this band, for a population of 60 million, the military would pay £0.00325 per 50 MHz/pop, or roughly £195 000 per year. Based on an exchange rate of $2.09 CDN per £1.00, a U.K. spectrum licence would cost $0.0067925 CDN per 50 MHz/pop, whereas in Canada the proposed fee is $0.004166 CDN per 50 MHz/pop.
Spectrum in the band 4940-4990 MHz is licensed to the Australian Department of Defence, which pays fees to access the spectrum as part of the general Defence Bill. More generally, state, territorial and Commonwealth public sector agencies pay spectrum licence fees comparable to those paid by commercial licensees. Only entities providing public safety services that are staffed principally by volunteers such as rural fire fighting, search and rescue, coastguard, surf life saving services and rural ambulance services, are exempt from fee payment7.
In Australia, a national 50 MHz spectrum licence, in similar spectrum, for a population of 20.3 million, would cost approximately $100 000 AUS per year, or $0.004926 AUS per 50 MHz/pop. It is important to note that Australian fees do not vary as the number of licensees rises. Based on an exchange rate of $0.85 CDN per $1.00 AUS, an Australian 50 MHz spectrum licence would cost $0.004187 CDN per 50 MHz/pop, which is similar to the proposed fee of $0.004166 CDN per 50 MHz/pop for this band in Canada.
As outlined in the consultation announced in Canada Gazette notice DGTP-005-05, in establishing a value for licences in the band 4940-4990 MHz, the Department has considered fees charged for other frequency bands in Canada.
The Department charges annual fees for Personal Communications Services (PCS) and Cellular licences based on a fee of $0.03512361/MHz/pop. The PCS spectrum, like the band 4940-4990 MHz, has a variety of uses. PCS spectrum licensees have exclusive access to the spectrum and service area indicated on their licence. This spectrum has a significant value for commercial service offerings. Applying the PCS/Cellular annual fee for a 50 MHz national spectrum licence in the band 4940-4990 MHz would result in a fee of $52 million per year, per licence. However, spectrum in the band 4940-4990 MHz will be issued on a non-exclusive basis meaning that users will be required to share this spectrum and hence it does not have the same commercial value as the PCS/Cellular spectrum. As such, the Department believes that the fee for this spectrum should be significantly lower than the PCS/Cellular fee.
Currently the Multipoint Communications Systems (MCS) licence fee is $0.008 per household per 6 MHz for generally exclusive access to this spectrum. MCS licensees are limited to fixed applications, whereas the 4940-4990 MHz licensees will be permitted greater flexibility. The annual fee for an MCS 50 MHz national licence would cost $676 000.
Local Multipoint Communications Systems (LMCS) spectrum licences were awarded through a comparative review process in 1996. The annual fees established at that time were $0.50 per household for 500 MHz, which would result in a licence fee of $520 000 if applied to a 50 MHz national licence. Similar to MCS, these licensees are restricted to fixed services and generally have exclusive access to the spectrum.
More recently, the Department made spectrum available for licensing in the band 2300 MHz for Wireless Communication Services (WSC) and the band 3500 MHz for Fixed Wireless Access (FWA), through an auction process resulting in market-based fees, a good indicator of the value of similar spectrum. An analysis of the successful bids establishes that an average fee paid for these licences equates to approximately $2.0 million for a national 50 MHz licence.
As previously stated, the proposed fee is $0.004166 per 50 MHz for spectrum in the band 4940-4990 MHz, subject to a minimum fee of $250.00. While no fee or service exists for which a direct comparison can be made, the proposed fee is significantly less than the cost of spectrum in other frequency bands due largely to the non-exclusive nature of the licensing. As such, Industry Canada believes this fee reflects fair economic rent that will encourage efficient spectrum use.
5. Service Standards
In response to the consultation document DGTP-005-05, stakeholders concurred with the Department's proposed four-week service standard. As in the past, priority will be given to emergency services when necessary. The Department welcomes any ideas or proposals for ways to improve this service.
6. Submitting Comments
The release of this Canada Gazette notice provides a further opportunity for comment on the proposed fee and follows the publication of SP 4940, Spectrum Utilization Policy, Technical and Licensing Requirements for Broadband Public Safety in the Band 4940-4990 MHz (DGTP-005-06) document.
Stakeholders will have a period of 30 days following the publication of this licence fee proposal to bring any concerns, suggestions or proposals with regard to the proposed fee, and the related service standards, to the attention of the Department. Respondents are requested to submit their comments electronically to the attention of the Department, no later than 30 days following the publication date of this notice to email@example.com.
Written submissions should be addressed to the:
Manager, Emerging Networks
Radiocommunications and Broadcasting
300 Slater Street, 15th Floor
All submissions should cite the Canada Gazette, Part I, publication date, the title, and the notice reference number (DGRB-002-06).
Copies of this notice and documents referred to herein are available electronically on the Spectrum Management and Telecommunications Web site at: http://www.ic.gc.ca/spectrum.
Official versions of Canada Gazette notices can be viewed on the Canada Gazette Web site at: www.gazette.gc.ca/index-eng.html. Printed copies of the notices can be ordered by calling the sales counter of Canadian Government Publishing at 819-941-5995 or 1-800-635-7943.
Octobert 13, 2006
Broadcasting Regulatory Branch
2 The proposed fee discussed in DGTP-005-05 consultation document was rounded from $0.004166 to $0.0042. For the purpose of this fee proposal, DGRB-002-06, the proposed fee of $0.004166 is used.
3 The Department has proposed a minimum licence fee of $250.00. This fee reflects the cost recovery of the general administrative costs for the Department to issue and renew spectrum licences in this band.
4 Published in the Canada Gazette Part II, Vol. 121. No. 8.
** Based on the proposed fee level of $0.004166 per 50 MHz/pop, the minimum fee of $250.00 would apply to spectrum authorizations for service areas of 60 000 or less, such as Charlottetown, Cornwall, Granby, Medicine Hat and Vernon.
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