SRSP-513 — Technical Requirements for Advanced Wireless Services (AWS) in the Bands 1710–1780 MHz and 2110–2180 MHz

Issue 3

Posted on Industry Canada website: July 16, 2015

Preface

Issue 3 of SRSP-513 is hereby released.

Changes include:

  • extension of the band edges from 1755 to 1780 MHz and 2155 to 2180 MHz;
  • provisions for deployment of advanced antenna systems; and
  • provisions for cross-border coordination with U.S. licensees in the band 1755-1780 MHz.

This Standard Radio System Plan (SRSP) replaces SRSP-513, Issue 2.


Issued under the authority of
the Minister of Industry


space to insert signature

Daniel Duguay
Director General
Engineering, Planning and Standards Branch





1. Intent

1.1 SRSP-513 sets out the minimum technical requirements for the efficient utilization of the bands 1710-1780 MHz and 2110-2180 MHz for Advanced Wireless Services (AWS).

1.2 This SRSP specifies the technical characteristics relating to efficient spectrum usage only and is not to be regarded as a comprehensive specification for equipment design and/or selection.




2. General

2.1 SRSP-513 is based on the current or planned technologies being considered by the service providers in order to implement AWS in Canada.

2.2 Although a radio system satisfies the requirements of this SRSP, Industry Canada may require modifications to the station or system whenever harmful interferenceFootnote 1 is caused to other radio stations or systems.

2.3 Radio systems conforming to these technical requirements will be given priority in licensing over non-standard radio systems operating in these bands. The arrangements for non-standard systems are outlined in the document entitled Spectrum Utilization Policies SP-Gen, General Information Related to Spectrum Utilization and Radio Systems Policies.

2.4 Industry Canada should be advised when potential conflicts between radio systems cannot be resolved by the parties concerned. Following consultation with these parties, the Department will determine what modifications need to be made, and will establish a schedule for these modifications to resolve the conflict.

2.5 Industry Canada may require licensees to use system receiver selectivity characteristics that provide improved rejection of harmful interference.

2.6 AWS equipment must be certified in accordance with Radio Standards Specification RSS-139, Issue 3, Advanced Wireless Services (AWS) Equipment Operating in the Bands 1710–1780 MHz and 2110–2180 MHz.

2.7 Equipment that has been previously certified in accordance with RSS-139, Issue 2, prior to the adoption of RSS-139, Issue 3, will be permitted to continue operating in the bands 1710-1755 MHz and 2110-2155 MHz, subject to the conditions defined in this SRSP.

2.8 Licensees are required to make available to Industry Canada, upon request, information on certain technical parameters of their radio systems.

2.9 Revisions to this SRSP will be made as required.




3. Related Documents

3.1 The following Industry Canada documents, as amended from time to time, outline the policy framework and radio licence application requirements for AWS. Current issues of these documents are available on the Spectrum Management and Telecommunications website at www.ic.gc.ca/spectrum.

TRAA
Treaty Series 1962 No. 15 — Coordination and Use of Radio Frequencies, Exchange of Notes Between Canada and the United States of America

Arrangement I — Sharing arrangement between the Department of Industry of Canada and the Federal Communications Commission of the United States of America concerning the use of the frequency bands 1710–1755 MHz and 2110-2155 MHz by advanced wireless services along the Canada-United States border

CTFA
Canadian Table of Frequency Allocations

Radiocommunication Regulations

RP-Gen
General Spectrum Policy Principles and Other Information Related to Spectrum Utilization and Radio Systems Policies

SP-Gen
General Information Related to Spectrum Utilization and Radio Systems Policies

RSS-Gen
General Requirements for Compliance of Radio Apparatus

RSS-139
Advanced Wireless Services (AWS) Equipment Operating in the Bands 1710–1780 MHz and 2110–2180 MHz

RSP-100
Certification of Radio Apparatus

RSP-113
Application Procedures for Planned Radio Stations Above 960 MHz in the Fixed Service

CPC-2-0-03
Radiocommunication and Broadcasting Antenna Systems

CPC-2-0-17
Conditions of Licence for Mandatory Roaming and Antenna Tower and Site Sharing and to Prohibit Exclusive Site Arrangements

CPC-2-1-23
Licensing Procedure for Spectrum Licences for Terrestrial Services

DGTP-002-07
Consultation on a Framework to Auction Spectrum in the 2 GHz Range including Advanced Wireless Services

DGTP-007-07
Policy Framework for the Auction for Spectrum Licences for Advanced Wireless Services and other Spectrum in the 2 GHz Range

DGRB-011-07
Licensing Framework for the Auction for Sprectrum of Spectrum Licences for Advanced Wireless Services and other Spectrum in the 2 GHz Range

SLPB-007-14
Technical, Policy and Licensing Framework for Advanced Wireless Services in the Bands 1755-1780 MHz and 2155-2180 MHz (AWS-3)

TRC-43
Designation of Emissions, Class of Station and Nature of Service

SP 1-3 GHz
Amendments to the Microwave Spectrum Utilization Policies in the 1-3 GHz Frequency Range

DGTP-002-95
Revisions to Microwave Spectrum Utilization Policies in the Range of 1-20 GHz

SRSP-301.7
Technical Requirements for Fixed Radio Systems Operating in the Bands 1700-1710 MHz and 1780-1850 MHz

SRSP-302.0
Technical Requirements for Fixed Line of-Sight Radio Systems Operating in the Bands 2025-2110 MHz and 2200-2285 MHz




4. Band Plan

4.1 The bands 1710-1780 MHz and 2110-2180 MHz are divided into two sub-bands: the lower sub-band 1710-1780 MHz and the upper sub-band 2110-2180 MHz. These sub-bands are further divided into nine paired blocks with a frequency separation of 400 MHz. See Figure 1 and Table 1 for the band plan and block sizes respectively.


Figure 1 — AWS Band Plan
SRSP-513 — Figure 1: AWS Band Plan

Table 1 — Block Pairs
Block Total Spectrum Lower Sub-band Upper Sub-band
Block A 20 MHz 1710-1720 MHz 2110-2120 MHz
Block B 20 MHz 1720-1730 MHz 2120-2130 MHz
Block C 10 MHz 1730-1735 MHz 2130-2135 MHz
Block D 10 MHz 1735-1740 MHz 2135-2140 MHz
Block E 10 MHz 1740-1745 MHz 2140-2145 MHz
Block F 20 MHz 1745-1755 MHz 2145-2155 MHz
Block G 10 MHz 1755-1760 MHz 2155-2160 MHz
Block H 10 MHz 1760-1765 MHz 2160-2165 MHz
Block I 10 MHz 1765-1775 MHz 2165-2170 MHz
Block J1 10 MHz 1770-1775 MHz 2170-2175 MHz
Block J2 10 MHz 1775-1780 MHz 2175-2180 MHz

4.1.1 If frequency division duplexing (FDDFootnote 2) techniques are applied in the sub-bands mentioned in Section 4.1, radio systems should use the lower sub-band for mobile transmit operations and the upper sub-band for base transmit operations.

4.1.2 Systems using time division duplexing (TDDFootnote 3) techniques may operate in both the lower and upper sub-bands. However, these systems must operate within the technical rules of FDD systems and must be engineered to coexist with FDD systems.

4.1.3 Nothwithstanding the duplexing techniques used, all systems shall conform to the technical requirements set forth in this SRSP.




5. Technical Criteria

5.1 Radiated Power and Antenna Height Limits

5.1.1 Fixed and Base Stations

5.1.1.1 For fixed and base stations operating within the frequency range 2110-2180 MHz with a channel bandwidth equal to or less than 1 MHz, the maximum permissible equivalent isotropically radiated power (e.i.r.p.) is 1640 watts with an antenna height above average terrain (HAAT)Footnote 4 up to 300 metres.

5.1.1.2 For fixed and base stations operating within the frequency range 2110-2180 MHz with a channel bandwidth greater than 1 MHz, the maximum permissible e.i.r.p. is 1640 watts/MHz e.i.r.p. (i.e. no more than 1640 watts e.i.r.p. in any 1 MHz band segment) with an antenna height above average terrain (HAAT) up to 300 metres.

5.1.1.3 Fixed and base stations located in geographic areas at a distance greater than 26 km from large or medium population centres,Footnote 5 and transmitting within the frequency range 2110-2180 MHz, may increase their e.i.r.p. up to a maximum of 3280 watts/MHz (i.e. no more than 3280 watts e.i.r.p. in any 1 MHz band segment), with an antenna HAAT up to 300 metres.

Within 26 km of any large or medium population centre, fixed and base stations may operate at increased e.i.r.p. if more than 50% of the population within a particular sector's coverageFootnote 6 is located outside these large and medium population centres.

Fixed and base stations with increased e.i.r.p. must not be used to provide coverage to large and medium population centres. However, some incidental coverage of these large and medium population centres by stations with increased e.i.r.p. is permitted.

This provision also applies for fixed and base stations with a channel bandwidth equal to or less than 1 MHz (i.e. the e.i.r.p. may be increased up to a maximum of 3280 watts).

5.1.1.4 Fixed and base station antenna heights above average terrain may exceed 300 metres with a reduction in e.i.r.p. The maximum permissible e.i.r.p. for installations with antenna HAAT in excess of 300 metres is given in the following table:

Table 2 — Reduction to Maximum Allowable E.I.R.P. for HAAT > 300 m
HAAT (in metres) Maximum e.i.r.p. (watts or watts per MHza)
Notes:
a Depending on the channel bandwidth: watts if less than 1 MHz bandwidth or else watts per MHz.
b If Section 5.1.1.3 applies.
HAAT ≤ 300 1640 (or 3280b)
300 < HAAT ≤ 500 1070
500 < HAAT ≤ 1000 490
1000 < HAAT ≤ 1500 270
1500 < HAAT ≤ 2000 160

5.1.1.5 Fixed or base stations transmitting in the lower sub-band (1710-1780 MHz) shall comply with the power limits set forth in Section 5.1.2.

5.1.2 Mobile and Portable Stations

Maximum e.i.r.p. limits for mobile and portable (hand-held) stations are specified in RSS-139, Advanced Wireless Services (AWS) Equipment Operating in the Bands 1710–1780 MHz and 2110–2180 MHz. These stations should employ automatic transmit power control such that stations operate on the minimum required power.

5.2 Other Criteria

5.2.1 Power Measurement Settings

The specified power values in Section 5.1 shall be measured during any continuous transmission time, using a measurement instrument calibrated in terms of root-mean-square equivalent voltage.

5.2.2 Stations With Multiple Antennas Using Multiple-Input, Multiple-Output (MIMO) Technology

If a fixed or base station is equipped with multiple antennas, the following rules regarding e.i.r.p. and antenna height shall apply:

5.2.2.1 E.I.R.P. for Correlated Transmission

When multiple antennas are used at a station to transmit the same digital data in a given symbol period (even with different coding or phase shifts) for transmit diversity or to steer signal energy towards a particular direction for enhanced directional gain (i.e. beamforming) or to devise any other transmission mode where signals from different antennas are correlated, the e.i.r.p. shall be calculated based on the aggregate power conducted across all antennas and resulting directional gain 10 log10(N) + Gmax dBi. Here, N is the number of antennas and Gmax is the highest gain in dBi among all antennas.

5.2.2.2 E.I.R.P. for Uncorrelated Transmission

When multiple antennas are used at a station in which each antenna transmits different digital data during any given symbol period (i.e. space-time codes) or independent parallel data stream over the same frequency bandwidth in order to increase data rates (i.e. spatial multiplexing), or forms any other transmission mode where signals from different antennas are completely uncorrelated, the e.i.r.p. shall be calculated based on the aggregate power conducted across all antennas and maximum antenna gain Gmax.

5.2.2.3 Antenna Height

The HAAT of a base or fixed station with multiple antennas shall be calculated with reference to the highest antenna.

5.3 Transmitter Unwanted Emissions

Transmitter unwanted emissions are specified in RSS-139, Advanced Wireless Services (AWS) Equipment Operating in the Bands 1710–1780 MHz and 2110–2180 MHz.




6. General Guidelines for Coexistence of Systems Operating in the Same Frequency Blocks and in Adjacent Service Areas

6.1 In the event that an AWS system using the same frequency block is authorized to different operators in adjacent service areas, coordination of any transmitter installations that are close to the boundary shall be required to eliminate any harmful interference that might otherwise exist and ensure continuance of equal access to the frequency block by both operators.

6.2 To protect stations operating in adjacent service areas from co-channel interference, base stations must not generate a power flux density that exceeds −106 dBW/m2 in any 1 MHz outside the operator's service area unless agreed otherwise by the affected operator.

6.3 Possible interference conflicts resulting from the operation of two AWS systems may occur. The resolution of those conflicts should be arrived at through mutual arrangements between the affected parties following consultation and coordination.

6.4 When potential conflicts between systems cannot be resolved in a timely fashion, Industry Canada shall be so advised, whereupon following consultations with the parties concerned, the Department will determine the necessary course of action.

6.5 System expansion measures, such as addition of cells, cell splitting and sectorization, must not force major changes in the system of the other operator, except by mutual agreement between the affected parties. Changes that would have potential impact on the other operator, including cell site locations, cell sectorization and cell splitting, require consultation with the other operator.




7. General Guidelines for Coexistence of Systems Operating in Adjacent Frequency Blocks

7.1 Possible interference conflicts resulting from the operation of two AWS systems operating in adjacent blocks may occur even though the technical specifications of both this SRSP and RSS-139 are being met.

7.2 The resolution of those conflicts should be arrived at through mutual arrangements between the affected parties following consultation and coordination.

7.3 When potential conflicts between systems cannot be resolved, Industry Canada shall be so advised, whereupon following consultations with the parties concerned, the Department will determine what modifications are necessary and the schedule of such modifications.




8. Fixed System Operators in the Bands 1710-1780 MHz and 2110-2180 MHz

8.1 The treatment of existing fixed point-to-point radio systems in the bands 1710-1755 MHz and 2110-2155 MHz is addressed in DGTP-002-07, Consultation on a Framework to Auction Spectrum in the 2 GHz Range including Advanced Wireless Services.

8.2 The treatment of existing fixed point-to-point radio systems in the bands 1755-1780 MHz and 2155-2180 MHz is laid out in SLPB-007-14, Technical, Policy and Licensing Framework for Advanced Wireless Services in the Bands 1755-1780 MHz and 2155-2180 MHz (AWS 3).

8.3 In both bands, fixed service licensees will be given a notification period before displacement if they are preventing the deployment of AWS systems.




9. Coexistence of Systems Operating in Adjacent Bands

9.1 Coordination may be required with licensees in adjacent bands. In this context, coordination involves consultation between operators to ensure the coexistence between systems in adjacent bands. Licensees should consult Industry Canada for the most up-to-date list of operators in the area.

9.2 Possible interference conflicts resulting from the operation of AWS and radio systems in adjacent bands may occur. The resolution of those conflicts should be arrived at through mutual arrangements between the affected parties following consultation and coordination.

9.3 When potential conflicts between systems cannot be resolved in a timely fashion, Industry Canada shall be so advised, whereupon following consultations with the parties concerned, the Department will determine the necessary course of action.

9.4 Fixed line-of-sight point-to-point radio systems operate below 1710 MHz in accordance with SRSP 301.7, Technical Requirements for Fixed Radio Systems Operating in the Bands 1700-1710 MHz and 1780-1850 MHz. Coordination may be required between AWS mobile and portable stations operating in block A of the band 1710-1755 MHz and these fixed line-of-sight systems.

9.5 The meteorological-satellite service (space-to-Earth) operates between 1685 MHz and 1710 MHz. AWS licensees in the band 1710-1755 MHz will be required to coordinate with existing licensed facilities of the meteorological-satellite service.

9.6 Fixed line-of-sight point-to-point radio systems operate between 1780 MHz and 1800 MHz in accordance with SRSP-301.7, Technical Requirements for Fixed Radio Systems Operating in the Bands 1700-1710 MHz and 1780-1850 MHz. Coordination may be required between AWS mobile and portable stations operating in block J2 of the band 1775-1780 MHz and these fixed line-of-sight systems.

9.7 Fixed line-of-sight point-to-point radio systems operate below 2110 MHz in accordance with SRSP-302.0, Technical Requirements for Fixed Line-of-Sight Radio Systems Operating in the Bands 2025-2110 MHz and 2200-2285 MHz. Coordination may be required between these systems and AWS fixed or base stations operating in block A of the band 2110-2155 MHz.




10. International Coordination

10.1 Usage of the bands 1710-1755 MHz and 2110-2155 MHz within the Canada-United States border area is subject to the provisions of Arrangement I — Sharing arrangement between the Department of Industry of Canada and the Federal Communications Commission of the United States of America concerning the use of the frequency bands 1710–1755 MHz and 2110-2155 MHz by advanced wireless services along the Canada-United States border.

10.2 Specific coordination rules and procedures for the sharing of the bands 1755-1780 MHz and 2155-2180 MHz between Canadian and U.S. licensees are under negotiation between Industry Canada, and the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) and the National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA). The Department anticipates that the resulting coordination procedures will include transitional measures for protection of U.S. government incumbents, as well as licensee to licensee coordination between AWS-3 licensees in both countries, similar to how coordination in the AWS-1 band is already is carried out.Footnote 7

10.3 Through their conditions of licence, AWS-3 licensees will be required to abide by certain technical requirements and to coordinate with U.S. licensees in accordance with the conditions of any international arrangements or agreements into which Canada enters.

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