CPC-2-0-03 — Radiocommunication and Broadcasting Antenna Systems
In addition to roles and responsibilities for site sharing, land-use consultation and public consultation, proponents must also fulfill other important obligations including: compliance with Health Canada's Safety Code 6 guideline for the protection of the general public; compliance with radio frequency immunity criteria; notification of nearby broadcasting stations; environmental considerations; and Transport Canada/NAV CANADA aeronautical safety responsibilities.
Health Canada has established safety guidelines for exposure to radio frequency fields, in its Safety Code 6 publication, entitled: Limits of Human Exposure to Radiofrequency Electromagnetic fields in the Frequency Range from 3 kHz to 300 GHz.Footnote 4 While the responsibility for developing Safety Code 6 rests with Health Canada, Industry Canada has adopted this guideline for the purpose of protecting the general public. Current biomedical studies in Canada and other countries indicate that there is no scientific or medical evidence that a person will experience adverse health effects from exposure to radio frequency fields, provided that the installation complies with Safety Code 6.
It is the responsibility of proponents and operators of installations to ensure that all radiocommunication and broadcasting installations comply with Safety Code 6 at all times, including the consideration of combined effects of nearby installations within the local radio environment.
For all proponents following Industry Canada's Default Public Consultation Process, the proponent's notification package must provide a written attestation that there will be compliance with Safety Code 6 for the protection of the general public, including consideration of nearby radiocommunication systems. The notification package must also indicate any Safety Code 6 related signage and access control mechanisms that may be used.
Compliance with Safety Code 6 is an ongoing obligation. At any time, antenna system operators may be required, as directed by Industry Canada, to demonstrate compliance with Safety Code 6 by (i) providing detailed calculations, and/or (ii) conducting site surveys and, where necessary, by implementing corrective measures. Proponents and operators of existing antenna systems must retain copies of all information related to Safety Code 6 compliance such as analyses and measurements.
All radiocommunication and broadcasting proponents and existing spectrum users are to ensure that their installations are designed and operated in accordance with Industry Canada's immunity criteria as outlined in EMCAB-2Footnote 5 in order to minimize the malfunctioning of electronic equipment in the local surroundings. Broadcasting proponents and existing undertakings should refer to Broadcasting Procedures and Rules - Part 1, General Rules (BPR-1) for additional information and requirementsFootnote 6 on this matter.
Proponents are advised to consider the potential effect that their proposal may have on nearby electronic equipment. In this way, they will be better prepared to respond to any questions that may arise during the public and land-use consultation processes, or after the system has been installed.
Land-use authorities should be prepared to advise proponents and owners of broadcasting undertakings of plans for the expansion or development of nearby residential and/or industrial areas. Such expansion or development generally results in the introduction of more electronic equipment in the area and therefore an increased potential for electronic equipment to malfunction. By keeping broadcasters aware of planned developments and changes to adjacent land-use, they will be better able to work with the community. Equally, land-use authorities have a responsibility to ensure that those moving into these areas, whether prospective residents or industry, are aware of the potential for their electronic equipment to malfunction when located in proximity to an existing broadcasting installation. For example, the LUA could ensure that clear notification be provided to future prospective purchasers.
Where the proposal would result in a structure that exceeds 30 metres above ground level, the proponent is to notify operators of AM, FM and TV undertakings within 2 kilometres, due to the potential impact the physical structure may have on these broadcasting undertakings. Metallic structures close to an AM directional antenna array may change the antenna pattern of the AM broadcasting undertaking. These proposed structures can also reflect nearby FM and TV signals, causing 'ghosting' interference to FM/TV receivers used by the general public.
Industry Canada requires that the installation and modification of antenna systems be done in a manner that complies with appropriate environmental legislation. This includes the CEAA and local environmental assessment requirements where required by the CEAA.
Proponents will ensure that the environmental assessment process is applied as early as is practical in the planning stages. This will enable proponents and other stakeholders to consider environmental factors in any decisions that may be made. As part of their environmental assessment, proponents are to give due consideration to potential environmental impacts including cumulative effects.
Proponents are advised to view the current CEAA exclusion listFootnote 7 to see if their proposed installation meets the requirements to be excluded from assessment under the CEAA.
If not excluded, the proponent must first notify the local Industry Canada office which will direct the proponent on how to proceed with an environmental assessment. At this point, the proponent must not proceed with any construction related to the proposal.
Where the proposal requires assessment under the CEAA, the proponent must either:
- abandon the proposal; or
- participate in the environmental assessment process as established under the CEAA.
Should the environmental assessment identify that there is the potential for an adverse environmental effect, the proponent will be required to describe the effect and propose mitigation measures. Through an environmental assessment, careful consideration may be given to potential adverse environmental effects during the planning stages. This makes it possible to introduce measures which permit the project to proceed while protecting the environment.
Should any significant adverse environmental effect become apparent at any time during the installation, all construction must be stopped, regardless of whether the installation was excluded from environmental assessment.
For all proponents following Industry Canada's Default Public Consultation Process, the proponent's notification package must provide written confirmation of the project's status under the Canadian Environmental Assessment Act.
In those situations where an environmental assessment is required, Industry Canada will post a notification of the commencement of the assessment on the Canadian Environmental Assessment Registry website.Footnote 8 This will help to ensure that all interested parties, including the general public, are aware of an assessment from the outset. The notification will include the name, location and a summary description of the project, and identify the project proponent(s) and federal department(s) directly involved in the assessment. Other pertinent documents will be placed on the Internet site as the assessment proceeds, including all public notices, decisions and information about follow-up programs. Should mitigation measures be identified further to the assessment, Industry Canada will ensure that the project does not proceed unless these measures are adequately addressed.
In addition, proponents are responsible to ensure that antenna systems are installed and operated in a manner that respects the local environment and complies with other statutory requirements such as the Canadian Environmental Protection Act, the Migratory Birds Convention Act and the Species at Risk Act, where applicable.
Proponents must ensure their proposals for any antenna system are first reviewed by Transport Canada and NAV CANADA.
Transport Canada will perform an assessment of the proposal with respect to the potential hazard to air navigation and will notify proponents of any painting and/or lighting requirements for the antenna system. NAV CANADA will comment on whether the proposal has an impact on the provision of their national air navigation system, facilities and other services located off-airport.
As required, the proponent must:
- submit an Aeronautical Obstruction Clearance form to Transport Canada;
- submit a Land-use Proposal Submission form to NAV CANADA;
- include Transport Canada marking requirements in the public notification package;
- install and maintain the antenna system in a manner that is not a hazard to aeronautical safety; and
- retain all correspondence.
For those antenna systems subject to Industry Canada's Default Public Consultation Process, the proponent will inform the community of any marking requirements. Where options are possible, proponents are expected to work with the local community and Transport Canada to implement the best and safest marking options. Proponents should be aware that Transport Canada does not advise Industry Canada of marking requirements for proposed structures. Proponents are reminded that the addition of, or modification to, obstruction markings may result in community concern and so any change is to be done in consultation with the local public, land-use authority and/or Transport Canada, as appropriate.
References and Details
Aeronautical Obstruction Clearance forms are available from any Transport Canada Aviation Group Office. Both the Aeronautical Obstruction Clearance form (#26-0427) and a list of Transport Canada Aviation Group regional offices are available on the Transport Canada website.Footnote 9 Completed forms are to be submitted directly to the nearest Transport Canada Aviation Group office. (Refer to Canadian Aviation Regulations, Standard 621.19, Standards Obstruction Markings).
Land-use Proposal Submission forms are available from NAV CANADAFootnote 10 and completed forms are to be sent to the appropriate NAV CANADA General Manager Airport Operations (GMAO) office, East or West.
- Date modified: