Call for Applications to Licence Satellite Orbital Positions
In order to participate in the consultation process this form must be completed and signed by a senior officer of your organization.
Name of Organization:
Name of Contact:
Title of Contact:
A brief description of your organization's existing and anticipated interest in satellite capacity and services:
Date: _________________________________________________top of page
Coincident with the release of this Call for Applications, the Department will consider for authorization earth station applications in the band 13.75–14 GHz for antennas as small as 1.2 metres in diameter. FSS operators may freely deploy such earth stations without any additional technical and operational restrictions where placement of the earth station is sufficiently distant from the Canada-U.S. border and Canada's baseline of the territorial coastal waters to meet the PFD requirement. The coastal baseline is shown on the Department of Fisheries and Oceans map of Maritime Zones of Canada (map number-400). This baseline is the low-water mark line along Canada's coasts and is further prescribed in the Department of Justice's Territorial Sea Geographical Coordinates Orders, found at:
In cases where placement of the proposed earth station is fairly close to the Canada-U.S. border or the coastal baselines as described above, FSS operators, prior to any authorization, must demonstrate to the Department that they meet the PFD or demonstrate what measures have been taken in order not to exceed the prescribed PFD limit. It should be noted that the location of the earth station and the local terrain will play a significant factor so as not to exceed the PFD limit. The orbital location of the space station with which the proposed earth station communicates may also be a contributing factor.
As previously mentioned, the ITU-R has conducted technical studies to help administrations determine how to ensure that the PFD limits contained in the Radio Regulationse are met. This work has been documented in Recommendation ITU-R S.1712 entitled Methodologies for determining whether an FSS earth station at a given location could transmit in the band 13.75–14 GHz without exceeding the PFD limits in RR 5.502, and the guidelines to mitigate excesses. This recommendation describes three methods which should be used for determining whether an earth station proposed to operate in the band would meet the PFD limits of RR 5.502.
Preliminary Technical Studies
Earth station interference into radar operations
The Department has conducted preliminary technical studies to determine a typical distance required to meet the PFD limits under specific assumptions. The results of these calculations are provided in Table B1.
These calculations were made for a smooth Earth model (no terrain elevation) and based on several assumptions as outlined below. Results are provided for several earth station antenna heights above local terrain to simulate various antenna locations atop natural (e.g. hills) or man-made objects.
Table B1 — Example Calculations of Distance to Meet PFD limit of -115 dBW/m2 for 99% of the Time for an Earth Station Transmitting at 1, 10 and 100 Watts
|Earth Station Height
Above Ground (m)
|Required distance (km)|
|1 W||10 W||100 W|
- Smooth Earth propagation model using Recommendation ITU-R P.452–10;
- PFD is measured 36 m above ground (specified height for coastline);
- Earth station antenna diameter is 1.2 m, but results would also be valid for any antenna size between 1.2 m and 4.5 m if they use the same antenna pattern;
- Antenna pattern is per Recommendation ITU-R S.580:
G = 29 - 25 log φ dBi
(G being the gain relative to an isotropic antenna and φ being the off-axis angle in the direction of the geostationary-satellite orbit referred to the main-lobe axis);
- Distance is computed for angles off-boresight exceeding 30 degrees (distances would be larger in some cases where azimuth of coastline or border corresponds to earth station pointing azimuth and where earth station antenna operates at lower elevation angles).
The results show that a typical distance from the coast or border within the range of 100 to 200 km would typically be sufficient to meet the PFD limits. However, it must be further stated that the actual distance depends heavily on the assumptions used to derive the required distance. The terrain elevation profile will have a significant impact on the PFD level generated at coastlines or the border.
Radar interference into FSS space station receivers
In the international deliberations to facilitate FSS in the band 13.75–14 GHz, when considering the sharing criteria between the fixed-satellite and radiolocation services, one of the concerns identified was the potential of interference to FSS space station receivers from radar transmitters, which may emit high signal levels in the direction of the satellite(s). ITU-R studies have confirmed that sharing is possible provided power limitations are placed on the radar stations and that sufficient power is utilized by the FSS earth stations communicating with the space stations. These values have been subsequently incorporated into ITU footnotes and ITU-R Recommendations. While provisions to permit the introduction of smaller earth station antennas were adopted by WRC-2003, the emphasis of the work focused on the prevention of interference into radiolocation systems. Preparatory work for WRC-2003 recognized that, in order to understand the implications of smaller earth station antennas on the interference environment for FSS, further studies would be required within the ITU-R.
FSS operators should take into account the above in any future satellite network designs and become familiar with any potential exposure of radar emissions that may, in exceptional situations, cause interference to the FSS space station receiver(s).
It should be noted that the Department does not purport to have identified all of the constraints or restrictions on the various radio services operating in the band 13.75–14 GHz.top of page
Appendix C — Overview of the International Regulatory Framework for Canadian Satellites in the North American Context
In accordance with the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) Radio Regulations, before an administration brings a satellite network into operation, the proposed network must be coordinated with all potentially affected existing and planned foreign networks. As Canada is a signatory to the ITU treaties, the successful applicant receiving Canadian authorization to establish a satellite network resulting from this Call for Applications must fulfill the obligations prescribed in the ITU Radio Regulations, including the coordination of its proposed satellite networks as discussed earlier in Section 5.3.2 of this document.
C.1 FSS Extended Ku, FSS Ka and 17 GHz BSS
Successfully coordinated frequency assignments that conform to the ITU Radio Regulations receive rights; including:
- recognition through the recording of frequency assignments with favourable findings in the Master International Frequency Register (MIFR), and;
- protection through the ITU's technical examinations and identification of foreign networks that may potentially impact on proposed Canadian operations.
Satellite network filings at the Advance Publication of Information (API) stage are not considered in the ITU technical review. Coordination requests are considered protected from the date of receipt of the complete coordination information. They lose this protection at the latest date for bringing the satellite into use if the satellite is not successfully notified and brought into use by this date. Modifications to a coordination notice may alter the protection date of an assignment if a modification increases the potential of interference to or from foreign satellite networks that are already protected. Once brought into use and successfully notified, the satellite network enjoys protection from foreign satellite networks on the basis of the registered parameters for the period of validity identified for the satellite network.
Canada has initiated coordination activity through the submission of the API and coordination information to the ITU for spectrum-orbital resources included in this Call for Applications. Information regarding these filings is available on the Spectrum Management and Telecommunications website at www.ic.gc.ca/satelliteservices. This information indicates the orbital position, proposed frequency bands of operation, the current ITU coordination status (API or Coordination), foreign administrations who have requested coordination, and the date after which the filing becomes obsolete.
Please note, although every attempt has been made to ensure the accuracy of the information available, applicants are encouraged to independently research international coordination information for those licences of interest to them, in an effort to determine international coordination status.
The detailed technical parameters for each filing can also be found on Industry Canada's Spectrum Management and Telecommunications website or directly from the ITU's SNS database at http://www.itu.int/sns/ for applicants with a TIES10 account. As most of these networks are currently at the coordination stage, applicants are encouraged to review this information and determine if these proposals meet their technical requirements and can be implemented within the time frames indicated. Each of these filings carries with it a different set of obligations and rights with respect to other foreign satellite networks filed with the ITU. Thus, if the applicant's satellite network can be described by any of these filings, especially the earlier filings, this would provide certain advantages to the successful applicant. However, if the applicant's satellite network cannot be represented, from an interference or implementation perspective, by these filings, the Department would be willing to submit a new or revised filing. It should be noted that under ITU regulations, new filings will receive a later priority date which may result in greater coordination obligations.
Any selected applicants will be expected to assume responsibility for any required coordination negotiations at the operator-to-operator level, with oversight by the Department.
C.1.1 Additional Considerations Regarding FSS Ka
Canada's use of the Ka band spectrum is subject to an arrangement with the United States whereby Ka band satellite networks will be designed and operated in such a manner as to be compliant with the FCC's 2° spacing rules for Ka band spectrum. This arrangement greatly facilitates the coordination process since detailed coordination is only required for satellite networks having an orbital separation which is less than 2°. The coordination activities for filings at the 91.0° W and 118.7° W orbital positions are well advanced, and in some cases near completion. Further work is required to finalize Ka band coordination at the 107.3° W and 109.2° W orbital positions.
C.1.2 Additional Considerations Regarding BSS 17 GHz
It should be noted that the United States has also submitted filings for 17 GHz BSS resources which are at the same or near the following orbital positions: 91° W, 95° W, 99° W, 103° W, 107.3° W, 111.1° W, 114.9° W, and 118.7° W. These U.S. filings expire on the same date as the Canadian filings. Canada and the United States have equal priority access to these resources and any use of these resources must be coordinated with each other. In the case of 113° W, the United States has submitted a filing at 114.5° W prior to the Canadian 113° W filing. As such, any Canadian use of 113° W will require coordination with the United States.
C.2 12 GHz BSS
The 12 GHz BSS band and its associated feeder link band (17.3–17.8 GHz) were planned at the 1983 Region 2 Regional Administrative Radio Conference. In the resulting allotment plan, found in Appendix 30 and Appendix 30A of the ITU Radio Regulations, Canada was allotted six non-overlapping service areas covering Canada from west to east, with each of these areas being served from separate orbital positions.
In 1996, however, Industry Canada submitted coverage modifications to the ITU with a view toward the implementation of satellites to provide coverage to all of Canada and beyond from each of the 12 GHz BSS orbital positions. It should be noted that these extended coverage modifications are time limited by the ITU regulatory process and require coordination and to be brought into use by specific dates. To date, four of the six orbital positions have since been successfully modified to provide coverage of all Canada. In the case of the 138° W orbital position, the deadline for implementing the modification for a satellite to cover all of Canada visible from that position has lapsed. If the selected applicant would like to amend the Region 2 Plan for the 138° W orbital position, a new filing will be required to modify the Region 2 Plan. The Department will work with the successful applicant to seek agreement of other administrations that may be affected by a modification to the Region 2 plan.top of page
I, the undersigned, do hereby make the following statements that I certify to be true and complete in every respect.
I certify, on behalf of (Name of applicant) that:
I have read, and I understand the requirement to comply with, the Canadian carrier eligibility criteria as set out in Section 10 of the Radiocommunication Regulations.
Name of Officer:
Title of Officer:
Date:top of page
Appendix E — Information Required for Demonstrating Compliance with Ownership and Control Requirements as Described in Section 7.2.1
- a narrative explaining the company's Canadian ownership and control structure;
- the Canadian incorporation documents, including articles of incorporation, bylaws, addendums, and appendices;
- all agreements between or among the operating company, holding company and any other affiliated companies related to the governance or management of these companies;
- certified copies of the current Register of Shareholders, for all classes and series of shares, stating the citizenship and ordinary residence of each shareholder, for the company and holding company(ies);
- the details of the rights, privileges, restrictions and conditions of each class of shares for the company and holding company(ies);
- for each shareholder who is an individual and identified as "Canadian" (as defined in the Canadian Telecommunications Common Carrier Ownership and Control Regulations), an affidavit or statutory declaration regarding citizenship, residency and ordinary residence. However, where shares of the corporation are widely held, and where the Register includes the address of each registered shareholder, a certified copy of the register will be sufficient;
- where shares are held in trust, the name and address of the trustee are required, and where the trustee is an individual, the citizenship of the trustee;
- any other document identifying the details of the beneficial ownership by Canadians, and by non-Canadians, of each class of shares for the company and any related holding company;
- copies of all shareholders or partnership agreements for the company and any related holding company;
- certified copies of the current Register of Directors for the company and any related holding company, indicating citizenship and residence;
- if there is a relationship between a director and a non-Canadian shareholder, information regarding the nature of that relationship (e.g. employee, officer, director, shareholder, significant contract, or spouse of employee, officer, director, shareholder);
- the details of any agreements or arrangements related to the nomination, designation or election of directors of the company and any related holding company;
- an affidavit or statutory declaration regarding Canadian citizenship or residency, and ordinary residence, of any individual director identified as "Canadian" (as defined in the Canadian Telecommunications Common Carrier Ownership and Control Regulations);
- the name and citizenship of each officer, and the office held of each officer of the company and any related holding company, and details of any relationship between the officers and non-Canadian shareholders;
- the details of any agreements or arrangements related to the appointment of officers of the company and any related holding company;
- the complete details of the financial structure of the company and any related holding company, including the source of debt and equity financing. Please provide details as to the share structure, source of financing (banks, shareholders, passive investors, etc.), and provide copies of any agreement related to current or future Canadian or non-Canadian equity (voting and non-voting);
- copies of any agreements or covenants between the company and any non-Canadian partner or affiliate, including agreements or arrangements for the provision of management services, acquisition of intellectual property, or instruments granting current or future rights in the company's radiocommunication assets; and
- the details of any other agreement or arrangement which could affect whether the company or any related holding company is or is not controlled in fact by Canadians.
10 The ITU Telecom Information Exchange Services (TIES) is a set of networked information services and resources for the global telecommunications community.
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