Radio Spectrum Inventory: A 2010 Snapshot — Canada
Chapter 4 – Amateur Service
4.1.1 Definition of Service
The ITU-R Radio Regulations, Article 1.56 defines amateur service as "A radiocommunication service for the purpose of self-training, intercommunication and technical investigations carried out by amateurs, that is, by duly authorized persons interested in radio technique solely with a personal aim and without pecuniary interest."
The ITU-R Radio Regulations, Article 1.57 defines amateur-satellite service as "A radiocommunication service using space stations on earth satellites for the same purposes as those of the amateur service."
4.1.2 Broad description of type of service/applications
The amateur service is used by individuals who have been certified to operate in those frequencies. Amateur stations do not generally have frequency assignments, but dynamically select frequencies within a band allocated to the amateur service using a listen-before-talk protocol. Amateur stations perform a variety of functions, such as training, communication between amateur stations, disaster relief communications and technical investigations in radio techniques.
4.2 Current Allocations and Utilization
4.2.1 List of Allocated Bands
There are some bands that are allocated exclusively to the amateur service, but many bands allocated to the amateur service are shared with other radio services and amateur operators are aware of the sharing conditions. The following table shows the bands allocated to the amateur service in Canada, their allocation status and whether they are shared with other services.
|Amateur Service Bands||Status||Shared/Exclusive|
|7000-7300 kHzTable 4.1 footnote 1||Primary||Exclusive|
Note: There are a number of secondary allocations for the Amateur service, illustrated by an 'S' in the box.[Description of Figure]
In general, there is more than 23 GHz of spectrum allocated to the amateur service, approximately 20% of which is allocated on a primary basis and 80% of which is allocated on a secondary basis. Although there is a large amount of spectrum allocated to the amateur service, all of the bands are very small, shared or in frequency bands above 20 GHz. Given that this study is limited to the frequency range 52 MHz-38 GHz, there is 59 MHz of spectrum allocated to the amateur service on a primary basis in this range.
4.2.2 Band plans (pairing) where applicable
4.2.3 Type of licence (spectrum vs. frequency)
Amateur stations are not licensed in Canada. Amateur station operators require an Amateur Radio Operator Certificate with the Basic Qualification and a call sign. With this certificate, an amateur operator may operate within any of the amateur service frequency bands in accordance with the operator's qualifications (basic, Morse code or advanced) identified for the specified band.
4.2.4 Comparison with the United States
In general, the amateur service bands are aligned with the United States; most are also aligned internationally.
4.3 Spectrum Inventory and Analysis
4.3.1 Major users
These bands are used by certified amateur radio operators.
4.3.2 Number of assignments and geographic information
There are currently 60,173 amateur radio operator certificates across Canada.
4.3.3 Spectrum usage maps
4.4 Trend Charts
Figure 4.1 shows the total number of amateur certificates that are active in Canada by fiscal year. Over the last 10 years, the number of amateur certificates has almost doubled.
Figure 4.2 shows the total number of new amateur certificates that have been issued in Canada by fiscal year. This figure shows that, even though the total number of amateur certificates has increased over the last 10 years, the number of new amateur certificates awarded has decreased by 50%.
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