Consultation on Changes to the Definition of Competitive and User-Defined Service Areas for Spectrum Licences

Posted on Industry Canada website: February 26, 2015


1. Intent

1.
As part of the modernization of Industry Canada’s spectrum management system, the Department is required to change the way in which service areas for competitive and user-defined licensing are constructed. Specifically, Industry Canada plans to change the definition of the building block of these geographic areas, called the spectrum “grid cell.” This change will affect all spectrum licences.
2.
The Department is informing stakeholders of the impending changes, the impacts and planned mitigation strategies and is seeking feedback from stakeholders to facilitate a smooth transition. Following the outcome of this consultation, the Department will make the required changes to the document titled Service Areas for Competitive Licensing (Issue 3, dated December 2006). Changes would become effective upon implementation of the new informatics technology application for spectrum licences, expected to occur in mid-2015.

2. Mandate

3.
The Minister of Industry, through the Department of Industry Act, the Radiocommunication Act and the Radiocommunication Regulations, with due regard to the objectives of the Canadian telecommunications policy set out in section 7 of the Telecommunications Act, is responsible for spectrum management in Canada. As such, the Minister is responsible for developing national policies for spectrum utilization and ensuring effective management of the radio frequency spectrum resource.

3. Background

4.
To fulfil its mandate, Industry Canada has operated a spectrum management system using software initially developed in the mid-1970s. The software allows the Department to manage various radio, spectrum and broadcasting licences and perform electromagnetic compatibility studies for potential interference prior to assigning frequencies. It also allows the Department to invoice and accept payments for authorized licences, among other processes. Industry Canada has recently contracted to replace the software, being approximately 40 years old, with a new customized off-the-shelf solution currently operated by other regulators around the world. This is known as the Spectrum Application Modernization Project, details of which can be found at http://www.ic.gc.ca/eic/site/smt-gst.nsf/eng/h_sf10585.html .
5.
In August 1997, Industry Canada issued Canada Gazette Notice No. DGRB-003-97 — Consultation on Issues Related to Spectrum Auctioning, in which the Department discussed several fundamental issues related to the introduction of spectrum auctions in Canada, including a conceptual approach to defining service areas.
6.
In August 1998, the Department decided that because different wireless services and applications are best suited to different sizes of service areas, four tiers of service areas would be established, ranging from a single national service area (Tier 1) to localized service areas (Tier 4).
7.
The building block for all the tiers is called the spectrum grid cell (grid cell), a six-sided polygon (hexagon) with an area of 25 km2. These grid cells fit together in an interlocking pattern over the geography of Canada.
8.
The Department has issued spectrum licences using various defined areas, including a tier-basis, a TEL-basis (defined by wireline coverage area), “per grid-cell” basis, as well as on a user-defined basis. The TEL areas and the user-defined areas, which are specific to a particular licence and which are not based on the hexagonal grid cell, were created on an ad hoc basis to meet various licensing needs.

4. Transition from Hexagonal to Square Grid Cells

9.
The new software uses square grid cells rather than hexagonal grid cells. This is also the approach used by other regulators including the Australian Communications and Media Authority (ACMA) in Australia and the Office of Communications (Ofcom) in the United Kingdom. Consequently, the Department will be aligning with this approach to use square grid cells as the basis for all spectrum licence service areas, including those licences already issued.
10.
An internal study has been undertaken by Industry Canada to determine the impact that this change would have on existing licences. To minimize the impact on stakeholders, Industry Canada has decided to closely track the geographic boundaries of the existing service areas by using different sized square grid cells, i.e. small grid cells along the borders of a service area and larger grid cells near the centre of the service area. As tier boundaries were initially designed to avoid population centres, the impact is not large.
11.
Accordingly, the minimum size of the grid cell will be 1 minute latitude × 1 minute longitude along existing service area boundaries, which will provide the granularity of the geographic information needed for accurately converting existing licence service areas to the new licence service areas. The area of these grid cells will vary depending on the latitude as the distance between longitude minutes decreases from south to north thereby changing the shape of the grid cell. Larger square grid cells, e.g. 3 minute × 3 minute cells or 15 minute × 15 minute cells, will be implemented for interiors of existing service areas when fine granularity is not required.
12.
For illustrative purposes, Figure A1 in Annex A shows the 5 degree × 5 degree grid cells overlaid on a map of Canada. Although not shown in the figure, these grid cells are comprised of a progression of layers of smaller grid cells, the smallest being 1 minute × 1 minute, used to provide more accuracy in defining service area borders. The multiple layers of square grid cells include 1 degree × 1 degree (Level 4), 15 minute × 15 minute grid cells (Level 3), 3 minute × 3 minute grid cells (Level 2) and 1 minute × 1 minute (Level 1).
13.
Figures A2 and A3 of Annex A provide an example of an existing service area defined by hexagonal grid cells and how closely it is mapped when defined by square grid cells. Further granularity is shown in Figure A4, illustrating how closely Industry Canada can adhere to the existing licence areas, particularly at a service area border.
14.
To ensure consistency with the licence areas based on hexagonal grid cells in the transition to square grid cells, the centre of the hexagonal grid cells were used to determine the corresponding square grid cells. The square grid cells were then associated with the licence area identified by the hexagonal grid cell. Furthermore, by transitioning to the smaller square grid cells, the Department was able to more accurately map provincial borders and has adjusted several borders accordingly.
15.
This transition is expected to be implemented in mid-2015 and would apply to all existing and future spectrum licences.

5. Affected Elements and Proposed Mitigation

16.
Although the new square grid cells will closely track the geographic boundaries of the existing service areas, the boundaries may not match exactly. As such, there will be minor deviations to the current service areas, as licensed, resulting in changes to the: 
  1. population covered by a service area;
  2. geographic area where sites can be located; and
  3. the applicable boundaries to calculate power flux density (PFD) as noted in the relevant Standard Radio System Plan (SRSP).
17.
The following section discusses these impacts and describes the Department’s planned approach for mitigation.

5.1 Population — Coverage and Associated Fees

Issue

18.
The changes to the service area boundaries may result in small changes to the population covered by a service area. As such, two elements have to be considered;
  1. Coverage area of the licensee:  A portion of the population currently covered by a licensee may no longer fall within that licensee’s service area. Furthermore, the boundary shift may remove a portion of the population not currently served, but which will be considered in future expansion plans. Alternatively, the boundary shift could result in an increase in the covered population.
  2. Annual licence fees: As most spectrum licence fees are based on population using a formula of $/MHz/population, a change to the population of a service area due to the conversion to square grid cells will have an effect on the annual licence fee.

Proposed approach

19.
When the tier areas were developed in the 1990s, the tier boundaries were designed, as much as practically possible, to pass through less-populated areas in order to mitigate interference and coordination issues between licensees in different tiers. Another large set of licence areas are the TEL areas, which were defined in the 1980s as being the geographic area of the wireline carriers. These TEL areas do not adhere to the hexagonal grid cell concept, but are considered as hand-drawn replicas of the wireline service areas. The square grid cells allow for fine granularity at the boundaries of a service area. Therefore, when square grid cells are applied to existing licence areas, the variations in area size and population per licence area will be very small (less than plus or minus 1.5% per licence area in almost all cases). Similarly, the change in population per licence area in certain user-defined areas, such as those created for public safety organizations, will also be small. The variations in population and dwellings and the exceptions are listed in Annex B. Note: the tables in Annex B only include the census years that are involved in the relevant fee calculations.
20.
In some cases, the slight changes in population would result in a similar percentage change in the annual licence fee for spectrum licences for which the fee is calculated using population values. Although the differences are expected to be minimal, the Department plans to freeze the current population values for the remainder of the existing licence terms in order to mitigate any effect this change would have on these existing licences.
21.
However, during the licence term, should a change be made to a licence area, e.g. subdivision, transfer, etc.,Footnote 1 the population would be recalculated, using the square grid cell system, and a small change in the annual licence fees could result. Similarly, all new spectrum licences whose fee is calculated using population values would be issued using population values based on the square grid cell system.
22.
Finally, should a new fee order be established at any time, Industry Canada’s software would recalculate the licence fee for all affected licences, using the population values associated with the relevant census in conjunction with the slight changes to the licence areas due to the transition to square grid cells.

Industry Canada is seeking comments on its proposals: 

1.
Freeze the existing population values for all existing spectrum licences for the remainder of the licence term.
2.
Apply new population values based on square grid cells when calculating fees for a new spectrum licence, when changes are made to modify the service area of an existing spectrum licence (e.g. subdivision) or when a new fee order is established.

5.2 Location of Deployed Sites

Issue

23.
Licensees deploy sites within the geographic area defined by their licence. Aligning current service areas with square grid cells could potentially result in a small number of licensees having existing sites that are located in an area for which they are no longer licensed.

Proposed approach

24.
Based on analysis of information supplied to date by licensees, the change to square grid cells results in only a small number of sites (7 of more than 24,000 sites) being located outside the licensee’s new service area and not located within an adjacent area also held by the licensee.Footnote 2
25.
In order to minimize disruption to existing systems, Industry Canada plans to grandfather sites that fall outside of the new service area, but that are within the original licence area.
26.
In addition, licensees will continue to be able to offer services to customers that are within the original licence area, but outside of the new area defined by square cells. In this way, there is no impact on a licensee’s ability to continue to operate and serve its customers within the originally licensed areas.
27.
Based on licensees’ data uploads, a listing of existing sites that will fall into a new licence service area can be found in Annex C. This list will be updated with all stations that are uploaded by March 31, 2015, to form the final list of grandfathered sites and the list will be published prior to implementation of the grid cell changes. Licensees must ensure that their sites are updated prior to this date, as sites not included on the list are not subject to the grandfathering provision and would be considered non-compliant if they are located outside their new service area.
28.
Note that licensees are able to enter into contractual arrangements to address existing and future needs. For further information, see CPC-2-1-23, Licensing Procedure for Spectrum Licences for Terrestrial Services.

Industry Canada is seeking comments on its proposal:

3.
Sites that fall outside of the new service area but that are within the original licence area will be grandfathered. Licensees can continue to offer services to customers that are within the original licence area, but outside of the new area defined by square grid cells.
 
Licensees are reminded that it is a condition of licence to update site information and that it must be updated prior to March 31, 2015, if their applicable sites are to be considered under this grandfathering provision. A revised list of grandfathered sites will be published prior to implementation of the grid cell changes. Sites not included on the list are not subject to the grandfathering provision and would be considered non-compliant if they are located outside their existing or new service area.

5.3 Technical Considerations

Issue

29.
In frequency bands licensed by service area, Industry Canada typically imposes technical requirements to facilitate the efficient use and sharing of spectrum near service area boundaries.Footnote 3 In general, licensees are required to coordinate any stations that exceed a specified PFDFootnote 4 or field strength limit at the border of their licensed service area. These limits serve two purposes: to mitigate interference between installations that operate close to the licensed service area boundary and to ensure equal access to the same spectrum by operators in adjacent areas.
30.
With the conversion to square grid cells, the PFD level at the new boundary for some stations may increase or decrease, depending on the distance from the station to the new boundary. As such, the technical rules need to be considered.

Proposed approach

31.
Given that the square grid cells will closely track existing boundaries, it is expected that, in most cases, the change in PFD level at the new boundary will not differ significantly from the PFD level at the current boundary.
32.
However, given the potential for interference and the potential for a licensee to be non-compliant with the applicable SRSP or a sharing agreement with an adjacent licensee, Industry Canada proposes that the PFD limits be aligned with the new service boundary.
33.
In recognition that system changes can be costly and that the existing systems are currently operating successfully, Industry Canada proposes that no changes be required to existing systems unless the licensee modifies a station that is exceeding the PFD or is not coordinated with the adjacent licensee. In those situations, the licensee would need to either coordinate with the adjacent licensee or make system changes to meet the specified PFD at the new boundary.

Industry Canada is seeking comments on its proposal to: 

4.
Require licensees to meet the specified PFD at the new service area boundary or coordinate with the adjacent licensee if a licensee makes changes to an existing station.

6. Other Consequential Change — Applications for New User-Defined Areas

34.
Industry Canada currently accepts applications for user-defined areas in certain frequency bands in which the requested licence area is drawn free-form and not in conformance with the hexagonal grid cell concept. With the modernization of the Spectrum Management System and the implementation of the new square grid cells, the Department will no longer accept applications with free-form user-defined areas. All future requests for user-defined areas will be required to conform to the square grid cell boundaries.

7. Submitting Comments

35.
Respondents are requested to provide their comments in electronic format (Microsoft Word or Adobe PDF) to the following email address: ic.spectrumoperations-operationsduspectre.ic@canada.ca.
36.
In addition, respondents are asked to specify question numbers for ease of referencing and provide supporting rationale for their comments.
37.
Written submissions should be addressed to the Senior Director, Spectrum Development and Operations, Industry Canada, 300 Slater Street (JETN, 15th floor), Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0H5. All submissions should cite the Canada Gazette, Part I, the publication date, the title and the notice reference number (DGSO-001-15). Parties should submit their comments no later than March 16, 2015, to ensure consideration. Soon after the close of the comment period, all comments received will be posted on the Department’s Spectrum Management and Telecommunications website at www.ic.gc.ca/spectrum.
38.
All comments will be published, so those making submissions are asked not to provide confidential or private information in their submissions.
39.
After the comment period, Industry Canada may, at its discretion, request additional information if needed to clarify significant positions or new proposals.

8. Obtaining Copies

40.
All spectrum-related documents referred to in this paper are available on Industry Canada’s Spectrum Management and Telecommunications website at www.ic.gc.ca/spectrum .

Annexe A — Sample Diagrams Indicating the Square Grid Cell Concept

All Figures: © 2014 LS telcom AG


Figure A1 — Sample Overlay of 5 degree × 5 degree square grid cells on map of Canada

Figure A1—Sample overlay of 5 degree x 5 degree square grid cells on map of Canada (the long description is located below the image)
Description of Figure A1

Figure A1 is a picture of transparent 5 degrees latitude by 5 degrees longitude rectangular blocks over top a map of Canada. There are nine blocks in each column and there is 1  block in each row. Each block is identified by a unique two-character reference beginning with AA in the top left corner and ending with SI in the bottom right corner. Each column of blocks starts with a different letter sequentially starting with ‘A’. These blocks represent the highest level of the square grid cells.

Figure A2 — Tier 4-055 (defined by 25 km2 hexagonal cells)

Figure A2—Tier 4-055 (defined by 25 km2 hexagonal cells) (the long description is located below the image)
Description of Figure A2

Figure A2 is a picture of the Ottawa tier area Tier 4-055, showing the borders of the tier area using 25-square-kilometre hexagonal grid cells. This is the current licence area used by Industry Canada.

Figure A3 — Tier 4-055 (defined by 1 minute × 1 minute square cells)

Figure A3—Tier 4-055 (defined by 1 minute x 1 minute square cells) (the long description is located below the image)
Description of Figure A3

Figure A3 is a picture of the Ottawa tier area Tier 4-055, showing the borders of the tier area using square grid cells. The picture shows that by using 1 minute latitude by 1 minute longitude square grid cells along the tier border, the resolution provided is sufficient to almost duplicate the hexagonal version of the same tier.

Figure A4 — Illustration of the adherence of 1 minute × 1 minute square cells to the existing licence service area borders defined by hexagonal grid cells

Figure A4—Illustration of the adherence of 1 minute × 1 minute square cells to the existing licence service area borders defined by hexagonal grid cells (the long description is located below the image)
Description of Figure A4

Figure A4 is a close-up view of a tier border showing how the 1 minute latitude by 1 minute longitude square grid cells fit very closely with the hexagonal version. The picture shows very little difference between the two formats.


Annex B — Tier Area Population Differences

Table B1—Tier 4 Areas With Population Difference Less Than Plus or Minus 1.5%
Tier Area Tier Name Population Difference 1996 Population Percent Difference 1996 Dwelling Difference 1996 Dwelling Percent Difference 1996 Population Difference 2001 Population Percent Difference 2001
4-001 St. John's-22-0.01%-12-0.02%-21-0.01%
4-002 Placentia-44-0.19%-14-0.18%-36-0.19%
4-003 Gander/Grand Falls/
Windsor
6 0.00% 25 0.04% 13 0.01%
4-004 Corner Brook/
Stephenville
-7-0.01%50.02%30.00%
4-005 Labrador200.07%-44-0.49%210.08%
4-006 Charlottetown100.01%50.01%100.01%
4-007 Summerside-28-0.06%-13-0.07%-29-0.06%
4-008 Yarmouth-52-0.08%-20-0.08%-50-0.08%
4-009 Bridgewater/Kentville-92-0.07%-29-0.05%-92-0.07%
4-010 Halifax2210.06%850.06%2300.06%
4-011 Truro-31-0.06%-11-0.05%-32-0.06%
4-012 Amherst-113-0.30%-53-0.36%-109-0.30%
4-013 Antigonish/New Glasgow870.11%210.07%850.11%
4-014 Sydney-109-0.07%-36-0.06%-103-0.07%
4-015 Saint John-96-0.07%-34-0.06%-92-0.07%
4-016 St. Stephen-44-0.16%-15-0.14%-42-0.16%
4-017 Fredericton1050.07%330.06%1030.07%
4-018 Moncton490.03%450.08%500.03%
4-019 Miramichi/Bathurst370.02%-4-0.01%350.02%
4-020 Grand Falls-31-0.10%-9-0.08%-27-0.09%
4-021 Edmundston-98-0.34%-36-0.33%-96-0.34%
4-022 Campbellton-199-0.56%-68-0.51%-179-0.56%
4-023 Matane2150.17%920.20%2110.18%
4-024 Mont-Joli-10.00%10.00%00.00%
4-025 Rimouski-26-0.05%-6-0.03%-25-0.05%
4-026 Rivière-du-Loup-27-0.03%-7-0.02%-26-0.03%
4-027 La Malbaie-15-0.05%-7-0.06%-14-0.05%
4-028 Chicoutimi-Jonquière-20-0.01%-20.00%-19-0.01%
4-029 Montmagny450.07%200.09%440.07%
4-030 Quebec20.00%-17-0.01%40.00%
4-031 Sainte-Marie-50-0.10%-15-0.09%-51-0.11%
4-032 Saint-Georges-72-0.11%-25-0.11%-75-0.11%
4-033 Lac Mégantic1250.49%400.43%1220.49%
4-034 Thetford Mines190.04%70.04%180.04%
4-035 Plessisville1330.62%350.45%1360.62%
4-036 La Tuque-10-0.06%30.04%-8-0.05%
4-037 Trois-Rivières840.03%470.04%810.03%
4-038 Louiseville-34-0.15%-9-0.10%-33-0.15%
4-039 Asbestos950.31%320.28%950.31%
4-040 Victoriaville-213-0.44%-69-0.36%-218-0.44%
4-041 Coaticook-54-0.41%-18-0.37%-55-0.41%
4-042 Sherbrooke-51-0.02%-46-0.05%-53-0.02%
4-043 Windsor-175-1.07%-55-0.88%-176-1.07%
4-044 Drummondville10.00%00.00%10.00%
4-045 Cowansville-227-0.80%-86-0.74%-217-0.80%
4-046 Farnham690.23%-18-0.17%650.23%
4-047 Granby4960.59%2350.71%5110.59%
4-048 St-Hyacinthe-266-0.29%-107-0.30%-241-0.29%
4-049 Sorel3740.57%3231.22%3180.57%
4-050 Joliette2590.21%-26-0.05%-165-0.12%
4-051 Montreal-475-0.01%-212-0.01%-794-0.02%
4-052 Sainte-Agathe-des-Monts5100.87%1490.57%5310.87%
4-053 Hawkesbury-26-0.04%-15-0.06%-26-0.04%
4-054 Mont-Laurier/Maniwaki590.12%470.25%570.12%
4-055 Ottawa10400.09%4320.10%10920.09%
4-056 Pembroke-82-0.10%-68-0.23%-79-0.10%
4-057 Arnprior/Renfrew-712-2.84%-267-2.74%-864-2.84%
4-058 Rouyn-Noranda1010.23%350.20%930.23%
4-059 Notre-Dame-du-Nord-70-0.39%-28-0.41%-74-0.43%
4-060 La Sarre-261-1.15%-82-0.98%-232-1.14%
4-061 Amos-6-0.02%-3-0.04%-5-0.02%
4-062 Val D'Or-30-0.07%190.11%-23-0.05%
4-063 Roberval/Saint-Félicien-30.00%-8-0.03%-20.00%
4-064 Baie-Comeau-169-0.32%-11-0.06%-152-0.31%
4-065 Port-Cartier/Sept-Iles310.06%240.13%360.07%
4-066 Chibougamau4861.23%1511.29%3570.88%
4-067 Cornwall830.12%400.15%820.12%
4-068 Brockville300.04%210.08%300.04%
4-069 Gananoque-125-0.96%-64-1.25%-124-0.96%
4-070 Kingston860.05%380.06%870.05%
4-071 Napanee120.03%60.04%120.03%
4-072 Belleville-475-0.33%-67-0.12%-479-0.33%
4-073 Cobourg2710.47%40.02%2820.47%
4-074 Peterborough290.02%680.12%290.02%
4-075 Lindsay-103-0.25%-40-0.25%-106-0.25%
4-076 Minden-65-0.38%-28-0.38%-67-0.38%
4-077 Toronto-526-0.01% -277-0.02%-875-0.02%
4-078 Alliston70.01%-10-0.03%70.01%
4-079 Guelph/Kitchener-79-0.01%20.00%-84-0.01%
4-080 Fergus2451.07%961.22%2801.07%
4-081 Kincardine1630.09%-384-0.58%1650.10%
4-082 Listowel/Goderich-813-0.96%-343-1.10%-797-0.94%
4-083 Fort Erie840.31%40.04%620.22%
4-084 Niagara-St. Catharines-451-0.14%-116-0.09%-451-0.14%
4-085 Haldimand/Dunnville1120.32%720.59%1160.32%
4-086 London/Woodstock/
St. Thomas
-349-0.06%-196-0.09%-355-0.06%
4-087 Brantford-300-0.26%-133-0.31%-319-0.26%
4-088 Stratford1060.23%340.19%1130.23%
4-089 Chatham-682-0.87%-257-0.87%-648-0.87%
4-090 Windsor/Leamington3240.09%1190.09%3470.09%
4-091 Wallaceburg2150.69%960.82%2250.69%
4-092 Sarnia-43-0.03%-24-0.05%-42-0.03%
4-093 Strathroy2410.60%1421.03%2510.60%
4-094 Barrie6670.28%7330.85%7760.28%
4-095 Midland520.12%600.37%540.12%
4-096 Gravenhurst/Bracebridge-9-0.02%-26-0.13%-9-0.02%
4-097 North Bay3340.32%1290.31%3220.31%
4-098 Parry Sound-48-0.24%-7-0.09%-45-0.23%
4-099 Elliot Lake-229-0.76%-53-0.45%-237-0.76%
4-100 Sudbury3190.17%1220.17%3080.18%
4-101 Kirkland Lake-333-0.88%-111-0.74%-298-0.86%
4-102 Timmins-8-0.02%-13-0.07%-9-0.02%
4-103 Kapuskasing-316-0.69%-134-0.79%-285-0.68%
4-104 Kenora/Sioux Lookout-78-0.12%-96-0.44%-64-0.10%
4-105 Iron Bridge-59-0.26%120.14%-55-0.24%
4-106 Sault Ste. Marie730.08%190.06%680.08%
4-107 Marathon-126-0.39%-41-0.35%-92-0.31%
4-108 Thunder Bay1010.08%170.03%970.08%
4-109 Fort Frances-15-0.07%60.07%20.01%
4-110 Steinbach850.19%360.24%900.20%
4-111 Winnipeg-39-0.01%2060.07%-37-0.01%
4-112 Lac du Bonnet1380.26%-50-0.27%1410.26%
4-113 Morden/Winkler-10-0.03%-2-0.01%-12-0.03%
4-114 Brandon-263-0.28%-108-0.30%-255-0.27%
4-115 Portage la Prairie20.01%30.04%10.00%
4-116 Dauphin500.06%250.08%470.06%
4-117 Creighton/Flin Flon-94-0.40%-84-1.03%00.00%
4-118 Thompso n-17-0.04%-40-0.32%-14-0.03%
4-119 Estevan240.05%-19-0.11%250.06%
4-120 Weyburn-29-0.13%-5-0.05%-27-0.12%
4-121 Moose Jaw-16-0.03%-45-0.19%-17-0.03%
4-122 Swift Current-13-0.03%-1-0.01%-17-0.04%
4-123 Yorkton210.03%210.07%200.03%
4-124 Regina310.01%550.06%250.01%
4-125 Saskatoon260.01%50.01%240.01%
4-126 Watrous540.17%130.11%520.18%
4-127 Battleford8630.97%3271.03%8660.95%
4-128 Prince Albert-77-0.06%-15-0.03%-58-0.04%
4-129 Lloydminster-929-2.93%-416-3.61%-900-2.93%
4-130 Northern Saskatchewan-10-0.03%90.12%-48-0.14%
4-131 Medicine Hat/Brooks-5-0.01%-10.00%-6-0.01%
4-132 Lethbridge-70.00%-20.00%-80.00%
4-133 Stettler/Oyen/Wainwright380.07%-2-0.01%350.07%
4-134 High River4110.93%710.49%5370.91%
4-135 Strathmore-55-0.16%-10-0.09%-61-0.16%
4-136 Calgary-393-0.05%-59-0.02%-452-0.05%
4-137 Red Deer-31-0.02%-39-0.08%-15-0.01%
4-138 Wetaskiwin/Ponoka200.05%-25-0.17%200.04%
4-139 Camrose-82-0.25%100.08%-86-0.25%
4-140 Vegreville70.05%30.04%10.01%
4-141 Edmonton-507-0.06%-151-0.05%-550-0.06%
4-142 Edson/Hinton-42-0.09%200.13%-29-0.07%
4-143 Bonnyville4520.63%1340.55%4670.63%
4-144 Whitecourt1230.48%250.28%1350.50%
4-145 Barrhead40.02%-4-0.06%30.01%
4-146 Fort McMurray-33-0.09%-37-0.30%-56-0.13%
4-147 Peace River-33-0.04%-32-0.12%-52-0.06%
4-148 Grande Prairie00.00%130.06%-38-0.05%
4-149 East Kootenay-13-0.02%00.00%-6-0.01%
4-150 West Kootenay-13-0.02%60.02%-10.00%
4-151 Kelowna-862-0.30%-373-0.33%-905-0.30%
4-152 Vancouver-490-0.02%-146-0.02%-531-0.02%
4-153 Hope-105-0.44%-72-0.79%-55-0.25%
4-154 Victoria4620.12%1570.10%4750.12%
4-155 Nanaimo-714-0.44%-245-0.37%-725-0.44%
4-156 Courtenay-74-0.07%-27-0.07%-66-0.06%
4-157 Powell River-12-0.04%210.18%-3-0.01%
4-158 Squamish/Whistler5320.96%1650.74%5730.96%
4-159 Merritt40.03%70.12%50.03%
4-160 Kamloops240.03%-5-0.01%210.02%
4-161 Ashcroft420.24%641.00%290.18%
4-162 Salmon Arm8971.89%3361.78%8851.92%
4-163 Golden-15-0.20%-6-0.23%-15-0.21%
4-164 Williams Lake-32-0.08%-48-0.32%-25-0.06%
4-165 Quesnel/Red Bluff130.05%150.16%250.10%
4-166 Skeena-14-0.02%-79-0.33%270.04%
4-167 Prince George-29-0.03%-12-0.03%50.01%
4-168 Smithers-40-0.10%180.13%-26-0.06%
4-169 Dawson Creek-86-0.14%-109-0.50%-30-0.05%
4-170 Yukon-329-1.07%-206-1.78%-284-0.99%
4-171 Nunavut-3-0.01%-1-0.01%-5-0.02%
4-172 Northwest Territories670.17%250.20%640.17%

Table B2 —Exceptions: Tier 4 Areas With Population Difference Greater Than Plus or Minus 1.5%
Tier Area Tier Name Population Difference 1996 Population Percent Difference 1996 Dwelling Difference 1996 Dwelling Percent Difference 1996 Population Difference 2001 Population Percent Difference 2001
4-057 Arnprior/Renfrew -712 -2.84% -267 -2.74% -864 -2.84%
4-129 Lloydminster -929 -2.93% -416 -3.61% -900 -2.93%
4-162 Salmon Arm 897 1.89% 336 1.78%885 1.92%
4-170 Yukon -329 -1.07% -206 -1.78% -284 -0.99%

Table B3 — Tier 3 Areas With Population Difference Less Than Plus or Minus 1.5%
Tier Area Tier Name Population Difference 1996 Population Percent Difference 1996 Dwelling Difference 1996 Dwelling Percent Difference 1996 Population Difference 2001 Population Percent Difference 2001
3-01Newfoundland & Labrador-47-0.01%-40-0.02%-210.00%
3-02Prince Edward Island-18-0.01%-8-0.02%-19-0.01%
3-03Mainland Nova Scotia190.00%-60.00%310.00%
3-04Cape Breton-109-0.07%-36-0.06%-103-0.07%
3-05Southern New Brunswick-140-0.08%-48-0.08%-134-0.08%
3-06Western New Brunswick-25-0.01%-12-0.02%-20-0.01%
3-07Eastern New Brunswick-113-0.03%-26-0.02%-94-0.03%
3-08Bas du fleuve/Gaspésie1610.05%800.07%1600.05%
3-09Quebec-170.00%-180.00%-170.00%
3-10Chicoutimi-Jonquière-161-0.04%30.00%-138-0.04%
3-11Eastern Townships-421-0.08%-184-0.09%-423-0.08%
3-12Trois-Rivières9040.12%4650.15%4640.06%
3-13Montreal-406-0.01%-230-0.02%-729-0.02%
3-14Upper Outaouais5690.53%1970.43%5880.55%
3-15Ottawa10130.08%4170.09%10650.08%
3-16Pembroke-794-0.75%-336-0.84%-943-0.87%
3-17Abitibi2210.11%920.13%1160.06%
3-18Cornwall830.12%400.15%820.12%
3-19Brockville-95-0.11%-43-0.13%-94-0.11%
3-20Kingston860.05%380.06%870.05%
3-21Belleville-463-0.25%-61-0.09%-467-0.25%
3-22Cobourg2710.47%40.02%2820.47%
3-23Peterborough-74-0.04%280.04%-77-0.04%
3-24Huntsville-74-0.11%-54-0.19%-76-0.11%
3-25Toronto-526-0.01%-277-0.02%-875-0.02%
3-26Barrie8890.16%4000.20%10020.17%
3-27Guelph/Kitchener1660.03%980.05%1960.03%
3-28Listowel/Goderich/ Stratford-707-0.54%-309-0.63%-684-0.51%
3-29Niagara-St. Catharines-367-0.10%-112-0.08%-388-0.11%
3-30London/Woodstock/ St. Thomas-537-0.07%-257-0.09%-558-0.07%
3-31Chatham-467-0.43%-161-0.39%-423-0.39%
3-32Windsor/Leamington3240.09%1190.09%3470.09%
3-33Strathroy1990.12%1180.19%2100.13%
3-34North Bay2860.23%1220.25%2770.23%
3-35Sault Ste. Marie-216-0.15%-23-0.04%-223-0.16%
3-36Sudbury3190.17%1220.17%3080.18%
3-37Kirkland Lake-657-0.50%-258-0.52%-592-0.49%
3-38Thunder Bay-119-0.05%-114-0.12%-58-0.02%
3-39Winnipeg650.01%690.02%1690.02%
3-40Brandon-214-0.12%-83-0.12%-208-0.12%
3-41Regina460.01%510.04%430.01%
3-42Moose Jaw-29-0.03%-47-0.11%-34-0.03%
3-43Saskatoon8560.17%3410.18%8370.16%
3-44Edmonton-926-0.08%-427-0.10%-930-0.08%
3-45Medicine Hat/Brooks-48-0.03%70.01%-58-0.03%
3-46Lethbridge-70.00%-20.00%-80.00%
3-47Calgary-380.00%10.00%240.00%
3-48Red Deer-11-0.01%-64-0.10%50.00%
3-49Grande Prairie-34-0.02%-19-0.04%-90-0.06%
3-50Kootenays-27-0.02%60.01%-7-0.01%
3-51Okanagan/Columbia240.01%-37-0.03%-29-0.01%
3-52Vancouver-760.00%-330.00%-150.00%
3-53Victoria4620.12%1570.10%4750.12%
3-54Nanaimo-714-0.44%-245-0.37%-725-0.44%
3-55Courtenay-74-0.07%-27-0.07%-66-0.06%
3-56Thompson/Cariboo460.03%260.04%500.03%
3-57Prince George-83-0.04%-72-0.10%60.00%
3-58Dawson Creek-86-0.14%-109-0.50%-30-0.05%
3-59Yukon, North West Territories & Nunavut-264-0.28%-181-0.59%-225-0.24%

Table B4 — Tier 2 Areas With Population Difference Less Than Plus or Minus 1.5%
Tier Area Tier Name Population Difference 1996 Population Percent Difference 1996 Dwelling Difference 1996 Dwelling Percent Difference 1996 Population Difference 2001 Population Percent Difference 2001
2-01Newfoundland & Labrador-47-0.01%-210.00%-210.00%
2-02Nova Scotia & Prince Edward Island-109-0.01%-91-0.01%-91-0.01%
2-03New Brunswick-278-0.04%-249-0.03%-249-0.03%
2-04Eastern Quebec-170.00%50.00%50.00%
2-05Southern Quebec6470.01%-990.00%-990.00%
2-06Eastern Ontario & Outaouais270.00%-630.00%-630.00%
2-07Northern Quebec2210.11%1160.06%1160.06%
2-08Southern Ontario-1099-0.01%-1249-0.01%-1249-0.01%
2-09Northern Ontario-386-0.05%-288-0.04%-288-0.04%
2-10Manitoba-148-0.01%-390.00%-390.00%
2-11Saskatchewan8730.09%8460.09%8460.09%
2-12Alberta-1063-0.04%-1056-0.04%-1056-0.04%
2-13British Columbia-527-0.01%-342-0.01%-342-0.01%
2-14Yukon, North West Territories & Nunavut-264-0.28%-225-0.24%-225-0.24%
2-17Province of SaskatchewanN/AN/A-2450-0.25%-3231-0.22%
2-18Province of AlbertaN/AN/A22390.08%30480.07%

Table B5 — TEL Areas With Population Difference Less Than Plus or Minus 1.5%
TEL Area Description Population Difference 2001 Population Percent Difference 2001
TEL-002Sept-Îles and Gaspésie, Beauce, Saint-Georges, Sainte-Clotilde-de-Beauce-6225-1.21%
TEL-004Valcourt3433.16%
TEL-005La Baie40.39%
TEL-006Courcelles80.78%
TEL-007Lambton-20-0.90%
TEL-008Nantes80.53%
TEL-009St-Victor80.32%
TEL-010Warwick-38-0.35%
TEL-011Acton-45-1.06%
TEL-012St-Ephrem20.08%
TEL-013St-Liboire-53-1.20%
TEL-014Etchemin, Nicolet, Saint-Ludger10.00%
TEL-015Sainte-Rosalie, Notre-Dame-du-Bon-Conseil1951.41%
TEL-016St-Paulin-73-0.73%
TEL-017Québec, Charlevoix, Saguenay, Saint-Jean-Chrysostome, Bas Saint-Laurent, Saint-Nicolas, Saint-Étienne, Deschaillons, Fortierville, Villeroy, Île d'Orléans, Tring-Jonction, Lac-aux-Sables, Sainte-Agathe-de-Lotbinière, Bellechasse-4020-0.37%
TEL-018Aylmer, Manitoulin Island East, Bruce Peninsula North, Coldwater, Cambray-449-1.21%
TEL-021Watford170.24%
TEL-022Port Elgin-227-1.17%
TEL-024Thunder Bay-33-0.03%
TEL-025Dryden-41-0.63%
TEL-026Kenora90.07%
TEL-027Woodstock, Port Franks220.24%
TEL-028Cottam30.07%
TEL-029Grand Bend-77-1.13%
TEL-030Goderich1341.45%
TEL-031Lansdowne-16-0.47%
TEL-032Mornington621.07%
TEL-033Millbrook841.47%
TEL-034Keene0-0.01%
TEL-035North Frontenac271.18%
TEL-036North Renfrew511.27%
TEL-037Moosonee, Iroquois Falls, Marten River, Temagami571.37%
TEL-038Forest240.25%
TEL-039Kirkton, Uniondale670.70%
TEL-040Moose Creek-6-0.37%
TEL-042Clinton-8-0.12%
TEL-043Westport-13-0.47%
TEL-044Mildmay-109-0.77%
TEL-045Southern B.C., Dawson Creek Area60.00%
TEL-046Fort Nelson Area-103-1.00%
TEL-047Prince Rupert-137-0.93%
TEL-048Rainy River District-155-0.65%
TEL-055Sioux Narrows-East Hawk Lake-Minaki-17-0.29%
TEL-057Grand Bend50.12%
TEL-062Cochrane-15-0.23%
TEL-063North-Eastern Ontario and HWY 144-138-0.13%
TEL-064Algoma, Hornepayne-109-1.08%
TEL-066Oxdrift, East Dryden470.97%
TEL-068Lake Superior North, Sioux Lookout to Raith, Highway 105, Greenstone-42-0.11%
TEL-069South, North, East Ontario-161417-1.48%
TEL-070Zurich-25-0.97%
TEL-071North Eastern Ontario8600.79%
TEL-072Yukon Territory less Whitehorse-97-1.01%
TEL-073Whitehorse, NWT & Nunavut-30.00%
TEL-074South, North, East Ontario, Algoma, Hornepayne-161625-1.48%
TEL-076Nipigon-Armstrong-Whitefish Lake-64-1.05%
TEL-078Deception Bay-10-0.66%
TEL-079South, North, East Ontario-162301-1.49%
TEL-080Southern Quebec, Québec, Charlevoix, Saguenay, Bas Saint-Laurent, Thetford Mines, Plessisville, Saint-Rosaire, Victoriaville, Saint-Barnabé South, Saint-Valérien-de-Milton, Saint-Jacques-de-Horton, Hudson’s Bay-39558-0.63%
TEL-081Abitibi and James Bay, Mont-Laurier, Les Bois-Francs, Saint-Ours, Magdalen Islands, Clarendon, Bedford, Drummondville-Sud, Château-Richer, Frontenac-4890-1.37%
TEL-082Sept-Îles and Gaspésie, Beauce-5868-1.24%
TEL-083Grassy Narrows, Koko Lake, Folyet-6-0.20%
TEL-084Saint-Georges, Sept-Îles, Gaspésie-5991-1.14%
TEL-085Quebec18530.27%
TEL-086Montreal-434-0.01%
TEL-087Ottawa-Gatineau-602-0.06%

Annex C — Sites No Longer in New Licence Area

Table C1 — Sites No Longer in New Licence Area
Licence Account Licensee Tier
(Hexagon Cells)
Description Location Prov Latitude Longitude Tier
(Square Cells)
513376993900105BELL MOBILITY INC.3-011 Eastern Townships F0584-320 chemin de l'UsineQC451455.6725103.243-013
515014593900105BELL MOBILITY INC. 3-011Eastern TownshipsF0584-320 chemin de l'UsineQC451455.6725103.243-013
508708490900344Xplornet Broadband Inc.4-042SherbrookeMELBOURNE, QC (406 CHEMIN NORRIS)QC453326.59721150.764-043
512063893900012Xplornet Broadband Inc. 4-074PeterboroughSCUGOG (4525 RR57) ONON441123.86784612.614-075
509404493900012Xplornet Broadband Inc. 4-077TorontoYELVERTON (64, HWY 7A) ONON440921.96784345.844-074
509500293900020Silo Wireless Inc.4-086London-Woodstock-St. ThomasKelvinON425941 8027114-087
509500193900020Silo Wireless Inc.4-087BrantfordMuir Rd, Brant ON4306408035274-086
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