Explanatory Notes — Trader
International trade is recorded between two geographical entities: the trader which is the country that records imported goods coming in or exported goods leaving through customs and the trading partner which can be a country, a collection of countries or a pre-defined trading block.
In the Trade by Product module, there are two basic selections for the trader country:
Trader = Canada
This shows the trade between Canada and various trading partners.
Trader = United States
This shows the trade between the United States (including Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands) and various trading partners.
In the Trade by Industry module, there is no U.S. information.
When the trader country is Canada, it is also possible to select:
- individual provinces (e.g. trade between British Columbia and various countries)
- Canadian regions (e.g. trade between Atlantic Canada and various countries)
- Provincial Distribution (e.g. breakdown by province of Canada's trade with other countries)
Note: This selection yields a report by province rather than a report by trading partner
Canadian import statistics are collected by the province of clearance; that is, the province (or territory) in which goods were cleared by Customs either for immediate consumption in Canada or for entry into a bonded Customs warehouse. This may not always coincide with the province in which they are consumed.
Canadian export statistics are collected by province of origin and indicate the province (or territory) in which the goods were grown, extracted or manufactured. This may not always coincide with the province where the goods were cleared by Customs.
Canadian trade data is available by province and territory. These are re-grouped into regions that can also be selected to create reports and charts.
The pre-defined regions are:
- Atlantic Canada
- Newfoundland and Labrador
- New Brunswick
- Nova Scotia
- Prince Edward Island
- Central Canada
- British Columbia and Territories
- British Columbia
- Northwest Territories
On April 1, 1999, the map of Canada was changed for the first time since Newfoundland joined Canadian Confederation in 1949. The historic division of the Northwest Territories, brought about because of the Nunavut Land Claim Settlement, created the new territories of Nunavut in the east and the new Northwest Territories in the west.
Thus, prior to this date, there are no import or export statistics associated with Nunavut, and all trade for the new region was included with that of the original Northwest Territories.
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