Canadian Patents Database / Patent 2893274 Summary

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(12) Patent Application: (11) CA 2893274
(54) English Title: WORLD'S FIRST UNDERGROUND SEA HYDROPOWER PLANT (KRISHNA'S SYRINGE METHOD)
(54) French Title: PREMIERE CENTRALE DE PRODUCTION D'ENERGIE MARINE SOUTERRAINE AU MONDE (PROCEDE DE LA SERINGUE DE KRISHNA)
(51) International Patent Classification (IPC):
  • F03B 13/08 (2006.01)
  • E02B 9/00 (2006.01)
  • F03B 17/04 (2006.01)
  • F03C 1/26 (2006.01)
(72) Inventors :
  • KRISHNAMOORTHY, SRINIVASAN (Canada)
(73) Owners :
  • KRISHNAMOORTHY, SRINIVASAN (Canada)
(71) Applicants :
  • KRISHNAMOORTHY, SRINIVASAN (Canada)
(74) Agent: NA
(45) Issued:
(22) Filed Date: 2015-05-27
(41) Open to Public Inspection: 2015-09-28
Examination requested: 2015-07-14
(30) Availability of licence: N/A
(30) Language of filing: English

English Abstract



It is the world's first dam less underground sea hydropower plant to produce
any amount of
hydropower (MW) from SEA (14) 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. It comprises a
Turbine-Generator (11) installed below seashore (underground) 16 to produce
electricity and a giant
syringe (5), a hydraulic press (1), a simple or compound pulley (3), a
suitable Load (27), a rope
(26) and an automatic Locomotive or a Crane 15 to discharge the waste seawater
back to SEA
(14). SEA (14) is our reservoir and we can tap (produce) trillions and
trillions of stored
potential energy (MW or TW or PW electricity) in the entire SEA (Ocean) 14.
Seawater is our
natural resource (fuel) in my method. Researchers say our finite natural
resources like
uranium, thorium, coal, oil, natural gas will be depleted (removed) from earth
within 150
years. Since we can extract any amount of electricity from SEA (14) for our
needs we can
close the air polluting nuclear, thermal , coal , oil, or natural gas power
plants. We do not
need wind power, solar power, tidal power, wave power, biogas power, biomass
power,
geothermal power, Osmotic power, OTEC power, or any other power plants any
more. We
can use the electricity produced in our plant in electrolysis method to
produce hydrogen gas
or synthetic fuel to run the vehicles. We can produce desalinated water for
drinking or agriculture.


Note: Claims are shown in the official language in which they were submitted.


CLAIM

CLAIM-1

An underground sea hydropower plant to produce hydropower 24 hours a day 365
days a
year from SEA (14) COMPRISING
a) Below seashore installed Turbine-Generators of any type or capacity to
produce
electricity
b) WATER TANK (8) installed below seashore to collect the wastewater from the
turbine
draft tube (20)
c) Water tank (8) has several outlet pipes (22) and each outlet pipe has a
valve (19) to
open for water discharge into the syringe (5) barrel or to dose and prevent
water
flowing into the syringes(5)
d) Hydraulic piston (2) is installed inside the syringe barrel (5) to compress
the
wastewater and send it back to SEA (14)
e) SEA (14) is the reservoir to supply sea water to the underground (16)
installed Turbine-
Generators (11) to produce hydropower 24 hours a day, 365 days a year.

Note: Descriptions are shown in the official language in which they were submitted.

CA 02893274 2015-07-14
DESCRIPTION: - /-
FIELD OF STUDY (INVENTION):
My method is related to produce hydropower from SEA 24 hours a day, 365
days a year. My method is related to POWER ENGINEERING (Electrical
Engineering).
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION:
There have been many attempts to harness the energy from the SEA for
electrical generation.
These methods need huge investments to produce electricity from SEA. We can
produce
electricity from SEA using my simple methods. Seawater is our natural resource
(fuel) in my
method to produce electricity. Wind power or solar power are not continuously
available 24
hours a day 365 days a year and in tropical countries due to hot summer water
is evaporated
in DAMS and they cannot produce electricity during summer seasons. In my novel
method we
can produce any amount of electricity 24 hours a day 365 days a year. We need
not build a
DAM in this method and we save 70 % investment costs. We can build office
buildings and
Transformer stations underground to protect the plant from Tsunami and
Hurricane. We can
produce hydropower 2 places in my method and we can make lot of money. In my
method
only a fraction of profit money is spent to operate the Automatic Locomotives.
The only
advantage in my method is to have more horse power we can add additional
Automatic
Locomotives .We can apply my method in Pumped Storage Hydropower Plants to
produce
hydropower 24 hours a day 365 days a year. In my method hydropower is produced
below
seashore (underground) for the first time in the world. There are trillions
and trillions of
stored (potential) energy GW or TW electricity in the entire SEA (Ocean) and
we can extract
any amount of energy (electricity) from SEA for our consumption. We need a
TECHNOLOGY to
extract that energy (electricity) from SEA (Ocean) and my method is developed
to extract the
energy from SEA 24 HOURS A DAY, 365 DAYS A YEAR. Since we can produce large
amount of
hydropower from SEA (14) we can close down the nuclear, thermonuclear, thermal
power
plants. We can save and keep uranium, thorium, and coal and use for some other
purposes.
We can close down the oil and natural gas operated power plants and save oil
and natural
gas. We can prevent these power producing plants from polluting the
atmosphere. We can
use the hydropower generated in our method in electrolysis process to produce
hydrogen
fuel (hydrogen gas or synthetic fuel) to run our vehicles and prevent
polluting the
atmosphere by using gasoline in vehicles. Since we do not need oil or shale
oil or sand oil we
can stop producing ethanol from corn (to mix with oil) and save corn for food.
We can stop
extracting methane hydrate from seabed and prevent pollution.

CA 02893274 2015-07-14
s-)
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS. ______________
FIG-1A Illustrates how we can produce hydropower 24 hours a day, 365 days a
year.
FIG-1B Illustrates how we can produce hydropower second time in the same
method.
FIG-2 Illustrates how we can discharge the wastewater in the syringe barrel
(5)
using a hydraulic piston at the bottom of the syringe barrel (5) as shown.
FIG-3 Illustrates how we can produce hydropower from SEA (14) and how we
can discharge it using an Automatic Locomotive moving forward and backward.
FIG-4 Illustrates how we can produce more hydropower in my method. In this
method we can produce large amount of hydropower.
FIG-5 Illustrates to have more horse power when needed how we can add
additional Automatic Locomotives to compress the wastewater in the syringe
barrel (6) and send it back to SEA(14).
FIG-6 Illustrates how hydropower is produced in my method. The wastewater is
compressed and sent back to SEA (14) as shown in FIG-1A and FIG-1B.
FIG-7 Illustrates how we can produce more hydropower by installing several
Turbine-Generators (11) below seashore 16 (underground) as shown. In this
method we can produce any amount (MW) of hydropower for our needs.
FIG-B Illustrates how we can use giant CRANES (15) to discharge the wastewater

in the syringe barrel (5) back to SEA (14) as shown. We can also he Pump Jacks

in this Method (not shown).
FIG-9 Illustrates how we can design a giant syringe piston (6) to discharge
the
wastewater back to SEA (14).
FIG-10 Illustrates how we can move the Load (27) and the syringe piston (6)
which is connected to the rope (26) smoothly up or doWn*Passing through
pipes (9) as shown.
FIG-11A: Illustrates how my method works through an example as shown.
FIG-1113: Illustrates how we can discxharge the wastewater in a different way
(method).

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FIG-12: Illustrates the diagrammatic view f the drawing. It shows how we can
produce electricity and
=
discharge the wastewater back to SEA (14) using SHIPYARD Cranes or Giant
HYDRAULIC Presses.
FIG43: Illustrates schematic view of the multi (wastewater) dischatge method.
,= . = -
FIG-14: Illustrates how we can produce hydropower from SEA 14 using a
hydraulic press land syringe.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS:
Part name and number:
1. Weight lifting Hydraulic Press 2.Hydraulic piston 3. Simple pulley or
compound
pulley 4.Hydraulic Oil &Syringe or multi barrel Syringe _
6. Syringe Piston
=
7. Discharge Pipe
8. Water Tank
9. Pipe
10. Penstock
11Turbine-Generator (underground). 12. Turbine-Generator (Ground).
11 Floodgate 14. SEA (Reservoir). 15. Automatic Locomotive or CRANE or Pump
jack
16. UNDERGROUND (Below seashore) 17. SEASHORE
18. Roof 19. Valve or Valve A or Valve B
20. Draft Tube 21. Over flow pipe
22. Outlet pipe 23. GROUND =
24. EARTH
25. Waste sea water 26. Rope
27. LOAD (weight) 28. Plunger
29. Wheels 30.End Stop
31. Rubber and sponge insulation (Seal)
32. Shaft or rod 33. SEABED . 34) GIANT VERTICAL TANK

CA 02893274 2015-07-14
,
_ -
FIG-1A: illustrates how we can produce hydropower from SEA (14) 24 hours a
day, 365 days a year.
HoVir itWorks.
WORLD'S FIRST UNDERGROUND SEA HYDROPOWER PLANT (KRISHNA'S
SYRINGE METHOD). FIG-1A
It is the world's first dam less underground sea hydropower plant to produce
any amount of
(MW) hydropower 24 hours a day 365 days a year from SEA (14).
STEP-1: When floodgate (13) is opened sea water flows down through a penstock
(10) to the
underground (16) installed Turbine-Generators (11) to spin and to produce
hydropower 24
' hours a day 365 days a year. The generated electricity is then sent to long
distances through
Transformers and Power Lines (not shown). The plant is fully AUTOMATED.
STEP-2: After producing electricity the waste sea water is collted into a
giant water tank
(8) and then discharged into a giant vertically installed syringe (5). The
water tank is attached
with several syringes (5) by outlet pipes (22) (not shown) and each outlet
pipe: has valves
(19) and hydraulic presses. The weight lifting hydraulic presses (1) shaft or
rod (32) moves up
and down automatically.
METHOD-1:To begin the operation when the syringe barrel (5) is full dose the
outlet pipe
valve-A (19) and Valve-8 (19). Now operate the hydraulic presses (1). The
hydraulic presses
shaft (32) first moves down from the top to move the syringe piston (6) and
the load (27)
down which are attached together to compress the wastewater in the syringe
barrel (5) and
send it back to SEA (14) as shown.When the syringe barrel (5) is empty move
the hydraulic
presses shaft (32) up for the next discharge operation. When the hydraulic
presses shaft (32)
touch the end stops (30) now open the outlet pipe valve-A (19) to discharge
the wastewater
again to fill up the barrel. When the syringe barrel is full now move (down
from the fp' p) the
hydraulic shaft (32) and the syringe piston to compress the wastewater in the
syringe barrel
to send it back to SEA (14). When the syringe barrel is empty move the
hydraulic shaft (32)
and the syringe piston (6) up for the next discharge operation."Now open the
Valve-19A(5) to
fill up the syringe barrel (5). When syringe barrel is full close the valve
19A and compress the
wastewater to send it back to SEA. REPEAT these operations again and again to
discharge the
wastewater back to SEA (14) continuously and to produce hydropower
continuously 24 hours
a day 365 days a year. This method is based on hydraulic presses working in a
garage (car
repair shop) to lift the cars up and down for repair p urposes:The same
principle is applied to
move down the syringe piston (6) to compress the wastewater and send it back
to SEA (14) or
move the syringe piston (6) up for the next discharge operation. We can use
other syringes
(not shown) to discharge the wastewater back to SEA 14.To calculate power
generated in the
_ _

CA 02893274 2015-07-14
method we can Use the formula POWER (KW) = 9.8 x water flow rate in m3/s x
watr head in meters x
Efficiency (95%). We have to design the syringe size (5), choose the right
load (27) and design the right
hydraulic presses (1) through Research &Development according to the plant
capacity,
METHOD-2: Wastewater can be discharged at the bottom of the syringe barrel
(shown) and
can be compressed and discharged back to SEA (14). The outlet pipe (22)
connecting the bottom
of the syringe barrel (5) and the water tank (8) has a valve-B (19) to open
and close. When the syringe
barrel is full close the valve-B (19) and Valve-A (19) now move down (from the
top) the load (27) and
the syringe piston (6) using hydraulic presses (10 shaft (32) to compress the
wastewater in the syringe
barrel (5) and send it back to SEA (14). When the syringe barrel is empty open
the valve-B (19) and
move the load (27) and the syringe piston (6) up for the next discharge
operation. REPEAT these
operation again and again to send the wastewater back to SEA (14) and to
produce electricity
continuously 24 hours a day 365 days a year.
FIG-1B: Illustrates how we can produce extra hydropower by installing a wate
tank (8) above ground
and installing a Turbine-Generator (12) on the ground (23) as shown. We can
install several Turbine-
Generators (12) on the gtbund (not shown) and produce more hydropower and make
lot of profit. The
working principle is same as FIG-1A.
FIG-2: Illustrates how we can produce hydropower from SEA (14) and discharge
the
wastewater back sea (14).
STEP-1:
When floodgate (13) is opened seawater flows down through a penstock (10) to
the underground
installed Turbine-Generators (11) to spin and to produce hydropower. The
generated hydropower is
sent to long distances through Transformers and Power Unes (not shown).
= STEP-2:
The wastewater is discharged into an underground installed giant syringe
barrel (6) through draft
tube (20). The draft tube has a valve (19). To begin the operation close the
draft tube (20) valve (19)
and move the syringe piston (6) up by using a giant hydraulic press (1) piston
(2) as shown. When the
syringe piston (6) moves up the wastewater in the syringe barrel 95) is
compressed and sent back to
SEA (14) through a discharge pipe (7) . When the syringe barrel is empty now
move down the syringe
piston (6) to touch the bottom of the syringe barrel (5) for the next
discharge operation. When the
syringe piston 6 touches the syringe barrel bottom now open the draft tube
valve (19) to fill the
syringe barrel (5). When the syringe barrel 95) is full close the draft tube
valve (19) again. Now move
the syringe piston (6) up by using a hydraulic press (1). The syringe piston
moves up and compresses
the wastewater in the syringe barrel (5) and send it back to SEA (14) again.
REPEAT these operations
again and again to compress and send the wastewater back to SEA (14) to
produce hydropower
continuously 24 hours a day 365 days a year. When the first syringe barrel
(shown) is full divert the
wastewater to flow into a second syringe barrel 5 (not shown). We can use the
second syringe (5) and
a hydraulic press 1 (not shown) to discharge the wastewater quickly back to
SEA (14). The bottom of
the plunger (28) is insulated with rubber (31) to prevent water leaking
outside from the barrel (5).
'

CA 02893274 2015-07-14
FIG-3: Illustrates how we can produce electricity and send (discharge) the
wastewater back
to SEA (14) continuously. The plant is fully automated. How it works is
explained below.
When floodgate (13) is opened seawater flows down through a penstock (10) to
the
underground 16 (below seashore) installed Turbine-Generator (11) to spin the
Turbine and to
produce hydropower continuously. After producing electricity the wastewater is
discharged
into a first syringe barrel (5) through the draft tube (20) as shown. The
draft tube has two
valves valve-A and valve-B. To begin the operation close the draft tube valve-
A (19A) when
the first syringe barrel (5) is full and now open the draft tube valve-B (19B)
to flow the
wastewater into the second syringe barrel (5) as shown. Now move the automatic

Locomotive (15) forward to move down the Load (27) and the syringe piston (6)
which are
connected together to compress the wastewater in the first syringe barrel (5)
and send it
back to SEA (14) through a discharge pipe (7). The Load 27 (weight) and the
syringe piston (6)
which are connected together is connected with a rope (26) and the rope (26)
is connected to
the front side of the automatic Locomotive (15) as shown. When the automatic
Locomotive
moves forward the load (27) and the syringe piston (6) moves down and the
wastewater in
the first syringe barrel (5) is compressed and sent back to SEA (14) through a
discharge pipe
(7). When the first syringe barrel (5) is empty lift the load (27) and the
syringe piston (6) up by
moving the Locomotive (15) backwards. Now the second syringe barrel (5)is
already filled
with wastewater, close the draft tube valve-B and open the draft tube valve-A
to flow the
wastewater into the first syringe barrel (5) again.. When the Locomotive (15)
moves
backward the load (27) and the syringe piston (6) which are connected together
moves down
in the second syringe barrel (6) and compresses the wastewater in the second
syringe barrel
(6) to send it back to SEA (14) through a discharge pipe (7) as shown. The
rope (26) on one
side is connected the load (27) and the syringe piston (6) passes over a
simple or compound
pulley (3) and is connected the backside of the Locomotive (15). When the
second syringe
barrel (5) is empty open the draft tube valve-B to flow the wastewater into
the second
syringe barrel (6). Now the first syringe barrel is already full, close the
draft tube valve-A
(19A) and move the Locomotive forward to compress the wastewater in the first
syringe
barrel 95) and send it back to SEA (14). REPEAT these operations are again and
again to
discharge the wastewater back to SEA (14) and to produce the hydropower
continuously 24
hours a day 365 days a year. In this method both forward and backward
movements of the
Locomotive is utilized. The automatic Locomotive moves itself automatically
forward and
backward. We can produce extra hydropower in this method by installing an
above ground
water tank (8) and a ground Turbine-Generator 11 (not shown). We have to
design the
syringe (5) size, discharge pipe (7) size, choosing a right Load 27 (weight)
and the right horse
power Locomotives according to the underground sea hydropower capacity. Only a
fraction of
profit money is used to operate the Locomotives (15). We can apply this method
for large scale underground sea\
hydropower plants. The underground hydropower has a roof (18) to protect the
plant during rainy seasons.

CA 02893274 2015-07-14
¨
FIG-4: Illustrates how we can iSPOduce more hydropower in the same method.
Underground sea hydropower plant (FIG-4) (AUTOMATED PLANT).
How it works:
STEP-1: It is the world's first underground sea hydropower plant to produce
any amount
of (MW) hydropower 24 hours a day 365 days a year from SEA (14). When
floodgate (13) is
opened seawater is discharged first into a below ground installed giant water
tank (8) and
then flows down through a penstock (101 to the underground 16 (below seashore)
installed
Turbine-Generators (11) to spin and to produce electricity. The generated
electricity is then
sent to long distances through Transformers and Power Lines (not shown).
STEP-2: WASTEWATER IS DISCHARGED BACK TO SEA BY PRESSURE METHOD
USING A LOAD (WEIGHT) AND SYRINGE.
After producing electricity the waste sea water is discharged into a
underground (16)
installed water tank (8). There are 3 Turbine-Generators are installed
underground and we
can install any number of Turbine-Generators (11) underground (16) if we want
for the plant
capacity. The discharged wastewater is then discharged into a syringe barrel
(5). The syringe
piston (6) is attached with a load (27) and then both are attached with a rope
(26) and the
rope (26) passes over a simple pulley or compound pulley (3). The ROPE (26) is
finally connected to an
AUTOMATIC LOCOMOTIVE (15). To beginithe operation let us open the underground
water tank (8)
_
_
(8) outlet pipe valve (19) and allow wastewater to fill up the syringe barrel
(5),,,When the
syringe barrel is full close the valve (19). Now move the automatic Locomotive
forward to
move down the load and the syringe piston to compress the wastewater in the
syringe barrel
and discharge it into the above ground installed water tank (8) as shown. Now
the water
flows down through second penstock (10) to the underground installed second
Turbirk.-
Generator to spin and to produce hydropower. The wastewater is discharged
again into an
underground water tank (8). Now discharge the wastewater again into the above
ground
water tank using second automatic Locomotive (15), load and *ton, rope, a
compound
pulley (not shown). Now the wastewater flows down through a third penstock
(10) to the
underground installed third Turbine-Generator to spin and to produce
hydropower third time
in the same method. Now discharge the wastewater again into the above ground
water tank
(8) using third automatic Locomotive (15), load (27) and syringe piston (6), a
rope ( 26), a
compound pulley 3 (not shown). REPEAT these operations again and again to
discharge
wastewater into the above ground water tank and to produce electricity
continuously 24
hours a day 365 days a year. Use the formula to calculate the power generated
in this method
PrAVEMICN)=-waterflow-raterirr rft3/s-x-exaterheadirrmeters-ar efficiency
(95'6). Ovitra
traction of money earned in selling elPctricity is used to operate the
Locomotives.

CA 02893274 2015-07-14
e I
- ¨
FIG-5 Illustrates how we can add more Automatic Locomotives to have more
horse power that can be
applied on the syringe piston (6) when needed to compress the wasttilliater in
the syringe barrel and
send it back to sea.
FIG-6: Illustrates how my method works. When flood gate is opened sea water
is brought to a below ground water tank (8) by a pipe (9) as shown in the
drawing. When the valve (19) is opened the sea water flows down through a
penstock (10) to the underground (16) installed Turbine-Generators (11) to
spin
and to produce hydropower 24 hours a day 365 days a year. The generated
electricity is sent to long distances through Transformers and Power Lines
(not ,
shown). The wastewater is discharged into a giant underground water tank (8)
and it is discharged back to sea (14) as shown in FIG-4, 1IG-3, FIG-1. In this

method SEA is the RESERVOIR and we can tap (produce) trillions and trillions
or
zillions and zillions of stored potential energy (GW or TW or PW) in the
entire
SEA (ocean). The hydropower generated in this metholi can be used to produce
hydrogen gas or synfuel in electrolysis process. The hydrogen gas or syngas
can
be used to drive the vehicles (without gasoline)
FIG-7: Illustrates how we can produce the required electricity for our needs
by
installing several underground Turbine-Generators (11) as shown. This method
can be also called KAMADHENU COW METHOD. In the ancient days Lord
KRISHNA a Hindu God presented a holy cow whose name was KAMADHENU to
one of his devotees which gave unlimited milk to any number of visitors. Like
KAMADHENU COW, SEA also gives us unlimited hydropower for our needs.
FIG-8: Illustrates how we can discharge the wastewater back to sea
using syringe and a giant CRANE as shown. When floodgate (13) is
opened the seawater flows down through a penstock (10) to the
underground (16) installed Turbine-Generators-(11) to spin the turbine
and to produce electricity. The generated electricity is then sent to
long distances through Transformers and Power Lines (not shown).
The wastewater after producing electricity is collected in a giant
water tank (8) and then discharged into the syringe barrel (5) through
outlet pipes (22). The outlet pipes(22) has valves (19) to close and
open. When the syringe barrel is full close the outlet pipe valve (19)

CA 02893274 2015-07-14
and now operate the CRANE to move down the syringe piston (6) and
the load (27) which are attached together inside the syringe barrel (5)
to compress the wastewater and send it back to SEA (14) through a
discharge pipe (7) as shown. When the syringe barrel is empty move
the load and the syringe piston up to touch the end stops (30) for next
operation. Now open the outlet pipe valve (19) to fill the syringe
barrel again. Once the syringe barrel is full close the valve (19) and
move down the syringe piston and the load inside the syringe barrel to
compress again and send the wastewater back to SEA (14) as shown.
REPEAT these operations again and again to discharge the
wastewater back to SEA and to produce electricity 24 hours a day 365
days a year. To calculate the power generated in my method we can
use the general formula POWER (KW) = 9.8 x water head in meters x
water flow rate in m3/s x Efficiency 9.5%. The CRANE is operated by
diesel engines. We spend only a fraction of profit money to operate
the Automatic Locomotives or CRANES (15)
FIG-9: Illustrates how we can design a syringe piston (6). The syringe
piston (6) should be covered with rubber sheets and then sponges
should be placed in between the syringe barrel (5) and the syringe
piston (6) as shown in the drawing to move up and down smoothly.
FIG-10: Illustrates how we can move the rope (26) up and down
smoothly by passing the rope (26) through metal or plastic pipes as
shown in the drawing. The pipe has wheels (29) and the rope (26)
passes through the wheels (29) as shown. The rope (26) is attached
with an Automatic Locomotive or Crane (15) on the ground not shown
and with a load (27) and syringe piston (6) which are attached
together inside the syringe barrel (5) shown in the drawing.

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4 =
FIG-11A: Illustrates how we can discharge the wastewater back to SEA 14 by
injecting it at the
bottom of a vertical tank 34 using a syringe 5. When the wastewater is
discharged
continuously at the bottom of the vertical tank 34, it accumulates inside the
vertical tank 34
and the volume of the discharged water in the vertical tank 34 increases and
it moves up
freely without applying any external force and reaches the top of the vertical
tank 34 and it is
thrown outside as shown. This method is applied in the next drawing FIG-11B.
FIG-11B: Illustrates how the wastewater is discharged back to SEA 34 using a
vertical tank 34.
STEP-1: When flood gate (13) is opened seawater is brought to a ground
installed water tank (8)
through a pipe 9. The tank has a penstock (10) and the penstock (10) has a
valve (19) to open and
close. When the valve (19) in the penstock is opened the seawater flows down
through the penstock
(10) to the underground 16 (below seashore) installed Turbine-Generators (11)
to spin the Turbine
and to produce hydropower 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. The generated
hydropower is then sent
to long distances through Transformers and Power Lines (not shown). This
underground sea
hydropower plant is fully automated.
STEP-2: After hydropower is produced the wastewater is discharged into a
giant water tank (8)
through the Turbine draft tube (20) and the wastewater then discharged into a
giant syringe barrel (5)
through the outlet pipe (22). A second syringe is shown in the drawing and is
connected to the
Locomotive 15 or crane not shown also discharges wastewater into the vertical
tank (34). The
syringe discharge pipe (7) has water backflow prevention valves (19). When the
syringe barrel 5 is full
now we close the water tank (8) outlet pipe valves (19) and move the automatic
Locomotive (15)
forward to move down the Load (27) and the syringe piston (6) inside the
syringe barrel (5) which are
connected together to compress the wastewater and to discharge it at the
bottom of a giant vertical
tank (34) through several discharge pipes (7). The continuously discharged
wastewater at the bottom
of the vertical tank (34) accumulates inside the vertical tank (3) and moves
up to the top of the
vertical tank (34) without applying any external force and is collected into
an over ground installed
water tank (8) as shown. The wastewater then passes through a pipe (9) from
the above ground water
tank (8) to a ground installed second Turbine-Generated (12) to spin the
Turbine to produce more
hydropower in the same method . Finally the water after producing hydropower
is discharged into the
SEA (14). Now lift the load and the piston up by moving the Locomotive
backwards for next operation.
Now open the outlet pipe valves (19) and discharge the water into the syringe
barrels (5). When the
barrels (5) are full, now close the outlet pipe valves (19) and move the
Locomotive 15 forward tO
repeat the potation again. REPEAT these operations again and again to
discharge the water; and to
produce electricity. In this method we need not use long discharge pipes (7)
which are attached at the
bottom of the syringe barrels (5) to carry the wastewater and discharge it
back to SE/t (14). In my
method we can use several syringes 6 (not shown) to inject (discharge) the
wasteamter into the
vertical tank 34 and then discharge it back to SEA 14..This method is
explained through an example in FIG-
11A. We have to design the water tank (8), syringe (5), vertical tank (34),
choosing a Load (27) and the right
horsepower Automatic Locomotives according to the plant capacity. Use the
formula to calculate the
hydropower generated in this method POWER (KW) = water fibw rate in m3/s x
water head in meters x Efficiency (95%).

CA 02893274 2015-07-14
- I
FIG-12: Illustrates how we can produce electricity and discharge the
wastewater back to SEA (14)
=.
using SHIPYARD Cranes (15) or Giant HYDRAULIC Presses (1).
STEP-1: When floodgate 13 is opened sea water flows down through a Penstock
(10) to the
underground (16) installed Turbine-Generators (11) to spin the Turbine and to
produce hydropower
24 hours a day, 365 days a year. The generated electricity is then send to
long distances through
Transformers and Power Lines (not shown).
`STEP-2: WASTEWATER IS DISCHARGED BACK TO SEA BY PRESSURE METHOD USIND A LOAD.
After producing electricity the wastewater is discharged into a giant water
tank (8) and then
discharged into Giant Syringes. The water tank outlet pipe (22) has valves
(19) to open and close. Each
syringe barrel (5) has a Load (27) and piston (6) which are connected together
as shown. To begin the
operation let us close all the water tank (8) outlet pipe valves 19 when the
Syringe barrels (5) are full.
Now we operate the automatic SHIPYARD CRANES (15) or GIANT HYDRAULIC PRESSES
(1) to move
down the syringe Loads (27) and the syringe pistons (6) which are attached
together to compress the
waste seawater in the syringe barrels (5) and send it back to SEA (14). When
the syringe barrels (6) are
empty move the Loads (27) and the syringe pistons (6) up using the shipyard
cranes (15) or hydraulic
presses (1) to touch the End Stop (30) where it is stopped for the next
discharge operation. Now open
the water tank (8) outlet pipe valves (19) to fill up all the syringe barrels
(5) with the wastewater.
When the syringe barrels are full close the outlet pipe valves (19) and
operate the shipyard cranes (15)
or hydraulic presses (1) to move down all syringe Loads (27) and the syringe
pistons (6) to compress
the wastewater and send it back to SEA (14). When the syringe barrels (5) are
empty, move the Load
and the syringe piston up to touch the End Stops (30) for the next discharge
operation. Now open the
water tank (8) outlet pipe valves (19) to fill up the syringe barrels (5)
again. When the syringe barrels
(5) are full close the water tank outlet pipe valves (19) and move down the
Load and the syringe
piston to compress the wastewater and send it back to SEA (14). REPEAT these
up and down
operations again and again to fill up the syringe barrels (5) and to discharge
the wastewater back to
SEA (14) to produce electricity continuously 24 hours a day, 365 days a year.
To calculate the
hydropower generated in this method we can apply the formula POWER (KW) = 9.5
X water head in
meters x water flow rate in m3/s x Efficiency (9516). We have to design the
water tank (8), Penstock
(10), the discharge pipe (7), syringes (5) and choose the suitable Load (27)
and choose the right
shipyard cranes (15) or hydraulic presses (1) for the plant capacity. In this
method we can produce any
amount of hydropower for our needs. Only a fraction of profit (money) is used
to operate the cranes
or hydraulic presses. we can produce electricity second time in this method by
installing an above ground
water tank (8) and Turbine-Generators (12) on the ground as shown in FIG-1B.
In this method the plant is fully
automated. Only three syringes are shown in this drawing but we can add more
syringes (5) if it is a large scale
plant to discharge the wastewater quickly back to SEA. We can also discharge
the wastewater at the bottom of
the syringe barrels 5 (not shown) and discharge it back to SEA (14) as shown
in FIG-1A.
FIG-13: Illustrates how we can discharge the wastewater back to SEA(14) using
several outlet pipes (22) attached
with the water tank (8) as shown. In this method for example if the water flow
rate is 100 m3/s then we can
discharge 100 m3/s wastewater back to SEA (14) at the same time.

CA 02893274 2015-07-14
===-=
FIG-14: illustrates how we can produce hydropower. This method how it works is
explained
below.
STEP-1: When flood gate (13) is opened water flows down through a penstock
(10) to the
underground installed Turbine-Generator (11) to spin and to produce hydropower
24 hours a
day,365 days a year. In this method we can produce any amount of hydropower
for our
needs. The generated hydropower is then sent to long distances through
Transformers and
Power Lines (not shown).
STEP-2: The waste seawater is then discharged into a first syringe barrel 5
(shown). When the
first syringe barrel 1 is full then divert the wastewater to flow into a
second syringe barrel 5
(not shown).To begin the operation close the first draft tube (20) valve (19)
and move the
automatic Locomotive or a Crane (15) forward to move down the Load (27) and
the hydraulic
piston (2) which are connected together to compress the hydraulic oil (4) in
the hydraulic
press barrel 1 (big cylinder). The compressed hydraulic oil then moves the
syringe (5) piston
up in the first syringe barrel 5 (small cylinder) to compress the wastewater
and send it back to
SEA (14). When the first syringe barrel is empty move the Load (27) and the
hydraulic piston
(2) up by moving the automatic Locomotive (15) backwards. The load and the
piston are
connected with a rope (26) and the rope (26) is connected with the automatic
Locomotive 15.
When the Load (27) and the hydraulic piston (2) moves up to touch the End Stop
(30) where it
is stopped for the next discharge operation. Now open the first draft tube
valve (19) to fill up
the first syringe barrel (5). After the wastewater is discharged back to SEA
the first syringe
piston (6) moves back to touch the bottom of the first syringe barrel 6 by
itself due its weight.
Now go to the second syringe barrel (6) which is also connected with a
hydraulic press (1) and
an automatic Locomotive 15 (not shown). Now close the second draft tube valve
(19) and
compress the wastewater in the second syringe barrel (5) using a Load (27) by
moving the
automatic Locomotive forward. When the second syringe barrel 5 is empty move
the Load
and the hydraulic piston up to touch the End Stops (30) by moving the
automatic Locomotive
backwards for the next discharge operation . Now open the second draft tube
valve (19) to fill
up the second syringe barrel 5 and now go to the first syringe barrel 5. Now
close the first
draft tube valve 19 and repeat the operation again to send the wastewater back
to SEA (14).
REPEAT these operations again and again to discharge the wastewater back to
SEA and to
produce hydropower continuously 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. We have to
design the
syringe 5, hydraulic press 1, discharge pipe 7, choose the right Load 27, and
the right horse
power automatic Locomotive or Crane 15 according to the plant capacity (100 MW
or 200
MW or more MW). We can use the formula to calculate the hydropower generated
in this
method POWER (KW) = 9.5 X WATER FLOW RATE IN M3/S X WATER HEAD IN METERS X
Efficiency
(95). Only a fraction of profit (money) is used to operate the Locomotive or
CRANE 15 in this method.

CA 02893274 2015-07-14
- _ -
aim if, -4.mm
BENEFITS IN MY NOVEL METHOD.
1) Once built the underground sea hydropower plant's office buildings and
power houses
has a long permanent life with minimum maintenance costs. We can protect the
plant
from Tsunami or Hurricane attacks.
2) We need not built a DAM in this method and we save 60 to 70 % investment
costs.
3) Due to corrosion problems the parts like penstocks, water tanks. Turbines,
discharge
pipes, Turbine draft tubes should be made from corrosion free materials.
4) In my method we can extract any amount of hydropower from SEA 24 hours a
day,
365 days a year.
5) For large scale underground sea hriro plants we have to design giant
syringes,
hydraulic presses, giant water tanks and choose the right horse power
automatic
= Locomotives -. _ = __ .
6) In my method to get more hydropower we can raise the wastewater to any
desired
height (water head) by applying more pressure on the syringe pistons. We can
make
more profit and we can add more automatic Locomotives to_discharge the
wastewater
quickly back to SEA.
7) In this method only a fraction of profit money is used to operate the
automatic
Locomotives to discharge the wastewater back to SEA.
8) If we want we can make the underground sea hydropower plant fully
AUTOMATED.
We need only a small group of-employees to operate the plant.
9)My method can be used in Pumped Storage Hydropower Plants to produce
electricity
24 hors a day 365 days a year. Our present Pumped Storage Hydropower Plants
are
operating only in peak hours.
10) SEA belongs to all countries in the world. Any country can apply my novel
method
and produce electricity for their needs..
11) Germany's ABB has invented a new HVDC grid (Transformer) and we can use it
to
-_ send the electricity generated in our method to a very long (1600 miles)
distance-
12) In my method instead of using automatic Locomotives we can use some other'
;
= suitable machines like AUTOMATIC PUMP JACKS, EXCAVATORS, TRACTORS,
AUTOMATIC
HYDRAUUC PISTONS, TRUCKS or BUSES to move the syringe pistons forward and
backwards_
13) Seawater is our natural resource to produce electricity. title do not need
wind power.
clar power, wave power, tidal power, biogas power, biomass power, geothermal
Dower, OTEC power, Osmosis power, Thermo nuclear power or any other power any
14) Since we can produce any amount of hydropower from SEA (14) in my method
we can use the
electricity to produce hydrogen fuel (hydrogen gas or synthatie fuel) in
electrolysis process and we can
use it to run our vehicles and prevent air pollution. We cal use the
electricity in desalination plants to
produce drinking water and water for agriculture purposes (irrigation) to
produce food.
15) The soil removed from the underground 16 to install the T.G (11) and the
water tank (8) can be -
used to build a giant Pyramid type soil mountain on the ground (23). We can
install water tanks on the
top of the-soil mountain to have more water head above ground to-produce more
hydropower.
=

A single figure which represents the drawing illustrating the invention.

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Admin Status

Title Date
Forecasted Issue Date Unavailable
(22) Filed 2015-05-27
Examination Requested 2015-07-14
(41) Open to Public Inspection 2015-09-28
Withdrawn Application 2016-07-27

Payment History

Fee Type Anniversary Year Due Date Amount Paid Paid Date
Filing $200.00 2015-05-27
Request for Examination $400.00 2015-07-14
Current owners on record shown in alphabetical order.
Current Owners on Record
KRISHNAMOORTHY, SRINIVASAN
Past owners on record shown in alphabetical order.
Past Owners on Record
None
Past Owners that do not appear in the "Owners on Record" listing will appear in other documentation within the application.

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Abstract 2015-12-02 1 29
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Cover Page 2015-09-08 2 79
Abstract 2015-05-27 1 16
Description 2015-05-27 11 624
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Abstract 2015-07-14 1 29
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Claims 2015-07-14 1 19
Drawings 2015-07-14 16 883
Representative Drawing 2015-07-27 1 32
Abstract 2015-10-07 1 29
Description 2015-10-07 12 721
Claims 2015-10-07 1 18
Drawings 2015-10-07 13 752
Drawings 2015-10-16 13 778
Claims 2015-10-16 12 744
Claims 2015-10-16 1 19
Abstract 2015-10-16 1 29
Drawings 2016-02-02 13 714
Description 2016-02-02 12 744
Claims 2016-02-02 1 38
Abstract 2016-02-02 1 29
Prosecution-Amendment 2015-12-02 28 1,543
Prosecution-Amendment 2015-06-11 1 3
Prosecution-Amendment 2015-07-14 33 1,834
Prosecution-Amendment 2015-07-24 1 3
Correspondence 2015-08-10 1 3
Correspondence 2016-07-19 3 121
Prosecution-Amendment 2015-09-30 5 259
Prosecution-Amendment 2015-10-07 33 1,762
Prosecution-Amendment 2015-10-16 34 1,883
Prosecution-Amendment 2016-01-27 4 256
Prosecution-Amendment 2016-02-02 31 1,711
Correspondence 2016-07-27 1 27
Correspondence 2016-07-27 1 27
Correspondence 2016-08-02 1 21
Correspondence 2016-08-02 1 28