Businesses - Canadian Industry Statistics

Food Services and Drinking Places - 722

The information on the number, size and location of establishments can be used to assess the existing level of competition within the industry in your province/territory.

The table below shows the breakdown between employer and non-employer or indeterminate establishments for each province and territory as well as a percentage distribution at the national level. For this industry, 27.2% of establishments are non-employers or indeterminate and 72.8% with employees.

Establishments by employment type and province/territory (2015)
Province/territory Employers Non-employers / Indeterminate Total % of Canada
Alberta 8,105 2,410 10,515 11.3
British Columbia 10,547 3,245 13,792 14.8
Manitoba 1,930 611 2,541 2.7
New Brunswick 1,408 322 1,730 1.9
Newfoundland and Labrador 923 201 1,124 1.2
Nova Scotia 1,686 501 2,187 2.4
Northwest Territories 63 21 84 0.1
Nunavut 15 5 20 0.0
Ontario 25,430 10,413 35,843 38.5
Prince Edward Island 312 75 387 0.4
Quebec 15,468 6,855 22,323 24.0
Saskatchewan 1,797 635 2,432 2.6
Yukon 87 26 113 0.1
Canada 67,771 25,320 93,091 100.0
Percent distribution % 72.8 27.2 100.0

Source: Statistics Canada, special tabulation, unpublished data, unclassified excluded, 2015.

In 2015, the breakdown of employer establishments in this industry was as follows: 22.9% of them were considered micro, employing less than five employees; small establishments accounted for 75.8%; and medium-sized establishments accounted for an additional 1.3% of the total number of establishments. Large employers, those with more than five hundred persons on payroll, accounted for 0% of the total establishments.

Employer establishments by employment size category and province/territory (2015)
Province/territory Employment size category (number of employees)
Micro (1-4) Small (5-99) Medium (100-499) Large (500+)
Alberta 1,595 6,366 139 5
British Columbia 1,974 8,407 153 13
Manitoba 383 1,511 35 1
New Brunswick 389 1,009 10 0
Newfoundland and Labrador 213 696 14 0
Nova Scotia 399 1,278 9 0
Northwest Territories 13 48 2 0
Nunavut 4 11 0 0
Ontario 6,731 18,387 298 14
Prince Edward Island 56 247 9 0
Quebec 3,378 11,928 160 2
Saskatchewan 362 1,411 23 1
Yukon 15 72 0 0
Canada 15,512 51,371 852 36
Percent distribution % 22.9 75.8 1.3 0.0

Source: Statistics Canada, special tabulation, unpublished data, unclassified excluded, 2015.

  • Notes

    An establishment is placed into a NAICS category according to its primary business activity - the product whose revenues are the highest in terms of dollar value. If an establishment produces more than one product or service and these activities cross over NAICS boundaries then an establishment could move from one NAICS code to another, diminishing numbers attributed to one code and augmenting another. For example, an establishment could be making steel and plastic auto parts, and the NAICS code to which it is assigned would depend on which product accounts for the largest share of its revenues in a specific year.

    In 2014, establishment data from Statistics Canada was impacted by multiple methodology changes. Approximately 600,000 units of the non-employer/indeterminate establishment category were added due to the widening of Statistics Canada's inclusion conditions. This change affects businesses that did not have $30,000 in taxable revenue in previous years but did have at least $30,000 in overall (non-taxable and taxable) revenue. These businesses will now be included and represent approximately 600,000 units. Business counts in NAICS 53 - Real estate and rental and leasing and 62 - Health care and social assistance had the largest increases.

    Additionally, Statistics Canada revised the employer status which resulted in 70,000 units moved from their employers (with employees) category to the non-employer/indeterminate (without employees) category. This is mostly noticeable in the smaller employment size ranges. Business counts in NAICS 72 - Accommodation and Food Services, 62 - Health Care and Social Assistance, 31- 33 Manufacturing and 44-45 - Retail Trade saw the largest decreases.

    The number of establishments can be affected by methodological changes, i.e. changes in the method of identifying inactive units. This may lead to false interpretation of the economy behavior and this is why Statistics Canada does not recommend using the data for longitudinal analysis.

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