Biographies: Independent Expert Panel on Aquaculture Science
Dr. Julia Baum
Dr. Baum is associate professor of Biology at the University of Victoria. Her research has documented precipitous declines in shark populations, the cascading effects of the loss of apex predators, and the status and recovery potential of overexploited marine fish stocks. Dr. Baum is also a co-developer of the global, open-source RAM Legacy Stock Assessment Database. Her current research program focuses on understanding how overfishing and climate change are impacting marine ecosystems and how we can ensure the persistence of resilient marine ecosystems over the long term. Dr. Baum serves as an editor for the journals Conservation Biology and Ecography. She is passionate about open science, levelling the playing field of women in science and translating her science to the public and policy makers.
Dr. Baum held a David H. Smith Conservation Research Fellowship at Scripps Institution of Oceanography, UC San Diego, followed by a Schmidt Ocean Institute Postdoctoral Fellowship at the National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis (NCEAS), UC Santa Barbara. Dr. Baum was named an Alfred P. Sloan research fellow in Ocean Sciences in 2011 and a Pew fellow in Marine Conservation in 2017. She is an alumna of the Global Young Academy and a current member of the Royal Society of Canada's College of New Scholars, Artists and Scientists.
Dr. Alejandro Buschmann
Dr. Buschmann is a professor at the Universidad de Los Lagos and a senior researcher from the Center of Biotechnology and Bioenginering (CeBiB) and i-mar Research Center (i-mar) in Chile. He is the past president of the International Seaweed Association (ISA), and a number member of the Chilean Academy of Science. His research covers coastal ecology focusing on the role of seaweeds, seaweed cultivation and management, and the development of sustainable coastal and aquaculture management strategies. His recent work focuses on integrated multi-trophic aquaculture (IMTA) and kelp ecology. He has served on international panels advising on seaweed culture developments, the promotion of sustainable environmental technologies and the use of seaweeds for biofuel production. His research has appeared in more than 120 peer-reviewed papers in international journals and books.
In 1998, Dr. Buschmann was awarded the International Foundation for Science Silver Jubilee Award.In 2018, he received the Honor in Scientia Marina award given by the Chilean Society of Marine Sciences. He is currently associate editor of the Journal of Phycology and part of the editorial boards of Aquaculture Environment Interactions, Algal Research, Aquaculture, Perspectives in Phycology. He is also a regular reviewer of the Marine Ecology Progress Series, the Journal of Applied Phycology, and Ecology, among others.
Dr. Tony Farrell
Dr. Farrell is a professor of Zoology at the University of British Columbia and a fellow of the Royal Society of Canada. With over 400 research publications in peer-reviewed scientific journals and the co-editor of over 25 books and an encyclopedia on fish physiology, Dr. Farrell's research emphasis is to understand fish cardiorespiratory systems and apply this knowledge to salmon migratory passage, handling stress and recovery, sustainable aquaculture and aquatic toxicology. He holds a Canada Research Chair (Tier 1) in Fish Physiology, Culture and Conservation.
He served as a member of the Minister's Aquaculture Advisory Committee on Finfish Aquaculture for British Columbia and has studied the sub-lethal effects of sea lice and piscine reovirus on the physiology of juvenile salmon. He has received multiple awards, including the Fry Medal, which is the highest honour to a scientist from the Canadian Society of Zoologists, the Beverton Medal, which is the highest honour to a scientist from the Fisheries Society of the British Isles, the Medal of Excellence, which is the highest honour of the American Fisheries Society and the Murray A. Newman Awards both for Research and for Conservation from the Vancouver Marine Sciences Centre. He is a former President of the Society of Experimental Biologists and is the Editor-in-Chief for the Journal of Fish Biology.
Dr. Susanna Fuller
Dr. Fuller is currently a senior program officer at Oceans North. Her experience spans the science -policy interface, across a number of regional, national and international oceans and fisheries management areas including fisheries rebuilding, impacts of fishing, marine protected areas, and management of high seas fisheries. She was a member of the science panel during the review of aquaculture regulations in Nova Scotia. She has been actively involved in the process to amend Canada's Fisheries Act, and an active stakeholder in eco-certification processes for wild and farmed seafood. She works to ensure that aquatic ecosystems are protected and able to provide for coastal communities with a focus in Atlantic Canada and the Eastern Arctic.
Dr. Fuller is a current member of the Species at Risk Advisory Committee to the Minister of Environment and Climate Change Canada, a Senior Research Fellow at the International Oceans Institute Canada, and has been an active steering committee member of SeaChoice – Canada's Sustainable Seafood Program. She was also a member of the One Nova Scotia Commission, a five member Commission tasked with developing recommendations for Nova Scotia's economy.
Dr. Larry Hammell
Dr. Hammell is the dean (interim) of the UPEI Faculty of Graduate Studies, and professor and associate dean (Graduate Studies and Research) at the Atlantic Veterinary College, University of Prince Edward Island. He is also co-director of the Collaborating Centre for Epidemiology and Risk Assessment of Aquatic Animal Diseases (ERAAAD) for the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE). Through his international and regional work, Dr. Hammell's research focuses on aquatic food animal health studies including disease detection and surveillance, health management through identification of risk factors and disease prevention and biosecurity studies, and clinical trials for improved responses to disease treatment and prevention. Dr. Hammell has collaborated on research and training projects with international organizations (government and non-government), universities and corporations, emphasizing epidemiology and evidence-based policy applied to health management for global aquatic food animal production.
As an aquatic veterinary epidemiologist, Dr. Hammell has been the lead proponent on many large, clinical research projects and partnerships with industry and government agencies. In 2016, he received the Canadian Veterinary Medical Association's Merck Veterinary Award for evidence-based contributions to aquatic animal health policy.
Dr. Kjetil Hindar
Dr. Hindar is a research director at the Norwegian Institute for Nature Research (NINA) in Trondheim, Norway. His PhD thesis from the University of Oslo is on the population biology and genetics of salmonid fishes, and his primary area of research is interactions between wild fish and their cultured conspecifics.
Dr. Hindar has authored or co-authored 90 scientific papers and has contributed to international reports and committees on salmon biology and farm-wild interactions for the OECD, ICES (International Council for the Exploration of the Sea), NASCO (North Atlantic Salmon Conservation Organization) and for a U.S. white paper on marine aquaculture.
Heather Jones is chief executive of the Scottish Aquaculture Innovation Centre (SAIC), one of eight organizations charged with driving economic growth in Scotland through industry–research collaboration.
Before starting up SAIC, Ms. Jones worked for the British civil service. As a senior civil servant, she was the first line advisor to Scottish ministers on all aspects of aquaculture and wild salmonid fisheries between 2007 and 2010, before moving to a role in international relations. She has extensive U.K., European and global experience developing strategic policy across a wide range of areas. She has worked for the Scottish and U.K. parliaments and with ministerial teams from all major political parties. She has provided expert advice on innovation to the House of Lords Committee on Science and Technology and on salmon aquaculture to the Scottish Parliament's Rural Economy and Connectivity committee. She has an MA and an MBA from the University of Edinburgh and is currently partway through studying for an MSc in Sustainable Aquaculture at the University of St Andrews.
Dr. Douglas Lipton
Dr. Lipton is the senior research scientist for Economics at NOAA Fisheries (National Marine Fisheries Service). Most of his research and extension work has focused on valuation of benefits related to improvements in water quality and the economics of ecosystem-based fisheries management with specific application to the Chesapeake Bay. His current focus is on integrating economics with ecosystem-based fisheries modeling approaches. He has conducted local and international research on the economics of finfish and shellfish aquaculture in extensive, intensive and multi-trophic production systems.
Dr. Lipton started his career at NMFS headquarters as a fisheries biologist and then industry economist while obtaining his PhD in Agricultural and Resource Economics (AREC) at the University of Maryland. He spent 25 years as a faculty member in AREC at the University of Maryland and also was program leader for the Maryland Sea Grant Extension Program for 20 of those years. He is currently a member of the Mid-Atlantic Fisheries Management Council, Scientific and Statistical Committee, a member of the executive board of the International Institute for Fisheries Economics and Trade, a board member of the Marine Resource Economics Foundation and a board member of the Maryland Agricultural and Resource-Based Industries Development Corporation.
Dr. Matt Rise
Dr. Rise is a professor in the Department of Ocean Sciences at Memorial University. His research involves the use of functional genomics (e.g. microarray hybridizations, RNA sequencing), quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR), and other molecular techniques to discover, characterize, and study the expression of genes involved in fish responses to pathogens and pathogen mimics, temperature stress, environmental toxicants, enhanced growth, and novel diets. In addition to providing new information on the genetic basis of these biological processes and responses, the information acquired in these studies has laid the groundwork for applied projects such as the development of new strategies for combating fish diseases (e.g. molecular diagnostics, vaccines, clinical diets, and therapeutics) and molecular tests (e.g. molecular biomarker qPCR assays) for assessing the impact of pathogens and other stressors (e.g. heat stress, toxicants) on farmed and wild fish.
Dr. Rise held the tier 2 Canada Research Chair (CRC) in Marine Biotechnology at the Ocean Sciences Centre (OSC) of Memorial University from 2006 to 2016. He is currently a lead in the area of Sustainable Aquaculture within the Ocean Frontier Institute (OFI), funded by the Canada First Research Excellence Fund (CFREF). Dr. Rise is an associate editor and the past editor-in-chief of the journal Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part D: Genomics and Proteomics, and serves on the editorial boards of the journals Marine Biotechnology and Developmental and Comparative Immunology.
Dr. Sm'hayetsk Teresa Ryan
Sm'hayetsk Teresa Ryan, PhD, (Tsms'yen, Gitlan), is a postdoctoral teaching and research fellow in the Department of Forest and Conservation Sciences, University of British Columbia, and is supervised by Professor Suzanne Simard. Dr. Ryan examined colonial dispossession of Aboriginal lands and trade for her PhD dissertation. She explored Ancestral ecological-social institution linkages in terms that better portray an Aboriginal viewpoint, and the connection of these complex adaptive systems to heterogeneous mosaic landscapes. She demonstrated how thousands of years of sustainable use based on Ancestral knowledge of cyclic resource production and variability was an intuitive component of Aboriginal stewardship. Her current Salmon-forest research investigates the potential to restore salmon abundance by using ancient Aboriginal salmon fishing technology and strategies. Salmon deliver marine-derived nitrogen to coastal forests via several salmon predators that feed at the base of dominant trees, also known as a ‘Mother Tree'. This vital nutrient is then conveyed along mycorrhizal networks throughout the forest. Dr. Ryan seeks to demonstrate these vital connections in the aquatic-terrestrial interface while also advancing the opportunities to improve Aboriginal engagement in resource management.
Dr. Ryan currently serves as scientist on the Pacific Salmon Commission – Joint Chinook Technical Committee (Canada). She is also a member of the Vancouver Fraser Port Authority Enhancing Cetacean Habitat and Observations (ECHO) Technical Advisory Group, a member of the Circle of Experts for Assembly of First Nations (AFN) Advisory Committee on Climate Action and the Environment (ACCAE) and the AFN First Nations Committee on Species At Risk, and senior policy advisor to the Native Brotherhood of British Columbia. Teresa has previously served as Vice Chair – B.C. Pacific Salmon Forum; Director – B.C. Aquatic Food Resources Society; and has participated in Canadian Science Advisory Secretariat (CSAS) committees related to aquaculture. Dr. Ryan is also a traditional Tsms'yen cedar weaver.
Dr. Sandra Shumway
Dr. Shumway is a research professor of Marine Science at the University of Connecticut. A former Marshall scholar, Dr. Shumway's research interests include marine invertebrate physiology, shellfish biology and aquaculture, harmful algal blooms, biofouling and science communication. Her most recent research has focused on the impacts of harmful algae on shellfish and aquaculture, feeding selectivity and strategies in bivalve molluscs, and the control of aquatic nuisance species in marine aquaculture operations.
Dr. Shumway currently serves as chair of the Technical Advisory Group for the Aquaculture Stewardship Council, and has received numerous awards including the Long Island University Trustees Award for Lifetime Scholarly Achievement and the David Newton Award for Excellence in Teaching. She is an honored life member of the National Shellfisheries Association, an Aldo Leopold Leadership fellow, and a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the World Aquaculture Society, and the University of Wales. She has authored over 170 peer-reviewed scientific publications, edited several books, and serves as the editor of the Journal of Shellfish Research, and Reviews in Fisheries Science and Aquaculture. She is also the founding editor of Harmful Algae. She is the past editor of the Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology.
Dr. Jamey Smith
Dr. Smith is the executive director of the Huntsman Marine Science Centre. In this role, Dr. Smith is responsible for operations and development of a broad spectrum of research and applied science, education, and outreach programs and projects. Dr. Smith received his BSc from the University of New Brunswick specializing in Marine Biology. He went on to complete his PhD as a Commonwealth Scholar at the University of Stirling, focusing on environmental interactions of aquaculture.
Over the past 25 years, Dr. Smith has applied his expertise to environmental impact assessments, monitoring programs, research and innovation, and development of regulation and policy related to sectors such as aquaculture, fisheries, pulp and paper, ports and harbours, energy, transportation, and mining. In his career, Dr. Smith has provided services to academia, industry, all levels of government, and NGOs throughout North America, Europe, and South America.
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