Archived — Co-operatives in Canada - 2013
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Aussi offert en français sous le titre Les coopératives au Canada en 2013.
Table of Content
- An Overview of 2013 Reporting Co-operatives
- Distribution by Industry
- Annex A: Detailed Data Tables
- Table 1: Overview of Co-operatives by Province and Territories, 2004–2013
- Table 2: Trends by Province and Territories, 2009–2013
- Table 3: Comparison of Co-operatives (Average) by Province and Territories, 2011–2013
- Table 4: Business Volume of Co-operatives by NAICS, and Province and Territories, 2013
- Table 5: Assets of Co-operatives by NAICS, and Province and Territories, 2013
- Table 6: Memberships of Co-operatives by NAICS, and Province and Territories, 2013
- Table 7: Employment of Co-operatives by NAICS, and Province and Territories, 2013
- Table of figures
- Figure 1: Co-operatives by Head Office Location
- Figure 2: Co-operatives by Size (Number of Employees), 2013
- Figure 3: Co-operatives by Membership, Employment and Size, 2013
- Figure 4: Co-operatives by Type, 2013
- Figure 5: Distribution of Reporting Co-operatives by Age, 2013
- Figure 6: Co-operative Employment, 2004–2013
- Figure 7: Total Membership (Millions), 2004–2013
- Figure 8: Business Volume and Assets, 2004–2013
- Figure 9: Patronage Paid Versus Net Patronage (Millions), 2004–2013
- Figure 10: Total Number of Reporting Co-operatives by NAICS, 2013
- Figure 11: Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting by Number of Reporting Co-operatives, 2013
- Figure 12: Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting by Business Volume (Millions), 2013
- Figure 13: Utilities by Business Volume (Millions), 2013
- Figure 14: Construction and Manufacturing by Business Volume (Millions), 2013
- Figure 15: Wholesale and Retail Trade by Number of Reporting Co-operatives, 2013
- Figure 16: Wholesale and Retail Trade by Business Volume (Millions), 2013
- Figure 17: Transportation and Warehousing by Business Volume (Millions), 2013
- Figure 18: Information and Cultural Industries by Number of Reporting Co-operatives, 2013
- Figure 19: Finance and Insurance by Business Volume (Millions), 2013
- Figure 20: Real Estate, and Rental and Leasing by Business Volume (Millions), 2013
- Figure 21: Professional, Scientific and Technical Services, and Educational Services by Business Volume (Millions), 2013
- Figure 22: Administrative and Support, Waste Management and Remediation by Business Volume (Millions), 2013
- Figure 23: Health Care and Social Assistance by Business Volume (Millions), 2013
- Figure 24: Arts, Entertainment and Recreation by Number of Reporting Co-operatives, 2013
- Figure 25: Accommodation and Food Services by Number of Reporting Co-operatives, 2013
- Figure 26: Other Services and Public Administration by Number of Reporting Co-operatives, 2013
Co-operatives in Canada 2013, is an annual publication that provides baseline data on the co-operative sector in Canada. The Government of Canada has been collecting and publishing this data since the 1930s.Footnote 1
The 2013 publication is the 80th edition and has been prepared by Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada's (ISED) Co-operatives Policy Unit. The Unit provides analysis, advice and support to promote co-operative business innovation and growth in Canada.
The Co-operatives in Canada 2013 publication classifies co-operatives using the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). This enables direct comparison of the co-operative sector with other sectors across the Canadian economy as well as sectors in the United States and Mexico who use NAICS to classify their industries.
The report is based on unweighted data gathered from the 2013 Annual Survey of Canadian Co-operatives conducted by ISED. Unless otherwise indicated, the publication has been prepared with data from the reporting co-operatives that responded to this Annual Survey. In the event that a co-operative did not submit a 2013 survey response, the 2012 financial statements of the co-operative were used to derive estimates.
In addition to the data collected through the ISED survey, this report uses aggregate data from the Ministry of the Economy, Science and Innovation in the Government of Quebec, and Service Nova Scotia in the Government of Nova Scotia. As of 2011, the Government of Quebec conducts surveys of Quebec co-operatives every two years. Therefore, this report compares data between 2011 and 2013 as it is only for those years that full national level data is available. Future surveys by ISED will be conducted every two years in order to line up with the Quebec survey.
The 2013 survey response rate is 66% (5,276) reporting co-operatives out of 8,042 incorporated co-operatives, a slight increase from the 2012 response rate of 64%.
|Total incorporated co-operatives||7,865||7,761||7,906||8,042|
Definitions – Financial and non-financial co-operatives
Co-operatives are a form of corporation incorporated under specific federal, provincial or territorial co-operative legislation. They are owned by an association of persons seeking to satisfy common needs, such as access to products or services, sale of their products or services, or employment. They generally operate based on seven internationally established core principles including: voluntary and open membership; democratic member control; member economic participation; autonomy and independence; education, training and information; co-operation among co-operatives; and, concern for community including sustainable development.
While co-operatives serve a wide variety of functions, they generally fit one of the following four types:
- A consumer co-op provides products or services to its members (such as a retail co-op, housing, financial, health-care or child-care co-op)
- A producer co-op processes and markets the goods or services produced by its members, and/or supplies products or services necessary to the members' professional activities (such as independent entrepreneurs, artisans, or farmers).
- A worker co-op provides employment for its members. In this type of co-op, the employees are the members and the owners of the enterprise.
- A multi-stakeholder co-op serves the needs of different stakeholder groups—such as employees, clients, and other interested individuals and organizations. This type of co-op is usually found in health, home care and other social enterprises.
In Canada, co-operatives are generally categorized as financial or non-financial co-operatives.
Financial co-operatives consist of deposit-taking credit unions and caisses populaires, as well as mutuals involved in life, property and casualty insurance. At the federal level, these co-operatives are subject to the Co-operative Credit Associations Act, the Bank Act and the Insurance Companies Act, under the authority of the federal Minister of Finance. Since 1986, statistics on these co-operatives have been collected by Statistics Canada, and they have not been included in the Annual Survey of Canadian Co-operatives. As a result, no financial co-operatives are included in this publication. Examples of financial co-operatives include Vancity and the Desjardins Group. A number of the "non-financial" co-operatives have been coded as "Finance and Insurance" co-operatives. These co-operatives are not incorporated as financing institutions but are, however, used by groups of people or businesses to serve as financial intermediaries and provide services such as small business loans.
Non-financial co-operatives operate in all sectors of the economy including housing, agriculture, retail, health care and social services, manufacturing, high-speed broadband and clean energy. They consist of consumer, producer, worker or multi-stakeholder co-operatives.
Well-known examples of non-financial co-operatives include Mountain Equipment Co-op and Agropur.
In Canada, a co-operative must incorporate pursuant to a specific corporate statute at the provincial, territorial or federal level. The nature of the co-operative business model and how they operate is largely defined by these Acts. Whatever the governing Act may be, co-operatives share three common characteristics in areas of ownership, governance and distribution of profits.
A co-operative is a business jointly owned by its members who use its products or services. In some cases, co-operatives can have members who do not use its services or products (e.g. support members, investor members).
Co-operatives are democratically controlled businesses with the governing principle "one-member, one-vote". This right is exercised at the co-operative's annual general meeting (AGM), where members can vote directly for the board of directors. This democratic governance structure is reinforced by the co-operative's by-laws and the legislation under which the co-operative is incorporated (provincial, territorial or federal).
Distribution of Profits
Any surplus of a co-operative is owned by the member-owners who can decide how to distribute the profits at the AGM. For example, decisions can be taken to: allocate either part or the entire surplus to the general reserve for future investments; or, distribute the profits to all the members in the form of patronage dividends based on the individual member's usage of the co-operative over the past fiscal year.
Depending on the governing legislation, a co-operative may choose to operate on a not-for-profit basis and an additional small number of co-operatives are registered charities. In both instances, these co-operatives do not provide members with a patronage dividend, and all surpluses are directed into their general reserve.
To learn more about co-operatives and find other resources and information, please visit the Information Guide on Co-operatives and the Co-operatives Policy website.
Regional Scope – Provinces and Territories
The publication represents the co-operative landscape across Canada.
|Province or Territory||abbreviation|
|Province or Territory||abbreviation|
|Prince Edward Island||PE|
|Newfoundland and Labrador||NL|
|Territories (NT+NU+YT)Footnote 2||TE|
A Note on Comparability
For the purposes of this report, baseline statistics on co-operatives have been presented and no comparisons are made with other forms of corporations. Because the co-operative business model overlaps with other models, further analysis is needed to enable comparisons. For example, some co-operatives are also considered small and medium enterprises (SMEs) because they fit the definition of having 1 to 499 paid employees. Similarly, an additional grouping of co-operatives also operate on a non-profit basis or have registered charity status with the Canada Revenue Agency; so they could further be compared to Not-For-Profit corporations and registered charities.
Number of Co-operatives
In 2013, there were 8,042 co-operatives in Canada, spanning all provinces and territories. Of these, 5,276 (or 66%) responded to the Annual Survey of Canadian Co-operatives; 0.47% more co-operatives reported in 2013 compared to 2011.
Size of Co-operatives (Business Volume and employee numbers)
In 2013, 49% of reporting co-operatives had no paid employees and were operating using volunteer resources. These co-operatives generated the smallest share of business volumeFootnote 3 (2%), assets (12%) and membership (3%) of the reporting co-operatives.
Conversely, less than 0.4% of co-operatives were large enterprises (i.e., with 500 or more employees). Co-operatives in this size range generated $25.6B in business volume (59% of the total business volume), owned assets of $12.3B (47% of the total assets) and employed more than 39,000 employees (42% of total employment).
Of the remaining reporting co-operatives, 48% had 1-99 employees and 3% had 100–499 employees.Footnote 4
Non-financial co-operatives reported a total business volume of $43.2B in 2013. This is an 11% increase from 2011.
Three sectors generated 94% of the business: Wholesale and Retail ($26.5B), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting ($7.2B), and Construction and Manufacturing ($7.0B).
Reporting co-operatives held $26.0B in assets in 2013 compared to $24.0B in 2011. The top four sectors owned 90% of all assets: Wholesale and Retail ($13.1B), Real Estate ($4.6B) Construction and Manufacturing ($3.0B) and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting ($2.7B).
In 2013, reporting co-operatives paid out $1B in patronage dividends to their members and communities.
Age of Co-operatives
In 2013, 15% (or 815) of reporting co-operatives were established over 40 or more years ago; over half 51% (or 2,723) were established between 21 and 40 years ago. A smaller proportion 14% (or 760) of the reporting co-operatives in 2013 were established between 3 to 10 years ago and 5% (or 282) were incorporated within 2 years or less.
Types of Co-operatives
In 2013, 69% (or 3,642) of reporting co-operatives were consumer co-operatives and 16% (or 824) were producer co-operatives.
Excluding QuebecFootnote 5, 1,940 or 37% of all reporting co-operatives identified themselves as operating as non-profits or as registered charities. Approximately 33% were operating as non-profits in 2011.
Reporting co-operatives in 2013 contributed over 95,085 full-time and part-time jobs to the Canadian labour market. This represented a 5.2% increase from 2011.
In 2013, almost 75% of co-operative jobs were held within three sectors: Wholesale and Retail Trade (41%), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting (20%), and, Construction and Manufacturing (14%). From 2004 to 2013, the total number of people employed by reporting co-operatives increased by 10.5%.
Reporting co-operatives had a total of 8.4 million membershipsFootnote 6, a 33% increase over ten years from 2004, and a 7.4% increase from 2011. The overwhelming majority (7.3 million or 87%) of these memberships were within the Wholesale and Retail sectors.
Governance and volunteers
In 2013, non-financial co-operatives, excluding those in QuebecFootnote 7, reported 18,887 directors on Boards of Directors elected by their membership to help guide the co-operative's operations and make key business decisions for the continued viability of their organizations.
Housing co-operatives had the highest number of directors (over 5,900), followed by Retail and Wholesale (over 3,000), and then Health Care and Social Services boards (2,000).
There were approximately 36,000 volunteers involved in the day-to-day operations of co-operatives in 2013 compared to 26,500 in 2011, excluding co-operatives in Quebec. Housing co-operatives account for 66% of the total volunteers compared to 61% in 2011.
AN OVERVIEW OF 2013 REPORTING CO-OPERATIVES
Distribution by Head Office Location
In 2013, there were 8,042 incorporated co-operativesFootnote 8 registered under a federal, provincial or territorial co-operative Act. Quebec had the highest share of incorporated co-operatives (36%), followed by Ontario (22%) and Saskatchewan (11%). Of the incorporated co-operatives, data was collected on 66% (or 5,276) of co-operatives that completed the 2013 Annual Survey of Canadian Co-operatives (excluding Quebec co-operative data that is provided by the provincial government at the aggregate level).
Size of Co-operatives
The number of employees is commonly used to determine the size of a business. In 2013, 49% of reporting co-operatives had no paid employees. These co-operatives generated over $962M (or 2% of all co-operatives) in business volumeFootnote 9, owned 12% of all assets owned by co-operatives, and had over 257,000 (3% of all co-operatives) memberships.Footnote 10
Approximately 48% of small co-operatives with 1 to 99 employees employed a workforce of over 28,600 or 30% of all employees working in the co-operative sector. They generated a business volume of $7.0B (or 16%) of the total share, owned $6.5B (25%) in assets, and had over 1.9 million (22%) memberships.
Medium-sized co-operatives (100 to 499 employees) represented 3% of the total reporting co-ops and employed more than 26,600 (28%) employees. This group had a business volume of $9.5B (22%), assets of $4.2B (16%), and memberships of over 1.3 million (16%).
Less than 1% (0.4%) of co-operatives was large enterprises (over 500 employees). Together, they generated $25.6B (59%) in business volume, owned assets of $12.3B (47%) and employed over 39,700 (42%) workers. Memberships were approximately 5.0 million (59%).
Types of Co-operatives
Co-operatives are generally categorized based on their relationship and benefit to the member: consumer, producer, worker, multi-stakeholder and federations.
In 2013, 69% (or 3,642) of reporting co-operatives were consumer co-operatives. This is a 1% decrease from 2011. These co-operatives provided products or services to their members (e.g., retail stores, housing, health care, social services). Consumer co-operatives demonstrate the beneficial economies of scale for which co-operatives are known; member-owners band together to purchase large quantities of inputs. As a result, members benefit from lower prices.
Sixteen percent (or 824) of reporting co-operatives in 2013 were producer co-operatives. This is the same percentage as 2011. They processed and marketed the goods or services produced by their members, and/or supplied products or services necessary to the members' professional activities (such as farmers, independent entrepreneurs, or artisans). Producer co-operatives also demonstrate the beneficial economies of scale for member-producers who come together to sell large quantities of outputs jointly. Members then benefit from the overall higher prices. Members also benefit from the infrastructure that is put in place by their co-operative (e.g., processing facilities for agricultural co-operatives).
Nine percent (or 457) of reporting co-operatives in 2013 were multi-stakeholder co-operatives created to serve the needs of different stakeholder groups, such as employees, producers, consumers, clients, service providers, community residents and other interested individuals and organizations. This is a 1% increase from 2011. The benefit of a multi-stakeholder co-operative is that it allows multiple stakeholders to come together under one co-operative to meet all of their needs. Generally, common forms of multi-stakeholder co-operatives include health care, community economic development, home care and social co-operatives.
Five percent (or 257) of reporting co-operatives in 2013 were worker co-operatives. This is the same percentage as 2011. They provided employment for their members. In this type of co-operative, the employees are the members and the owners of the enterprise. Common forms include arts and entertainment, manufacturing, education and home care services.
Approximately 1% (54) of the reporting co-operatives in 2013 was a federation, a co-operative whose membership is composed substantially of other co-operatives generally operating within the same sector. This is the same percentage as 2011. Federations are beneficial to its membership because they provide common goods or services needed by co-operatives under its umbrella such as advocacy, bulk buying, branding or administrative services. Many provinces have a co-operative housing federation that provides services to housing co-operatives and, in turn; there is the Co-operative Housing Federation of Canada that provides national-level services such as advocacy to support the provincial federations.
Age of Co-operatives
Approximately two-thirds (67%) of the reporting co-operatives in 2013 were incorporated over 20 years ago. More specifically, 15% (or 815) of reporting co-operatives were established over 40 or more years ago and more than half (2,723 or 51%) were established between 21 and 40 years ago.
A smaller proportion (14% or 760) of the reporting co-operatives in 2013 was established between 3 to 10 years ago and 5% (or 282) were incorporated within 2 years or less.Footnote 11
Reporting co-operatives employed 95,085 workers in 2013 in both part- and full-time positions and, excluding Quebec co-operatives, paid out $1.5B in salaries and wagesFootnote 12. The Wholesale and Retail sectors employed the largest number of employees by contributing over 38,500 jobs to the labour market. Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting co-operatives were the second largest employers with close to 19,000 jobs, followed by Construction and Manufacturing co-operatives with over 13,400 jobs. These sectors combined provided 75% of the overall co-operative sector's employment figures. There was a 5.2% increase in employment from 2011 to 2013. The largest employment increase occurred in Ontario and Alberta.
Co-operatives reported total memberships of 8.4 million in 2013. Of these, the overwhelming majority (7.3 million or 87%) were found within the Wholesale and Retail sectors. With 4.1 million members, Mountain Equipment Co-op alone reported nearly half (49%) of all co-operative memberships in Canada. Co-operative memberships have increased 33% over the last ten years, from 5.6 million memberships to 8.4 million.
In 2013, reporting co-operatives generated a total of $43.2B in business volume. Wholesale and Retail co-operatives reported the largest business volume ($26.5B combined) followed by Agriculture, Fishing, Forestry, and Hunting ($7.2B) and then Construction and Manufacturing ($7.0B). In Manufacturing, a few large co-operatives active in producing dairy products on behalf of their farmer-members generated the bulk of this business volume. These sectors combined reported $40.7B or 94% of the total business volume of co-operatives.
Co-operatives also held $26.0B in assets in the form of cash, real estate, equipment, trademarks and copyrights, among others. Half (50%) or approximately $13.1B of these assets were held within the Wholesale and Retail sector. The Real Estate industry held 20% or $4.6B of the co-operative assets, the bulk of which is the result of housing co-operatives ownership or leasing of property in many of Canada's municipalities. Co-operatives also reported significant assets in Construction and Manufacturing ($3.0B), and in Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting ($2.7B). These four sectors combined reported $23.4B or 90% of the total assets of co-operatives.
From 2004 to 2013, there has been a 36% increase in the total business volume and a 32% increase in total assets.
During this time period, total business volume and assets tended to move in tandem. Fluctuations in 2009 are due in part to the decreased petroleum product sales.
A patronage dividend is the refund paid annually by a co-operative to its members based on usage and provides direct benefits to members and to the communities where the co-operative businesses are operating. In 2013, excluding Quebec co-operativesFootnote 14, reporting co-operatives paid out $1B in patronage dividends to their members and communities. This represented an increase of 10% from 2011 that saw $911M returned to members.Footnote 15
Co-operatives in the Wholesale and Retail industry returned about $862M or 86% of the total amount of co-operative dividends to their members in 2013. Within that sector, Federated Co-operatives Limited paid $574M in patronage to members in 2013. Construction and Manufacturing co-operatives (primarily dairy co-operatives that manufacture dairy products) provided the second largest amount of paid dividends returning $113M or 11% to members.
From 2004 to 2013, the amount of patronage paid by Canadian co-operatives to their members steadily increased. The $1B in patronage dividends paid to members in 2013 represented an increase of $400M or 40% from 2004.
Co-operatives that are members of a federation or another co-operative may receive patronage dividends from that federation. The difference between what a co-operative receives in patronage dividends and what it pays out to its own members as patronage dividends is net patronage dividends. Net patronage increased from $377M in 2004 to $491M in 2013, an increase of approximately 23% over the period. While patronage paid increased by almost 10% between 2011 and 2013, net patronage increased by 35%.
Governance and Volunteers
The Board of Directors of a co-operative is critical to the organization's development and growth as they represent the needs of the members who elected them, and make key business decisions to ensure the business successfully continues to operate. In 2013, non-financial co-operatives, excluding those in QuebecFootnote 16, reported 18,887 directors on Boards of Directors. This is an increase of 17% since 2011 for reporting co-operatives. Housing co-operatives had the highest number of directors (over 5,900), followed by Retail and Wholesale (over 3,000), and then Health Care and Social Services (2,000). Ontario reported the highest number of directors (5,493) followed by Saskatchewan (3,857).
Reporting co-operatives in 2013 also reported close to 36,000 volunteers, excluding co-operatives in Quebec. This is an increase of 36.5% since 2011 for reporting co-operatives. Housing co-operatives account for 66% of the total volunteers likely due to their non-profit, social housing mandates. Ontario reported the highest number of volunteers in co-operatives (14,283), followed by British Columbia (11,554), and Saskatchewan (4,352).
Distribution by industry
Total Number of Co-operatives by Industry CodesFootnote 17
Co-operatives in Canada are involved in a wide range of activities, from manufacturing and processing to housing, daycare and health care services in communities. They run regional wholesale and retailing systems that provide millions of goods and services to Canadians, and they are also involved in the provision of local community utilities such as gas, water and electricity.
There were 2,243 (or 43%) reporting co-operatives classified under the Real Estate sector primarily as housing co-operatives. Wholesale and Retail were second with 708 (13%) followed by Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting with 427 (8%) and Health Care and Social Assistance sectors with 406 (7.6%). In some instances, data in the following figures was suppressed for privacy reasons.
Overview of Co-operatives by Industry Codes
Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting
In 2013, there were 427 reporting co-operatives in the Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting sector that contributed $7.2B in business volume to the economy. The sector reported assets of $2.7B and employed 19,066 employees (second largest employer after Wholesale and Retail) and had a membership of 67,520.
This sector can be further distributed into five sub-sectors, Agriculture and Forestry Support is the largest sub-sector accounting for 33% of co-operatives in this industry. It primarily provides farmers with seed cleaning services. Animal production and aquaculture is the second largest sub-sector and primarily includes collective grazing management activities, as well as poultry and egg production, and livestock-rearing accounts. Crop production includes fruits and vegetables, honey and maple products, as well as grains and oilseeds. The last two sub-sectors include forestry, logging and fishing, hunting and trapping.
Quebec's co-operatives reported by far the highest business volume in the country ($5.6 billion or 78%) of the Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting sector. This is largely attributed to the business activities of La Coop Fédérée that was the second largest non-financial co-op in Canada in 2013 and reported $5.2 billion in total business volume. Ontario co-operatives reported the second largest amount of business activity in this sector (over $597 million).
The Utilities sector consists of 212 co-operatives that are involved in providing gas, electricity, other forms of energy and water supply services. In 2013, reporting co-operatives within the sector contributed a business volume of $265M and owned $865M in assets. The sector employed a total of 709 persons and had a membership of over 150,800.
In 2013, 107 or 50% of the co-operatives operating within the utilities sector were located in Alberta. These co-operatives are all incorporated under the Rural Utilities Act and include Rural Electrification Associations (REA), natural gas and water co-operatives. They generated $194.5M or 73% of the sector's business volume. They owned assets of $704M or 81% of all assets within the sector. Their membership was more than 137,000, and they employed 600 employees.
The REAs were started in the 1940s by farmers in order to supply rural Alberta with electricity. The REAs were set up as non-profit entities and were created to provide low-cost services to members. Natural gas co-operatives operate their own distribution system and provide natural gas to their members in rural areas.
Of the 105 utility co-operatives operating outside of Alberta, the majority were involved in water supply activities such as agricultural irrigation and rural community water supply. The remainder of reporting utilities co-operatives in 2013 include a mixture of electricity and renewable energy co-operatives (including wind, solar, tidal, hydro, biofuel and biomass). Renewable Energy co-operatives allow citizens and communities to participate in the energy sector and encourage the adoption of approaches to sustainable energy by giving direct financial stake along with influence over decision-making in the energy sector.
Construction and Manufacturing
In 2013, the 120 reporting co-operatives in Construction and Manufacturing generated a combined business volume of $7B. The sectors owned assets valued at $3B, employed more than 13,400 people, and had a membership of over 33,300.
One of the ways the co-operative model is used in the Construction industry is to allow construction workers or trades people to pool resources and technical skills to secure contracts. Furthermore, the model is used to provide a variety of services such as green and eco-renovations. This includes co-operatives where members pool unique construction-related expertise to support the development of new energy-efficent homes as well as environmentally-conscious rennovations and restorations.
Most of the 14 co-operatives operating in the Construction Sector were primarily focused on non-residential building construction. The remainder dealt with construction projects such as highways and bridges, and specialties such as painting and masonry.
Manufacturing includes co-operatives mainly engaged in using their producer members' commodities to manufacture a product with a higher market value. The output may be ready for consumption or further used as input into the production of other goods. The co-operatives further provide research and innovation support, and trademarks and patents.
Fifty-three percent of the total 106 reporting co-operatives in the Manufacturing Sector operated within food manufacturing. These co-operatives engaged in dairy product manufacturing, animal food manufacturing, grain and oilseed milling, and meat production. The second largest sub-sector in manufacturing was wood product manufacturing with 14% of co-operatives. The remaining co-operatives were distributed among the sub-sectors of beverage and tobacco products manufacturing, printing and related support activities, and fabricated metal product manufacturing.
Out of the 106 reporting co-operatives in the Manufacturing Sector, more than half (73%) were located in Quebec. Of these, Agropur Coopérative, engaged in dairy product manufacturing, reported a business volume of $3.8B (55% of the reporting co-operatives of the construction and manufacturing sector).
Wholesale and Retail Trade
Wholesale co-operatives mainly sell goods and provide services in bulk in order to reduce the overall costs to their members. Co-operatives in this sector play a large role in providing inputs such as fertilizer, gas, seeds, hardware and other bulk items to farmers. The Retail sector operates retail outlets to provide their consumer members with groceries, hardware, petroleum and other general merchandise. In 2013, the 708 reporting co-operatives operating in the wholesale and retail sector generated the highest business volume of the co-operatives sectors at $26.5 billion, and the highest assets at $13 billion. Together, the sectors employed the most people, providing over 38,500 jobs and had the most members (7.3 million). The high membership is explained by the large number of retail enterprises that offer memberships to individual consumers.
The largest sub-sector within Wholesale and Retail was food and beverage stores. These consisted of specialty food stores including bakeries, organic food stores and farmers' markets, as well as grocery stores. Together, they made up 39% of all co-operatives within Wholesale and Retail. General merchandise stores consisted of retail outlets trading in a wide range of goods from auto to home merchandise.
Saskatchewan contributed the highest business volume ($12.9 billion) to Retail Trade, with Federated Co-operatives Limited (FCL) contributing $9.5B in business volume (36% of reporting co-operatives in this sector).
Transportation and Warehousing
The 59 reporting co-operatives in this sector provide transport for passengers and merchandise, warehouse and store goods. In 2013, reporting co-operatives in the sector generated $134M in business volume, held $77M in assets, employed 1,338 individuals and had 16,439 memberships.
The majority (83%) of co-operatives in this sector fell under transit and ground passenger transportation. This included taxi co‑operatives that operated in many of the major municipalities across Canada and car-share co-operatives that provided an alternative for individuals to own and insure an automotive vehicle.
The remaining co-operatives in this sector were engaged in truck freight, air, water, and other support activities for transportation.
While transportation co-operatives were found across the country, about half were located in Quebec and contributed $93M to the total business volume.
Information and Cultural Industries
Co-operatives in this sector are engaged in the production and distribution of informational and cultural items. In 2013, 107 reporting co-operatives in the sector generated a business volume of $260M, held assets of $387M, employed 948 people and had a membership base of over 130,000.
Within this sector, 29% were in broadcasting, 28% in telecommunications, 22% were engaged in activities such as newspaper, periodical and book publishing and 11% were operating in motion picture and sound recording industries.
Finance and InsuranceFootnote 18
There are 146 reporting non-financial co-operatives that fall within the NAICS finance and insurance sub-sectors. For example, the co-operative model has been used as a fund to pool investments for communities or for co-operatives to access affordable loans and as a third-tier holding entity for large stock insurance companies.
In 2013, reporting co-operatives in this sector contributed $26.6M in business volume, owned $227M in assets, employed over 4,700 workers, and had a membership of over 10,000.
Community Investment Co-operatives are essentially an investment fund that offers its shares or units to various investors and generates a return through interest, dividends and capital gains. The co-operative then uses the investment capital to develop and grow business in the local community with assistance from provincial initiatives such as the Nova Scotia Community Economic Development Investment Funds.
Saskatchewan is home to a number of Loan Co-operatives, created to provide loans to small businesses in order to promote local economic development. These co-operatives typically have a board of directors of local businesses who make the decision to approve or not approve small loans. Their clientele would generally be businesses that could not secure a loan from a financial institution, but are still deemed a worthy investment for the community. These co-operatives play a depository credit intermediation role. They hold a certain level of capital in a fund that is either entirely, or in part, loaned out with an interest rate that covers some of the costs. Gains are returned to grow the fund.
Feeder and Breeder Financing Co-operatives also play a financial intermediary role to ensure that farmers can purchase livestock. Once the co-operative is capitalized or secures a lender (financial institution), it approves the members' credit limits and provides a revolving line of credit with a low interest rate. This is used to support farmers to purchase and sell cattle. Members (farmers) repay the co-operative directly and the loans are closed. There are many financial benefits that vary by province, including: very low interest rates, no payments until the sale of the cattle, one-time credit approval and financing up to 100%, among others. These co-operatives have several tools to manage the associated risk of providing loans. First, the majority are supported by a provincial loan program that guarantees 15–25% of the loans. In addition, the co-operative requires a security deposit from each member to create a reserve in the event of defaults.
Real Estate and Rental and Leasing
There were 2,243 co-operatives reported within this sector. Co-operatives operating in the Real Estate, Rental and Leasing industry are primarily non‐profit housing co-operatives (97%) associated with a social housing program with a small percentage (3%) of co-operatives operating in the rental and leasing sub-sector. Co-operatives in this sub-sector rented or leased farm equipment and machinery to members.
Members of housing co-operatives are entitled to a number of benefits, such as affordable housing with rents that increase only when the operating costs increase, the right to vote on important decisions, and building security. The mission of these co-operatives is to help members find suitable housing based on their income.
In 2013, reporting co-operatives in the Real Estate sector generated $927M in business volume and owned the second largest amount of assets at $4.6B. It had over 118,800 memberships and employed over 1,600 people. At 2,243 or 43% of co-operatives, the Real Estate sector had the most co-operatives of any sector.
The province of Quebec had the highest proportion (1,318 or 59%) of all reporting co-operatives in the Real Estate and Rental and Leasing industry but the highest business volume was in Ontario.
Professional, Scientific and Technical Services & Educational Services
The Professional, Scientific and Technical Services sector includes establishments whose activities are based primarily on human capital. These co-operatives range from provincial and national co-operative associations that provide professional support to their member co-operatives, to management consulting, research and advertising co-operatives.
Educational Services co-operatives provide instruction and training services that range from sign language instruction to study abroad initiatives.
In 2013, the 146 reporting co-operatives in Professional, Scientific and Technical Services and Educational Services generated a business volume of over $91M, and owned assets of over $119M. The two sectors employed more than 1,400 workers and had a membership of more than 22,700.
Quebec and Ontario, with a combined business volume of $80M, contributed the most to the Professional, Scientific and Technical Services and Educational Services sector.
Administrative and Support, Waste Management and Remediation Services
There are two distinct types of co-operatives engaged in this sector: co-operatives that provide daily operational support to organizations or individuals such as travel agencies and business support services; and, co-operatives involved with waste management activities such as recycling facilities.
The 81 reporting co-operatives in this sector generated $40M in business volume and owned $34M in assets. They employed 961 employees and had a membership of just over 5,000.
Quebec and Nova Scotia together had a total of 89% of co-operatives working in the Administrative and Support Services sub-sector.
Health Care and Social Assistance
The 406 reporting co-operatives in Health Care and Social Assistance fell into three NAICS sub-sectors, namely social assistance (77%), ambulatory health care services (22%), and nursing and residential care facilities (less than 1%)Footnote 19. Social Assistance co-operatives provide services to individuals and families, including counselling, employment support and services to individuals who face multiple barriers to employment, as well as child day-care services. Co‑operatives in ambulatory health care services provide direct or indirect health care services to outpatients and include community health clinics, ambulance services and home health care.
In 2013, the reporting co-operatives within the sector generated a business volume of $287M, and owned assets valued at $201M. They employed over 5,300 people and had a membership of over 172,700.
With a total of 126 reporting co-operatives in 2013, Ontario held the highest proportion of Health Care and Social Assistance co-operatives but the highest business volume was in Quebec.
Arts, Entertainment and Recreation
Co-operatives in this sector operate facilities or provide artistic, cultural, entertainment and recreational services for their patrons; 332 co-operatives reported.
The majority (70%) of these reporting co-operatives operated in the amusement, gambling and recreation industries. Twenty-three percent were in the performing arts, spectator sports and related industries (e.g., curling clubs, marinas, community centers, and golf clubs).
In 2013, reporting co-operatives generated a business volume of $37M. The sector had assets of $96M, employed over 1,000 individuals and had more than 39,200 members.
Accommodation and Food Services
Co-operatives also provide accommodations in the tourism industry as well as food services. This includes hotels, resorts, marinas, camping and RV parks, as well as restaurants, coffee shops and student cafeterias.
In 2013, the 61 reporting co-operatives in Accommodation and Food Services generated a combined business volume of $26.4M, and owned assets of $18.5M. The sector employed 468 workers and had more than 10,200 memberships. Forty-four percent of the co-operatives in the sector fell under the accommodation services sub-sector, while 56% fell under the food services and drinking places sub-sector. The majority of these co-operatives (85%) operated in Quebec.
Other Services & Public Administration
In 2013, 222 reporting co-operatives in Other Services and Public Administration together generated a business volume of $397M. The sectors owned assets valued at $572M, employed over 5,300 people and had memberships of more than 343,100.
Co-operatives working within the personal and laundry services made up 64% of all reporting co-operatives operating in the Other Services sector. The private households sub-sector refers to households that employed workers such as cooks, maids and gardeners.
Other Services co-operatives are mainly engaged in repairs and routine maintenance on products such as motor vehicles, machinery and equipment, as well as co-operatives that provide personal care, funeral and other services. Co-operatives involved in the organization and support of religious activities, grant-making, advocacy and political causes are also included under this sector.
The nine Public Administration co-operatives provided firefighting services to their local communities in Saskatchewan and Alberta. These co-operatives brought together the firefighters, community members, and local government in order to pool resources, skills and support.
Overall, Canada's co-operative sector continues to grow at a moderate rate in terms of business volume, assets, and numbers of employees and memberships. The Real Estate and Rental and Leasing sector (which includes housing co-operatives) continues to have the largest number of co-operatives while the Retail and Wholesale sector generates the largest amount of business volume. Other sectors such as Agricutlure, Foresty and Hunting and Construction and Manufacturing also continue to grow in terms of business volume but remain relatively stagnant in terms of numbers of co-operatives, employees and members. The co-operative sector returned an impressive amount of patronage dividends ($1B) which represents a 10% increase over 2011. The co-operative business model continues to have a strong presence in the traditional sectors in which they are present (e.g., retail, wholesale, agriculture, construction and manufacturing) and at the same time, has demonstrated a breadth of activity in other sectors. In particular, areas such as health care, social assistance and renewable energy represent areas where modest growth is occurring as the co-operative model is applied in new and innovative ways.
Annex A: Detailed Data Tables
Table 1: Overview of reporting Co-operatives by Province and Territories (based on headquarter address) 2004–2013
Table 2: Trends by Province and Territories, 2009–2013
|Canada||Number of co-ops reporting||3,391||5,094||5,257||5,048||5,276|
|Business volume in millions of dollars||31,619||33,925||38,666||39,639||43,205|
|Number of memberships in thousands||6,109||7,398||7,810||7,904||8,436|
|Number of employees||64,797||87,963||90,116||86,317||95,085|
|Assets in millions of dollars||18,778||20,685||22,979||24,000||26,007|
|Liabilities in millions of dollars||9,890||10,798||11,875||11,956||12,095|
|Equity in millions of dollars||8,889||9,883||11,112||12,042||13,913|
|British Columbia||Number of co-ops reporting||392||301||338||330||359|
|Business volume in millions of dollars||1,285||1,265||1,425||1,541||1,617|
|Number of memberships in thousands||3,467||3,698||3,993||4,187||4,523|
|Number of employees||3,779||4,149||4,378||4,394||4,451|
|Assets in millions of dollars||1,438||1,359||1,473||1,478||1,510|
|Liabilities in millions of dollars||912||822||871||830||823|
|Equity in millions of dollars||526||537||603||647||689|
|Alberta||Number of co-ops reporting||469||411||415||347||361|
|Business volume in millions of dollars||4,558||4,330||5,201||5,169||5,851|
|Number of memberships in thousands||1,189||1,184||1,211||1,091||1,170|
|Number of employees||9,925||8,555||9,305||8,528||10,650|
|Assets in millions of dollars||2,775||2,581||2,815||2,698||3,296|
|Liabilities in millions of dollars||1,132||1,034||1,152||1,112||1,303|
|Equity in millions of dollars||1,643||1,547||1,667||1,585||1,993|
|Saskatchewan||Number of co-ops reporting||764||579||612||567||582|
|Business volume in millions of dollars||9,512||9,794||11,494||12,206||13,122|
|Number of memberships in thousands||586||483||510||531||542|
|Number of employees||11,439||11,191||14,444||11,907||11,996|
|Assets in millions of dollars||5,136||5,395||6,452||7,746||8,029|
|Liabilities in millions of dollars||1,734||1,810||2,314||2,751||2,424|
|Equity in millions of dollars||3,402||3,585||4,141||4,995||5,605|
|Manitoba||Number of co-ops reporting||255||224||246||228||225|
|Business volume in millions of dollars||2,082||1,971||2,501||2,678||2,855|
|Number of memberships in thousands||433||426||469||490||527|
|Number of employees||4,149||4,119||4,289||4,331||5,610|
|Assets in millions of dollars||1,035||1,003||1,182||1,302||1,373|
|Liabilities in millions of dollars||357||343||392||427||425|
|Equity in millions of dollars||678||659||790||875||948|
|Ontario||Number of co-ops reporting||904||708||739||678||782|
|Business volume in millions of dollars||2,486||2,356||2,768||2,800||3,362|
|Number of memberships in thousands||160||143||172||153||186|
|Number of employees||5,681||5,493||5,719||5,410||10,954|
|Assets in millions of dollars||4,021||3,184||3,318||3,119||3,548|
|Liabilities in millions of dollars||3,299||2,464||2,521||2,303||2,570|
|Equity in millions of dollars||722||720||797||815||978|
|QuebecFootnote 26||Number of co-ops reporting||60||2,379||2,390||2,390||2,464|
|Business volume in millions of dollars||9,384||11,979||12,986||12,986||14,524|
|Number of memberships in thousands||55||1,250||1,253||1,253||1,287|
|Number of employees||19,786||44,898||43,902||43,902||45,027|
|Assets in millions of dollars||3,359||6,055||6,598||6,598||7,353|
|Liabilities in millions of dollars||1,810||3,608||3,904||3,904||4,074|
|Equity in millions of dollars||1,548||2,413||2,694||2,694||3,279|
|New Brunswick||Number of co-ops reporting||135||101||108||111||116|
|Business volume in millions of dollars||1,085||955||990||1,030||1,099|
|Number of memberships in thousands||96||89||84||81||81|
|Number of employees||3,169||3,113||2,282||2,176||2,500|
|Assets in millions of dollars||344||318||322||326||368|
|Liabilities in millions of dollars||222||207||213||215||217|
|Equity in millions of dollars||122||111||109||110||151|
|Nova Scotia||Number of co-ops reporting||285||284||303||305||287|
|Business volume in millions of dollars||778||791||815||742||279|
|Number of memberships in thousands||50||44||45||48||42|
|Number of employees||3,170||3,270||3,216||3,101||1,587|
|Assets in millions of dollars||398||488||530||434||220|
|Liabilities in millions of dollars||267||342||358||262||116|
|Equity in millions of dollars||132||147||174||171||103|
|Prince Edward Island||Number of co-ops reporting||62||54||59||46||50|
|Business volume in millions of dollars||219||228||258||264||241|
|Number of memberships in thousands||21||17||18||18||17|
|Number of employees||1,057||1,033||1,212||1,249||961|
|Assets in millions of dollars||95||98||115||114||112|
|Liabilities in millions of dollars||46||47||64||61||50|
|Equity in millions of dollars||49||51||51||53||62|
|Newfoundland||Number of co-ops reporting||30||19||18||16||19|
|Business volume in millions of dollars||76||74||91||84||111|
|Number of memberships in thousands||31||39||41||37||45|
|Number of employees||897||335||599||560||568|
|Assets in millions of dollars||44||38||42||40||51|
|Liabilities in millions of dollars||27||16||18||18||23|
|Equity in millions of dollars||16||22||23||23||28|
|Territories||Number of co-ops reporting||35||34||29||30||31|
|Business volume in millions of dollars||154||183||137||139||142|
|Number of memberships in thousands||21||24||15||15||15|
|Number of employees||1,745||1,807||770||759||781|
|Assets in millions of dollars||135||167||133||146||148|
|Liabilities in millions of dollars||84||93||69||72||70|
|Equity in millions of dollars||51||74||64||73||78|
Table 3: Comparison of Co-operatives (Average) by Province and Territories, 2011–2013
|Canada||Total Number of co-op reporting||5,251||5,276|
|Business volume ($) per co-operative(Canada)||7,361,867||8,189,002|
|Total Number of Memberships(Canada)||1,487||1,599|
|Total Number of Employees(Canada)||18||18|
|Assets ($) per co-operative(Canada)||4,374,488||4,929,303|
|Liabilities ($) per co-operative(Canada)||2,260,677||2,292,456|
|Equity ($) per co-operative||2,115,538||2,637,036|
|British Columbia||Number of Reporting Co-ops||338||359|
|Business volume($) per co-operative||4,216,684||4,504,178|
|Number of memberships per co-operative||11,814||12,599|
|Number of employees per co-operative||13||12|
|Assets($) per co-operative||4,358,785||4,206,128|
|Liabilities($) per co-operative||2,575,715||2,292,479|
|Equity ($) per co-operative||1,783,060||1,919,220|
|Alberta||Number of Reporting Co-ops||415||361|
|Business volume($) per co-operative||12,533,660||16,207,756|
|Number of memberships per co-operative||2,918||3,241|
|Number of employees per co-operative||22||30|
|Assets($) per co-operative||6,782,434||9,130,194|
|Liabilities($) per co-operative||2,774,859||3,609,418|
|Equity ($) per co-operative||4,017,584||5,520,776|
|Saskatchewan||Number of Reporting Co-ops||611||582|
|Business volume($) per co-operative||18,811,047||22,547,219|
|Number of memberships per co-operative||834||931|
|Number of employees per co-operative||24||21|
|Assets($) per co-operative||10,559,007||13,795,533|
|Liabilities($) per co-operative||3,786,823||4,164,948|
|Equity ($) per co-operative||6,777,820||9,630,584|
|Manitoba||Number of Reporting Co-ops||245||225|
|Business volume($) per co-operative||10,208,881||12,688,889|
|Number of memberships per co-operative||1,916||2,342|
|Number of employees per co-operative||18||25|
|Assets($) per co-operative||4,824,376||6,102,222|
|Liabilities($) per co-operative||1,600,023||1,888,889|
|Equity ($) per co-operative||3,224,430||4,213,333|
|Ontario||Number of Reporting Co-ops||736||782|
|Business volume($) per co-operative||3,748,264||4,299,233|
|Number of memberships per co-operative||232||238|
|Number of employees per co-operative||14||14|
|Assets($) per co-operative||4,496,835||4,537,084|
|Liabilities($) per co-operative||3,419,349||3,286,445|
|Equity ($) per co-operative||1,077,339||1,250,639|
|Quebec||Number of Reporting Co-ops||2,390||2,464|
|Business volume($) per co-operative||5,433,388||5,894,481|
|Number of memberships per co-operative||524||522|
|Number of employees per co-operative||18||18|
|Assets($) per co-operative||2,760,702||2,984,172|
|Liabilities($) per co-operative||1,633,588||1,653,409|
|Equity ($) per co-operative||1,127,111||1,330,763|
|New Brunswick||Number of Reporting Co-ops||108||116|
|Business volume($) per co-operative||9,166,456||9,474,138|
|Number of memberships per co-operative||775||698|
|Number of employees per co-operative||21||22|
|Assets($) per co-operative||2,980,456||3,172,414|
|Liabilities($) per co-operative||1,971,780||1,870,690|
|Equity ($) per co-operative||1,008,667||1,301,724|
|Nova Scotia||Number of Reporting Co-ops||303||287|
|Business volume($) per co-operative||2,691,062||972,125|
|Number of memberships per co-operative||149||146|
|Number of employees per co-operative||11||6|
|Assets($) per co-operative||1,748,271||766,551|
|Liabilities($) per co-operative||1,180,839||404,181|
|Equity ($) per co-operative||572,614||358,885|
|Prince Edward Island||Number of Reporting Co-ops||58||50|
|Business volume($) per co-operative||4,442,087||4,820,000|
|Number of memberships per co-operative||313||340|
|Number of employees per co-operative||21||19|
|Assets($) per co-operative||1,978,800||2,240,000|
|Liabilities($) per co-operative||1,104,565||1,000,000|
|Equity ($) per co-operative||874,235||1,240,000|
|Newfoundland and Labrador||Number of Reporting Co-ops||18||19|
|Business volume($) per co-operative||5,076,979||5,842,105|
|Number of memberships per co-operative||2,259||2,368|
|Number of employees per co-operative||33||30|
|Assets($) per co-operative||2,308,186||2,684,211|
|Liabilities($) per co-operative||1,009,089||1,210,526|
|Equity ($) per co-operative||1,299,097||1,473,684|
|Territories||Number of Reporting Co-ops||29||31|
|Business volume($) per co-operative||4,717,839||4,580,645|
|Number of memberships per co-operative||506||484|
|Number of employees per co-operative||27||25|
|Assets($) per co-operative||4,594,948||4,774,194|
|Liabilities($) per co-operative||2,379,635||2,258,065|
|Equity ($) per co-operative||2,215,314||2,516,129|
Table 4: Business volume (in Millions) of Co-operatives by NAICS, and Province and Territory, 2013Footnote 27
|Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting – 11||7,194.9||33.2||207.5||82.9||443.5||597.4||5,609.5||67.98||74.7||55.97||X||..|
|Utilities – 22||264.7||0.2||194.4||0.2||10.0||42.9||16.5||X||0.2||X||..||..|
|Construction – 23 & Manufacturing – 31–33||7,042.1||X||X||13.2||X||989.5||5,689.9||74.8||5.6||X||..||..|
|Wholesale Trade – 41 and Retail trade – 44–45||26,476.6||1,422.8||5,189.9||12,876.6||2,315.7||1,175.4||2,191.3||937.1||103.1||37.7||86.3||140.4|
|Transportation and warehousing – 48–49||134.0||5.7||29.3||0.9||2.4||1.1||93.4||..||0.9||..||..||..|
|Information and cultural industries – 51||260.0||X||X||78.8||27.9||37.8||62.0||1.5||51.1||X||..||..|
|Finance and insurance – 52||26.5||2.7||12.7||1.2||2.9||4.3||..||X||1.9||..||X||..|
|Real estate and rental and leasing – 53||926.6||137.4||30.6||14.3||29.8||441.2||243.3||8.0||16.2||4.2||..||1.3|
|Professional, scientific and technical Services – 54 & Educational services – 61||90.6||2.0||2.5||2.5||X||21.2||58.6||X||2.0||X||X||..|
|Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services – 56||40.4||..||X||..||X||X||16.5||X||15.9||..||..||X|
|Health care and social assistance – 62||288.4||0.6||X||45.3||19.4||36.2||166.4||0.8||4.4||X||X||..|
|Arts, entertainment and recreation – 71||36.8||1.7||X||4.6||2.1||2.1||20.3||2.2||2.0||0.3||X||X|
|Accommodation and food services – 72||26.4||X||X||X||X||X||22.0||X||X||..||..||..|
|Other services – 81 and Public administration – 91||397.0||9.0||39.5||1.4||0.2||4.0||333.5||6.0||0.9||2.1||..||..|
|Notes: "X" = suppressed data due to confidentiality; ".." = no reporting co-operatives; and "Unknown NAICS" = suppressed aggregate NAICS 2-digit data due to confidentiality.|
Table 5: Assets (IN MILLIONS) of Co-operatives by NAICS, and Province and Territory, 2013Footnote 28
|Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting – 11||2,667.9||89.6||156.0||44.1||77.1||307.4||1,859.9||46.4||50.7||20.2||X||..|
|Utilities – 22||865.1||0.1||704.1||1.1||68.1||74.9||16.4||0.1||0.2||X||..||..|
|Construction – 23 and Manufacturing – 31-33||3,037.8||X||X||4.1||X||494.0||2,328.8||36.1||3.0||X|
|Wholesale Trade – 41 and Retail trade – 44-45||13,117.2||677.2||2,017.0||7,760.7||1,014.0||408.3||789.3||218.9||45.1||14.3||30.8||141.3|
|Transportation and warehousing – 48-49||77.2||5.6||4.5||0.8||0.9||0.7||63.5||..||1.3||..||..||..|
|Information and cultural industries – 51||387.1||X||X||116.0||42.3||137.0||74.8||1.4||12.6||X||..||..|
|Finance and insurance – 52||227.8||10.5||113.5||25.8||48.9||19.1||..||X||9.0||..||X||..|
|Real estate and rental and leasing – 53||4,578.7||697.8||119.2||30.6||106.1||2,002.2||1,511.0||26.7||69.2||9.2||..||X|
|Professional, scientific and technical services – 54 and Educational services – 61||119.8||6.4||3.1||1.2||0.3||49.9||55.2||X||1.5||X||X||..|
|Administrative and support,
water management and
remediation services – 56
|Health care and social assistance – 62||201.3||1.3||X||26.0||9.4||13.1||137.2||0.5||3.4||X||X||..|
|Arts, entertainment and recreation – 71||95.5||10.0||X||13.4||3.0||3.2||42.6||3.7||16.8||0.1||X||X|
|Accommodation and food services – 72||18.5||X||X||X||X||X||12.9||..||X||..||..||..|
|Other services – 81 and Public administration – 91||571.9||8.0||45.3||4.4||0.7||35.7||43.3||33.1||3.4||8.6||..||..|
|Notes: "X" = suppressed data due to confidentiality; ".." = no reporting co-operatives; and "Unknown NAICS" = suppressed aggregate NAICS 2-digit data due to confidentiality.|
Table 6: Membership of Co-operatives by NAICS, and Province and Territory, 2013Footnote 29
|Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting – 11||67,520||3,881||24,456||12,436||2,957||7,073||12,502||1,245||2,115||364||X||..|
|Utilities – 22||150,841||37||137,237||375||1,578||5,430||6,040||X||78||X||..||..|
|Construction – 23 and Manufacturing – 31–33||33,379||X||X||536||X||7,838||18,912||519||1,605||X||..||..|
|Wholesale Trade – 41 and Retail trade – 44–45||7,313,951||4,454,427||945,570||476,781||479,954||72,085||726,635||66,833||24,654||8,946||43,268||14,798|
|Transportation and warehousing – 48–49||16,439||11,572||313||173||223||865||2,137||..||1,156||..||..||..|
|Information and cultural industries - 51||130,121||X||X||920||30,701||24,856||40,914||2,772||802||X||..||..|
|Finance and insurance – 52||10,792||389||4,050||2,066||229||401||X||..||3,047||..||X||..|
|Real estate and rental and leasing - 53||118,898||17,128||3,739||1,035||3,338||55,815||34,247||862||1,858||773||X||X|
|Professional, scientific and technical Services – 54 and Educational services – 61||22,759||796||148||385||X||610||19,423||X||754||X||X||..|
|Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services – 56||5,033||..||X||..||X||X||3,872||X||626||..||..||X|
|Health care and social assistance – 62||172,753||2,107||X||31,835||4,337||6,757||125,130||685||318||X||X||..|
|Arts, entertainment and recreation – 71||39,291||2,425||X||11,221||2,994||1,286||15,928||2,720||1,997||165||X||X|
|Accommodation and food services – 72||10,241||X||X||X||X||X||9,402||X||X||..||..||..|
|Other services – 81 and Public administration – 91||343,199||1,371||50,080||3,782||64||2,859||272,302||5,153||2,894||4,694||..||..|
|Notes: "X" = suppressed data due to confidentiality; ".." = no reporting co-operatives; and "Unknown NAICS" = suppressed aggregate NAICS 2-digit data due to confidentiality.|
Table 7: Employment of Co-operatives by NAICS, and Province and Territory, 2013Footnote 30
|Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting – 11||19,066||987||414||99||610||1,077||13,977||667||534||406||X||..|
|Utilities – 22||709||X||600||2||42||31||21||X||6||X||..||..|
|Construction – 23 and Manufacturing – 31–33||13,473||X||X||2||X||1,565||11,069||232||26||X||..||..|
|Wholesale Trade – 41 and Retail trade – 44–45||38,580||2,187||8,813||10,300||4,075||1,310||7,783||1,474||473||140||250||757|
|Transportation and warehousing – 48–49||1,338||33||85||21||17||9||1,155||..||18||X||X||..|
|Information and cultural industries – 51||948||X||X||246||143||182||316||22||30||X||..||..|
|Finance and insurance – 52||4,794||45||47||54||24||4,589||..||X||17||..||X||..|
|Real estate and rental and leasing – 53||1,608||91||65||40||94||1,028||196||7||25||62||..||..|
|Professional, scientific and technical Services – 54 and Educational services – 61||1,490||17||30||29||X||115||1,239||X||49||X||X||..|
|Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services – 56||961||X||X||X||700||22||X|
|Health care and social assistance – 62||5,306||15||X||1,087||550||918||2,413||30||185||X||X||..|
|Arts, entertainment and recreation – 71||1,021||25||X||82||38||73||746||18||20||9||X||X|
|Accommodation and food services – 72||468||7||X||..||X||..||450||X||X||..||..||..|
|Other services – 81 and Public administration – 91||5,312||26||172||28||5||40||4,962||38||13||28||..||..|
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