An Inclusive Innovation Agenda: The State of Play—Long Descriptions

Long description for: Mobilizing Canadians for an Inclusive Innovation Agenda

Image of the six themes that framed the discussion of the engagement leaders.

  1. Entrepreneurial and Creative Society
    Foster a culture of innovation and entrepreneurship, build skills to embrace global changes, leverage Canada's diversity and attract top global talent
  2. Global Science Excellence
    Support world-class research excellence from fundamental to applied science
  3. World Leading Clusters and Partnerships
    Super clusters for business innovation and global reach, from idea generation to value creation
  4. Grow Companies and Accelerate Clean Growth
    Develop start-ups and scale innovative, high impact small, medium and large firms, growing the next generation of job-creating global companies
  5. Compete in a Digital World
    Harness the digital economy across sectors—infrastructure, broadband, ICTs, big and open data—to encourage digital adoption
  6. Ease of Doing Business
    Enhance and align agile marketplace regulations and standards, enable market access so Canadian businesses can thrive globally

Long description for: Canadians have highlighted 3 mutually reinforcing themes

Image of the 3 themes highlighted by Canadians to make Canada more innovative: People, Technologies and Companies

People

Technologies

Companies

Long description for: Potential economic impact of technologies in 2025 US$ trillion, annual

Range of sized potential economic impacts
Technology US$ trillion (in 2025, annual)
Mobile Internet 3.7-10.8
Automation of knowledge work 5.2-6.7
The Internet of Things 2.7-6.2
Cloud technology 1.7-6.2
Advanced robotics 1.7-4.5
Autonomous and near-autonomous vehicles 0.2-1.9
Next-generation genomics 0.7-1.6
Energy storage 0.1-0.6
3D printing 0.2-0.6
Advanced materials 0.2-0.5
Advanced oil and gas exploration and recovery 0.1-0.5
Renewable energy 0.2-0.3

Source: McKinsey, 2013

Long description for: Social Progress Index – 2016

1st in the G7 and 2nd overall in a 133 country study measuring social progress
G7 Countries Social Progress Index
Canada 89.49
UK 88.58
Japan 86.54
Germany 86.42
France 84.79
US 84.62
Italy 82.49

Source: The Social Progress Imperative

Long description for: Significant decline since 2001 - Business Enterprise Research and Development (BERD) Intensity

Canada experienced a significant decline in BERD intensity since 2001
Year Canada 
1992 0.80
1993 0.87
1994 0.96
1995 0.97
1996 0.94
1997 0.97
1998 1.03
1999 1.04
2000 1.13
2001 1.26
2002 1.15
2003 1.13
2004 1.14
2005 1.11
2006 1.11
2007 1.07
2008 1.01
2009 1.02
2010 0.95
2011 0.95
2012 0.91
2013 0.85
2014 0.80

Long description for: A widening productivity gap

Year Canadian Business Sector Canadian Manufacturing Sector US
1987 90.8 88 100
1988 90.7 87.3 100
1989 90.1 87.5 100
1990 88.9 87.7 100
1991 86.2 86.1 100
1992 84.3 86.7 100
1993 85.6 88.7 100
1994 85.5 89.5 100
1995 86.4 88 100
1996 83.5 85.8 100
1997 83.9 88.4 100
1998 84.4 90.3 100
1999 84.5 89.5 100
2000 85.8 92.2 100
2001 85.2 89.3 100
2002 84.3 83.7 100
2003 82.2 79.2 100
2004 80.7 75.8 100
2005 78.5 73.5 100
2006 78.6 72.6 100
2007 77.3 69.5 100
2008 76.2 69.8 100
2009 73.9 63.7 100
2010 72.9 62.6 100
2011 73.9 65.2 100
2012 73.2 66.8 100
2013 73.2 66.6 100
2014 74.7 68.4 100

Long description for: OECD Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) Scores for Canada 2000-2012

Year Reading Mathematics Science
2000 534 - -
2003 528 532 -
2006 527 527 534
2009 524 527 529
2012 523 518 525

Long description for: Entrepreneurship as a good career option

Canada ranks in the middle of the pack 13th among OECD countries and behind US
Selected OECD Countries Population 18-64 (%)
Japan 31.0%
Switzerland 42.3%
Korea 51.0%
Germany 51.7%
Canada 57.3%
France 59.1%
United Kingdom 60.3%
Turkey  64.0%
United States 64.7%
Italy 65.1%
Chile 69.4%
Netherlands  79.1%

Long description for: Canada's Higher Education R&D Intensity (as a % of GDP)

Year % of GDP
1995 0.45
1996 0.43
1997 0.43
1998 0.47
1999 0.51
2000 0.53
2001 0.57
2002 0.63
2003 0.65
2004 0.68
2005 0.67
2006 0.65
2007 0.65
2008 0.66
2009 0.69
2010 0.68
2011 0.67
2012 0.71
2013 0.67
2014 0.65

Long description for: Constant dependence on US market with limited footprint in emerging markets

Canadian Merchandise Exports US Europe Asia  Others 
2007 76.9% 10.0% 7.5% 5.7%
2015 75.6% 8.5% 10.0% 5.9%

Source: Statistics Canada

Long description for: Business R&D Intensity

Canada was 22nd in 2014 - OECD countries
Selected Countries 2006 2014
Israel 3.38% 3.47%
Korea 2.19% 3.36%
Japan 2.63% 2.79%
Finland 2.38% 2.15%
Sweden 2.61% 2.12%
Switzerland (2012, 2004) 1.97% 2.05%
Denmark 1.61% 1.95%
United States (2013) 1.79% 1.94%
Germany 1.72% 1.93%
OECD Average 1.50% 1.62%
France 1.29% 1.46%
United Kingdom 1.02% 1.10%
Canada 1.11% 0.80%

Long description for: Economies' shares in environment-related patents, percentages, 2010-13

Canada is last among G7 countries
G7 Countries Economies' shares in environment-related patents
Japan 26%
United States 23%
Germany 14%
France 5%
United Kingdom  3%
Italy 2%
Canada  2%

Source: OECD

Long description for: ICT investment per worker in US dollars

ICT investment per worker was 51% of that in the United States in 2013
Canada  $2,188
United States  $4,279

Source: CSLS

Long description for: Declining performance - Top Global Exporters ICT Services (% of total exports)

Canada 12th out of 37 countries in 2013 in % share of world ICT services exports from 7th in 2001
China has risen to 6th in the world in 2013 from 20th in 2001
Country Computer and Information  Communication 
IRL 14% 0%
IND 13% 1%
DEU 6% 4%
USA 5% 4%
GBR 4% 3%
CHN 4% 0%
FRA 2% 2%
NLD 2% 2%
BEL 2% 1%
SWE 2% 1%
ESP 2% 1%
CAN 2% 1%
ITA 1% 2%
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