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Target: Increase Canada's ranking for Average Relative Citation (ARC) in natural sciences, engineering, and life sciences to the top 10 of OECD countries by 2025

Figure 8.1: World publications – Average Relative Citations (ARC) factor in natural sciences and engineering, OECD ranking, selected countries

ARC factor is a measure of research excellence. It compares countries by how frequently their average publication in a specific field is cited. ARC factor does not reflect the quantity of a country's research output. While Canadian publications in natural sciences and engineering have been cited more frequently since 2002, ARC factors in some other OECD nations have increased at higher rates, thereby decreasing Canada's relative ranking.

Description of Figure 8.1
Figure 8.1: : World publications – Average Relative Citations (ARC) factor in natural sciences and engineering, OECD ranking, selected countries
Year Canada Switzerland United Kingdom United States

Sources:

2002 11 2 6 3
2003 10 1 7 4
2004 10 1 7 5
2005 11 1 7 5
2006 11 2 7 5
2007 10 2 7 6
2008 13 1 6 7
2009 12 2 6 8
2010 14 2 6 10
2011 14 2 6 11
2012 16 2 8 15
2013 16 2 9 15
2014 16 2 7 14
2015 14 3 10 17
2016 16 3 10 20
2017 15 4 9 20
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