Co-operatives in Canada in 2015

From: Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada

PDF Version

This publication is available online at https://www.ic.gc.ca/eic/site/106.nsf/eng/h_00044.html.

To obtain a copy of this publication, or to receive it in an alternate format (Braille, large print, etc.), please fill out the Publication Request Form at Publication Request Form or contact:

Web Services Centre
Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada
C.D. Howe Building
235 Queen Street
Ottawa, ON 1A 0H5
Canada

Telephone (toll-free in Canada): 1-800-328-6189
Telephone (international): 613-954-5031
TTY (for hearing impaired): 1-866-694-8389
Business hours: 8:30 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. (Eastern Time)
Email: ISED@canada.ca

Permission to Reproduce

Except as otherwise specifically noted, the information in this publication may be reproduced, in part or in whole and by any means, without charge or further permission from the Department of Industry, provided that due diligence is exercised in ensuring the accuracy of the information reproduced; that the Department of Industry is identified as the source institution; and that the reproduction is not represented as an official version of the information reproduced or as having been made in affiliation with, or with the endorsement of, the Department of Industry.

For permission to reproduce the information in this publication for commercial purposes, please fill out the Application for Crown Copyright Clearance at Application for Crown Copyright Clearance or contact the Web Services Centre mentioned above.

© Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada, as represented by the Minister of Industry, 2018.

Cat. No. Iu170-1F-PDF
ISSN: 1928-3458

Aussi offert en français sous le titre Les coopératives au Canada, 2015.

Table of Contents


Overview

Co-operatives In Canada

support icon #1

In 2015, there were a total of 7,887 incorporated non-financial co-operatives in Canada. Of these, 4,960 co-operatives responded to the 2015 Survey of Canadian Co-operatives, representing a 63% response rate.Footnote 1

Types Of Co-operatives

support icon #2

In 2015, 69% (3,440) of reporting co-operatives were consumer co-operatives and 14% (716) were producer co-operatives. In addition, 10 % (485) of reporting co-operatives in 2015 were multi-stakeholder and 5% (228) of reporting co-operatives in 2015 were worker co-operatives. Approximately 1% (52) of the reporting co-operatives in 2015 was a federation.Footnote 2

Representing less than 1% (39), worker-shareholder co-operatives are a form of worker co-operatives found in Quebec.

Size Of Co-operatives (Business Volume & Employment)

support icon #3

In 2015, 50% (2,488) of all reporting co-operatives were non-employers (0 employees); 47% (2,318) of reporting co-operatives were small enterprises (1 to 99 employees); 2.5% (128) were medium-sized enterprises (100 to 499 employees); and, 0.5% (26) were large enterprises (over 500 employees).

Finance Performance

support icon #4

Non-financial co-operatives reported a total business volume of $44.1B in 2015. This was a 2% increase from 2013.

Three sectors generated 94% of total business volume: wholesale and retail ($24.7B), agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting ($7.9B), and construction and manufacturing ($8.9B).

Reporting co-operatives held $29.9B in assets in 2015. The four largest sectors that account for 90% of all assets include: wholesale and retail ($13.6B), real estate ($4.2B), construction and manufacturing ($5.6B) and agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting ($3.4B).

In 2015, reporting co-operatives paid out $765M in patronage dividends to their members and communities.

Employment

support icon #5

Reporting co-operatives in 2015 contributed over 101,567 full-time and part-time jobs to the Canadian labour market. This represented a 6.8% increase from 2013.

In 2015, almost 75% of co-operative jobs were held within three sectors: wholesale and retail trade (39%), agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting (20%), and, construction and manufacturing (16 %).

From 2005 to 2015, the total number of people employed by reporting co-operatives increased by 16%. Footnote 3

Memberships

support icon #6

In 2015, reporting co-operatives had a total of 9.1M membershipsFootnote 4, which represents an 8.3% increase from 2013.

Most or 87% (7.9M) of these memberships were within the wholesale and retail sector.

Industry Sectors

support icon #7

In 2015, 44% (2,180) of all reporting co-operatives were classified under the real estate sector, which primarily consist of housing co-operatives.

Retail trade accounted for 11% (536) of all reporting co-operatives, followed by agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 8% (385), and health care and social assistance sectors, which was 7.3% (363) of the total.

Governance & Volunteers

support icon #8

In 2015, non-financial co-operatives, excluding those in Quebec, reported 17,558 directors on Boards of Directors elected by their membership to help guide the co-operative's operations and make key business decisions for the continued viability of their organizations.

Housing co-operatives had the highest number of directors (over 5,800), followed by retail and wholesale (over 2,700), and then health care and social services boards (1,800).

There were approximately 32,723 volunteers involved in the day-to-day operations of co-operatives in 2015, excluding co-operatives in Quebec. Housing co-operatives account for 62% of the total volunteers.

Age Of Co-operatives

support icon #9

In 2015, 27% (678) of reporting co-operatives were established over 40 or more years ago; 53% (1,320) were established between 21 and 40 years ago.

Distribution by Region

In 2015, there were 7,887 incorporated co-operativesFootnote 5 registered under a federal, provincial or territorial co-operative Act. Quebec had the highest share of incorporated co-operatives (36%), followed by Ontario (23%) and Saskatchewan (11%). There were 4,960 co-operatives that responded to the 2015 Survey of Canadian Co-operatives.

Figure 1: Co-operatives by Head Office

Map of Canada representing Co-operatives by Head Office (the long description is located below the image)
Description of Figure 1
Figure 1: Co-operatives by Head Office Location
Province or Territory of Canada I: Incorporated Co-operatives R: Reporting Co-operatives
Yukon 9 3
Northwest Territories 19 9
Nunavut 24 23
Newfoundland and Labrador 75 18
British Columbia 592 328
Alberta 626 348
Saskatchewan 826 485
Manitoba 354 209
Ontario 1,806 752
Quebec 2,821 2,446
Prince Edward Island 118 53
New Brunswick 175 105
Nova Scotia 345 181
Total 7,790 4,960

Distribution by Industry

Co-operatives in Canada are involved in a wide range of activities, from manufacturing and processing to housing, daycare and health care services in communities. They run regional wholesale and retailing systems that provide millions of goods and services to Canadians, and they are also involved in the provision of local community utilities such as gas, water and electricity.

Out of all reporting co-operatives 44% (2,180) were classified under the real estate sector primarily as housing co-operatives. Retail trade was 11% (536), followed by agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting was 8% (385) and health care and social assistance sectors was 7.3% (363).

Figure 2: Total Number of Reporting Co-operatives by North American Industry Classification System, 2015

Map of Canada representing Co-operatives by Head Office (the long description is located below the image)
Description of Figure 2
Figure 2: Total Number of Reporting Co-operatives by North American Industry Classification System, 2015
Industry Number of Co-operatives
Real estate and rental and leasing - 53 2,180
Retail trade - 44–45 536
Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting - 11 385
Health care and social assistance - 62 363
Arts, entertainment and recreation - 71 304
Utilities - 22 208
Other services (except public administration) - 81 206
Professionnal, scientific and technical services - 54 129
Finance and insurance - 52 120
Information and cultural industries - 51 103
Manufacturing - 31–33 98
Wholesale trade - 41 97
Administrative and support, water management and remediation services - 56 72
Accommodation and food services - 72 53
Transportation and warehousing - 48–49 48
Surpressed Data (no NAICS) 21
Education services - 61 19
Construction - 23 11
Public administration - 91 7

Annex A: Detailed Data Tables

Table 1: Overview of reporting Co-operatives by Province and Territories (based on headquarter address) 2005–2015

Reporting Co-operatives (Number)
  BC AB SK MB ON QC NB NS PE NL TE TOTAL
2015 328 348 485 209 752 2,446 105 181Footnote 6 53 18 35 4,960
2013 359 361 582 225 782 2,464 116 287 50 19 31 5,276
2012 330 347 567 228 678 2,390Footnote 7 111 305 46 16 30 5,048
2011 338 415 612 246 739 2,390 108 303 59 18 29 5,257
2010 301 411 579 224 708 2,379 101 284 54 19 34 5,094
2009 393 465 767 255 901 2,315 133 288 61 29 35 5,642
2008 392 478 811 264 918 2,271 135 282 63 33 39 5,686
2007 392 481 844 270 952 2,294 138 287 65 33 39 5,795
2006 380 467 855 263 940 2,293 140 280 61 35 37 5,751
2005 385 440 844 267 964 2,258 139 273 63 42 35 5,710
Volume of Business (in Millions of Dollars)
  BC AB SK MB ON QC NB NS PE NL TE TOTAL
2015 1,706 5,441 12,693 2,332 3,074 17,762 333 184 286 117 207 44,134
2013 1,617 5,851 13,122 2,855 3,362 14,524 1,099 279 241 111 142 43,207
2012 1,541 5,169 12,206 2,678 2,800 12,986Footnote 8 1,030 742 264 84 139 39,639
2011 1,425 5,201 11,494 2,501 2,768 12,986 990 815 258 91 137 38,666
2010 1,266 4,331 9,794 1,971 2,364 11,979 955 791 228 74 183 33,801
2009 1,285 4,558 9,518 2,082 2,478 11,619 1,085 780 219 76 154 33,854
2008 1,205 5,212 11,419 2,142 2,390 11,091 1,043 769 229 67 161 35,728
2007 1,223 4,600 8,361 1,861 2,355 10,177 1,035 739 237 63 153 30,804
2006 1,145 4,161 7,670 1,799 2,415 9,323 1,091 734 220 86 148 28,792
2005 1,132 4,206 6,808 1,712 2,393 9,073 1,171 728 229 124 109 27,685
Assets (in Millions of Dollars)
  BC AB SK MB ON QC NB NS PE NL TE TOTAL
2015 1,535 3,390 8,624 1,424 3,035 11,229 181 118 127 51 194 29,907
2013 1,510 3,296 8,029 1,373 3,548 7,353 368 220 112 51 148 26,007
2012 1,478 2,698 7,746 1,302 3,119 6,598Footnote 9 326 434 114 40 146 24,000
2011 1,473 2,815 6,452 1,182 3,318 6,598 322 530 115 42 133 22,979
2010 1,361 2,583 5,395 1,003 3,195 12,043 318 488 98 38 27 26,549
2009 1,438 2,763 5,138 1,035 4,008 5,719 344 398 95 44 135 21,117
2008 1,400 2,632 5,036 968 4,159 5,449 341 393 90 41 144 20,653
2007 1,393 2,448 4,351 918 4,076 5,048 378 378 88 41 137 19,256
2006 1,377 2,453 3,791 876 4,107 4,796 384 362 88 50 134 18,418
2005 1,373 2,356 3,294 848 4,166 4,633 418 353 83 58 116 17,698
Memberships (in thousands)
  BC AB SK MB ON QC NB NS PE NL TE TOTAL
2015 4,974 1,234 549 530 162 1,459 87 46 21 47 19 9,127
2013 4,523 1,170 542 527 186 1,287 81 42 17 45 15 8,436
2012 4,187 1,091 531 490 153 1,253Footnote 10 81 48 18 37 15 7,904
2011 3,993 1,211 510 469 172 1,253 84 45 18 41 15 7,810
2010 3,698 1,185 484 426 145 1,250 89 44 17 39 6 7,383
2009 3,467 1,188 587 433 158 1,186 96 51 21 31 21 7,239
2008 3,219 1,188 572 413 168 1,152 94 48 21 30 21 6,926
2007 2,909 1,175 560 385 180 1,126 193 46 25 28 20 6,647
2006 2,691 1,178 554 345 184 1,070 187 45 25 41 20 6,340
2005 2,471 1,117 467 328 179 1,026 171 40 24 45 17 5,885
Employees (Number)
  BC AB SK MB ON QC NB NS PE NL TE TOTAL
2015 4,948 10,255 12,627 5,712 10,989 52,151 1,766 1,172 592 598 757 101,567
2013 4,451 10,650 11,996 5,610 10,954 45,027 2,500 1,587 961 568 781 95,085
2012 4,394 8,528 11,907 4,331 5,410 43,902Footnote 11 2,176 3,101 1,249 560 759 86,317
2011 4,378 9,305 14,444 4,289 5,719 43,902 2,282 3,216 1,212 599 770 90,116
2010 4,149 8,563 11,191 4,119 5,564 44,898 3,113 3,270 1,034 335 216 86,452
2009 3,778 9,918 11,456 4,149 5,639 42,739 3,167 3,195 1,054 895 1,745 87,735
2008 4,013 9,732 11,089 3,826 5,878 42,734 3,216 3,781 1,058 800 1,791 87,918
2007 4,429 9,311 10,797 3,617 5,750 43,054 3,704 3,533 919 820 1,686 87,620
2006 4,368 9,311 10,352 3,837 5,635 42,960 3,691 3,469 912 974 1,663 87,172
2005 4,636 9,330 9,956 4,027 5,676 43,013 3,729 3,361 1,163 1,120 1,589 87,600

Table 2: Business volume of Co-operatives by North American Industry Classification System and Province and Territory, 2015Footnote 12

(in Millions) Canada BC AB SK MB ON QC NB NS PE NL TE
Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting - 11 & Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction - 21 7,901.8 110.2 243.8 6.5 43.7 737.7 6,494.1 99.5 74.1 65.3 26.9
Utilities - 22 296.0 0.5 200.3 0.2 16.3 59.6 19.0 .. .. 0.1
Construction - 23 & Manufacturing - 31–33 8,904.5 0.2 30.7 14.5 0.3 784.6 7,883.4 0.8 11.8 178.2
Wholesale Trade - 41 & Retail Trade - 44–45 24,728.7 1,439.7 4,767.9 12,517.6 2,191.3 931.8 2,272.7 213.3 66.1 35.3 87.8 205.3
Transportation and Warehousing - 48–49 141.8 7.2 35.3 1.0 0.7 .. 96.9 0.6
Information and cultural industries - 51 215.3 0.3 0.3 82.7 28.2 45.9 56.2 0.9 0.7 ..
Finance and insurance - 52 15.8 2.9 7.4 1.0 1.9 0.4 0.4 1.5 .. 0.2  
Real estate and rental and leasing - 53 897.1 128.7 30.8 16.0 28.2 419.7 250.8 7.5 10.1 4.4   0.9
Professional, Scientific and Technical Services - 54 & Educational Services - 61 130.7 2.0 2.1 1.3 0.6 49.8 72.1 0.2 2.2 0.1 0.4
Administrative and support, water management and remediation services - 56 33.5 1.5 0.2 5.2 16.9 .. 9.2  x 0.5
Health care and social assistance - 62 291.4 0.6 9.1 45.4 19.0 33.3 176.7 0.9 5.1 0.2 1.0
Arts, entertainment and recreation - 71 36.0 2.0 0.2 4.9 1.8 0.9 21.2 2.4 1.4 0.2 0.9
Accommodation and food services - 72 19.0 0.1 0.2 0.1 18.3 0.2 0.1
Other Services - 81 & Public Administration - 91 451.3 11.1 42.3 1.7 0.2 5.1 381.8 6.4 0.8 2.0
Unknown NAICS 71.0 .. 69.1 0.2 1.5 0.3
Total 44,134.0 1,705.5 5,441.1 12,693.1 2,332.3 3,073.9 17,761.8 332.9 183.7 285.9 117.2 206.7

X = suppressed data due to confidentiality; .. = no reporting co-operatives; and, Unknown NAICS = suppressed aggregate NAICS 2-digit data due to confidentiality.

Table 3: Assets of Co-operatives by North American Industry Classification System and Province and Territory, 2015

(in Millions) Canada BC AB SK MB ON QC NB NS PE NL TE
Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting - 11 & Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction - 21 3,406.3 92.6 191.2 4.3 19.4 385.4 2,580.4 62.6 29.6 22.8 17.9
Utilities - 22 1,032.0 0.1 733.5 1.2 130.1 149.8 17.1 0.2 .. ..
Construction - 23 & Manufacturing - 31–33 5,642.8 0.1 71.6 3.5 .. 441.3 5,046.1 0.1 12.9 67.0
Wholesale Trade - 41 & Retail Trade - 44–45 13,666.4 782.4 2,034.6 8,391.2 1,059.8 125.1 960.9 55.8 24.4 12.6 29.2 190.4
Transportation and Warehousing - 48–49 74.9 6.3 6.1 1.4 0.7 .. 60.0 0.5
Information and cultural industries - 51 378.9 0.3 4.6 115.8 44.7 144.1 68.2 0.8 0.5 0.1
Finance and insurance - 52 257.1 6.0 144.9 31.4 51.4 13.3 0.5 6.4 2.9 0.3
Real estate and rental and leasing - 53 4,274.1 586.1 95.7 28.9 101.6 1,703.8 1,687.7 22.2 33.5 11.4 3.1
Professional, Scientific and Technical Services - 54 & Educational Services - 61 108.2 3.9 3.5 1.4 0.4 38.5 57.1 0.4 2.2 .. 0.8  
Administrative and support, water management and remediation services - 56 37.2 0.9 0.3 6.9 26.1 0.2 2.7 0.1
Health care and social assistance - 62 230.9 1.3 13.9 27.0 12.5 14.9 157.5 0.5 2.4 0.5 0.4
Arts, entertainment and recreation - 71 79.8 8.7 0.3 12.7 2.7 2.3 46.0 2.9 1.5 0.2 2.4
Accommodation and food services - 72 15.7 0.9 1.4 0.4 13.1 -0.1 ..
Other Services - 81 & Public Administration - 91 659.4 46.2 47.2 4.9 0.4 9.2 508.0 33.2 1.4 8.9
Unknown NAICS 43.5 .. 40.1 0.1 1.4 1.8  x
Total 29,907.3 1,534.9 3,389.7 8,623.8 1,424.3 3,034.7 11,229.5 181.2 118.0 126.5 51.0 193.6

X = suppressed data due to confidentiality; .. = no reporting co-operatives; and, Unknown NAICS = suppressed aggregate NAICS 2-digit data due to confidentiality.

Table 4: Membership of Co-operatives by North American Industry Classification System and Province and Territory, 2015

(in Thousands) Canada BC AB SK MB ON QC NB NS PE NL TE
Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting - 11 & Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction - 21 53.1 3.9 22.2 2.2 1.0 6.2 13.6 1.1 1.7 0.4 0.8
Utilities - 22 158.5 .. 144.2 0.3 1.6 6.2 6.0 0.1 0.1 ..
Construction - 23 & Manufacturing - 31–33 30.3 0.2 2.5 0.4 .. 5.7 18.0 0.1 1.0 2.4
Wholesale Trade - 41 & Retail Trade - 44-45 7,962.5 4,902.9 1,030.6 497.9 484.5 54.9 829.9 73.8 15.6 8.5 45.3 18.8
Transportation and Warehousing - 48–49 19.4 16.6 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.2 1.7 0.2
Information and cultural industries - 51 122.2 25.0 0.6 1.0 29.7 20.0 42.9 2.4 0.5 0.2
Finance and insurance - 52 9.5 0.4 3.7 1.9 0.2 1.0 0.1 1.4 0.2 0.6
Real estate and rental and leasing - 53 114.7 14.8 4.6 1.2 3.3 52.8 35.1 0.8 1.2 0.7 ..
Professional, Scientific and Technical Services - 54 & Educational Services - 61 24.1 0.7 0.2 0.4 0.1 0.4 20.7 0.5 1.0 .. 0.1
Administrative and support, water management and remediation services - 56 4.8 0.4 x 0.2 3.5 0.1 0.7  x ..
Health care and social assistance - 62 172.3 1.9 0.5 31.7 5.0 8.1 120.9 0.8 0.2 2.6 0.5
Arts, entertainment and recreation - 71 36.8 2.5 0.3 7.5 3.8 0.5 17.9 2.3 1.7 0.2 0.3
Accommodation and food services - 72 29.5 0.1 0.1 0.1 10.7 .. 18.5  x
Other Services - 81 & Public Administration - 91 374.4 4.5 10.4 3.7 0.1 5.4 337.3 5.3 2.5 5.3
Unknown NAICS 15.2 .. 13.7 0.1 1.2 0.2  x
Total 9,127.4 4,973.5 1,234.1 548.6 529.5 161.6 1,459.4 87.3 46.3 20.7 47.5 18.8

X = suppressed data due to confidentiality; .. = no reporting co-operatives; and, Unknown NAICS = suppressed aggregate NAICS 2-digit data due to confidentiality.

Table 5: Employment of Co-operatives by 2-digit North American Industry Classification System and Province and Territory, 2015

(in Number) Canada BC AB SK MB ON QC NB NS PE NL TE
Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting - 11 & Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction - 21 20,473 564 525 45 522 1,381 15,792 697 243 406 298
Utilities - 22 763 7 647 3 42 45 18 1 .. ..  x
Construction - 23 & Manufacturing - 31–33 16,036 4 1 2 3 1,179 14,629 2 198 18
Wholesale Trade - 41 & Retail Trade - 44–45 39,438 3,615 8,427 10,982 4,196 1,421 8,510 889 330 55 271 742
Transportation and Warehousing - 48–49 924 30 94 20 7 .. 756 17
Information and cultural industries - 51 1,056 5 2 293 145 185 398 12 16 ..
Finance and insurance - 52 4,932 59 39 55 18 4,737 4 12 5 3
Real estate and rental and leasing - 53 1,530 84 69 42 96 926 237 7 12 57 ..
Professional, Scientific and Technical Services - 54 & Educational Services - 61 1,396 23 4 23 6 126 1,182 7 23 .. 2
Administrative and support, water management and remediation services - 56 938 9 3 18 731 .. 162  x 15
Health care and social assistance - 62 5,437 7 97 1,034 633 952 2,521 37 121 15 20
Arts, entertainment and recreation - 71 1,004 17 5 93 31 4 757 56 25 12 4
Accommodation and food services - 72 489 .. 1 1 480 3 4  x
Other Services - 81 & Public Administration - 91 6,927 532 171 28 9 15 6,094 45 9 24  x
Unknown NAICS 224 1 164 7 46 6
Total 101,567 4,948 10,255 12,627 5,712 10,989 52,151 1,766 1,172 592 598 757

 

Annex B: Methodology and Definition

Methodology

Co-operatives in Canada (2015) is a biennial publication that provides baseline data on the co-operative sector in Canada. The 2015 publication is the 81st edition and has been prepared by the Co-operatives Policy Unit, Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada. The Unit provides analysis, advice and support to promote co-operative business innovation and growth in Canada.

The Co-operatives in Canada (2015) publication classifies co-operatives using the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS).

The report is based on unweighted data gathered from the 2015 Survey of Canadian Co-operatives conducted by Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada. Unless otherwise indicated, the publication has been prepared with data from the reporting co-operatives that responded to this biennial survey. Estimates were only conducted for the co-operatives that submitted a survey in 2013 and were still in operation in 2015. The 2015 survey response rate is 63% (4,960) reporting co-operatives out of 7,887 incorporated co-operatives, a slight decrease from the 2013 response rate of 66%.

This report uses aggregate data from the Ministry of the Economy, Science and Innovation in the Government of Quebec. As of 2011, the Government of Quebec conducts surveys of Quebec co-operatives every two years (biennial). Therefore, this report compares data between 2013 and 2015 as it is only for those years that full national level data is available.

2010 2011 2012 2013 2015
Responses 5,904 5,251 5,043 5,276 4,960
Total incorporated co-operatives 7,865 7,761 7,906 8,042 7,887
Response rate 65% 68% 64% 66% 63%
Provinces and Territories - abbreviations
Province or Territory abbreviation
British Columbia BC
Alberta AB
Saskatchewan SK
Manitoba MB
Ontario ON
Quebec QC
New Brunswick NB
Provinces and Territories - abbreviations
Province or Territory abbreviation
Nova Scotia NS
Prince Edward Island PE
Newfoundland and Labrador NL
Northwest Territories NT
Nunavut NU
Yukon YT
Territories (NT+NU+YT)Footnote 13 TE

Definition

This survey defines non-financial co-operatives as corporations incorporate under specific federal, provincial or territorial co-operative statutes. Financial co-operatives such as credit unions and caisses populaires are not included in this survey. Non-financial co-operative corporations generally operate based on seven internationally established core principles including: voluntary and open membership; democratic member control; member economic participation; autonomy and independence; education, training and information; co-operation among co-operatives; and, concern for community including sustainable development. 

While co-operatives serve a wide variety of functions, they generally fit one of the following four types:

For more information on the co-operative business model, please visit the Information Guide on Co-operatives.

The Co-operatives Policy Unit has streamlined the format and reduced the content in the 2015 publication in order to ensure easy reader accessibility and a timely release. The publication still contains many of the same data variables and information. For additional information or data variables, please contact: ic.statscoopstatscoop.ic@canada.ca.

Date modified: