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Price Comparisons of Wireline, Wireless and Internet Services in Canada and with Foreign Jurisdictions: 2020 Edition

The 2020 Price Comparison Study of Telecommunications Services in Canada and with Foreign Jurisdictions, prepared by Wall Communications Inc., is the thirteenth (2020) edition of the annual telecommunications services price comparison report. The purpose of this Study is to provide a detailed comparative price analysis of telecommunications services within Canada, as well as an international comparison (G7 + Australia).

As in previous years, the telecommunications services examined in this Study were classified in three categories: mobile wireless telephony, fixed line broadband internet, and mobile wireless internet. Individual service baskets were defined according to increasing levels of service usage and feature availability under each category.

National incumbents, regional service providers, mobile virtual network operators and wholesale-based competitors were sampled for the Study. Domestically, prices were collected in six cities across Canada (Halifax, Montreal, Toronto, Winnipeg, Regina and Vancouver). Internationally, data was collected in seven countries, including four cities in the United States (Boston, Kansas City, Minneapolis and Seattle), and the largest city in all other countries (Australia, United Kingdom, France, Italy, Germany and Japan).

Prepared for Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada

Wall Communications Inc.

Note: The views expressed in this document are solely those of Wall Communications Inc. and do not necessarily represent the views of Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada or any other person or agency.

Executive Summary

This is the thirteenth (2020) edition of ISED's annual telecom services price comparison study. The purpose of this Study is to provide a detailed comparative price analysis of telecommunications services in Canada relative to the United States and six other countries. The individual service categories and related topics covered by the Study are:

  1. Mobile Wireless;
  2. Fixed Line Broadband Internet;
  3. Mobile Wireless Internet; and
  4. TSP Responses to COVID-19

For each individual service category, prices are measured for a series of defined "service baskets" which have been designed to reflect typical Canadian low to high telecom service usage levels and features. There are three to eight service baskets or "levels" defined for each service category. The lowest available advertised regular prices, as offered by the surveyed service providers included in the study, are used to measure the prices of each of the defined service baskets.

For Canada, the surveyed service providers include the incumbent telephone companies (e.g., Bell and TELUS), cable companies (e.g., Rogers, Shaw and Videotron), resellers (e.g., PC Mobile and Petro-Can), wholesale based competitors (e.g. Primus and Teksavvy),and regional wireless market providers (e.g., Freedom, SaskTel, Xplore Mobile, Videotron and EastLink). In addition, the largest Flanker brands (offered by the national mobile wireless providers or incumbent fixed broadband providers) are included and used for separate comparisons. Prices are measured in six metropolitan areas: Halifax, Montreal, Toronto, Winnipeg, Regina and Vancouver. Aggregate Canada-wide prices are determined on a weighted average basis.

For international comparison purposes, prices have also been measured using the same methodology for the same set of service baskets for seven other countries: Australia (Sydney), France (Paris), Germany (Berlin), Italy (Rome), Japan (Tokyo), the United Kingdom (London) and the United States (Boston, Kansas City, Minneapolis and Seattle).

Key changes to this year's Study include a major reformatting of the baskets in mobile wireless and expanding the number of levels in that service category to eight. The new basket definitions provide a greater degree of granularity in service plans as well as better capturing recent changes in service offerings (e.g. higher end plans). For purposes of providing some limited historical comparability, we have also provided a spotlight section using the 2019 basket definitions for Canada. Fixed broadband service baskets have also been modestly extended with the number of baskets increased from six to seven. A special stand-alone review of Canadian MNO efforts in the face of the COVID-19 pandemic is also provided.

The highlights of this year's price comparison study update follow.

Mobile Wireless

The 2020 reformatting of mobile wireless baskets has eight service basket levels (increased and re-defined from the five previous baskets):


Mobile Wireless Trends:

Fixed Broadband Internet

Seven broadband Internet service baskets are included in the study, which are primarily defined on the basis of download speed:


Trends in fixed broadband service:

Mobile Internet

Three mobile Internet service baskets are included in the study. Level 1 covers plans providing 2 to 5 GB, Level 2 covers plans providing 5 to 10 GB and Level 3 covers plans providing greater than 10 GB of data usage per month.

TSP Responses to COVID-19

Summary Data Tables

The following table provides a summary of the 2020 price comparison results for Canada and the seven surveyed foreign jurisdictions included in the study. All reported prices for the surveyed foreign jurisdictions exclude sales taxes and are expressed in purchasing power parity (PPP) adjusted Canadian dollars.

Summary of International Price Comparisons 2020
Average Monthly Price in PPP adjusted $CDN
- Canada U.S.A. Australia U.K. France Italy Germany Japan
Wireless Service
Level 1 (Talk and Text)

$30.63

$48.65

n/a

$23.74

$12.63

n/a

n/a

$30.70

Level 2 (1 GB)

$31.81

$26.95

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

$35.06

Level 3 (2-4 GB data)

$45.31

$39.08

$24.88

$23.27

$33.31

$28.38

$43.61

$73.60

Level 4 (5-6 GB data)

$51.20

$43.52

n/a

$25.73

$28.41

n/a

$54.43

$88.46

Level 5 (7-9 GB data)

$61.65

$64.47

$24.88

$17.56

n/a

n/a

$67.49

$100.96

Level 6 (10-19 GB data)

$74.57

$61.56

$32.93

$22.15

$44.71

n/a

$82.66

$78.89

Level 7 (20-49 GB data)

$91.04

n/a

$41.60

$35.66

$33.29

$34.21

$86.02

$108.94

Broadband Service
Level 1 (3-9 Mbps)

$44.37

n/a

n/a

$37.01

n/a

$50.98

n/a

$73.33

Level 2 (10-15 Mbps)

$54.61

n/a

n/a

$38.84

n/a

$50.98

n/a

$69.10

Level 3 (16-40 Mbps)

$61.62

$65.10

$56.53

$40.39

$36.33

$50.98

$43.65

$72.51

Level 4 (41-100Mbps)

$77.18

$72.80

$78.28

$49.23

n/a

$50.98

$53.01

$66.83

Level 5 (100-249 Mbps)

$83.95

$86.98

n/a

$75.30

n/a

$50.98

$64.85

$82.70

Level 6 (250-500 Mbps)

$97.16

$97.63

n/a

$84.08

$39.51

$50.98

n/a

$77.13

Level 7 (500 Mbps+)

$107.55

$113.37

n/a

$92.86

$49.69

$50.98

$58.42

$79.46

Mobile Internet
Level 1 (2-5 GB)

$42.63

$28.48

$10.96

$18.56

n/a

n/a

$21.83

$59.57

Level 2 (5-10 GB)

$66.10

$52.90

$16.10

$21.97

$24.98

n/a

$30.08

$69.54

Level 3 (10+ GB)

$84.79

$61.05

$22.94

$27.99

$32.90

$17.09

$38.68

$95.18

Wall Communications Inc. 2020


The year over year price changes for each basket are provided below.

Summary of Canadian Prices 2020
Average Monthly Price $CDN (and YOY)
- 2020 2019 YoY% 2020/19
Wireless Service
Level 1 (Talk and Text)

$30.63

N/A -
Level 2 (1 GB)

$31.82

N/A -
Level 3 (2-4 GB data)

$45.30

N/A -
Level 4 (5-6 GB data)

$51.21

N/A -
Level 5 (7-9 GB data)

$61.65

N/A -
Level 6 (10-19 GB data)

$74.57

N/A -
Level 7 (20-49 GB data)

$91.04

N/A -
Level 8 (50+ GB data)

$123.11

N/A -
Broadband Service
Level 1 (3-9 Mbps)

$44.37

$35.98

23.30%

Level 2 (10-15 Mbps)

$54.61

$53.20

2.67%

Level 3 (16-40 Mbps)

$61.62

$55.20

11.63%

Level 4 (41-100Mbps)

$77.18

$72.01

7.18%

Level 5 (100-249 Mbps)

$83.95

$83.25

.85%

Level 6 (250-500 Mbps)Footnote *

$97.16

$93.03

4.44% 

Level 7 (500+ Mbps)

$107.55

   
Mobile Internet
Level 1 (2-5 GB)

$42.63

$40.60

5.00%

Level 2 (5-10 GB)

$66.10

$64.04

3.22%

Level 3 (10+ GB)

$84.79

$82.99

2.17%

Wall Communications Inc. 2020

1.0 Introduction

This study provides a 2020 update of the previous annual telecommunications price comparison studies conducted since 2008.Footnote 8

The consumer telecom service categories covered in this study include the following categories:Footnote 9

  1. Mobile wireless telephony;
  2. Fixed line broadband Internet; and
  3. Mobile wireless Internet.

A series of service baskets reflecting different service usage and feature levels was established for each service category in the first Study of 2008. Consistency in category characteristics over time is sought to the extent possible. However, key market changes may lead to some category revisions. Service category revisions and additions have occurred in past years and are noted where relevant. In short, the Studies attempt to balance maintaining consistent categories over time (to allow for inter-temporal comparisons) while recognizing that key technological and market changes should be reflected in the prices being tracked.

The objective of these studies is to capture what a new customer would need to pay for chosen level – or target level within a basket range – of service. As such, the service range allows us to capture the non-uniform offerings of providers while still spanning the very wide variance in plans offered domestically and internationally. Moreover, this "consumer-centric" approach allows us to collect the lowest price available to a consumer for service within a well-defined series of ranges.

In the 2020 Study there has been a considerably alteration of the mobile wireless service baskets relative to past years. This change was prescribed due to the significant changes in market place offerings and consumer behaviour. A more complete description of basket changes is provided in the Methodology section. For the sake of providing a base for comparison relative to 2019 Canadian pricing, the 2020 Study includes a stand-alone section that utilizes the same baskets found in the 2019 Study.

For Canada, the study provides a comparison of prices for each defined basket in each service category for the following cities: Halifax, Montreal, Toronto, Winnipeg, Regina and Vancouver. Service prices for Canada as a whole are derived as the weighted averages (according to market share and population weights) of the prices measured for each of the six surveyed cities. For mobile wireless and mobile Internet, the prices of national service providers (i.e. national MNOs), regional providers, flanker brands and resellers (MVNOs) are reported. For fixed broadband, prices from cable companies, telephone companies, flankers and wholesale-based competitors (WBCs) are reported.

The study also measures prices for the same set of service category baskets for Australia, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom (U.K.) and the United States (U.S.). As a result, the study covers all G7 countries along with Australia. Major service providers in each country are surveyed. Service basket prices in these seven foreign jurisdictions are compared with those measured for Canada.

There are some notable modifications and additions to this year's StudyFootnote 10:

  1. As noted, there has been a significant revamping of the mobile wireless baskets – there are now 8 different baskets or levels of service;
  2. Bell MTS is now simply identified as Bell (in Manitoba);
  3. Xplore Mobile has been added into Manitoba;
  4. Cost of handsets is not included in the primary mobile wireless data;
  5. A stand-alone section using the 2019 basket definitions for Canadian data is included;
  6. An additional "higher speed" basket has been added into fixed broadband; and
  7. A spotlight section examining service provider efforts during the COVID-19 pandemic has been added.

As was done in the 2019 Study, MVNO pricing and comparisons to incumbent and flanker pricing in Canada has been included. For fixed broadband, pricing from wholesale-based competitors (WBCs) has been gathered and is compared to incumbent and flanker brand pricing.

2020 has been atypical for all industries, including the telecommunications industry, due to the global COVID-19 pandemic. This year we include a brief over-view of initiatives by Canadian telecom service providers to address some of the hardship and difficulties arising from the pandemic (Section 6).

We note that the construction of price indices is not an exact science and there are multiple methodologies that can be employed. However, the general data collection and indexing methodology used in all the annual Canadian Telecom Pricing Studies has been adopted by other agencies around the world (including the OECD) and provides a proven and useful snapshot of the listed prices available to consumers for various levels of telecom services.Footnote 11

The basic methodological philosophy adopted in this Study is to identify what a consumer would have to pay for that consumer's chosen level of service. Since the number of service options available to a consumer can be extremely large, we group service levels into ranges (or service baskets) and then identify the lowest cost plan from a given provider within that service level range.

In terms of layout, the next section of this report, Section 2, provides a brief review of the methodology used to measure and compare service basket prices, and describes in more detail all changes made in the 2020 study relative to last year's study. The remaining three sections of the report, Sections 3 through 5, provide Canadian and international price comparison results for mobile wireless, fixed broadband Internet and mobile Internet, respectively. A detailed summary of all service baskets and bundles included in the study is provided in Attachment 1. Historical domestic price levels for various services and baskets are provided in Attachment 2. International historical price series are provided in Attachment 3. A brief summary of telecom service provider initiatives to respond to the COVID-19 pandemic is provided in Attachment 4.

2.0 Methodology

2.1 Service Basket Design

As in previous studies, this study relies on the service basket-based price comparison methodology described in Wall Communications' 2008 methodology report.Footnote 12 Various modifications to the 2008 methodology have been made in successive studies primarily to reflect changes in service usage patterns or market characteristics over time.

The price comparison methodology used in this study is based on a "service basket" approach where separate telecom service baskets are defined on the basis of increasing "levels" of service usage, features and, where applicable, performance. A service basket typically has a range of plan characteristics or main elements designed to reflect an increasing quality – or value - of the plans within the basket. The number of defined service basket levels for each of the stand-alone telecom services considered in this study varies from three to eight in total:

  1. Mobile Wireless: Basket Levels 1 to 8
  2. Broadband Internet Access: Basket Levels 1 to 7
  3. Mobile Internet Access: Basket Levels 1 to 3.

Each of the service baskets has been designed to reflect, as applicable, a range of service volumes or levels, that are generally intended to capture a broad range of typical Canadian consumer usage levels, including mid-level or an "average" consumption basket for a typical Canadian consumer.

The specific service elements included in each service basket are described in the following sections and the associated service elements and usage assumptions in each case are also summarized in Attachment 1.

2.2 Canadian Price Data Collection: Detailed Methodology

The Canadian price data included in the study has been collected from a variety of telecom service providers (TSPs), including incumbent telephone companies (i.e., Bell Aliant, Bell Canada and TELUS) and incumbent cable companies (i.e., Eastlink, Videotron, Rogers, Access and Shaw). Service prices from mobile wireless resellers Petro-Can and PC Mobile as well as wholesale-based competitors in fixed broadband (Primus and Teksavvy) are also collected for the Study. In addition, mobile wireless services offered by regional wireless service providers Freedom, EastLink, Xplore Mobile, Videotron and SaskTel are also taken into account. In terms of geographic coverage, price data is collected for each of the following six Canadian cities: Halifax, Montreal, Toronto, Winnipeg, Regina and Vancouver. Table 1 provides a list of the surveyed Canadian service providers in this year's study broken out by city and by service basket.

Table 1
Selected Canadian Cities and Service Providers
City Service Baskets Service Providers
Halifax Fixed Broadband Internet Bell Aliant, Eastlink, Teksavvy and Primus
Mobile Wireless Bell, TELUS, Rogers, Eastlink, PC Mobile, Petro-Can, Incumbent Flanker Brands
Mobile Internet Bell, TELUS, Rogers, Eastlink
Montreal Fixed Broadband Internet Bell, Videotron, Primus and Teksavvy
Mobile Wireless Bell, TELUS, Rogers, Primus, Videotron, PC Mobile, Petro-Can, Incumbent Flanker Brands
Mobile Internet Bell, TELUS, Rogers, Videotron, Primus
Toronto Fixed Broadband Internet Bell, Rogers, Primus, Teksavvy
Mobile Wireless Bell, TELUS, Rogers, Primus, Freedom, Petro-Can, PC Mobile, Incumbent Flanker Brands
Mobile Internet Bell, TELUS, Rogers, Freedom, Primus
Winnipeg Fixed Broadband Internet Bell, Shaw, Teksavvy
Mobile Wireless Bell, TELUS, Rogers, PC Mobile, Petro-Can, Incumbent Flanker Brands, Xplore Mobile
Mobile Internet Bell, TELUS, Rogers
Regina Fixed Broadband Internet SaskTel, Access Communications, Teksavvy
Mobile Wireless SaskTel, Bell, TELUS, Rogers, PC Mobile, Primus, Petro-Can, Incumbent Flanker Brands
Mobile Internet SaskTel, Bell, TELUS, Rogers
Vancouver Fixed Broadband Internet TELUS, Shaw, Primus, Teksavvy
Mobile Wireless Bell, TELUS, Rogers, Primus, Freedom, PC Mobile, Incumbent Flanker Brands
Mobile Internet Bell, TELUS, Rogers, Freedom, Primus

Wall Communications Inc. 2020


City-specific prices for each of the stand-alone service baskets offered by the TSPs listed in Table 1 are determined using each service provider's respective estimated subscriber-based market share as weights.Footnote 13 In addition, to determine Canada-wide market prices, city-specific prices are aggregated using corresponding city population levels as weights. Weighted average prices for each surveyed city and for Canada are provided in Attachment 2 for each of the service baskets included in this study.

In addition, for the mobile wireless service baskets, services offered by the incumbents' flanker brand services – i.e., Bell Virgin, Rogers Fido and TELUS Koodo – are also taken into account. The incumbents' flanker brand service prices are included in the calculation of the above-noted city-specific and national aggregate prices.Footnote 14 In Section 3.2 below, the incumbents' flanker brand prices are compared with incumbents' and regionals' mobile wireless prices as a separate analysis.

The price data collected for this study is drawn from the surveyed TSPs' websites and, where necessary, supplemented with further clarifications from customer service representatives (CSRs).Footnote 15 The price data reflects currently advertised prices that are generally available to new customers or existing customers changing service plans. The lowest available currently advertised price is used to determine the total price of each service basket. For this purpose, regular or "basic" prices are used – short-term promotional discounts available to new customers are not taken into account.Footnote 16

In a break with past studies, prices for baskets that include data no longer include the cost of a smartphone. For early years in the study, the (amortized or rental) price of a specified smartphone (such as an Apple iPhone 5 or 6) was typically included into the basket. More recently a non-standardized, lower cost smartphone has been utilized. The reasons for moving away from a standardized smartphone are numerous: the variety of smartphones today makes choosing a "standard" phone problematic, the sophistication of even low cost smartphones provides consumers with considerable functionality, and the supply of smartphones (from several manufacturers as well as including the resale market) has made the purchase price of smartphones with basic and in some cases advanced features drop to very low levels, rendering the leasing cost (explicit or implicit) relatively low.

In order to preserve some comparability between the 2019 and 2020 Canadian mobile wireless data, we have included a stand-alone section that uses the same baskets from 2019 and also includes the cost of the lowest priced available smartphone.

For the stand-alone section, we examine prices for plans that include a smartphone, prepaid plans and bring-your-own-device plans. Where a smartphone is not included in a plan, we amortize the listed purchase price of a lower-cost smartphone over a 24 month period to derive a monthly device cost.

2.3 International Price Data Collection: Detailed Methodology

Seven foreign jurisdictions are included in the study: Australia, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the U.K. and the U.S. With the exception of the U.S., in each case, price data was collected for the services available in each country's largest city. For the U.S., four cities of varying size distributed across that country were used – i.e., Boston, Kansas City, Minneapolis and Seattle. The service providers surveyed by country and, as applicable by city, are summarized in Table 2.Footnote 17

Table 2
Selected Foreign Jurisdictions and Service Providers
City Basket Service Providers
United States
Boston, MA Broadband Internet

Verizon, Comcast/Xfinity

Mobile Wireless

AT&T, Verizon, Sprint/T-Mobile

Mobile Internet

AT&T, Verizon, Sprint/T-Mobile

Kansas City, MO Broadband Internet

AT&T, Time Warner

Mobile Wireless

AT&T, Verizon, Sprint/T-Mobile

Mobile Internet

AT&T, Verizon, Sprint/T-Mobile

Minneapolis, MN Broadband Internet

CenturyLink, Comcast/Xfinity

Mobile Wireless

AT&T, Verizon, Sprint, T-Mobile

Mobile Internet

AT&T, Verizon, Sprint/T-Mobile

Seattle, WA Broadband Internet

CenturyLink, Comcast/Xfinity

Mobile Wireless

AT&T, Verizon, Sprint/T-Mobile

Mobile Internet

AT&T, Verizon, Sprint/T-Mobile

United Kingdom
London Broadband Internet

BT, Virgin, EE, Talk Talk

Mobile Wireless

EE, Virgin, Vodafone, O2, "3"

Mobile Internet

EE, Virgin, Vodafone, O2, "3"

Australia
Sydney Broadband

Telstra and Optus

Mobile Wireless/Internet

Telstra, Optus, Vodafone, Virgin

France
Paris Broadband

Orange (France Telecom), SFR (Neuf Cegetel)

Mobile Wireless/Internet

Orange, SFR, Free, Bouygues Telecom

Germany
Berlin Broadband Internet

DT, KD/Vodafone

Mobile Wireless/Internet

DT, KD/Vodafone, Telefonica (E-plus, O2)

Italy
Rome Broadband

Telecom Italia, FastWeb

Mobile Wireless/Internet

Telecom Italia (TIM), Vodafone, WIND, "3"

Japan
Tokyo Broadband Internet

NTT, J:Com, KDDI, Yahoo! BB

Mobile Wireless/Internet

NTT DoCoMo, Softbank, au KDDI, Y!Mobile

Wall Communications Inc. 2020


For international price comparison purposes, foreign currency prices have been converted to Canadian dollars using currency market exchange rates adjusted for purchasing power parity (PPP) differences between countries. For this study, the OECD's latest available PPP comparative price level indexes for 2020 were used for this purpose.Footnote 18

Canadian dollar-based price comparisons between Canada and other countries can be affected significantly by year-over-year currency exchange rate fluctuations. PPP-adjusted exchange rates take into account both changes in exchange rates and PPP adjustment factors between countries and, therefore, generally provide a more appropriate economic basis for comparing price levels between countries. For this reason, all of the international price comparison results shown in the main body of this report are based on PPP-adjusted exchange rate Canadian dollars.

It should be noted that fluctuations in both exchange rates and PPP adjustment factors could affect international price comparisons over time. This caveat is particularly relevant to inter-temporal comparisons given the significant changes in both exchange rates and PPP adjustment factors over the last decade.

As well, it should also be noted that service prices in the U.K., France, Germany, Italy, Australia and Japan are typically quoted inclusive of retail value added taxes (VAT) or goods and services taxes (GST). Where appropriate, we have excluded applicable VAT or GST charges to improve cross-country comparisons of service prices.Footnote 19 On the other hand, where applicable, other industry-specific regulatory fees and surcharges are included for price comparison purposes (e.g., 9-1-1 fees, universal service fees and other regulatory fees).

3.0 Mobile Wireless Service

3.1 Mobile Wireless Service Baskets

As in previous studies, the following mobile wireless service element charges, where applicable, are considered for price comparison purposes:

  1. Network access/airtime charges (taking into account defined amounts of daytime, evening and weekend minute volumes as appropriate);
  2. Service feature charges as appropriate (e.g., voice mail, call display and others);
  3. All mandatory fixed fees (e.g. system access, E911);
  4. SIM charges as appropriate;
  5. Short message service (SMS) or text message charges; and
  6. Data service charges.

As a general point, we note that several service elements have diminished in importance as service plan differentiators over the past ten years. These include distinctions in time of day or week minutes, optional features and long distance versus local minutes. On the other hand, data allotment has grown in prominence – in some cases being the key service characteristic that is marketed.

There are several notable charges or costs that are excluded from the calculation of mobile service prices in this study, including: certain one-time charges (such as waiveable activation fees) and roaming charges. Device or handset costs are also excluded (in a departure from previous years). Although roaming charges are not specifically included in monthly prices, a separate comparative analysis of Canadian and U.S. roaming charges is provided in Section 3.4 below.

Eight mobile wireless service baskets are included in the study (up from 5 baskets in previous years). Each basket consists of the following main elements:

Attachment 1 provides a more detailed summary of each of the service elements and usage assumptions included in all eight mobile wireless service baskets.

Prices are measured for each of the mobile wireless service baskets based on a TSP's standard mobile service plan rates. Where applicable, both "pre-paid" and "post-paid" service options are considered. The less expensive of the two options is used to determine the service basket price.

In the standalone section, five service basket levels (including handset costs) are considered for the Canadian mobile wireless service category:

3.2 Canadian Mobile Wireless Prices

Figure 1 provides a summary of 2020 Canadian prices for all eight mobile wireless service baskets. Weighted average prices range from $30.63 per month for a Level 1 plan to $123.11 per month for a Level 8 Canada-wide unlimited talk and text plan with 50 GB or more of data.

Figure 1
2020 Average Canadian Mobile Wireless Prices by Service Basket

Wall Communications Inc. 2020
Text version
2020 Average Canadian Mobile Wireless Prices by Service Basket
Level 1 

$30.63

Level 2

$31.82

Level 3

$45.30

Level 4

$51.21

Level 5

$61.65

Level 6

$74.57

Level 7

$91.04

Level 8

$123.11

As noted, the significant revamping of service basket definitions this year makes direct comparisons with previous years' baskets inappropriate. A comparison with previous years using the older basket definitions is provided in Section 3.5.

The lowest average mobile wireless prices were generally found in Montreal for most mobile wireless service baskets. For mid-level baskets, prices were often highest in Regina, although they were lowest for Regina in L8 and L2. Halifax had the highest regional average prices in L6, L7 and L8.

Comparison of Incumbent and Regional Providers Prices

A comparison of average mobile wireless rates for the incumbent carriers and the regional carriers is provided in Table 3 below. The comparison is provided for six cities: Vancouver and Toronto (where Freedom operates), Montreal (where Videotron operates), Winnipeg (Xplore Mobile), Regina (SaskTel) and Halifax (where Eastlink operates).Footnote 20 For each of the cities, the incumbent carriers include Rogers, Bell and TELUS.

Table 3
2020 Canadian Mobile Wireless Service Rates
(Incumbent vs. Regionals)
- NS QC ON MB SK BC Canada
Level 1
Incumbents

$30.43

$30.46

$30.00

$30.00

$30.94

$30.00

$30.31

Regionals

$35.55

$35.46

$25.00

$35.00

$30.94

$25.00

$31.16

Difference

16.83%

16.41%

-16.67%

16.67%

0.00%

-16.67%

2.82%

Level 2
Incumbents

$35.43

$35.46

$35.00

$35.00

$35.94

$35.00

$35.31

Regionals

$40.55

N/A

$35.00

$40.00

$15.00

$35.00

$33.11

Difference

14.45%

N/A

0.00%

14.29%

-58.26%

0.00%

-6.22%

Level 3
Incumbents

$45.43

$45.46

$45.00

$45.00

$45.94

$45.00

$45.31

Regionals

$45.55

$37.13

$40.00

$45.00

N/A

$40.00

$41.54

Difference

0.26%

-18.33%

-11.11%

0.00%

N/A

-11.11%

-8.32%

Level 4
Incumbents

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Regionals

$55.55

$46.29

$45.00

$55.00

$60.94

$45.00

$51.30

Difference

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Level 5
Incumbents

$65.43

$57.96

$65.00

$65.00

$65.94

$65.00

$64.06

Regionals

$60.55

N/A

$50.00

$60.00

N/A

$50.00

$55.14

Difference

-7.46%

N/A

-23.08%

-7.69%

N/A

-23.08%

-13.92%

Level 6
Incumbents

$80.43

$70.46

$80.00

$70.00

$70.94

$80.00

$75.31

Regionals

$85.55

$64.46

$60.00

$70.00

$70.94

$60.00

$68.49

Difference

6.37%

-8.52%

-25.00%

0.00%

0.00%

-25.00%

-9.05%

Level 7
Incumbents

$95.43

$90.46

$95.00

$90.00

$90.94

$95.00

$92.81

Regionals

N/A

$70.46

$85.00

N/A

$90.94

$85.00

$82.85

Difference

N/A

-22.11%

-10.53%

N/A

0.00%

-10.53%

-10.73%

Level 8
Incumbents

$127.10

$117.13

$126.67

$116.67

$117.61

$126.67

$121.97

Regionals

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

$110.94

N/A

$110.94

Difference

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

-5.67%

N/A

-9.04%

Unweighted averages used for incumbents and regionals within a region. Unweighted prices can vary significantly from the weighted prices used in calculating national averages but can be suitable for comparing incumbents and regionals within a region. National averages use population weighting.

Wall Communications Inc. 2020


As shown in Table 3, the prices offered by regional carriers are uniformly lower than incumbent prices when averaged across the country (with the exception of L1). Regionals prices were almost 3% higher than incumbents in L1. Conditions do vary from province to province (e.g. in Nova Scotia regional prices are often higher than incumbent prices while in Ontario and BC regional pricing is uniformly equal to or lower than incumbent pricing). The relative price discounts (on average) available from the regionals vary from almost 14% less (Level 5) to about 6% (Level 2). On average, national average regional prices are about 10% lower than incumbent prices (again, with the exception of L1).

Incumbent Flanker Brand Prices

Incumbent flanker brand services Bell Virgin, Rogers Fido, and TELUS Koodo are available across the country.Footnote 21

Table 4 below provides a summary of incumbent primary brand, incumbent flanker brand and regional mobile wireless service prices for 2020 in Halifax, Montreal, Toronto, Winnipeg, Regina and Vancouver for each of the mobile wireless service baskets. It also provides percentage rate differentials between the incumbents' primary and flanker brands as well as the incumbents' flanker brands and the regionals. Flanker prices are consistently lower than incumbent prices, varying from 24.0% lower in L2 to 7.9% lower in L6. On average, flanker national average prices are just over 14% lower than incumbent national average prices (in regions where both incumbents and flankers offer a plan). Price differentials are relatively uniform across regions in L2 but display some wider differences in other Levels, depending on the region. For example, incumbent prices are 25% higher than flanker prices in Quebec in L3 (relative to other regions where 10% is a typical difference).

Flanker and incumbent price differentials are lower in Quebec, Manitoba and Saskatchewan than in other provinces in L6, similar to our general findings in past years.

Table 4
2020 Canadian Mobile Wireless Service Rates
Incumbents, Incumbent Flanker Brands and Regionals
- NS QC ON MB SK BC Canada
Level 1
Flankers

$27.10

$25.79

$26.67

$26.67

$27.61

$26.67

$26.75

Incumbents

$30.43

$30.46

$30.00

$30.00

$30.94

$30.00

$30.31

Regionals

$35.55

$35.46

$25.00

$35.00

$30.94

$25.00

$31.16

Diff I/F

12.30%

18.09%

12.50%

12.50%

12.07%

12.50%

13.29%

Diff Rg/F

31.20%

37.48%

-6.25%

31.25%

12.07%

-6.25%

16.48%

Level 2
Flankers

$28.57

$28.60

$28.25

$28.25

$28.96

$28.25

$28.48

Incumbents

$35.43

$35.46

$35.00

$35.00

$35.94

$35.00

$35.31

Regionals

$40.55

N/A

$35.00

$40.00

$15.00

$35.00

$33.11

Diff I/F

24.00%

24.01%

23.89%

23.89%

24.12%

23.89%

23.97%

Diff Rg/F

41.92%

N/A

23.89%

41.59%

-48.20%

23.89%

16.26%

Level 3
Flankers

$41.43

$36.46

$41.00

$41.00

$41.94

$41.00

$40.47

Incumbents

$45.43

$45.46

$45.00

$45.00

$45.94

$45.00

$45.31

Regionals

$45.55

$37.13

$40.00

$45.00

N/A

$40.00

$41.54

Diff I/F

9.65%

24.68%

9.76%

9.76%

9.54%

9.76%

11.94%

Diff Rg/F

9.94%

1.83%

-2.44%

9.76%

N/A

-2.44%

2.63%

Level 4
Flankers

$48.76

$45.13

$48.33

$48.33

$49.27

$48.33

$48.03

Incumbents

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Regionals

$55.55

$46.29

$45.00

$55.00

$60.94

$45.00

$51.30

Diff I/F

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Diff Rg/F

13.92%

2.59%

-6.90%

13.79%

23.68%

-6.90%

6.81%

Level 5
Flankers

$56.26

$53.96

$55.83

$55.83

$56.77

$55.83

$55.75

Incumbents

$65.43

$57.96

$65.00

$65.00

$65.94

$65.00

$64.06

Regionals

$60.55

N/A

$50.00

$60.00

N/A

$50.00

$55.14

Diff I/F

16.29%

7.41%

16.42%

16.42%

16.15%

16.42%

14.90%

Diff Rg/F

7.62%

N/A

-10.45%

7.46%

N/A

-10.45%

-1.10%

Level 6
Flankers

$72.93

$64.96

$72.50

$67.50

$68.44

$72.50

$69.81

Incumbents

$80.43

$70.46

$80.00

$70.00

$70.94

$80.00

$75.31

Regionals

$85.55

$64.46

$60.00

$70.00

$70.94

$60.00

$68.49

Diff I/F

10.28%

8.47%

10.34%

3.70%

3.65%

10.34%

7.88%

Diff Rg/F

17.30%

-0.77%

-17.24%

3.70%

3.65%

-17.24%

-1.88%

Level 7
Flankers

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Incumbents

$95.43

$90.46

$95.00

$90.00

$90.94

$95.00

$92.81

Regionals

N/A

$70.46

$85.00

N/A

$90.94

$85.00

$82.85

Diff I/F

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Diff Rg/F

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Level 8
Flankers

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

NA

N/A

Incumbents

$127.10

$117.13

$126.67

$116.67

$117.61

$126.67

$121.97

Regionals

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

$110.94

N/A

$110.94

Diff I/F

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

0.00%

N/A

Diff Rg/F

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Wall Communications Inc. 2020


Table 4 also includes the regionals' average prices for the same cities and provides percentage-based price differentials between the regionals' and incumbents' flanker brand prices. The regionals' prices are lower than the incumbents' flanker brand prices in some baskets (e.g. L5, L6), but higher in the other baskets. National average regional prices are higher in baskets L1 to L4. The relationship between flanker prices and regional operator prices varies widely across regions and basket levels with no clear pattern.

 Over the last few years, the price differentials between regionals and incumbent flanker brand prices have generally widened, but that is not the case in 2020. In addition, the trend of flanker prices moving towards incumbent primary service prices has also lessened, such that flanker prices for some baskets have moved back closer to regional prices relative to incumbent prices.

Reseller or Non-affiliated MVNO Prices

Mobile wireless service prices offered by two resellers or non-affiliated mobile virtual network operators (MNVO) – i.e., Primus and PC Mobile – were also collected. Table 5 provides a summary of the national-level price differentials between the incumbents' primary brands and MVNOs for each of the mobile service baskets. We note that resellers have a relatively limited selection of plans and tend to only offer lower level baskets (L1, L3 and L4). Moreover, resellers only offer services in two baskets common to incumbents: L1 and L3.

Table 5
2020 Canadian Mobile Wireless Service Rates
Incumbents versus Resellers/MVNOs
- NS QC ON MB SK BC Canada
Level 1
Incumbents

$30.43

$30.46

$30.00

$30.00

$30.94

$30.00

$30.31

Resellers

$25.29

$25.31

$25.00

$25.00

$25.63

$25.00

$25.20

Difference

-16.90%

-16.92%

-16.67%

-16.67%

-17.17%

-16.67%

-16.83%

Level 2
Incumbents

$35.43

$35.46

$35.00

$35.00

$35.94

$35.00

$35.31

Resellers

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Difference

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Level 3
Incumbents

$45.43

$45.46

$45.00

$45.00

$45.94

$45.00

$45.31

Resellers

$49.79

$49.81

$49.50

$49.50

$50.13

$49.50

$49.70

Difference

9.59%

9.56%

10.00%

10.00%

9.11%

10.00%

9.71%

Level 4
Incumbents

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Resellers

$50.84

$50.86

$50.63

$50.63

$51.10

$50.63

$50.78

Difference

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Level 5
Incumbents

$65.43

$57.96

$65.00

$65.00

$65.94

$65.00

$64.06

Resellers

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Difference

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Level 6
Incumbents

$80.43

$70.46

$80.00

$70.00

$70.94

$80.00

$75.31

Resellers

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Difference

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Level 7
Incumbents

$95.43

$90.46

$95.00

$90.00

$90.94

$95.00

$92.81

Resellers

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Difference

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Level 8
Incumbents

$127.10

$117.13

$126.67

$116.67

$117.61

$126.67

$121.97

Resellers

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Difference

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Wall Communications Inc. 2020


Finally we note that reseller prices tend to be highly uniform across the country, in contrast to incumbent prices.

High and Low Prices

For Canada, the highest and lowest prices (offered by specific providers) are provided in Table 6 below. We would note that Freedom Mobile has the lowest (or equal to lowest) price offering in three of the eight baskets while Videotron and SaskTel each had the lowest price in two baskets.

Table 6
Canada Wireless Plans 2020
Lowest and Highest Canadian Prices (Provider Specific)
Baskets - Canada Low Canada High Canada Average
L1: Talk and Text Price $23.75 $35.00 $30.63
WSP PC Mobile Rogers -
L2: 1 GB Price $15.00 $40.00 $31.82
WSP SaskTel (SK) Eastlink, XM (NS, MB) -
L3: 2-4 GB Price $37.13 $52.25 $45.30
WSP Videotron (QC) PC Mobile -
L4: 5-6 GB Price $45.00 $60.94 $51.21
WSP Freedom, Fido and Koodo (QC) SaskTel (SK) -
L5) 7-9 GB Price $50.00 $65.00 $61.65
WSP Bell (QC), Freedom (ON, BC) Bell (BC, ON, NS, MB, SK), TELUS, Virgin -
L6: 10-19 GB Price $60.00 $85.00 $74.57
WSP Freedom (ON, BC) Eastlink (NS) -
L7: 20-49 GB Price $70.46 $100.00 $91.04
WSP Videotron (QC) TELUS and Bell (NS, ON, BC) -
L8: 50+ GB Price $110.94 $130.00 $123.11
WSP SaskTel (SK) Bell (NS, ON, BC) -

Wall Communications Inc. 2020


We would note that an individual vendor price that is considerably lower than the national average can be found in all baskets and in most regions.

3.3 International Mobile Wireless Service Prices

As noted in previous studies, there are a number of important pricing differences that should be borne in mind when comparing Canadian and foreign mobile wireless prices.Footnote 22

The Charts below provide a comparison of current mobile wireless prices for Canada and the surveyed foreign jurisdictions for each of the eight wireless service baskets. All prices are expressed in PPP-adjusted Canadian dollars and exclude retail sales taxes. Attachment 3 provides more detailed international mobile wireless price information for each country and basket. Again, it should be noted that the resizing of baskets in 2020 makes historical comparisons with other years inappropriate.

We also note that Level 8 is not included as part of the international comparisons.Footnote 24

It is worth noting that surveyed average prices for the UK, France, Italy and Australia generally fall below the prices in Canada for all defined mobile wireless service baskets. Highest prices are most often found in Japan followed by Canada and Germany.

In sum, average Canadian mobile wireless prices are the second highest in 4 of 7 baskets and in the middle-to high range in 3 baskets.

3.4 Canada-U.S. Roaming Prices

As a separate price comparison exercise, rate information on voice, text and data roaming services available to Canadian and American mobile wireless service consumers when traveling to the U.S. and Canada, respectively, has been collected as part of this study.

The wireless service providers surveyed for this study generally offer two types of international roaming services. The first is a "pay-as-you-go" roaming service option under which users pay per-use rates for any voice, text or data usage they incur while traveling abroad. The second is a travel or roaming add-on package option under which users can choose to pay a fixed fee for defined amounts of call minutes, texts, and/or data. Typically, roaming add-on packages remain in effect for a 30 day period of time (although some providers do offer shorter terms). With an add-on package, per unit usage rates are typically discounted significantly relative to base pay-as-you-go rates. When the usage allowance under an add-on plan is consumed, then either specific overage rates or base rates apply for any additional usage, or the service charge is capped (equal to a specified number of days).

Roaming from Canadian Providers

Canadian incumbent and, to a somewhat lesser degree, incumbent flanker brand wireless service providers offer a wide range of stand-alone U.S.-specific voice, text or data roaming add-on packages as well as bundled talk & text and talk, text & data roaming add-on packages. The Regionals now offer daily/periodic plans that directly compete with the incumbents, as well as Pay as You Go options.

The three Canadian national mobile wireless carriers generally have similar roaming plans, charging $8 (Rogers, Bell and TELUS) per day for US/Canada roaming.Footnote 25 The national providers allow unlimited Canada/US calling and texting. All three also allow the use of the monthly data allotment in your domestic plan. All three national providers cap the monthly roaming expenditure in their plans ($120, $120 and $160 respectively for TELUS, Rogers and Bell).

The Regionals also offer daily plans ranging from $5 to $8 per day. The Freedom roaming plans are based on terms of 2, 5, 10 or 20 days while Eastlink has no term. Videotron caps its monthly maximum roaming plan charge at $70, considerably lower than any of the national carrier plans. Neither Freedom nor Eastlink offer a monthly maximum.Footnote 26

SaskTel offers a $6 per day data roaming plan (up to 500 MB) and a voice roaming charge of $3 per day. Pay per use rates are $0.07 per voice minute, $0.20 per text and $0.07 per MB of data. Xplore Mobile only offers data packs for roaming, ranging from $25 per month (250 MB) to $85 per month (1 GB). They only offer pay per use rates for voice calls ($0.75 for local and $1.25 for long distance) and $0.25 for texts.

The Flanker (Fido, Koodo and Virgin) plans are virtually the same as those provided by their associated primary brand national carrier plans, with the exception of Koodo's no-maximum monthly charge (versus TELUS at $120).

Primus offers a variety of talk, text and data allowance plans, from $20 for 25 minutes of US/Canada calling and 100 texts to $80 for 100 minutes of US/Canada calling, unlimited texts and 200 MB of data.

Table 7: Canadian Roaming Plan Comparison ($Can)
- Plan Price (cap if available) Term/Max Data Calling/Text
Rogers Roam Like Home $8 day Cap at $120 per month Use data from your Canadian plan Consistent with domestic plan
Bell Roam Better $8 day Cap at $160 per month Use data from your Canadian plan Unlimited
TELUS Easy Roam $8 day Cap at $120 per month Use data from your Canadian plan Consistent with domestic plan
Freedom Big Gig Roam $5/day No maximum Data available 2, 5, 10 and 20 day plans ($10 to $100) Unlimited US/Canada talk and text
Videotron US Daily Traveller Pass $7 day Cap at $70 per month Use data from your Canadian plan Unlimited
Eastlink easyTravel $8 day No term; no max Use data from your Canadian plan Unlimited
Koodo Easy Roam $8 day No maximum Use data from your Canadian plan Consistent with domestic plan
Fido Fido Roam $8 day Cap at $120 per month Use data from your Canadian plan Consistent with domestic plan
Virgin Roam Sweet Roam $8 day Cap at $160 per month Use data from your Canadian plan Unlimited
Primus Travel Pack $40 30 days 0 Mb ($1 per Mb) 100 minutes/unlimited texts
Petro Canada NA NA NA NA NA

Wall Communications Inc. 2020


The national mobile wireless providers, four Regionals and two Flankers also offer Pay as You Go roaming. Calling per minute prices are once again very similar across the national MNOs, ranging from $1.45 to $1.60. TELUS, Rogers and Bell charge $0.75 per text. Bell and TELUS charge $6.00 and $5.00 per MB of data respectively while Rogers has a package of 50 MB for $7.99.

Freedom and Videotron have much lower per minute rates than the nationals, at $0.50 and $0.30 respectively. Similarly text and data charges are also much lower at $0.20 per text or MB for Freedom and $0.15 per text or MB for Videotron. SaskTel has some of the lowest regional provider rates with voice minutes at $0.07, texts at $0.20 and $0.07 per MB of data. Eastlink charges $1.50 per voice minute, $0.75 for texts and $5.00 per MB.

The Flanker (Virgin and Fido) rates generally match those of their owners' primary brand service, although data roaming prices for Bell (at $5 per MB) differ substantially from the $10 per 50 MB for Virgin.

Table 8: Canadian Roaming Pay as You Go ($Can)
- Price per minute Price per MB Price per Text
Rogers $1.45 ($2 for prepaid) $7.99 per 50 MB $0.75
Bell $1.45 $6.00 per MB $0.75
TELUS $1.60 $5.00 per MB $0.75
Freedom $0.50 $0.20 MB $0.20
Videotron $0.30 $0.15 MB $0.15
Eastlink $1.50 $5.00 per MB $0.75
SaskTel $0.07 $0.07 $0.20
Fido $1.45 ($2 on prepaid) $7.99 50 MB $0.75
Virgin $1.45 $10.00 per 50 MB $0.75
Koodo NA NA NA

Wall Communications Inc. 2020

Roaming From US Providers

In the US, the national carriers all offer no charge roaming to Canada in their unlimited Smartphone plans. These plans are priced at US $60 (T-Mobile) to US $70 (Verizon). AT&T offers a 4G plan with unlimited Talk and Text to Canada for $50 or an unlimited plan for $65. They provide a full Smartphone telephone, text and unlimited data service with US/Canada (as well as Mexico) roaming included in the regular monthly price.

For customers that are not on an unlimited plan from one of the three US national carriers, daily (or periodic) roaming plans are available from the carriers. Verizon offers a Travel Pass for $5.00 per day, AT&T offers a $10 a month calling plan and T-Mobile offers a $15.00 per month plan with unlimited talk and test to Canada plus 2 GB of data.

Table 9: US Roaming Plan Comparison ($US)
- Plan Price (cap if available) Term/Max Data Calling/Text
Verizon Start Unlimited Smartphone plan ($70 base) Included in Smartphone Plan ($0) Monthly No charge (500 MB per day then reduced speed) Unlimited
Verizon Travel Pass $5 day Daily Use data from your domestic plan Consistent with domestic plan
AT&T 4GB plan ($50) or Unlimited starter plan ($65) Included in Smartphone Plan ($0) Monthly Use data from your domestic plan 4 GB data or consistent with domestic plan
AT&T International Calling $10 month Monthly Use data from your domestic plan 1,000 minutes calling
T-Mobile T-Mobile Essentials Plan ($60) Included in Smartphone Plan ($0) Monthly 2 GB data Unlimited
T-Mobile With Simply Prepaid ($40) Additional Cost ($5) Monthly Up to 10 GB) Unlimited Talk and Text
T-Mobile Connect $15 Monthly 2 GB Unlimited Talk and Text

Wall Communications Inc. 2020


Pay as You Go roaming (post or prepaid) is only available from two US carriers: Verizon and T-Mobile. Both providers charge the same calling rate of $1 per minute, with Verizon offering data at $2.05 MB and texts at $0.50 each.

Table 10: US Roaming Pay as You Go ($US)
- Price per minute Price per MB Price per Text
Verizon $0.99 $2.05 MB $0.50
AT&T NA NA NA
T-Mobile $1.00 NA NA

Wall Communications Inc. 2020


A striking feature that differentiates Canadian and US services is the "no charge" roaming provided by the national US providers in many of their Smartphone plans. These plans provide a full mobile phone service (voice, texts and in several cases unlimited data) plus (generally) unlimited roaming to Canada. There is no counterpart service in Canada.

The periodic roaming plans (including voice, texts and data) offered by Canadian incumbent national carriers, if used to their maximum allowances, are priced ranging between $120 and $160. In the US you can purchase a similar roaming service PLUS receive an unlimited voice, text and data domestic service for the price of $50 to $70 US.

3.5 Stand Alone Section Using Historical (2019) Basket Definitions for Canada

National Price Averages 2018 to 2020

With the reformulating of service baskets in the 2020 Study, historical comparisons of Canadian mobile wireless plans cannot be properly conducted given that the 2020 baskets are (for the most part) fundamentally different from past years. In order to provide some limited comparative analysis in the transition from 2019 to 2020, we have also collected Canadian mobile wireless data for the 5 baskets used in 2019 (and in select previous years).Footnote 27

The five "historical" (i.e. 2019 definition) baskets have been collected for the domestic market with the cost of handsets included in each service basket plan that includes data (e.g. handset cost represented by the lowest priced smartphone), as was done in previous years.

Table 11: Canadian Average Prices for "Old" Baskets 2018-2020
Wireless Service 2020 2019 2018
Level 1 (Talk and Text) $30.60 $37.62 $39.43
Level 2 (1 GB) $47.17 $64.80 $70.99
Level 3 (2 GB data) $53.24 $74.42 $75.44
Level 4 (5 GB data) $67.32 $87.57 $87.32
Level 5 (10-49 GB data) $228.40 $205.78 $227.87

Wall Communications Inc. 2020


We note that Level 5 was intended to reflect a "shared" plan and therefore includes the monthly cost of three smartphones (using the cost of the lowest priced smartphone available to customers of a given provider).

Figure 2: Mobile Wireless Old Basket Definition
Average Canadian Mobile Wireless Prices by Service Basket (2018-2020)
Wall Communications Inc. 2020
Text version
Figure 2: Mobile Wireless Old Basket Definition
Average Canadian Mobile Wireless Prices by Service Basket (2018-2020)
- 2018 2019 2020
Level 1

$39.43

$37.62

$30.60

Level 2

$70.99

$64.80

$47.27

Level 3

$75.44

$74.43

$53.24

Level 4 

$87.32

$87.57

$67.32

Level 5

$227.87

$205.78

$228.40

We note that average national price dropped in four baskets (L1, L2, L3 and L4) and increased in L5. The price drops in L1 – L4 were substantial, varying from 18% to 27%.

Price Changes Across the Country

For L1 (2019 basket definition) we note that the Canadian average price fell substantially in 2020 versus 2019. Perhaps just as striking however is the uniformity in pricing across regions in 2020 relative to 2019 or 2018. In 2018 prices varied across regions from $36.71 to $42.39 (a variance of $5.68) and in 2019 from $27.72 to $39.77 (a variance of $12.05). In 2020 the prices ranged from $29.59 to $30.96, a variance of just $1.37.

Canadian Wireless Level 1
Wall Communications Inc. 2020
Text version
Canadian Wireless Level 1
- 2018 2019 2020
NS

$42.39

$39.77

$29.59

QC

$36.69

$37.23

$30.86

ON

$40.42

$37.79

$30.82

MB

$39.25

$38.90

$30.96

SK

$36.71

$27.72

$30.49

BC

$41.28

$39.28

$29.69

Canada

$39.43

$37.62

$30.60

For L2 (2019 basket definition) the average national price fell from $64.80 to $47.17. The trend towards uniform pricing across the country is again repeated. The price variation across regions in 2019 was $30.83 while in 2020 it shrank to $7.08.

Canadian Wireless Level 2
Wall Communications Inc. 2020
Text version
Canadian Wireless Level 2
- 2018 2019 2020
NS

$83.13

$69.63

$47.91

QC

$45.91

$44.87

$47.83

ON

$84.76

$74.67

$46.13

MB

$50.42

$48.71

$47.25

SK

$61.35

$53.66

$53.21

BC

$83.67

$75.70

$47.48

Canada

$70.99

$64.80

$47.17

There was also a price decrease from $74.42 in 2019 to $53.24 in 2020 for L3. The move to greater price uniformity across regions is again striking. The regional price variation in 2019 of $31.91 (low price of $53.92 to high price of $85.83) has been reduced to just $5.84 in 2020.

Canadian Wireless Level 3
Wall Communications Inc. 2020
Text version
Canadian Wireless Level 3
- 2018 2019 2020
NS

$86.48

$83.94

$55.36

QC

$57.95

$53.92

$49.90

ON

$85.23

$84.71

$54.21

MB

$52.77

$57.63

$54.82

SK

$78.48

$56.72

$55.74

BC

$85.09

$85.83

$54.63

Canada

$75.44

$74.42

$53.24

L4 average national price dropped from $87.57 in 2019 to $67.32 in 2020. Price uniformity across the country was repeated in 2020 for L4. Price variation in 2019 was $44.47 versus $9.68 in 2020.

Canadian Wireless Level 4
Wall Communications Inc. 2020
Text version
Canadian Wireless Level 4
- 2018 2019 2020
NS

$101.67

$98.62

$71.48

QC

$65.27

$64.28

$61.80

ON

$99.69

$100.21

$68.63

MB

$61.56

$65.35

$70.42

SK

$66.68

$56.66

$70.85

BC

$100.76

$101.13

$70.35

Canada

$87.32

$87.57

$67.32

L5 average national price increased this year, rising from $205.78 in 2019 to $228.40 in 2020. Price diversity, while not as dramatic as in the other baskets, still converged substantially in 2020. The 2019 price variation of $90.35 dropped to $45.38 in 2020.

Canadian Wireless Level 5
Wall Communications Inc. 2020
Text version
Canadian Wireless Level 5
- 2018 2019 2020
NS

$280.81

$233.49

$242.41

QC

$164.28

$160.31

$214.02

ON

$265.86

$229.98

$235.33

MB

$123.60

$143.14

$215.56

SK

$177.52

$164.22

$197.03

BC

$267.69

$233.28

$240.51

Canada

$227.87

$205.78

$228.40

In summary, a key observation from examining historical data (using the 2019 basket definitions) is the convergence of prices to a fairly uniform level in all baskets moving from 2018 to 2020. This is particularly pronounced in Baskets L1 through to L4, but is also valid for all baskets. In addition, prices did fall substantially in four of the five baskets.

4.0 Fixed Broadband Internet Service

4.1 Broadband Internet Service Baskets

For the 2020 Study, a new "highest level" basket has been introduced: greater than 500 Mbps. Seven broadband Internet service baskets are included in the study, which are primarily defined on the basis of download speed:

It should be noted that broadband speeds have increased dramatically over the past decade and the baskets used in the Telecom Pricing Reports have accordingly been adjusted.

Table 12: Changes to Broadband Baskets Criteria 2010 to 2020
Basket 2010 2011 2012 - 2015 2016-2017 2018-2019 2020
Level 1 < 1.5 Mbps < 1.5 Mbps < 3 Mbps 3 - 9 Mbps 3 - 9 Mbps 3 - 9 Mbps
Level 2 2 – 9 Mbps 2 – 9 Mbps 4 – 15 Mbps 10 – 15 Mbps 10 – 15 Mbps 10 – 15 Mbps
Level 3 10 – 19 Mbps 10 – 19 Mbps 16 – 40 Mbps 16 – 40 Mbps 16 – 40 Mbps 16 – 40 Mbps
Level 4 - > 20 Mbps > 40 Mbps 41– 100 Mbps 41- 100 Mbps 41- 100 Mbps
Level 5 - - - > 100 Mbps 101-250 Mbps 101-250 Mbps
Level 6 - - - - 251-500 Mbps 251-500 Mbps
Level 7 - - - - - 500 Mbps>

Wall Communications Inc. 2020


Modem rental fees are taken into account since they are mandatory in some instances. In other cases, where the modem is not included but must be purchased by the customer, the cost of the required equipment is amortized over 24 months. One-time installation or activation fees are generally not included.

Some Internet service providers (ISPs) apply monthly data usage caps to their broadband service plans. Where they are applied, they are typically set on the basis of a monthly data allowance (GB/month), with overage fees sometimes applied when the data allowance is exceeded. More recently, providers tend to reduce transmission speed once a data threshold has been reached. In virtually all cases, the applicable data caps were high enough that no overage fees are incurred given the data usage assumptions adopted for the defined broadband service baskets.

Table 13: Canadian Broadband Download/Upload Mbps Speeds
(Cap if not unlimited) Canada 2020
- L1 L2 L3 L4 L5 L6 L7
Halifax
Bell - - - 100/100 - - 1 G/940
Eastlink - - - 100/10 150/10 300/10 1G/940
TekSavvy 7/.6 - - 100/10 - - -
Montreal
Bell - 15/10 (50G) - 50/7 - 500/500 1G/750
Videotron - - - 100/30 - 400/50 -
Primus 6/1 - - - - - -
TekSavvy 5/1 (200G) 10/10 30/10 100/30 - 400/50 -
Fizz - 15/1.5 30/10 60/10 120/20 - -
Virgin 5/1 (50G) 15/10 (200G) 25/10 (200G) 100/10 - - -
Toronto
Bell - 10/1 (100G) - 50/10 150/150 500/500 1G/750
Rogers - - - 75/10 150/15 500/20 1G/30
Primus - - 30/5 75/10 150/20 300/20 -
TekSavvy 5/1 (200G) - 30/5 75/10 150/15 500/20 1G/30
Virgin 5/1 - 25/10 100/10 - - -
Fido - - 30/5 75/15 150/15 - -
Winnipeg
Bell - 10/3 - 50/5 - 500/500 940/940
Shaw - - - - - 300/100 1G/100
TekSavvy 5/.5 (400G) - 30/5 60/6 150/15 - 750/20
Primus 5/.5 - 25/2.5 75/7.5 150/15 - -
Regina
SaskTel - - 40/10 80/15 - 300/80 -
Access - 10/2 25/3 100/7 200/15 300/20 -
Vancouver
TELUS - - 25/25 75/75 150/150 300/300 940/940
Shaw - - - - - 300/100 1G/100
Primus 6/1 15/1 25/2.5 75/10 150/15 - -
TekSavvy 5/.5 (400G) 15/1 30/5 60/6 150/10 - 750/20
Can. Mode 5/1 15/1 30/5 100/10 150/15 300/20 1G/940
Can. Ave. 5.4/0.8 12.8/4.1 28.6/6.8 78.9/17.5 151.5/35.8 385.7/163.6 948/313.3

Wall Communications Inc. 2020

4.2 Canadian Broadband Service Prices

Figure 3 below provides a summary of Canadian weighted average broadband Internet access service prices for the Levels 1 to 6 service baskets for the period 2018 to 2020. More detailed historical broadband price information by city is provided in Table A2.2 in Attachment 2. Table 14 displays average regional broadband prices.

Figure 3:
Average Canadian Broadband Internet Prices by Service Basket (2018-2020)

Wall Communications Inc. 2020
Text version
Figure 3: Average Canadian Broadband Internet Prices by Service Basket (2018-2020)
- 2018 2019 2020
Level 1

$40.67

$35.98

$44.37

Level 2 

$57.36

$53.20

$54.61

Level 3

$70.70

$55.20

$61.62

Level 4

$87.00

$72.01

$77.18

Level 5 

$102.76

$83.25

$83.95

Level 6

$123.87

$93.03

$97.16

Level 7 N/A N/A

$107.55

We note that fixed broadband prices have increased in Canada in every basket between 2019 and 2020 (excluding L7 which was only introduced this year).  The highest increase of 22.3% occurred in L1 (3–9 Mbps) while L5 (101–250 Mbps) has only a modest .85% increase.

In contrast to past years, every broadband Canadian basket (excepting the Level 7 introduced this year) had a higher average price in 2020 relative to 2019.
There is also much greater uniformity in average regional prices in 2020 relative to 2019.

Montreal had the lowest average prices in 4 of the 7 baskets while Toronto had the highest prices in three baskets.

Table 14: Canadian Regional Broadband Prices 2020
- NS QC ON MB SK BC Canada
Level 1

$54.86

$43.86

$44.90

$42.28

N/A

$42.22

$44.37

Level 2

N/A

$58.54

$52.45

$67.48

$50.37

$51.80

$54.61

Level 3

N/A

$59.37

$59.91

$54.78

$62.26

$71.94

$61.62

Level 4

$76.41

$67.08

$83.33

$77.66

$71.14

$77.82

$77.18

Level 5

$84.95

$60.00

$95.44

$78.91

$96.20

$89.32

$83.95

Level 6

$98.31

$76.27

$107.38

$100.00

$106.72

$99.56

$97.16

Level 7

$112.12

$87.45

$117.90

$113.59

N/A

$108.94

$107.55

Wall Communications Inc. 2020


Price variations in the case of broadband services can be affected by differences in service speeds offered by ISPs. For the most part, the plans that are sampled have the same or very similar speeds associated with a given basket level.

Canadian broadband service plans also span a range of data caps. For Level 1, the lowest posted data cap was 50 GB (with a high of 400 GB). For Level 2, data caps ranged from 50 GB to unlimited GB. For Level 3 caps varied from 200 GB to unlimited. For Level 4, the lowest data cap was 400 GB but higher caps and unlimited are typical. Level 5 and Level 6 data caps are generally, as expected, much higher (with most unlimited). Over time, data cap upper limits have been increasing steadily.

We would note that speeds of 100 Mbps or higher are common across the country – in contrast to even three years ago. We would also note that 1 Gbps service is now offered in several regions.

Spotlight Section on Fixed Broadband Flankers

While flanker brands have been a fixture in the mobile wireless market for more than a decade, they are relatively new to the fixed broadband market. Currently flankers operate in two provinces, Quebec and Ontario.

In Quebec, Bell Virgin offers a broadband service in Levels 1 to 4. Bell offers its own service in Level 2 and Level 4. Virgin is priced well below Bell in L2 but is priced at a similar rate in L4.

Teksavvy offers plans in L1 through L4 and also in L6. Primus only offers a plan in L1. Virgin prices are lower than Primus and Teksavvy at every Level where the companies offer a plan. WBC prices are sometimes lower than incumbent prices (L2), sometimes higher (L4) and sometimes similar (L6).

We also note that Videotron has introduced a flanker brand (Fizz) that offers service in level L2 to L5. They are the only operator in Quebec that offers a plan in L5. In the other levels, they offer the lowest price or its equal relative to incumbents and WBCs.

In Ontario, Virgin offers plans in L1, L3 and L4 while Fido offers plans in L3, L4 and L5. Pricing by the flankers is similar and is also generally similar to WBC pricing.

Bell does not offer service in L1 or L3. Rogers begins its plans at L4. Flanker prices are lower than the incumbents in L4 and L5.

Spotlight Section on Fixed Broadband WBCs

Table 20 provides a summary of the national-level differentials between the incumbents' and WBC prices for each of the broadband service baskets. As shown in the table, WBC broadband service prices are consistently lower than those of the incumbents across all service baskets. Only WBC offer a Level 1 service and this year for the first time WBC are offering a Level 6 service in some regions.

Table 15: 2020 Canadian Broadband Internet Service Rates
Incumbent versus WBC ISPs
Baskets Incumbents WBCs Differential
Level 1

N/A

$46.57

n/a

Level 2

$57.69

$50.12

-13.13%

Level 3

$68.78

$61.20

-11.02%

Level 4

$76.35

$72.71

-4.76%

Level 5

$87.69

$75.51

-18.09%

Level 6

$103.49

$92.46

-5.39%

Level 7

$107.00

$126.33

17.90%

Wall Communications Inc. 2020 Unweighted averages. WBCs include Primus and TekSavvy.


We note that average prices from WBCs are uniformly lower than Incumbent prices, with the exception of the highest category (Level 7) and Level 1 (where the incumbents do not offer a service in this range). WBC prices are on average 10.5% lower than incumbent prices across Levels 2 to 6.

4.3 International Fixed Broadband Service Prices

As with the other service categories, there are a number of notable differences in the way in which broadband services are provisioned in some of the surveyed countries compared to Canada:

Table 16 below provides a summary of the unweighted average "advertised" download and upload service speeds of the surveyed broadband services included in each of the six specified broadband service baskets for Canada and the surveyed foreign jurisdictions.Footnote 30 Data caps are typically no longer listed in most countries (with the exception of Canada and Australia) – either because the vendor has chosen not to state the cap or (more likely) because the plans do not have data caps.

Table 16
2020 International Broadband Internet Services
International Fixed Broadband Modal Advertised Download Speeds (Mbps)
- L1 L2 L3 L4 L5 L6 L7
Can. 5 15 30 100 150 300 1 Gbps
US NA NA 25 100 200 300 1 Gbps
UK 9 11 36 67 213 362 516
AU NA NA 25 80,100 NA NA NA
FR NA NA 25 NA NA 300, 400, 500 1 Gbps
JA 8 12 40 100 120, 200 NA 1 Gbps
GM NA NA 16 100 250 NA 1 Gbps
IT NA NA NA NA NA NA 1 Gbps
Int. Mode NA NA 25 100 200 300 1 Gbps

Wall Communications Inc. 2020


International Fixed Broadband Average Advertised Download Speeds (Mbps)
- L1 L2 L3 L4 L5 L6 L7
Can. 5.4 12.8 28.6 78.9 151.5 385.7 948
US NA NA 25 100 200 333 1 Gbps
UK 9 10.7 35.7 65.3 213 362 516
AU NA NA 25 90 NA NA NA
FR NA NA 25 NA NA 400 1 Gbps
JA 8 12 40 100 160 320 1 Gbps
GM NA NA 16 100 250 NA 1 Gbps
IT NA NA NA NA NA NA 1 Gbps
Int. Av. (exc. Canada) 8.5 11.4 27.8 91.1 205.8 353.8 919.3

Wall Communications Inc. 2020


While past Studies have identified trends or relatively clear-cut international comparative conclusions, this year is more ambiguous. The offering of lower level plans (i.e. L1 and L2) appears to be fairly limited. At the higher end, almost every country now offers a 1 Gbps plan. Findings for each of the seven broadband service baskets are described below.

Canada's broadband service price ranking has remained relatively consistent since the study was first conducted in 2008. The measured prices for the European countries included in the study (U.K., France, Italy and Germany) have consistently been lower than those in Canada – in some cases, by a wide margin.

Relative to last year, all countries (except for Canada and Japan) have lower prices in a majority of baskets. Canadian prices were higher in every basket.

In sum, Canadian broadband Internet service prices compare reasonably well with the other surveyed countries in the case of the Levels 1 and 2 – although most countries no longer provide these lower level service baskets. However, Canadian Level 3 and higher basket prices tend to be higher than the prices measured in the surveyed countries, with some exceptions (e.g. the US).

5.0 Mobile Internet Service

5.1 Mobile Internet Service Baskets

There are three mobile Internet service levels included in the study, categorized by the data allowance of the service. They consist of the following usage-based service elements and characteristics:

One-time charges (such as activation fees) are generally excluded.

5.2 Canadian Mobile Internet Service Prices

Figure 8 below provides a summary of Canadian Level 1 through 3 mobile Internet service basket prices for the periods 2016 to 2020. More detailed price information by city is provided in Table A2.5 of Attachment 2. As can be seen prices in L1 fell between 2016 and 2018, but increased thereafter. L2 prices have increased each year since 2017. Average annual Canadian prices for L3 have increased each year since 2016.

Figure 4: Average Canadian Mobile Internet Prices by Service Basket (2016-2020)

Wall Communications Inc. 2020
Text version
Figure 4: Average Canadian Mobile Internet Prices by Service Basket (2016-2020)
- 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Level 1

$46.47

$43.01

$38.28

$40.60

$42.63

Level 2 

$63.30

$60.79

$61.90

$64.04

$66.10

Level 3

$80.98

$82.28

$83.35

$82.99

$84.79

In addition to the national Canadian prices featured in Figure 8, prices from various regions for each basket are also provided below.

The advertised download speed of the mobile Internet services included in this year's study is typically 150 Mbps.

A comparison of the mobile Internet service rates offered by the incumbents (Rogers, Bell and TELUS) and Regionals (SaskTel, Xplore Mobile, Freedom, Videotron and Eastlink), as applicable, in the cities of Vancouver, Toronto, Montreal, Winnipeg, Regina and Halifax is provided in Table 17. The Incumbents offer the same price in each province/city and therefore the average price is consistent across the country.

For the Level 1 mobile Internet service basket, the Regionals' prices are significantly lower than the incumbents on average. For the Level 2 and Level 3 service baskets, the differential is 19%. No comparison with resellers was conducted due to the very few number of reseller offerings (i.e. only a few instances in Level 1).

Table 17
Mobile Internet: Incumbents versus Regionals Broadband Pricing 2020
- NS QC ON MB SK BC Canada
Level 1
Incumbents

$44.46

$44.46

$44.46

$44.46

$44.46

$44.46

$44.46

Regionals

N/A

$39.16

$15.00

N/A

N/A

$15.00

$23.05

Differential

N/A

-11.92%

-66.26%

N/A

N/A

-66.26%

-48.15%

Level 2
Incumbents

$67.80

$67.80

$67.80

$67.80

$67.80

$67.80

$67.80

Regionals

N/A

$59.16

N/A

N/A

$35.00

N/A

$47.08

Differential

N/A

-12.73%

N/A

N/A

-48.37%

N/A

-30.55%

Level 3
Incumbents

$86.13

$86.13

$86.13

$86.13

$86.13

$86.13

$86.13

Regionals

N/A

$79.16

N/A

N/A

$45.00

N/A

$62.08

Differential

N/A

-8.09%

N/A

N/A

-47.75%

N/A

-27.92%

Unweighted averages

Wall Communications Inc. 2020


Mobile Internet prices have remained relatively steady for the last several years. Regionals continue to offer lower prices than the incumbents. Depending on the region the price difference between regional providers and incumbents can be significant (e.g. Ontario and BC).

5.3 International Mobile Internet Service Prices

Table 18 provides a summary of the average Level 1 to Level 3 advertised download speeds and data caps for Canada and each of the seven surveyed foreign jurisdictions. Upload speeds are often not advertised by wireless service providers and, therefore, are not included in the table.

Table 18
2020 International Mobile Internet Services
Median Advertised Speeds
- L1 l2 L3
Canada 150 mbps 150 mbps 150 mbps
US 150 mbps 150 mbps 150mbps
UK 30 mbps 30 mbps 30 mbps
AUS 150 mbps 150 mbps 150 mbps
FR NA 100 mbps 125 mbps
JP 220 mbps 220 mbps 220 mbps
GR 225 mbps 225 mbps 225 mbps
IT NA NA 60 mbps

Wall Communications Inc. 2020


Canada is similar to the US and Australia in average download speed in each basket and offering the same speed in every basket. Canada generally compares favorably against most other countries (with the exception of Germany and Japan).

Figure 5 below provides a comparison of Level 1 to Level 3 mobile Internet service basket prices for Canada and the surveyed foreign jurisdictions. Table A3.4 in Attachment 3 provides detailed historical mobile Internet price results.

Figure 5
2020 International Mobile Internet Price Comparison (PPP-adjusted CDN$)

Wall Communications Inc. 2020
Text version
Figure 5: 2020 International Mobile Internet Price Comparison (PPP-adjusted CDN$)
- Level 1 Level 2  Level 3 
Canada

$42.63

$66.10

$84.79

U.S.

$28.48

$52.90

$61.05

U.K.

$18.56

$21.97

$27.99

France  N/A

$24.98

$32.90

Germany 

$21.83

$30.08

$38.68

Italy  N/A N.A

$17.09

Australia 

$10.96

$16.10

$22.94

Japan 

$59.57

$69.54

$95.18

We note that L1 service baskets are not offered in France or Italy. In L2, Italy does not offer any service plans. All countries offer plans in L3.

Examining each basket over the last three years, Canada has remained at the higher end of the international ranking

The most obvious change from previous years is the downward movement of US prices over the last three years with a pronounced drop in 2020. Canada and the US have had fairly similar prices over the last few years in all baskets. However, since 2018, Canadian prices have been moving, modestly but steadily, upwards.

Canada has ranked on the high side of the group, generally closer to the U.S. and Japan while Australia and the European countries included in the study have consistently had lower prices for all baskets compared to Canada – by a substantial margin in many cases. While Japan and the US have generally had declining average prices over the last three years in all baskets, Canada has had increasing prices.

As a point of interest, the major US mobile wireless providers have begun offering widely available "hotspot" service across their wireless networks. The "hotspot" services essentially are a substitute for a mobile wireless Internet service for laptops and related devices. These added services are typically free when a customer purchases an "unlimited data" plan from the operator. Separate mobile data services in some cases may be available for lower level plans.

Table 19: 2020 International Mobile Internet Prices
- Canada U.S.A. Australia U.K. France Italy Germany Japan
Level 1 (2-5 GB)

$42.63 

28.48

$10.96

$18.56

N/A

N/A

N/A

$59.57

Level 2 (5-10 GB)

$66.10

$52.90

$16.10

$21.97

$24.98

N/A

$30.08

$69.54

Level 3 (10+ GB)

$84.79

$61.05

$22.94

$27.99

$32.90

$17.09

$38.68

$95.18

Wall Communications Inc. 2020


In sum, Canada's average mobile Internet service prices fall on the high side (along with the US and Japan) of the group of surveyed countries. Canadian prices have been increasing over the last three years while other countries have been declining (most noticeably the US and Japan) or remaining fairly stable.

6.0 Canadian Telecom Service Provider Responses to COVID-19

The spread of COVID-19 across the country in 2020 beginning in February/March created enormous disruption and numerous hardships for mobile wireless customers. Mobile service providers also faced extreme challenges due to the spread of COVID-19. In this section we examine the efforts by providers to alleviate some of the hardships created by the pandemic and to generally support the daily lives of Canadians in dealing with the disease.Footnote 32

General Observations

The spread of COVID-19 placed unexpected and unprecedented demands on telecom service provider networks. This applied to both wireless and fixed line networks. The demand surge, largely created by work at home initiatives and the overall increase in communications needs resulting from the spread of COVID, had the potential to cause significant disruption to network capability. Demand jumped relatively quickly by an estimated 25% above normal levels.Footnote 33

The rapid increase in demand meant that providers needed to actively respond to ensure network reliability and functionality. Measures adopted across the industry included accelerated network roll-outs and upgrades, new monitoring and planning systems and increased maintenance efforts. As well, targeted measures aimed at ensuring service to front-line and essential services were undertaken.

By virtually all accounts, the efforts of Canadian telecom service providers were successful in minimizing network disruption and maintaining network efficacy at "normal" levels. We note that the efforts of providers not only taxed their human resources but also put pressure on their capital funding capability.

In addition to addressing network challenges, service providers also took several steps to ensure the safety of their work forces and customers. Wide scale closure of retail outlets, self-installation options, easier return and repair arrangements all contributed to protecting the health of employees and customers.

Several Canadian telecom service providers contributed to community and broader social efforts with financial and other assistance to "in need" organizations such as the Red Cross, Community Food Banks, Canadian Mental Health Association, Kids Help Phone, Big Brothers Big Sisters and Women's Shelters Canada.Footnote 34 In many cases, these contributions were substantial, overall adding up to millions of dollars of assistance and continue to be in place into 2021.

The industry supported the Canadian government's COVID app (for tracking symptoms and receiving information updates) and the COVID Alert tracking app (for notification of contact in the last 14 days with others who have tested positive).

Customer Financial Hardship Responses

Most telecom service providers undertook measures to ease the financial hardship issues of their customers. Key measures were 1) the waiving of certain wireless fees; 2) the lifting of data caps (for non-unlimited plans); and 3) flexible payment plans for those suffering payment problems due to COVID. All these measures were direct and substantive efforts to assist customer COVID-related financial hardship.Footnote 35

Some providers also undertook additional "financial-hardship" responses (e.g. no disconnects, credits to customers in need). A brief summary of individual company measures is provided in Attachment 4. In summary, there were several substantive "financial relief" programs available from Canadian telecom service providers as the pandemic took root in Canada.

We would note that many of the financial relief measures taken by Canadian service providers ended (in most cases) on or before June 30, 2020. Although the financial hardship of Canadians extended past June 2020 (and continues into 2021), we note that there has been considerably less "financial-hardship" response by TSPs in the period since June.

While recent measures have been more limited, there are examples of service providers offering financial hardship measures post June 30th. For example, some service providers eliminated data overage charges during the holiday period when in-person gatherings were not allowed. Some service providers rolled out programs to provide free phones and data plans to women experiencing abuse during COVID-19 (as well as other specific customer groups potentially suffering hardship during the period). Some service providers are also offering financial relief on a case-by-case basis.

Attachment 1 – Service Baskets

Table A1.1

Mobile Wireless Service Baskets (2020 Baskets)

Mobile Wireless Service Baskets (2019 Definition Baskets)

Table A1.2

Broadband Internet Service Baskets

Note: In 2019, there were 6 levels, ending with L6 = 251 – 400 Mbps.

Table A1.3

Mobile Internet Service Baskets

Attachment 2 – Canadian Price Comparisons 2020

Table A2.1 - Canadian Mobile Wireless Prices (2020 Baskets)

Based on Incumbent Primary Brand, Flanker, Regional and Reseller Prices

Level 1
- NS QC ON MB SK BC Canada
2020

 $29.59

 $30.86

 $30.88

 $30.96

 $30.49

 $29.71

 $30.63

Level 2
- NS QC ON MB SK BC Canada
2020

 $33.37

 $32.46

 $32.24

 $32.57

 $20.21

 $31.71

 $31.82

Level 3
- NS QC ON MB SK BC Canada
2020

 $46.23

 $42.74

 $46.14

 $46.17

 $46.85

 $46.43

 $45.30

Level 4
- NS QC ON MB SK BC Canada
2020

 $53.16

 $46.92

 $51.96

 $52.90

 $59.83

 $53.38

 $51.21

Level 5
- NS QC ON MB SK BC Canada
2020

 $64.53

 $58.07

 $62.50

 $63.89

 $65.20

 $63.20

 $61.65

Level 6
- NS QC ON MB SK BC Canada
2020

 $80.12

 $69.15

 $76.76

 $69.21

 $71.27

 $78.47

 $74.57

Level 7
- NS QC ON MB SK BC Canada
2020

 $98.56

 $86.43

 $92.30

 $89.09

 $91.29

 $94.16

 $91.04

Level 8
- NS QC ON MB SK BC Canada
2020

 $128.09

 $117.22

 $126.54

 $117.06

 $113.29

 $126.05

 $123.11

2019 Definition Baskets

Mobile Wireless Level 1 (2019 Definition Baskets)
- NS QC ON MB SK BC Canada YoY%
2008

$53.14

$62.62

$63.37

$51.91

$61.20

$58.34

$60.81

-
2009

$48.73

$59.17

$59.20

$50.49

$44.44

$59.30

$57.78

-5.00%

2010

$48.05

$54.34

$53.56

N/A

$44.77

$53.74

$53.49

-7.40%

2011

$47.39

$51.50

$49.99

N/A

$48.19

$50.86

$50.51

-5.60%

2012

$47.22

$51.04

$51.97

N/A

$42.54

$51.61

$51.31

1.60%

2013

$43.44

$44.78

$45.40

N/A

$44.86

$43.93

$44.86

-12.60%

2014

$45.40

$45.59

$44.29

N/A

$54.29

$46.20

$45.26

0.90%

2015

$48.45

$49.04

$48.15

$46.65

$56.70

$49.28

$48.68

7.60%

2016

$49.56

$44.39

$50.96

$46.98

$49.38

$50.89

$48.77

0.20%

2017

$41.03

$38.62

$41.85

$36.40

$35.91

$44.40

$40.95

-16.00%

2018

$42.39

$36.69

$40.42

$39.25

$36.71

$41.28

$39.43

-3.72%

2019

$39.77

$37.23

$37.79

$38.90

$27.72

$39.28

$37.62

-4.59%

2020

$29.59

$30.86

$30.82

$30.96

$30.49

$29.69

$30.60

-18.64%

CAGR

-4.76%

-5.73%

-5.83%

-4.22%

-5.64%

-5.47%

-5.56%

-

Wall Communications 2020


Mobile Wireless Level 2 (2019 Definition Baskets)
- NS QC ON MB SK BC Canada YoY%
2008

$121.04

$113.21

$111.51

$111.51

$113.67

$109.68

$112.34

-
2009

$105.61

$104.38

$102.20

$112.82

$94.64

$101.24

$103.24

-8.10%

2010

$101.44

$108.37

$112.63

N/A

$94.97

$107.27

$109.59

6.20%

2011

$96.73

$98.73

$100.76

N/A

$96.69

$99.61

$99.69

-9.00%

2012

$96.44

$98.92

$98.26

N/A

$96.42

$98.22

$98.37

-1.30%

2013

$94.40

$93.78

$93.89

N/A

$77.07

$93.96

$93.59

-4.90%

2014

$86.91

$73.59

$81.00

N/A

$65.33

$86.46

$79.69

-14.90%

2015

$86.76

$82.96

$87.36

$73.54

$72.56

$88.32

$85.22

6.90%

2016

$79.29

$62.98

$80.48

$69.86

$71.59

$80.48

$74.67

-6.30%

2017

$80.73

$59.05

$75.63

$58.18

$62.88

$80.43

$70.70

-5.30%

2018

$83.13

$45.91

$84.76

$50.42

$61.35

$83.67

$70.99

0.41%

2019

$69.63

$44.87

$74.67

$48.71

$53.66

$75.70

$64.80

-8.72%

2020

$47.91

$47.83

$46.13

$47.25

$53.21

$47.48

$47.17

-27.21%

CAGR

-7.43%

-6.93%

-7.09%

-6.90%

-6.13%

-6.74%

-6.98%

-

Wall Communications 2020


Mobile Wireless Level 3 (2019 Definition Baskets)
- NS QC ON MB SK BC Canada YoY%
2014

$89.23

$92.29

$92.81

n/a

$65.62

$97.69

$92.99

-
2015

$91.23

$76.22

$87.83

$61.82

$64.43

$89.78

$83.08

-10.70%

2016

$88.73

$69.98

$87.69

$63.69

$68.15

$88.24

$81.05

-2.40%

2017

$93.98

$68.26

$87.45

$67.04

$56.43

$93.74

$81.61

0.70%

2018

$86.48

$57.95

$85.23

$52.77

$78.48

$85.09

$75.44

-7.56%

2019

$83.94

$53.92

$84.71

$57.63

$56.72

$85.83

$74.42

-1.36%

2020

$55.36

$49.90

$54.21

$54.82

$55.74

$54.63

$53.24

-28.46%

CAGR

-7.65%

-9.74%

-8.57%

-2.37%

-2.68%

-9.23%

-8.88%

-

Wall Communications 2020


Mobile Wireless Level 4 (2019 Definition Baskets)
- NS QC ON MB SK BC Canada YoY%
2015

$122.21

$94.67

$117.93

$65.76

$65.62

$117.65

$107.50

-
2016

$109.64

$79.44

$105.81

$70.38

$82.15

$109.11

$96.55

-10.20%

2017

$105.89

$87.09

$113.95

$74.71

$74.06

$121.49

$104.49

8.20%

2018

$101.67

$65.27

$99.69

$61.56

$66.68

$100.76

$87.32

-16.43%

2019

$98.62

$64.28

$100.21

$65.35

$56.66

$101.13

$87.57

0.29%

2020

$71.48

$61.80

$68.63

$70.42

$70.85

$70.35

$67.32

-23.12%

CAGR

-10.17%

-8.18%

-10.26%

1.38%

1.55%

-9.77%

-8.93%

-

Wall Communications Inc. 2020


Mobile Wireless Level 5 (2019 Definition Baskets)
- NS QC ON MB SK BC Canada YoY%
2016

$250.18

$190.40

$257.18

$180.00

$182.44

$256.00

$231.99

-
2017

$265.33

$216.56

$288.55

$257.38

$194.98

$292.34

$264.65

14.10%

2018

$280.81

$164.28

$265.86

$123.60

$177.52

$267.69

$227.87

-13.90%

2019

$233.49

$160.31

$229.98

$143.14

$164.22

$233.28

$205.78

-9.69%

2020

$242.41

$214.02

$235.33

$215.56

$197.03

$240.51

$228.40

10.99%

CAGR

-0.79%

2.97%

-2.20%

4.61%

1.94%

-1.55%

-0.39%

-

Wall Communications Inc. 2020

Table A2.2 - Canadian Fixed Broadband Internet Service Prices

Fixed Broadband Level 1 (3-9 Mbps)
- NS QC ON MB SK BC Canada YoY
2008

$34.95

$32.45

$38.95

$29.95

$30.45

$23.45

$32.88

-
2009

$35.95

$28.43

$35.45

$30.95

$30.45

$24.95

$30.98

-5.79%

2010

$36.95

$29.43

$33.45

N/A

$30.95

$29.00

$31.44

1.49%

2011

$36.15

$36.90

$34.15

N/A

$32.52

$33.00

$34.85

10.86%

2012

$39.15

$33.35

$45.37

N/A

$31.95

$35.40

$39.37

12.98%

2013

$42.15

N/A N/A N/A

$31.95

$39.00

$38.91

-1.19%

2014

$40.15

N/A

$50.95

N/A

$42.95

N/A

$50.00

28.50%

2015

$55.13

N/A N/A N/A

$34.10

N/A

$47.51

-4.96%

2016

$88.73

$41.07

$33.63

$55.80

$46.95

$51.00

$41.94

-11.74%

2017

$50.27

$41.47

$32.52

$59.00

$49.75

$57.58

$41.83

-0.25%

2018

$39.40

$45.19

$39.11

$30.61

$46.17

$40.01

$40.67

-2.78%

2019

$57.95

$37.64

$35.09

$28.61

N/A

$33.51

$35.98

-11.54%

2020

$54.86

$43.86

$44.90

$42.28

N/A

$42.22

$44.37

23.30%

CAGR

3.8%

2.5%

1.2%

2.9%

N/A

5.0%

2.5%

-

Wall Communications Inc. 2020


Fixed Broadband Level 2 (10-15 Mbps)
- NS QC ON MB SK BC Canada YoY
2008

$47.45

$48.95

$48.95

$41.95

$45.45

$40.95

$46.58

-
2009

$48.45

$50.43

$50.95

$42.95

$45.45

$38.45

$47.26

1.47%

2010

$49.45

$51.43

$47.95

N/A

$45.95

$40.00

$47.60

0.71%

2011

$50.75

$52.83

$49.33

N/A

$48.52

$45.65

$49.79

4.61%

2012

$57.75

$60.92

$52.79

N/A

$54.95

$46.40

$54.31

9.07%

2013

$51.15

$55.60

$47.18

N/A

$54.95

$53.51

$51.20

-5.72%

2014

$54.95

$53.91

$55.25

N/A

$54.95

$56.68

$55.10

7.61%

2015

$74.45

$54.83

$55.17

$59.17

$52.88

$59.90

$56.66

2.84%

2016 N/A

$51.75

$61.92

$62.60

$56.95

$62.00

$58.88

3.91%

2017 N/A

$53.26

$72.14

$66.70

$59.75

$69.29

$65.54

11.31%

2018 N/A

$56.61

$48.33

$76.52

$55.34

$74.77

$57.36

-12.48%

2019 N/A

$55.38

$50.95

$68.58

$49.95

$52.61

$53.20

-7.26%

2020 N/A

$58.54

$52.45

$67.48

$50.37

$51.80

$54.61

2.67%

CAGR N/A

1.50%

0.58%

4.04%

0.86%

1.98%

1.34%

-

Wall Communications Inc. 2020


Fixed Broadband Level 3 (16-40 Mbps)
- NS QC ON MB SK BC Canada YoY
2008

$57.45

$83.45

$73.95

$52.95

$55.95

$50.95

$68.74

-
2009

$58.45

$64.40

$62.45

$52.95

$55.95

$53.45

$60.08

-12.60%

2010

$59.45

$65.40

$62.45

N/A

$56.45

$55.48

$61.88

3.00%

2011

$60.75

$66.33

$65.35

N/A

$56.75

$55.00

$63.44

2.52%

2012

$88.95

$66.95

$72.17

N/A

$79.95

$54.60

$67.94

7.09%

2013

$77.95

$67.05

$64.35

N/A

$79.95

$60.69

$65.18

-4.07%

2014

$87.95

$67.15

$70.87

N/A

$70.95

$62.00

$68.60

5.25%

2015

$92.95

$59.93

$71.39

$67.93

$62.88

$68.17

$67.81

-1.15%

2016 N/A

$56.09

$65.20

$70.60

$62.95

$69.06

$63.48

-6.39%

2017 N/A

$50.80

$70.89

$73.35

$73.95

$73.09

$65.59

3.32%

2018

$82.50

$55.62

$79.15

$76.82

$66.19

$71.16

$70.70

7.78%

2019 N/A

$65.24

$51.54

$77.90

$66.19

$40.39

$55.20

-21.91%

2020 N/A

$59.37

$59.91

$54.78

$62.26

$71.94

$61.62

11.63%

CAGR

N/A

-2.80%

-1.74%

0.28%

0.89%

2.92%

-0.91%

-

Wall Communications Inc. 2020


Fixed Broadband Level 4 (41-100 Mbps)
- NS QC ON MB SK BC Canada YoY
2011

$84.75

$73.30

$73.75

N/A

$99.95

$91.40

$77.71

-
2012

$138.95

$82.95

$106.98

N/A

n/a

$74.90

$94.39

21.47%

2013

$102.75

$82.95

$80.57

N/A

$99.95

$85.00

$82.88

-12.19%

2014

$99.55

$84.75

$86.87

N/A

$105.95

$86.00

$86.46

4.31%

2015

$99.26

$74.51

$79.68

$87.10

$105.80

$89.79

$80.63

-6.74%

2016

$84.17

$72.21

$76.80

$89.80

$85.95

$89.16

$78.77

-2.30%

2017

$87.22

$78.06

$85.51

$90.00

$83.95

$79.18

$82.54

4.79%

2018

$95.69

$71.14

$95.84

$94.14

$96.65

$86.67

$87.00

5.41%

2019

$86.27

$73.63

$70.42

$83.71

$96.65

$62.34

$72.01

-17.23%

2020

$76.41

$67.08

$83.33

$77.66

$71.14

$77.82

$77.18

7.18%

CAGR

-1.14%

-0.98%

1.37%

-2.27%

-3.71%

-1.77%

-0.08%

-

Wall Communications Inc. 2020


Fixed Broadband Level 5 (101 – 250 Mbps)
- NS QC ON MB SK BC Canada YoY
2016

$133.10

$138.80

$92.91

$123.00

N/A

$123.00

$114.65

-
2017

$113.55

$79.15

$100.08

$122.01

$139.95

$92.50

$95.10

-17.06%

2018

$108.62

$87.22

$108.90

$116.44

$104.95

$107.61

$102.76

8.06%

2019

$103.95

$87.00

$87.11

$74.53

$104.95

$59.31

$83.25

-18.99%

2020

$84.95

$60.00

$95.44

$78.91

$96.20

$89.32

$83.95

0.85%

CAGR

-10.62%

-18.91%

0.68%

-10.50%

-11.75%

-7.69%

-7.50%

-

Wall Communications Inc. 2020


Fixed Broadband Level 6 (251 – 500 Mbps)
- NS QC ON MB SK BC Canada YoY
2018

$125.69

$105.45

$135.23

N/A

$144.95

N/A

$123.87

-
2019

$112.13

$78.30

$96.74

$98.19

$144.95

$89.94

$93.03

-24.90%

2020

$98.31

$76.27

$107.38

$100.00

$106.72

$99.56

$97.16

4.44%

CAGR

-11.6%

-15.0%

-10.9%

1.8%

-14.2%

5.2%

-11.43%

-

Wall Communications Inc. 2020


Fixed Broadband Level 7 (500+ Mbps)
- NS QC ON MB SK BC Canada YoY
2020

$112.12

$87.45

$117.90

$113.59

N/A

$108.94

$107.55

-

Wall Communications Inc. 2020

Table A2.3 - Canadian Mobile Internet Prices

Level 1 (2-5 GB)
- NS QC ON MB SK BC Canada YoY%
2010

$54.15

$54.15

$54.15

N/A

$56.23

$54.16

$54.19

-
2011

$52.32

$52.76

$52.17

N/A

$53.98

$52.22

$52.41

-3.29%

2012

$53.05

$52.56

$52.51

N/A

$53.05

$52.51

$52.55

0.27%

2013

$45.12

$44.52

$44.37

N/A

$48.99

$44.52

$44.55

-15.22%

2014

$43.75

$43.22

$43.19

N/A

$47.08

$43.30

$43.30

-2.80%

2015

$43.06

$43.63

$43.19

$44.88

$50.38

$43.30

$43.55

0.56%

2016

$46.07

$45.72

$46.53

$48.00

$52.56

$46.53

$46.47

6.71%

2017

$42.93

$42.32

$43.92

$44.65

$27.68

$42.86

$43.01

-7.44%

2018

$41.96

$39.43

$37.38

$39.10

$41.77

$37.36

$38.28

-11.01%

2019

$42.99

$41.10

$40.06

$41.95

$42.85

$40.01

$40.60

6.08%

2020

$46.73

$43.44

$41.19

$44.09

$46.64

$43.32

$42.63

5.00%

CAGR

-1.46%

-2.18%

-2.70%

-0.35%

-1.85%

-2.21%

-2.37%

-

Wall Communications Inc. 2020


Level 2 (5-10 GB)
- NS QC ON MB SK BC Canada YoY%
2012

$66.38

$60.94

$65.59

N/A

$69.55

$70.22

$65.11

-
2013

$66.79

$59.22

$65.21

N/A

$70.11

$71.28

$64.67

-0.67%

2014

$67.08

$59.49

$65.60

N/A

$68.75

$65.90

$63.90

-1.19%

2015

$65.73

$60.57

$65.60

$68.63

$71.88

$65.90

$64.48

0.91%

2016

$62.47

$62.62

$63.19

$66.00

$71.31

$63.19

$63.30

-1.82%

2017

$61.01

$60.71

$61.08

$62.78

$33.99

$62.14

$60.79

-3.98%

2018

$62.39

$61.98

$62.38

$62.80

$37.63

$62.52

$61.90

1.83%

2019

$63.41

$63.65

$65.21

$63.35

$47.75

$65.37

$64.04

3.45%

2020

$67.03

$65.98

$66.68

$66.76

$47.26

$68.59

$66.10

3.22%

CAGR

0.12%

1.00%

0.21%

-0.55%

-4.71%

-0.29%

0.19%

-

Wall Communications Inc. 2020


Level 3 (10+ GB)
- NS QC ON MB SK BC Canada YoY%
2016

$78.89

$81.07

$80.70

$84.50

$81.41

$80.70

$80.98

-
2017

$83.85

$80.86

$85.00

$81.36

$47.83

$81.25

$82.28

1.60%

2018

$85.02

$83.77

$83.94

$83.25

$51.98

$83.94

$83.35

1.30%

2019

$80.78

$82.42

$84.85

$80.60

$60.40

$84.85

$82.99

-0.43%

2020

$84.37

$84.85

$85.77

$84.65

$60.10

$87.66

$84.79

2.17%

CAGR

1.70%

1.15%

1.53%

0.04%

-7.31%

2.09%

1.16%

-

Wall Communications Inc. 2020

Attachment 3 – International Price Comparisons 2020

Table A3.1 – International Mobile Wireless Service Prices

Note: Due to Basket redefinitions, international comparisons are only available for 2020.

Level 1
- Canada U.S.A. Australia U.K. France Italy Germany Japan
2020

$30.63

$48.65

N/A

$23.74

$12.63

N/A N/A

$30.70

Level 2
- Canada U.S.A. Australia U.K. France Italy Germany Japan
2020

$31.82

$26.95

N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A

$35.06

Level 3
- Canada U.S.A. Australia U.K. France Italy Germany Japan
2020

$45.30

$39.08

$24.88

$23.27

$33.31

$28.38

$43.61

$73.60

Level 4
- Canada U.S.A. Australia U.K. France Italy Germany Japan
2020

$51.21

$43.52

N/A

$25.73

$28.41

N/A

$54.43

$88.46

Level 5
- Canada U.S.A. Australia U.K. France Italy Germany Japan
2020

$61.65

$64.47

$24.88

$17.56

N/A N/A

$67.49

$100.96

Level 6
- Canada U.S.A. Australia U.K. France Italy Germany Japan
2020

$74.57

$61.56

$32.93

$22.15

$44.71

N/A

$82.66

$78.89

Level 7
- Canada U.S.A. Australia U.K. France Italy Germany Japan
2020

$91.04

N/A

$41.60

$35.66

$33.29

$34.21

$86.02

$108.94

Wall Communications Inc. 2020

Table A3.2 - International Fixed Broadband Internet Service Prices

Level 1 (3-9 Mbps)
- Canada U.S.A. Australia U.K. France Italy Germany Japan
2008

$32.88

$33.77

$42.79

$29.93

$42.23

N/A N/A N/A
2009

$30.98

$40.19

$41.31

N/A

$44.87

N/A N/A N/A
2010

$31.44

$39.61

$34.91

N/A N/A N/A N/A

$39.73

2011

$34.85

$51.06

$29.84

N/A

$28.33

N/A N/A

$43.13

2012

$39.37

$57.24

N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A

$50.48

2013

$38.91

$52.38

N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A

$45.55

2014

$50.00

$62.53

N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A

$56.55

2015

$47.51

$54.54

N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A

$57.83

2016

$41.94

$79.64

$58.38

N/A N/A N/A

$28.28

N/A
2017

$41.83

$63.92

$54.72

N/A N/A

$41.18

N/A

$59.49

2018

$40.67

$63.32

N/A N/A N/A

$60.53

N/A

$40.56

2019

$35.98

$62.50

N/A

$37.52

N/A N/A N/A N/A
2020

$44.37

N/A N/A

$37.01

N/A

$50.98

N/A

$73.33

CAGR

2.53%

N/A N/A

1.79%

N/A

7.37%

N/A

6.32%

Wall Communications Inc. 2020


Level 2 (10-15 Mbps)
- Canada U.S.A. Australia U.K. France Italy Germany Japan
2008

$46.58

$55.97

$62.56

$44.05

$45.82

N/A N/A N/A
2009

$47.26

$57.92

$63.76

$30.22

$48.69

N/A N/A N/A
2010

$47.60

$58.97

$52.01

$40.57

$44.03

N/A N/A

$49.55

2011

$49.79

$65.14

$56.74

$40.72

$47.41

N/A N/A

$53.79

2012

$54.31

$78.84

$59.81

$30.50

$46.97

N/A N/A

$55.70

2013

$51.20

$81.42

$58.15

$32.85

N/A N/A N/A

$52.53

2014

$55.10

$72.91

$50.67

$30.22

N/A

$52.26

$26.09

$60.65

2015

$56.66

$67.66

$53.75

N/A

$67.78

$54.31

$29.08

$61.03

2016

$58.88

$83.85

$54.49

N/A

$73.83

$64.29

N/A

$51.75

2017

$65.54

$82.43

$46.90

N/A

$39.81

N/A

$27.77

$54.39

2018

$57.36

$75.56

N/A

$54.13

$48.83

N/A N/A

$61.14

2019

$53.20

$69.35

N/A

$40.36

N/A N/A N/A

$47.76

2020

$54.61

N/A N/A

$38.84

N/A

$50.98

N/A

$69.10

CAGR

1.34%

N/A N/A

-1.04%

N/A -0.82% N/A

3.38%

Wall Communications Inc. 2020


Level 3 (16-40 Mbps)
- Canada U.S.A. Australia U.K. France Italy Germany Japan
2008

$68.74

$67.40

$76.47

$52.72

$49.41

N/A N/A N/A
2009

$60.08

$70.41

$77.98

$35.93

$47.73

N/A N/A N/A
2010

$61.88

$75.26

$74.32

$46.24

$57.45

N/A N/A

$72.15

2011

$63.44

$79.60

$59.72

$40.09

$66.37

N/A N/A

$54.52

2012

$67.94

$97.00

$61.69

$40.88

$46.07

N/A N/A

$59.37

2013

$65.18

$99.10

$57.10

$43.01

$49.34

N/A N/A

$61.52

2014

$68.60

$79.76

$67.44

$46.89

$51.15

$52.92

$38.30

$63.88

2015

$67.81

$91.55

$69.64

$41.25

$51.68

$52.28

$47.08

$64.50

2016

$63.48

$97.53

$57.41

$40.43

N/A

$41.77

$49.75

$71.52

2017

$65.59

$99.64

$70.35

$55.67

$50.43

N/A

$46.80

$68.32

2018

$70.70

$84.33

$66.74

$49.42

$38.15

$45.45

$50.18

$71.77

2019

$55.20

$69.02

$62.36

$46.11

N/A

$49.26

$49.15

N/A

2020

$61.62

$65.10

$56.53

$40.39

$36.33

$50.98

$43.65

$72.51

CAGR

-0.91%

-0.29%

-2.49%

-2.20%

-2.53%

-0.62%

2.20%

0.05%

Wall Communications Inc. 2020


Level 4 (41-100 Mbps)
- Canada U.S.A. Australia U.K. France Italy Germany Japan
2011

$77.71

$95.07

$67.19

$50.07

$49.79

N/A N/A

$59.76

2012

$94.39

$160.97

$82.25

$58.66

$62.36

N/A N/A

$62.65

2013

$82.88

$123.27

$72.69

$53.31

$54.58

N/A N/A

$64.89

2014

$86.46

$103.17

$70.33

$47.76

$55.98

$61.79

$58.52

$67.73

2015

$80.63

$105.90

$72.66

$50.75

$57.95

$60.45

$59.32

$65.32

2016

$78.77

$112.30

$71.03

$54.20

$63.80

$53.02

$61.78

$49.78

2017

$82.54

$114.81

$89.98

$59.38

$42.47

N/A

$54.45

$69.58

2018

$87.00

$105.34

$88.74

$67.69

$53.14

$65.20

$64.84

$84.43

2019

$72.01

$75.48

$75.06

$55.20

N/A

$42.27

$53.80

$63.69

2020

$77.18

$72.80

$78.28

$49.23

N/A

$50.98

$53.01

$66.83

CAGR

-0.08%

-2.92%

1.71%

-0.19%

n/a

-3.15%

-1.63%

1.25%

Wall Communications Inc. 2020


Level 5 (101-250 Mbps)
- Canada U.S.A. Australia U.K. France Italy Germany Japan
2016

$114.65

$127.69

N/A

$57.56

$70.54

N/A

$56.57

$71.36

2017

$95.10

$145.15

N/A

$70.67

$50.19

$60.39

$58.33

$65.64

2018

$102.76

$131.06

N/A

$64.86

$60.86

N/A

$72.45

$79.90

2019

$83.25

$93.01

N/A

$75.87

$33.79

$49.26

$65.87

$77.69

2020

$83.95

$86.98

N/A

$75.30

N/A

$50.98

$64.85

$82.70

CAGR

-7.50%

-9.15%

N/A

6.95%

N/A -5.490%

3.47%

3.76%

Wall Communications Inc. 2020


Level 6 (251-500 Mbps) Note: prior to 2020, L6 was 251-400 Mbps
- Canada U.S.A. Australia U.K. France Italy Germany Japan
2018

$123.87

$160.08

N/A

$78.96

$70.18

$46.33

$94.33

$72.23

2019

$93.03

$120.62

N/A

$78.62

$41.20

$42.27

$47.64

$76.31

2020

$97.16

$97.63

N/A

$84.08

$39.51

$50.98

N/A

$77.13

CAGR -11.44% -21.91% N/A 3.19% -24.97% 4.90% N/A 3.34%

Wall Communications Inc. 2020


Level 7 (500+ Mbps)
- Canada U.S.A. Australia U.K. France Italy Germany Japan
2020

$107.55

$113.37

N/A

$92.86

$49.69

$50.98

$58.42

$79.46

CAGR N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A

Wall Communications Inc. 2020

Table A3.3 - Mobile Internet Service Prices

Level 1 (2-5 GB)
- Canada U.S.A. Australia U.K. France Italy Germany Japan
2010

$54.19

$73.26

$33.89

$24.86

$46.29

N/A N/A

$76.00

2011

$52.41

$71.50

$27.18

$23.51

$43.30

N/A N/A

$69.38

2012

$52.55

$52.29

$31.38

$27.42

$39.36

N/A N/A

$54.89

2013

$44.55

$54.61

$28.80

$23.71

$34.98

N/A N/A

$57.54

2014

$43.30

$63.74

$25.67

$21.90

$18.47

$17.56

$34.37

$50.05

2015

$43.55

$63.02

$28.15

$21.44

$17.60

$15.87

$25.96

$55.49

2016

$46.47

$50.68

$15.57

$17.61

$14.98

$14.35

$23.56

$51.81

2017

$43.01

$38.73

$11.73

$15.33

$12.11

$14.81

$20.40

$37.22

2018

$38.28

$43.49

$15.56

$15.45

$15.74

$12.71

$22.52

$70.31

2019

$40.60

$39.72

N/A

$15.88

N/A N/A

$20.45

$66.43

2020

$42.63

$28.48

$10.96

$18.56

N/A N/A

$21.83

$59.57

Level 2 (5-10 GB)
- Canada U.S.A. Australia U.K. France Italy Germany Japan -
2012

$65.11

$69.51

$44.85

$39.11

$100.15

N/A N/A

$56.77

-
2013

$64.67

$59.82

$35.13

$62.01

$44.65

N/A N/A

$58.24

-
2014

$63.90

$69.05

$36.80

$45.93

$43.04

$25.86

$49.70

$62.04

-
2015

$64.48

$77.72

$41.69

$30.60

$29.18

$27.05

$37.17

$63.82

-
2016

$63.30

$76.93

$29.67

$21.07

$28.11

$21.71

$37.31

$73.74

-
2017

$60.79

$72.44

$30.84

$20.54

$18.59

$20.87

$29.67

$54.81

-
2018

$61.90

$64.59

$26.24

$19.78

N/A

$17.22

$35.56

$75.49

-
2019

$64.04

$62.05

$15.03

$22.18

$20.73

$10.56

$32.81

$69.41

-
2020

$66.10

$52.90

$16.10

$21.97

$24.98

N/A

$30.08

$69.54

-
Level 3 (10+ GB)
- Canada U.S.A. Australia U.K. France Italy Germany Japan -
2016

$80.98

$110.38

$48.17

$24.47

$63.45

$31.58

N/A

$87.09

-
2017

$82.28

$92.46

$36.62

$28.48

$39.09

$28.80

$35.98

$64.28

-
2018

$83.35

$87.30

$39.35

$28.19

$33.53

$38.73

$38.38

$105.94

-
2019

$82.99

$85.97

$23.66

$27.85

$30.05

$15.06

$40.50

$98.68

-
2020

$84.79

$61.05

$22.94

$27.99

$32.90

$17.09

$38.68

$95.18

-

Attachment 4 – Canadian COVID-19 Responses

As part of this year's annual Telecom Pricing Study, we were asked to describe any efforts made by Canadian service providers to support customers during the COVID-19 pandemic. Key industry efforts are reported in the main body of the Report. Attachment 4 provides some further detail about individual company initiatives. The listing below is illustrative and may not include all the initiatives undertaken by a given company.

Shaw

Bell

Cogeco

Eastlink

Rogers

SaskTel

TELUS

Videotron

Xplornet

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