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Consultation on a Modern Copyright Framework for Artificial Intelligence and the Internet of Things

From: Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada


Developments in artificial intelligence (AI) are raising questions as to whether the copyright framework can adequately address new situations. Examples of new situations include the use of copyrighted works as part of text and data mining to train and develop AI applications, and the use of AI to create, produce and distribute literary, musical and other kinds of works. At the same time, the increase in the number of software-enabled products and the growth of the Internet of things (IoT) is introducing its own set of new challenges to copyright law. The IoT highlights not only the importance of technological protection measures (TPMs) for rights holders, but also the barriers to consumers' ability to repair certain software-enabled products equipped with TPMs that prevent access to software. Challenges are also appearing in certain manufacturing industries, where small and medium enterprises are encountering increasing difficulties in developing interoperable products, in part because of the presence of TPMs.


The goal of this consultation is to help the Government ensure that Canada's copyright framework for AI and the IoT reflects this evolving digital world. The Government welcomes all comments providing additional perspectives or evidence concerning these issues and potential approaches.

How to participate

The paper for the consultation on a modern copyright framework for artificial intelligence and the Internet of things is available online in both HTML and PDF format. Canadians and stakeholders can submit their comments by email to by September 17, 2021. Comments received will be made available online as soon as possible following the consultation period.

Participants are requested to submit their comments in a word document so that they are easily convertible to HTML. Please also provide descriptive text for any tables or graphics. Please consult the Government's Content Style Guide to ensure your document meets the formatting requirements.

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