Directive No. 22R2, Proofs of Claim, Proxies, Quorums and Voting at Meetings of Creditors
The Office of the Superintendent of Bankruptcy (OSB) has amended Directive No. 22R, Proofs of Claim, Proxies, Quorum and Voting at Meetings of Creditors.
Creditors’ participation in the insolvency process is important for both the effective functioning and the integrity of the insolvency system. Available technology should be leveraged to support modern, efficient, and streamlined approaches to doing business.
In particular, attendance at meetings of creditors should be encouraged as it provides the opportunity for creditors to “consider the affairs of the bankrupt, to affirm the appointment of the trustee or substitute another in place thereof, to appoint inspectors and to give such directions to the trustee as the creditors may see fit with reference to the administration of the estate” (Bankruptcy and Insolvency Act s. 102(5) (BIA) Purpose of meeting). Additionally, attendance gives creditors the opportunity to evaluate information provided by the trustee and ask questions. These amendments confirm the OSB’s position that chairs of meetings of creditors should encourage participation by any mode of telecommunication or video communication, to the extent practicable and subject only to the chair’s reasonable ability to validate the identities of these participants. Voting at meetings of creditors may be submitted by email up until the time the vote is called.
Input from Public Consultation
The OSB received eight (8) submissions over a two week public comment period. The comments were carefully reviewed and considered, resulting in enhancements reflected in the new Directive and its associated forms.
Amendment to BIA Forms Directive
Consequential amendments were also made to certain BIA Forms to facilitate the implementation of this Directive.
Coming into Force
The amended Directive will come into force on the date it is issued.
Until the amended BIA Forms are made available via your software package, Licensed Insolvency Trustees who have not already established other processes for facilitating video or teleconferences may download the relevant Forms from the OSB’s website.
If you require further information regarding this Directive, please do not hesitate to contact the OSB.
Superintendent of Bankruptcy
Issued: December 16, 2019
(This Directive supersedes Directive No. 22R issued on May 7, 2010, on the same topic.)
- In this Directive,
- "Act" means the Bankruptcy and Insolvency Act;
- "OSB" means the Office of the Superintendent of Bankruptcy;
- "Rules" means the Bankruptcy and Insolvency General Rules.
Authority and Purpose
- This Directive is issued pursuant to paragraphs 5(4)(b), (c) and (e) of the Act.
- The purpose of this Directive is to clarify the position of the Superintendent with regard to proofs of claim, proxies, quorums and voting at meetings of creditors.
- The trustee shall supply to all known creditors a proof of claim and a proxy in the prescribed form.
Information sheet to complete proofs of claim and a proxy form
- Creditors may experience difficulty when completing a proof of claim and/or a proxy form. Where appropriate, instructions should be provided with each proof of claim form that explain in detail how to complete the proof of claim. A suggested format for the instructions is attached as Appendix A.
Acceptability of proof of claim
- In order for a proof of claim to be acceptable, it must be completed in the prescribed form and include all information required by sections 124–128 of the Act. Related jurisprudence on the matter should also be considered when dealing with the acceptability of a proof of claim.
Review of proofs of claim
- The chair, at the first meeting of creditors, has the power to admit or reject a proof of claim for the purpose of voting. Prior to the time appointed for the meeting, the trustee shall review all proofs of claim and advise the chair if they are acceptable for the purpose of voting at a meeting of creditors. Often, proofs of claim are filed just prior to the time appointed for the meeting. In this circumstance, it is recommended that the chair open the meeting and then adjourn it for a brief time for the purpose of reviewing the proofs of claim. A person who has filed a proof of claim after the time appointed for the meeting shall not be permitted to vote at that meeting.
Establishing a quorum at the first meeting of creditors
- (1) The establishment of the quorum is governed by section 106 of the Act. When applying this section, the term "creditor" does not refer to the number of creditors appearing on the Statement of Affairs. Quorum is established by at least one creditor present in person, or by any other means, or represented by a proxyholder (or by voting letter in a proposal) eligible to vote, by having filed and proven their claim in the prescribed form with the trustee before the time appointed for the meeting.
(2) The Chair is encouraged to make every reasonable effort to hold creditors meetings by electronic or digital means of communication subject to the:
- (a) Practicability and capability of the parties to hold the meeting by electronic or digital means;
- (b) Request of any creditor to attend in person;
- (c) Chair’s ability to validate the participants’ identity to the chair’s satisfaction.
(3) Where a voting letter is filed in a proposal, supported by a proven claim, the letter is to be considered as if the creditor were present and is to be voted in accordance with the direction contained therein. A quorum under section 106 of the Act can be established in this manner.
Accepting proofs of claim to establish a quorum, to table motions and to vote
- Providing that the proof of claim is in proper form and is filed with the trustee prior to the time appointed for the meeting, the types of claims presented in Appendix B will be dealt with in the manner shown as to whether or not they are to be considered for:
- (a) establishing a quorum at a first meeting of creditors;
- (b) tabling motions before the meeting;
- (c) voting on an ordinary resolution;
- (d) voting on a proposal; and
- (e) voting on a special resolution.
- (1) It is not necessary that a proxy be filed with the trustee before the time fixed for the meeting as section 109 of the Act only applies to proofs of claim.
(2) A proxy may be filed in the form of a letter or any form of telecommunication up until the moment a vote is called.
(3) The proxy does not have to be under the seal of the company unless the incorporating act or the bylaws of the company require it.
(4) The person designated in a proxy cannot be substituted unless the proxy provides for a power of substitution.
- If a proxy is signed in blank and sent to the trustee, there is a tacit authority for the trustee to vote with the said proxy.
Objection to the proof of claim
- (1) For the purpose of a quorum or voting, when ruling on the admissibility of a proof of claim, or any part thereof, the chair must ensure that the documents are in their prescribed form and available at that time.
(2) Pursuant to subsection 108(3) of the Act, the proof of claim should only be marked as "objected to" when the chair is in doubt as to whether or not a proof of claim should be admitted or rejected. If a proof of claim is marked as "objected to," the creditor shall be allowed to vote subject to the vote being declared invalid in the event of the objection being sustained.
Failure to establish a quorum at the first meeting of creditors
- Subsection 106(2) of the Act establishes the procedure to be followed where there is no quorum at the first meeting of creditors. In this circumstance, the appointment of the trustee is deemed confirmed and the chair can either adjourn the meeting to a new time and place or may adjourn the meeting without fixing a time or place for a future meeting.
- In a Division I Proposal, subsection 54(2.2) of the Act provides that where there is no quorum of secured creditors in respect of a particular class, that class shall be deemed to have voted for the refusal of the proposal.
- In a Division II Proposal, subsection 66.18(2) of the Act provides that where there is no quorum at a meeting of creditors, the consumer proposal shall be deemed to be accepted by the creditors.
- It would be considered proper for the trustee to contact creditors to encourage their participation or presence at any meeting of creditors provided the trustee does not breach section 202 of the Act, in particular paragraph 202(1)(g).
Coming into Force
- This Directive comes into force on the date it is issued.
- For any questions pertaining to this Directive, please contact your local OSB office.
Superintendent of Bankruptcy
Checklist for Proof of Claim
This checklist is provided to assist you in preparing the proof of claim form and, if appropriate, the proxy form in a complete and accurate manner. Please check each requirement.
- The signature of a witness is required.
- The document must be signed by the individual completing the declaration.
- Provide the complete address where all notices or correspondence are to be forwarded along with your phone number, fax number and email address where appropriate.
- It is permissible to file a proof of claim by fax or by other electronic means.
- A creditor may vote either in person or by proxy at any meeting of creditors if the proof of claim is filed with the trustee prior to the time appointed for the meeting.
- Quorum is established at a meeting of creditors by at least one creditor with a valid proof of claim being in attendance in person, or by any other mode of communication, subject to: the practicability and technological capability of the participants, creditors’ preference to attend in person, and the chair’s ability to validate the identity of participating creditors, or by proxy.
- A corporation may vote by an authorized agent or mandatary at meetings of creditors.
- In order for a duly authorized person to have a right to vote, they must be a creditor or be the holder of a properly executed proxy. The name of the creditor must appear in the proxy.
- A creditor who is participating in any distribution from an estate must have filed a proof of claim prior to the distribution being declared.
- In the case of an individual bankrupt, by checking the appropriate box or boxes at the bottom of the proof of claim form, you may request that the trustee advise you of any material change in the financial situation of the bankrupt or the amount the bankrupt is required to pay into the bankruptcy, and a copy of the trustee’s report on the discharge of the bankrupt.
- Creditor must state full and complete legal name of the individual, company or firm.
- If the individual completing the proof of claim is a representative of the creditor, the individual’s position or title must be identified.
- The amount owing must be set out in paragraph 3.
- A detailed statement of account must be attached to the proof of claim and marked "Schedule A" and must show the date, number and amount of all invoices or charges, together with the date, number and amount of all credits or payments. The amount on the statement of account must correspond to the amount indicated on the proof of claim.
- Paragraph A applies to ordinary unsecured claims. In addition to recording the amount of the claim, please indicate whether the claim has a priority pursuant to section 136 of the Act.
- Paragraph B applies to lessor claims in a commercial proposal. Please ensure that the claim applies to a commercial proposal and, if so, include the full particulars of the claim.
- Paragraph C applies to secured claims. Please indicate the dollar value of the security and attach copies of the security document. In addition, please attach copies of the security registration documents, where appropriate.
- Paragraph D applies to inventory claims of farmers, fishermen and aquaculturists. Please note that such claims apply only to inventory supplied from farmers, fishermen and aquaculturists within 15 (fifteen) days of the date of bankruptcy. In addition, please attach copies of any applicable sales agreements and delivery slips.
- Paragraph E applies to claims by wage earners. Please note that such claims apply only for unpaid wages owed upon the bankruptcy of an employer or when the employer becomes subject to a receivership.
- Paragraph F applies to claims by employees for unpaid amounts regarding pension plans. Please note that such claims apply only to unremitted pension contributions outstanding when the sponsoring employer becomes bankrupt or is subject to a receivership.
- Paragraph G applies to claims against directors. Please note that such claims apply only to directors of corporations that have filed a commercial proposal to creditors that includes a compromise of statutory claims against directors.
- Paragraph H applies to claims of customers of a bankrupt securities firm. Please ensure that the claim of the customer is for net equity and, if so, include the full particulars of the claim, including the calculations upon which the claim is based.
- All claimants must indicate whether or not they are related to the debtor, as defined in section 4 of the Act, or dealt with the debtor in a non-arm's-length manner.
- All claimants must attach a detailed list of all payments or credits received or granted as follows:
- (a) within the three (3) months preceding the initial bankruptcy event (including the bankruptcy or the proposal);
- (b) within the twelve (12) months preceding the initial bankruptcy event (including the bankruptcy or the proposal) in the case where the claimant and the debtor were not dealing at arm's length.
The Act permits a proof of claim to be made by a duly authorized representative of a creditor but, in the absence of a properly executed proxy, does not give such an individual the power to vote at the first meeting of creditors nor to act as the proxyholder of the creditors.
- In order for duly authorized persons to have a right to vote, they must themselves be creditors or be the holders of a properly executed proxy. The name of the creditor must appear in the proxy.
- A creditor may vote either in person or by proxyholder.
- A proxy may be filed at any time prior to a vote at a meeting of creditors.
- A proxy can be filed with the trustee in person, by mail or by any form of telecommunication.
- A proxy does not have to be under the seal of a corporation unless required by its incorporating documents or its bylaws.
- The individual designated in a proxy cannot be substituted unless the proxy provides for a power of substitution.
- Bankrupts/debtors may not be appointed as proxyholders to vote at any meeting of their creditors.
- The trustee may be appointed as a proxyholder for any creditor.
- A corporation cannot be designated as a proxyholder.
|Type of Creditor||Quorum||Motion||Ordinary Resolution Vote||Proposal Vote||Special Resolution Vote||Comments|
|Fully or partly secured creditor (secured balance)||YFootnote 1||NFootnote 2||N||Y||N||
In a Division I proposal, fully or partly secured creditors can vote only when these creditors have proven their claim and can only be included in the quorum in their class. Excluded from a Division II proposal.
In a bankruptcy, cannot vote and cannot be included in the quorum.
|Unsecured creditor||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Includes the unsecured portion of a partly secured claim.|
|Creditor with an undischargeable debt (section 178 of the Act)||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y|
|Creditor with a contingent or unliquidated claim||N||N||N||N||N||Does not have a provable claim until it has been valued by the trustee (subsection 135(1.1) of the Act).|
|Creditor with an objected claim||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||A creditor with an objected claim can vote subject to the vote being declared invalid by the Court (subsection 108(3) of the Act).|
|Creditor with a disallowed claim||N||N||N||N||N|
|Creditor voting by voting letter in a proposal||Y||N||N||Y||N|
|Claim of related party||Y||Y||Y||Y*||Y||
Bankruptcy: Refer to the restrictions in section 113(3) of the Act for some related creditors, regarding the vote on the appointment of the trustee or inspectors. If the vote of a related party determines the outcome of a vote, the Chair shall note in the Minutes the vote of the related party and shall redetermine the outcome by excluding the related creditor’s vote, in accordance with section 109(6) of the Act.
*Proposal: May vote against but not for a proposal (subsection 54(3) of the Act). Refer to the restrictions in section 113(3) of the Act for some related creditors, regarding the vote on the appointment of the trustee or inspectors.
|Equity Claim||Y||Y||Y||N||Y||Creditors may vote if the Court has ordered that they could vote as per s. 54.1 of the Act.|
|Claim of employees and directors||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||
Cannot vote for the appointment of trustee or inspectors (subsection 113(3) of the Act).
Employees cannot vote on a proposal for the amount specified in s. 60(1.3) of the Act.
|Trustee holding a proxy for a creditor||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Cannot vote on remuneration or conduct (subsection 113(2) of the Act).|
|Creditor not dealing at arm's length in the year prior to the initial bankruptcy event||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Permitted to vote, but if vote is determinative of outcome, chair redetermines outcome by excluding that vote. Redetermined outcome is the outcome unless an application is made and court determines another outcome (subsection 109(6) of the Act).|
|Claims acquired after bankruptcy||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Can vote only if the entire claim is acquired (subsection 110(1) of the Act).|
|Creditor secured by bill or note||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Can vote on the amount owing after deducting amounts recoverable from antecedent makers (section 111 of the Act). Footnote 3.|
|Person with a property claim||N||N||N||N||N||Not a creditor (section 81 of the Act).|
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