Criminal investigations: Basic process

The following is a short outline of how the Competition Bureau investigates marketplace activity which may be subject to criminal sanctions under the Competition Act (the Act):

See below
Criminal investigations process at a glance
1-Information intake
The Bureau receives information about marketplace practices. Sources include complaints submitted through the Information Centre, the Federal Contracting Fraud Tip Line, whistleblowers and immunity and leniency applicants.
2-Examination
Bureau investigators examine all information received to determine whether it points to any concerns under the Competition Act and assess whether further investigation is appropriate.
3-Investigation
Bureau investigators gather evidence by conducting interviews, executing search warrants, seeking orders for the production of business records and for obtaining the testimony of relevant individuals and seeking court orders for wiretapping.
4-Referal & prosecution
When sufficient evidence of an offence is secured, the Commissioner refers the case to the Public Prosecution Service of Canada who reviews the case and decides if a prosecution should be initiated.
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