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Goods and Services Manual — Class headings

From: Canadian Intellectual Property Office

The Nice Classification is administered by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) and consists of a list of 45 classes together with explanatory notes. There are 34 classes of goods and 11 classes of services. The class headings describe in very broad terms the nature of the goods or services contained in each class. The explanatory notes of a given class describe in greater detail the types of goods or services included in that class.

It is important to note that the Nice Classification does not supersede the Trademarks Act and Trademarks Regulations. Consequently, the provisions under the Canadian legislation for specifying all goods and services pursuant to paragraph 30(2)(a) of the Trademarks Act prevail.

The CIPO Goods and Services Manual can assist you in recognizing acceptable statements of goods and services and their associated class. You can search by individual good or service or a list of goods or services. To browse pre-approved Canadian terms by Nice classes, consult the Goods and Services Manual.

On this page:

Class 0 — Goods and services not classed

Class "0" can also be assigned when trademark applicants have started to group and class their statement of goods and services or where no class has been identified for some of the statements.

In the context of the Classification data, Class "0" will be assigned to a trademark when CIPO was not successful in classifying the statement of goods and/or services due to the lack of clarity in the description of the goods and/or services.

Classes of Goods (1 to 34)

Class 1

Chemicals for use in industry, science and photography, as well as in agriculture, horticulture and forestry; unprocessed artificial resins, unprocessed plastics; fire extinguishing and fire prevention compositions; tempering and soldering preparations; substances for tanning animal skins and hides; adhesives for use in industry; putties and other paste fillers; compost, manures, fertilizers; biological preparations for use in industry and science.

Explanatory Note

Class 1 includes mainly chemical products used in industry, science and agriculture, including those which go to the making of products belonging to other classes.

This Class includes, in particular:

  • sensitized paper;
  • tyre repairing compositions;
  • salt for preserving, other than for foodstuffs;
  • certain additives for the food industry, for example, pectin, lecithin, enzymes and chemical preservatives;
  • certain ingredients for use in the manufacture of cosmetics and pharmaceuticals, for example, vitamins, preservatives and antioxidants;
  • certain filtering materials, for example, mineral substances, vegetable substances and ceramic materials in particulate form.

This Class does not include, in particular:

  • raw natural resins (Class 2); semi-processed resins (Class 17);
  • chemical preparations for medical or veterinary purposes (Class 5);
  • fungicides, herbicides and preparations for destroying vermin (Class 5);
  • adhesives for stationery or household purposes (Class 16);
  • salt for preserving foodstuffs (Class 30);
  • straw mulch (Class 31).

Class 2

Paints, varnishes, lacquers; preservatives against rust and against deterioration of wood; colorants, dyes; inks for printing, marking and engraving; raw natural resins; metals in foil and powder form for use in painting, decorating, printing and art.

Explanatory Note

Class 2 includes mainly paints, colorants and preparations used for protection against corrosion.

This Class includes, in particular:

  • paints, varnishes and lacquers for industry, handicrafts and arts;
  • thinners, thickeners, fixatives and siccatives for paints, varnishes and lacquers;
  • mordants for wood and leather;
  • anti-rust oils and oils for the preservation of wood;
  • dyestuffs for clothing;
  • colorants for foodstuffs and beverages.

This Class does not include, in particular:

Class 3

Non-medicated cosmetics and toiletry preparations; non-medicated dentifrices; perfumery, essential oils; bleaching preparations and other substances for laundry use; cleaning, polishing, scouring and abrasive preparations.

Explanatory Note

Class 3 includes mainly non-medicated toiletry preparations, as well as cleaning preparations for use in the home and other environments.

This Class includes, in particular:

  • sanitary preparations being toiletries;
  • tissues impregnated with cosmetic lotions;
  • deodorants for human beings or for animals;
  • room fragrancing preparations;
  • nail art stickers;
  • polishing wax;
  • sandpaper.

This Class does not include, in particular:

  • ingredients for use in the manufacture of cosmetics, for example, vitamins, preservatives and antioxidants (Class 1);
  • degreasing preparations for use in manufacturing processes (Class 1);
  • chemical chimney cleaners (Class 1);
  • deodorants, other than for human beings or for animals (Class 5);
  • medicated shampoos, soaps, lotions and dentifrices (Class 5);
  • emery boards, emery files, sharpening stones and grindstones (hand tools) (Class 8);
  • cosmetic and cleaning instruments, for example, make-up brushes (Class 21), cloths, pads and rags for cleaning (Class 21).

Class 4

Industrial oils and greases, wax; lubricants; dust absorbing, wetting and binding compositions; fuels and illuminants; candles and wicks for lighting.

Explanatory Note

Class 4 includes mainly industrial oils and greases, fuels and illuminants.

This Class includes, in particular:

  • oils for the preservation of masonry or of leather;
  • raw wax, industrial wax;
  • electrical energy;
  • motor fuels, biofuels;
  • non-chemical additives for fuels;
  • wood for use as fuel.

This Class does not include, in particular:

  • certain special industrial oils and greases, for example, oils for tanning leather (Class 1), oils for the preservation of wood, anti-rust oils and greases (Class 2), essential oils (Class 3);
  • massage candles for cosmetic purposes (Class 3) and medicated massage candles (Class 5);
  • certain special waxes, for example, grafting wax for trees (Class 1), tailors' wax, polishing wax, depilatory wax (Class 3), dental wax (Class 5), sealing wax (Class 16);
  • wicks adapted for oil stoves (Class 11) and for cigarette lighters (Class 34).

Class 5

Pharmaceuticals, medical and veterinary preparations; sanitary preparations for medical purposes; dietetic food and substances adapted for medical or veterinary use, food for babies; dietary supplements for human beings and animals; plasters, materials for dressings; material for stopping teeth, dental wax; disinfectants; preparations for destroying vermin; fungicides, herbicides.

Explanatory Note

Class 5 includes mainly pharmaceuticals and other preparations for medical or veterinary purposes.

This Class includes, in particular:

  • sanitary preparations for personal hygiene, other than toiletries;
  • diapers for babies and for incontinence;
  • deodorants, other than for human beings or for animals;
  • medicated shampoos, soaps, lotions and dentifrices;
  • dietary supplements intended to supplement a normal diet or to have health benefits;
  • meal replacements and dietetic food and beverages adapted for medical or veterinary use.

This Class does not include, in particular:

  • ingredients for use in the manufacture of pharmaceuticals, for example, vitamins, preservatives and antioxidants (Class 1);
  • sanitary preparations being non-medicated toiletries (Class 3);
  • deodorants for human beings or for animals (Class 3);
  • support bandages, orthopaedic bandages (Class 10);
  • meal replacements and dietetic food and beverages not specified as being for medical or veterinary use, which should be classified in the appropriate food or beverage classes, for example, low-fat potato crisps (Class 29), high-protein cereal bars (Class 30); isotonic beverages (Class 32).

Class 6

Common metals and their alloys, ores; metal materials for building and construction; transportable buildings of metal; non-electric cables and wires of common metal; small items of metal hardware; metal containers for storage or transport; safes.

Explanatory Note

Class 6 includes mainly unwrought and partly wrought common metals, including ores, as well as certain goods made of common metals.

This Class includes, in particular:

  • metals in foil or powder form for further processing, for example, for 3D printers;
  • metal building materials, for example, materials of metal for railway tracks, pipes and tubes of metal;
  • small items of metal hardware, for example, bolts, screws, nails, furniture casters, window fasteners;
  • transportable buildings or structures of metal, for example, prefabricated houses, swimming pools, cages for wild animals, skating rinks;
  • certain goods made of common metals not otherwise classified by function or purpose, for example, all-purpose boxes of common metal, statues, busts and works of art of common metal.

This Class does not include, in particular:

  • metals and ores used as chemicals in industry or scientific research for their chemical properties, for example, bauxite, mercury, antimony, alkaline and alkaline-earth metals (Class 1);
  • metals in foil and powder form for use in painting, decorating, printing and art (Class 2);
  • electric cables (Class 9) and non-electric cables and ropes, not of metal (Class 22);
  • pipes being parts of sanitary installations (Class 11), flexible pipes, tubes and hoses, not of metal (Class 17) and rigid pipes, not of metal (Class 19);
  • cages for household pets (Class 21);
  • certain goods made of common metals that are classified according to their function or purpose, for example, hand tools, hand-operated (Class 8), paper clips (Class 16), furniture (Class 20), kitchen utensils (Class 21), household containers (Class 21).

Class 7

Machines, machine tools, power-operated tools; motors and engines, except for land vehicles; machine coupling and transmission components, except for land vehicles; agricultural implements, other than hand-operated hand tools; incubators for eggs; automatic vending machines.

Explanatory Note

Class 7 includes mainly machines and machine tools, motors and engines.

This Class includes, in particular:

  • parts of motors and engines of all kinds, for example, starters, mufflers and cylinders for motors and engines of any type;
  • electric cleaning and polishing apparatus, for example, electric shoe polishers, electric machines and apparatus for carpet shampooing and vacuum cleaners;
  • 3D printers;
  • industrial robots;
  • certain special vehicles not for transportation purposes, for example, road sweeping machines, road making machines, bulldozers, snow ploughs, as well as rubber tracks as parts of those vehicles' crawlers.

This Class does not include, in particular:

  • hand tools and implements, hand-operated (Class 8);
  • humanoid robots with artificial intelligence, laboratory robots, teaching robots, security surveillance robots (Class 9), surgical robots (Class 10), robotic cars (Class 12), robotic drums (Class 15), toy robots (Class 28);
  • motors and engines for land vehicles (Class 12);
  • treads for vehicles and tractors (Class 12);
  • certain special machines, for example, automated teller machines (Class 9), respirators for artificial respiration (Class 10), refrigerating apparatus and machines (Class 11).

Class 8

Hand tools and implements, hand-operated; cutlery; side arms, except firearms; razors.

Explanatory Note

Class 8 includes mainly hand-operated tools and implements for performing tasks, such as drilling, shaping, cutting and piercing.

This Class includes, in particular:

  • hand-operated agricultural, gardening and landscaping tools;
  • hand-operated tools for carpenters, artists and other craftspersons, for example, hammers, chisels and gravers;
  • handles for hand-operated hand tools, such as knives and scythes;
  • electric and non-electric hand implements for personal grooming and body art, for example, razors, implements for hair curling, tattooing, and for manicure and pedicure;
  • hand-operated pumps;
  • table cutlery, such as knives, forks and spoons, including those made of precious metals.

This Class does not include, in particular:

  • machine tools and implements driven by a motor (Class 7);
  • surgical cutlery (Class 10);
  • pumps for bicycle tyres (Class 12), pumps specially adapted for use with balls for games (Class 28);
  • side arms being firearms (Class 13);
  • paper knives and paper shredders for office use (Class 16);
  • handles for objects that are classified in various classes according to their function or purpose, for example, walking stick handles, umbrella handles (Class 18), broom handles (Class 21);
  • serving utensils, for example, sugar tongs, ice tongs, pie servers and serving ladles, and kitchen utensils, for example, mixing spoons, pestles and mortars, nutcrackers and spatulas (Class 21);
  • fencing weapons (Class 28).

Class 9

Scientific, research, navigation, surveying, photographic, cinematographic, audiovisual, optical, weighing, measuring, signalling, detecting, testing, inspecting, life-saving and teaching apparatus and instruments; apparatus and instruments for conducting, switching, transforming, accumulating, regulating or controlling the distribution or use of electricity; apparatus and instruments for recording, transmitting, reproducing or processing sound, images or data; recorded and downloadable media, computer software, blank digital or analogue recording and storage media; mechanisms for coin-operated apparatus; cash registers, calculating devices; computers and computer peripheral devices; diving suits, divers' masks, ear plugs for divers, nose clips for divers and swimmers, gloves for divers, breathing apparatus for underwater swimming; fire-extinguishing apparatus.

Explanatory Note

Class 9 includes mainly apparatus and instruments for scientific or research purposes, audiovisual and information technology equipment, as well as safety and life-saving equipment.

This Class includes, in particular:

  • apparatus and instruments for scientific research in laboratories;
  • training apparatus and simulators, for example, resuscitation mannequins, simulators for the steering and control of vehicles;
  • apparatus and instruments for controlling and monitoring aircraft, watercraft and unmanned vehicles, for example, navigational instruments, transmitters, compasses for measuring, GPS apparatus, automatic steering apparatus for vehicles;
  • safety and security apparatus and instruments, for example, safety nets, signalling lights, traffic-light apparatus, fire engines, sound alarms, security tokens being encryption devices;
  • clothing that protects against serious or life-threatening injuries, for example, clothing for protection against accidents, irradiation and fire, bullet-proof clothing, protective helmets, head guards for sports, mouth guards for sports, protective suits for aviators, knee-pads for workers;
  • optical apparatus and instruments, for example, eyeglasses, contact lenses, magnifying glasses, mirrors for inspecting work, peepholes;
  • magnets;
  • smartwatches, wearable activity trackers;
  • joysticks for use with computers, other than for video games, virtual reality headsets, smartglasses;
  • eyeglass cases, cases for smartphones, cases especially made for photographic apparatus and instruments;
  • automated teller machines, invoicing machines, material testing instruments and machines;
  • batteries and chargers for electronic cigarettes;
  • electric and electronic effects units for musical instruments;
  • laboratory robots, teaching robots, security surveillance robots, humanoid robots with artificial intelligence.

This Class does not include, in particular:

  • joysticks being parts of machines, other than for game machines (Class 7), vehicle joysticks (Class 12), joysticks for video games, controllers for toys and game consoles (Class 28);
  • coin-operated apparatus that are classified in various classes according to their function or purpose, for example, coin-operated washing machines (Class 7), coin-operated billiard tables (Class 28);
  • industrial robots (Class 7), surgical robots (Class 10), toy robots (Class 28);
  • pulse meters, heart rate monitoring apparatus, body composition monitors (Class 10);
  • laboratory lamps, laboratory burners (Class 11);
  • diving lights (Class 11);
  • explosive fog signals, signal rocket flares (Class 13);
  • histological sections for teaching purposes, biological samples for use in microscopy as teaching materials (Class 16);
  • clothing and equipment worn for the practice of certain sports, for example, protective paddings being parts of sports suits, fencing masks, boxing gloves (Class 28).

Class 10

Surgical, medical, dental and veterinary apparatus and instruments; artificial limbs, eyes and teeth; orthopaedic articles; suture materials; therapeutic and assistive devices adapted for persons with disabilities; massage apparatus; apparatus, devices and articles for nursing infants; sexual activity apparatus, devices and articles.

Explanatory Note

Class 10 includes mainly surgical, medical, dental and veterinary apparatus, instruments and articles generally used for the diagnosis, treatment or improvement of function or condition of persons and animals.

This Class includes, in particular:

  • support bandages, orthopaedic bandages;
  • special clothing for medical purposes, for example, compression garments, stockings for varices, strait jackets, orthopaedic footwear;
  • articles, instruments and devices for menstruation, contraception and childbirth, for example, menstrual cups, pessaries, condoms, childbirth mattresses, forceps;
  • therapeutic and prosthetic articles and devices for implantation made of artificial or synthetic materials, for example, surgical implants comprised of artificial materials, artificial breasts, brain pacemakers, biodegradable bone fixation implants;
  • furniture especially made for medical purposes, for example, armchairs for medical or dental purposes, air mattresses for medical purposes, operating tables.

This Class does not include, in particular:

  • medical dressings and absorbent sanitary articles, for example, plasters, bandages and gauze for dressings, breast-nursing pads, diapers for babies and for incontinence, tampons (Class 5);
  • surgical implants comprised of living tissue (Class 5);
  • tobacco-free cigarettes for medical purposes (Class 5) and electronic cigarettes (Class 34);
  • wheelchairs and mobility scooters (Class 12);
  • massage tables and hospital beds (Class 20).

Class 11

Apparatus and installations for lighting, heating, cooling, steam generating, cooking, drying, ventilating, water supply and sanitary purposes.

Explanatory Note

Class 11 includes mainly environmental control apparatus and installations, in particular, for the purposes of lighting, cooking, cooling and sanitizing.

This Class includes, in particular:

  • air-conditioning apparatus and installations;
  • ovens, other than for laboratory use, for example, dental ovens, microwave ovens, bakers' ovens;
  • stoves being heating apparatus;
  • solar thermal collectors;
  • chimney flues, chimney blowers, hearths, domestic fireplaces;
  • sterilizers, incinerators;
  • lighting apparatus and installations, for example, luminous tubes for lighting, searchlights, luminous house numbers, vehicle reflectors, lights for vehicles;
  • lamps, for example, electric lamps, gas lamps, laboratory lamps, oil lamps, street lamps, safety lamps;
  • tanning apparatus being sun beds;
  • bath installations, bath fittings, bath plumbing fixtures;
  • toilets, urinals;
  • fountains, chocolate fountains;
  • electrically heated pads, cushions and blankets, not for medical purposes;
  • hot water bottles;
  • electrically heated clothing;
  • electric appliances for making yogurt, bread-making machines, coffee machines, ice-cream making machines;
  • ice machines and apparatus.

This Class does not include, in particular:

  • steam producing apparatus being parts of machines (Class 7);
  • air condensers (Class 7);
  • current generators, generators of electricity (Class 7);
  • soldering lamps (Class 7), optical lamps, darkroom lamps (Class 9), lamps for medical purposes (Class 10);
  • ovens for laboratory use (Class 9);
  • photovoltaic cells (Class 9);
  • signalling lights (Class 9);
  • electrically heated pads, cushions and blankets, for medical purposes (Class 10);
  • portable baby baths (Class 21);
  • non-electric portable coolers (Class 21);
  • cooking utensils that do not have an integrated heat source, for example, non-electric griddles and grills, non-electric waffle irons, non-electric pressure cookers (Class 21);
  • footmuffs, not electrically heated (Class 25).

Class 12

Vehicles; apparatus for locomotion by land, air or water.

Explanatory Note

Class 12 includes mainly vehicles and apparatus for the transport of people or goods by land, air or water.

This Class includes, in particular:

  • motors and engines for land vehicles;
  • couplings and transmission components for land vehicles;
  • air cushion vehicles;
  • remote control vehicles, other than toys;
  • parts of vehicles, for example, bumpers, windscreens, steering wheels, tyres for vehicle wheels, as well as treads for vehicles.

This Class does not include, in particular:

  • railway material of metal (Class 6);
  • motors, engines, couplings and transmission components, other than for land vehicles (Class 7);
  • parts of all kinds of motors and engines, for example, starters, mufflers and cylinders for motors and engines (Class 7);
  • rubber tracks being parts of crawlers on construction, mining, agricultural and other heavy-duty machines (Class 7);
  • tricycles for infants and scooters, being toys (Class 28);
  • certain special vehicles or wheeled apparatus not for transportation purposes, for example, self-propelled road sweeping machines (Class 7), fire engines (Class 9), tea carts (Class 20);
  • certain parts of vehicles, for example, electric batteries, mileage recorders and radios for vehicles (Class 9), lights for automobiles and bicycles (Class 11), automobile carpets (Class 27).

Class 13

Firearms; ammunition and projectiles; explosives; fireworks.

Explanatory Note

Class 13 includes mainly firearms and pyrotechnic products.

This Class includes, in particular:

  • rescue flares, explosive or pyrotechnic;
  • flare pistols;
  • sprays for personal defence purposes;
  • explosive fog signals, signal rocket flares;
  • air pistols being weapons;
  • bandoliers for weapons;
  • sporting firearms, hunting firearms.

This Class does not include, in particular:

Class 14

Precious metals and their alloys; jewellery, precious and semi-precious stones; horological and chronometric instruments.

Explanatory Note

Class 14 includes mainly precious metals and certain goods made of precious metals or coated therewith, as well as jewellery, clocks and watches, and component parts therefor.

This Class includes, in particular:

  • jewellery, including imitation jewellery, for example, paste jewellery;
  • cuff links, tie pins, tie clips;
  • key rings, key chains and charms therefor;
  • jewellery charms;
  • jewellery boxes;
  • component parts for jewellery, clocks and watches, for example, clasps and beads for jewellery, movements for clocks and watches, clock hands, watch springs, watch crystals.

This Class does not include, in particular:

  • smartwatches (Class 9);
  • charms, other than for jewellery, key rings or key chains (Class 26);
  • objects of art not made of precious metals or coated therewith that are classified according to the material of which they are made, for example, works of art of metal (Class 6), of stone, concrete or marble (Class 19), of wood, wax, plaster or plastic (Class 20), of porcelain, ceramic, earthenware, terra-cotta or glass (Class 21);
  • certain goods made of precious metals or coated therewith that are classified according to their function or purpose, for example, metals in foil and powder form for use in painting, decorating, printing and art (Class 2), dental amalgams of gold (Class 5), cutlery (Class 8), electric contacts (Class 9), pen nibs of gold (Class 16), teapots (Class 21), gold and silver embroidery (Class 26), cigar boxes (Class 34).

Class 15

Musical instruments; music stands and stands for musical instruments; conductors' batons.

Explanatory Note

Class 15 includes mainly musical instruments, their parts and their accessories.

This Class includes, in particular:

  • mechanical musical instruments and their accessories, for example, barrel organs, mechanical pianos, intensity regulators for mechanical pianos, robotic drums;
  • musical boxes;
  • electrical and electronic musical instruments;
  • strings, reeds, pegs and pedals for musical instruments;
  • tuning forks, tuning hammers;
  • colophony (rosin) for stringed musical instruments.

This Class does not include, in particular:

  • apparatus for the recording, transmission, amplification and reproduction of sound, for example, electric and electronic effects units for musical instruments, wah-wah pedals, audio interfaces, audio mixers, equalisers being audio apparatus, subwoofers (Class 9);
  • downloadable music files (Class 9);
  • downloadable electronic sheet music (Class 9), printed sheet music (Class 16);
  • juke boxes, musical (Class 9);
  • metronomes (Class 9);
  • musical greeting cards (Class 16).

Class 16

Paper and cardboard; printed matter; bookbinding material; photographs; stationery and office requisites, except furniture; adhesives for stationery or household purposes; drawing materials and materials for artists; paintbrushes; instructional and teaching materials; plastic sheets, films and bags for wrapping and packaging; printers' type, printing blocks.

Explanatory Note

Class 16 includes mainly paper, cardboard and certain goods made of those materials, as well as office requisites.

This Class includes, in particular:

  • paper knives and paper cutters;
  • cases, covers and devices for holding or securing paper, for example, document files, money clips, holders for cheque books, paper-clips, passport holders, scrapbooks;
  • certain office machines, for example, typewriters, duplicators, franking machines for office use, pencil sharpeners;
  • painting articles for use by artists and interior and exterior painters, for example, artists' watercolour saucers, painters' easels and palettes, paint rollers and trays;
  • certain disposable paper products, for example, bibs, handkerchiefs and table linen of paper;
  • certain goods made of paper or cardboard not otherwise classified by function or purpose, for example, paper bags, envelopes and containers for packaging, statues, figurines and works of art of paper or cardboard, such as figurines of papier mâché, framed or unframed lithographs, paintings and watercolours.

This Class does not include, in particular:

  • paints (Class 2);
  • hand tools for artists, for example, spatulas, sculptors' chisels (Class 8);
  • teaching apparatus, for example, audiovisual teaching apparatus, resuscitation mannequins (Class 9), and toy models (Class 28);
  • certain goods made of paper or cardboard that are classified according to their function or purpose, for example, photographic paper (Class 1), abrasive paper (Class 3), paper blinds (Class 20), table cups and plates of paper (Class 21), bed linen of paper (Class 24), paper clothing (Class 25), cigarette paper (Class 34).

Class 17

Unprocessed and semi-processed rubber, gutta-percha, gum, asbestos, mica and substitutes for all these materials; plastics and resins in extruded form for use in manufacture; packing, stopping and insulating materials; flexible pipes, tubes and hoses, not of metal.

Explanatory Note

Class 17 includes mainly electrical, thermal and acoustic insulating materials and plastics for use in manufacture in the form of sheets, blocks and rods, as well as certain goods made of rubber, gutta-percha, gum, asbestos, mica or substitutes therefor.

This Class includes, in particular:

  • rubber material for recapping tyres;
  • floating anti-pollution barriers;
  • adhesive tapes, other than stationery and not for medical or household purposes;
  • plastic films, other than for wrapping and packaging, for example, anti-dazzle films for windows;
  • elastic threads and threads of rubber or plastic, not for textile use;
  • certain goods made of the materials in this class not otherwise classified by function or purpose, for example, foam supports for flower arrangements, padding and stuffing materials of rubber or plastics, rubber stoppers, shock-absorbing buffers of rubber, rubber bags or envelopes for packaging.

This Class does not include, in particular:

  • fire hose (Class 9);
  • pipes being parts of sanitary installations (Class 11) and rigid pipes of metal (Class 6) and not of metal (Class 19);
  • insulating glass for building (Class 19);
  • certain goods made of the materials in this class that are classified according to their function or purpose, for example, gum resins (Class 2), rubber for dental purposes (Class 5), asbestos screens for firemen (Class 9), adhesive rubber patches for repairing inner tubes (Class 12), rubber erasers (Class 16).

Class 18

Leather and imitations of leather; animal skins and hides; luggage and carrying bags; umbrellas and parasols; walking sticks; whips, harness and saddlery; collars, leashes and clothing for animals.

Explanatory Note

Class 18 includes mainly leather, imitations of leather and certain goods made of those materials.

This Class includes, in particular:

  • luggage and carrying bags, for example, suitcases, trunks, travelling bags, sling bags for carrying infants, school bags;
  • luggage or baggage tags;
  • business card cases and pocket wallets;
  • boxes and cases of leather or leatherboard.

This Class does not include, in particular:

  • walking sticks or canes for medical purposes (Class 10);
  • clothing, footwear and headwear of leather for human beings (Class 25);
  • bags and cases adapted to the product they are intended to contain, for example, bags adapted for laptops (Class 9), bags and cases for cameras and photographic equipment (Class 9), cases for musical instruments (Class 15), golf bags with or without wheels, bags especially designed for skis and surfboards (Class 28);
  • certain goods made of leather, imitations of leather, animal skins and hides that are classified according to their function or purpose, for example, leather strops (Class 8), polishing leather (Class 21), chamois leather for cleaning (Class 21), leather belts for clothing (Class 25).

Class 19

Materials, not of metal, for building and construction; rigid pipes, not of metal, for building; asphalt, pitch, tar and bitumen; transportable buildings, not of metal; monuments, not of metal.

Explanatory Note

Class 19 includes mainly materials, not of metal, for building and construction.

This Class includes, in particular:

  • semi-worked woods for use in building, for example, beams, planks, panels;
  • wood veneers;
  • building glass, for example, glass tiles, insulating glass for building, safety glass;
  • glass granules for marking out roads;
  • granite, marble, gravel;
  • terra-cotta for use as a building material;
  • roofing, not of metal, incorporating photovoltaic cells;
  • gravestones and tombs, not of metal;
  • statues, busts and works of art of stone, concrete or marble;
  • letter boxes of masonry;
  • geotextiles;
  • coatings being building materials;
  • scaffolding, not of metal;
  • transportable buildings or structures, not of metal, for example, aquaria, aviaries, flagpoles, porches, swimming pools.

This Class does not include, in particular:

  • cement preservatives, cement-waterproofing preparations (Class 1);
  • fireproofing preparations (Class 1);
  • wood preservatives (Class 2);
  • oils for releasing form work for building (Class 4);
  • letter boxes of metal (Class 6) and not of metal or masonry (Class 20);
  • statues, busts and works of art of common metal (Class 6), of precious metal (Class 14), of wood, wax, plaster or plastic (Class 20), of porcelain, ceramic, earthenware, terra-cotta or glass (Class 21);
  • certain pipes, not of metal, not for building, for example, pipes being parts of sanitary installations (Class 11), flexible pipes, tubes and hoses, not of metal (Class 17);
  • substances for insulating buildings against moisture (Class 17);
  • glass for vehicle windows (semi-finished product) (Class 21);
  • birdcages (Class 21);
  • mats and matting, linoleum and other materials for covering existing floors (Class 27);
  • unsawn or undressed timber (Class 31).

Class 20

Furniture, mirrors, picture frames; containers, not of metal, for storage or transport; unworked or semi-worked bone, horn, whalebone or mother-of-pearl; shells; meerschaum; yellow amber.

Explanatory Note

Class 20 includes mainly furniture and parts therefor, as well as certain goods made of wood, cork, reed, cane, wicker, horn, bone, ivory, whalebone, shell, amber, mother-of-pearl, meerschaum and substitutes for all these materials, or of plastic.

This Class includes, in particular:

  • metal furniture, furniture for camping, gun racks, newspaper display stands;
  • indoor window blinds and shades;
  • bedding, for example, mattresses, bed bases, pillows;
  • looking glasses, furniture and toilet mirrors;
  • registration plates, not of metal;
  • small items of hardware, for example, not of metal, bolts, screws, dowels, furniture casters, collars for fastening pipes;
  • letter boxes, not of metal or masonry.

This Class does not include, in particular:

  • special furniture for laboratories (Class 9) or for medical use (Class 10);
  • outdoor blinds of metal (Class 6), not of metal and not of textile (Class 19), of textile (Class 22);
  • bed linen, eiderdowns and sleeping bags (Class 24);
  • certain mirrors for specific uses, for example, mirrors used in optical goods (Class 9), mirrors used in surgery or dentistry (Class 10), rearview mirrors (Class 12), sighting mirrors for guns (Class 13);
  • certain goods made of wood, cork, reed, cane, wicker, horn, bone, ivory, whalebone, shell, amber, mother-of-pearl, meerschaum and substitutes for all these materials, or of plastic, that are classified according to their function or purpose, for example, beads for making jewellery (Class 14), wooden floor boards (Class 19), baskets for domestic use (Class 21), plastic cups (Class 21), reed mats (Class 27).

Class 21

Household or kitchen utensils and containers; cookware and tableware, except forks, knives and spoons; combs and sponges; brushes, except paintbrushes; brush-making materials; articles for cleaning purposes; unworked or semi-worked glass, except building glass; glassware, porcelain and earthenware.

Explanatory Note

Class 21 includes mainly small, hand-operated utensils and apparatus for household and kitchen use, as well as cosmetic and toilet utensils, glassware and certain goods made of porcelain, ceramic, earthenware, terra-cotta or glass.

This Class includes, in particular:

  • household and kitchen utensils, for example, fly swatters, clothes-pegs, mixing spoons, basting spoons and corkscrews, as well as serving utensils, for example, sugar tongs, ice tongs, pie servers and serving ladles;
  • household, kitchen and cooking containers, for example, vases, bottles, piggy banks, pails, cocktail shakers, cooking pots and pans, and non-electric kettles and pressure cookers;
  • small hand-operated kitchen apparatus for mincing, grinding, pressing or crushing, for example, garlic presses, nutcrackers, pestles and mortars;
  • dish stands and decanter stands;
  • cosmetic and toilet utensils, for example, electric and non-electric combs and toothbrushes, dental floss, foam toe separators for use in pedicures, powder puffs, fitted vanity cases;
  • gardening articles, for example, gardening gloves, window-boxes, watering cans and nozzles for watering hose;
  • indoor aquaria, terrariums and vivariums.

This Class does not include, in particular:

  • cleaning preparations (Class 3);
  • containers for storage and transport of goods, of metal (Class 6), not of metal (Class 20);
  • small apparatus for mincing, grinding, pressing or crushing, which are driven by electricity (Class 7);
  • razors and shaving apparatus, hair and nail clippers, electric and non-electric implements for manicure and pedicure, for example, manicure sets, emery boards, cuticle nippers (Class 8);
  • table cutlery and hand-operated cutting tools for kitchen use, for example, vegetable shredders, pizza cutters, cheese slicers (Class 8);
  • lice combs, tongue scrapers (Class 10);
  • cooking utensils, electric (Class 11);
  • toilet mirrors (Class 20);
  • certain goods made of glass, porcelain and earthenware that are classified according to their function or purpose, for example, porcelain for dental prostheses (Class 5), spectacle lenses (Class 9), glass wool for insulation (Class 17), earthenware tiles (Class 19), building glass (Class 19), glass fibres for textile use (Class 22).

Class 22

Ropes and string; nets; tents and tarpaulins; awnings of textile or synthetic materials; sails; sacks for the transport and storage of materials in bulk; padding, cushioning and stuffing materials, except of paper, cardboard, rubber or plastics; raw fibrous textile materials and substitutes therefor.

Explanatory Note

Class 22 includes mainly canvas and other materials for making sails, rope, padding, cushioning and stuffing materials and raw fibrous textile materials.

This Class includes, in particular:

  • cords and twines made of natural or artificial textile fibres, paper or plastics;
  • fishing nets, hammocks, rope ladders;
  • vehicle covers, not fitted;
  • certain sacks and bags not otherwise classified by function or purpose, for example, mesh bags for washing laundry, body bags, mail bags;
  • packaging bags of textile;
  • animal fibres and raw textile fibres, for example, animal hair, cocoons, jute, raw or treated wool, raw silk.

This Class does not include, in particular:

  • metal ropes (Class 6);
  • strings for musical instruments (Class 15) and for sports rackets (Class 28);
  • padding and stuffing materials of paper or cardboard (Class 16), rubber or plastics (Class 17);
  • certain nets and bags that are classified according to their function or purpose, for example, safety nets (Class 9), luggage nets for vehicles (Class 12), garment bags for travel (Class 18), hair nets (Class 26), golf bags (Class 28), nets for sports (Class 28);
  • packaging bags, not of textile, which are classified according to the material of which they are made, for example, packaging bags of paper or plastics (Class 16), of rubber (Class 17), of leather (Class 18).

Class 23

Yarns and threads for textile use.

Explanatory Note

Class 23 includes mainly natural or synthetic yarns and threads for textile use.

This Class includes, in particular:

  • fibreglass, elastic, rubber and plastic threads for textile use;
  • threads for embroidery, darning and sewing, including those of metal;
  • spun silk, spun cotton, spun wool.

This Class does not include, in particular:

  • certain threads for specific uses, for example, identification threads for electric wires (Class 9), surgical thread (Class 10), threads of precious metal being jewellery (Class 14);
  • threads, other than for textile use, that are classified according to the material of which they are made, for example, threads for binding of metal (Class 6) and not of metal (Class 22), elastic threads, threads of rubber or plastic (Class 17), fibreglass threads (Class 21).

Class 24

Textiles and substitutes for textiles; household linen; curtains of textile or plastic.

Explanatory Note

Class 24 includes mainly fabrics and fabric covers for household use.

This Class includes, in particular:

  • household linen, for example, bedspreads, pillow shams, towels of textile;
  • bed linen of paper;
  • sleeping bags, sleeping bag liners;
  • mosquito nets.

This Class does not include, in particular:

  • electrically heated blankets, for medical purposes (Class 10) and not for medical purposes (Class 11);
  • table linen of paper (Class 16);
  • asbestos safety curtains (Class 17), bamboo curtains and bead curtains for decoration (Class 20);
  • horse blankets (Class 18);
  • certain textiles and fabrics for specific uses, for example, fabrics for bookbinding (Class 16), insulating fabrics (Class 17), geotextiles (Class 19).

Class 25

Clothing, footwear, headwear.

Explanatory Note

Class 25 includes mainly clothing, footwear and headwear for human beings.

This Class includes, in particular:

  • parts of clothing, footwear and headwear, for example, cuffs, pockets, ready-made linings, heels and heelpieces, cap peaks, hat frames (skeletons);
  • clothing and footwear for sports, for example, ski gloves, sports singlets, cyclists' clothing, judo and karate uniforms, football shoes, gymnastic shoes, ski boots;
  • masquerade costumes;
  • paper clothing, paper hats for use as clothing;
  • bibs, not of paper;
  • pocket squares;
  • footmuffs, not electrically heated.

This Class does not include, in particular:

  • small items of hardware used in shoemaking, for example, shoe pegs and shoe dowels of metal (Class 6) and not of metal (Class 20), as well as haberdashery accessories and fastenings for clothing, footwear and headwear, for example, clasps, buckles, zippers, ribbons, hatbands, hat and shoe trimmings (Class 26);
  • certain clothing, footwear and headwear for special use, for example, protective helmets, including for sports (Class 9), clothing for protection against fire (Class 9), clothing especially for operating rooms (Class 10), orthopaedic footwear (Class 10), as well as clothing and footwear that are essential for the practice of certain sports, for example, baseball gloves, boxing gloves, ice skates, skating boots with skates attached (Class 28);
  • electrically heated clothing (Class 11);
  • electrically heated footmuffs (Class 11), fitted footmuffs for pushchairs and prams (Class 12);
  • bibs of paper (Class 16);
  • handkerchiefs of paper (Class 16) and of textile (Class 24);
  • clothing for animals (Class 18);
  • carnival masks (Class 28);
  • dolls' clothes (Class 28);
  • paper party hats (Class 28).

Class 26

Lace, braid and embroidery, and haberdashery ribbons and bows; buttons, hooks and eyes, pins and needles; artificial flowers; hair decorations; false hair.

Explanatory Note

Class 26 includes mainly dressmakers' articles, natural or synthetic hair for wear, and hair adornments, as well as small decorative items intended to adorn a variety of objects, not included in other classes.

This Class includes, in particular:

  • wigs, toupees, false beards;
  • barrettes, hair bands;
  • ribbons and bows being haberdashery or used as hair decorations, made of any material;
  • ribbons and bows for gift wrapping, not of paper;
  • hair nets;
  • buckles, zippers;
  • charms, other than for jewellery, key rings or key chains;
  • artificial Christmas garlands and wreaths, including those incorporating lights;
  • certain articles for curling hair, for example, electric and non-electric hair curlers, other than hand implements, hair curling pins, hair curling paper.

This Class does not include, in particular:

  • false eyelashes (Class 3);
  • hooks being small items of metal hardware (Class 6) or hardware, not of metal (Class 20), curtain hooks (Class 20);
  • certain special types of needles, for example, tattoo needles (Class 8), needles for surveying compasses (Class 9), needles for medical purposes (Class 10), needles for pumps for inflating balls for games (Class 28);
  • hand implements for curling hair, for example, curling tongs, eyelash curlers (Class 8);
  • hair prostheses (Class 10);
  • jewellery charms, charms for key rings or key chains (Class 14);
  • certain ribbons and bows, for example, paper ribbons and bows, other than haberdashery or hair decorations (Class 16), rhythmic gymnastics ribbons (Class 28);
  • yarns and threads for textile use (Class 23);
  • Christmas trees of synthetic material (Class 28).

Class 27

Carpets, rugs, mats and matting, linoleum and other materials for covering existing floors; wall hangings, not of textile.

Explanatory Note

Class 27 includes mainly products intended to be added as coverings to previously constructed floors and walls.

This Class includes, in particular:

  • automobile carpets;
  • mats being floor coverings, for example, bath mats, door mats, gymnastic mats, yoga mats;
  • artificial turf;
  • wallpaper, including textile wallpaper.

This Class does not include, in particular:

Class 28

Games, toys and playthings; video game apparatus; gymnastic and sporting articles; decorations for Christmas trees.

Explanatory Note

Class 28 includes mainly toys, apparatus for playing games, sports equipment, amusement and novelty items, as well as certain articles for Christmas trees.

This Class includes, in particular:

  • amusement and game apparatus, including controllers therefor;
  • novelty toys for playing jokes and for parties, for example, carnival masks, paper party hats, confetti, party poppers and Christmas crackers;
  • hunting and fishing tackle, for example, fishing rods, landing nets for anglers, decoys, hunting game calls;
  • equipment for various sports and games.

This Class does not include, in particular:

  • Christmas tree candles (Class 4), electric lights for Christmas trees (Class 11), confectionery and chocolate decorations for Christmas trees (Class 30);
  • diving equipment (Class 9);
  • sex toys and love dolls (Class 10);
  • clothing for gymnastics and sports (Class 25);
  • certain gymnastic and sporting articles, for example, protective helmets, goggles and mouthguards for sports (Class 9), sporting firearms (Class 13), gymnasium mats (Class 27), as well as certain fishing and hunting equipment, for example, hunting knives, harpoons (Class 8), hunting firearms (Class 13), fishing nets (Class 22), that are classified according to other functions or purposes.

Class 29

Meat, fish, poultry and game; meat extracts; preserved, frozen, dried and cooked fruits and vegetables; jellies, jams, compotes; eggs; milk, cheese, butter, yogurt and other milk products; oils and fats for food.

Explanatory Note

Class 29 includes mainly foodstuffs of animal origin, as well as vegetables and other horticultural comestible products which are prepared or preserved for consumption.

This Class includes, in particular:

  • meat-, fish-, fruit- or vegetable-based food;
  • edible insects;
  • milk beverages with milk predominating;
  • milk substitutes, for example, almond milk, coconut milk, peanut milk, rice milk, soya milk;
  • preserved mushrooms;
  • pulses and nuts prepared for human consumption;
  • seeds prepared for human consumption, not being seasonings or flavourings.

This Class does not include, in particular:

Class 30

Coffee, tea, cocoa and artificial coffee; rice, pasta and noodles; tapioca and sago; flour and preparations made from cereals; bread, pastries and confectionery; chocolate; ice cream, sorbets and other edible ices; sugar, honey, treacle; yeast, baking-powder; salt, seasonings, spices, preserved herbs; vinegar, sauces and other condiments; ice (frozen water).

Explanatory Note

Class 30 includes mainly foodstuffs of plant origin, except fruits and vegetables, prepared or preserved for consumption, as well as auxiliaries intended for the improvement of the flavour of food.

This Class includes, in particular:

  • beverages with coffee, cocoa, chocolate or tea base;
  • cereals prepared for human consumption, for example, oat flakes, corn chips, husked barley, bulgur, muesli;
  • pizza, pies, sandwiches;
  • chocolate-coated nuts;
  • flavourings, other than essential oils, for food or beverages.

This Class does not include, in particular:

  • salt for industrial purposes (Class 1);
  • food or beverage flavourings being essential oils (Class 3);
  • medicinal teas and dietetic food and substances adapted for medical use (Class 5);
  • baby food (Class 5);
  • dietary supplements (Class 5);
  • yeast for pharmaceutical purposes (Class 5), yeast for animal consumption (Class 31);
  • milk beverages flavoured with coffee, cocoa, chocolate or tea (Class 29);
  • soups, bouillon (Class 29);
  • raw cereals (Class 31);
  • fresh herbs (Class 31);
  • foodstuffs for animals (Class 31).

Class 31

Raw and unprocessed agricultural, aquacultural, horticultural and forestry products; raw and unprocessed grains and seeds; fresh fruits and vegetables, fresh herbs; natural plants and flowers; bulbs, seedlings and seeds for planting; live animals; foodstuffs and beverages for animals; malt.

Explanatory Note

Class 31 includes mainly land and sea products not having been subjected to any form of preparation for consumption, live animals and plants, as well as food­stuffs for animals.

This Class includes, in particular:

  • unprocessed cereals;
  • fresh fruits and vegetables, even after washing or waxing;
  • plant residue;
  • unprocessed algae;
  • unsawn timber;
  • fertilized eggs for hatching;
  • fresh mushrooms and truffles;
  • litter for animals, for example, aromatic sand, sanded paper for pets.

This Class does not include, in particular:

Class 32

Beers; non-alcoholic beverages; mineral and aerated waters; fruit beverages and fruit juices; syrups and other non-alcoholic preparations for making beverages.

Explanatory Note

Class 32 includes mainly non-alcoholic beverages, as well as beer.

This Class includes, in particular:

  • de-alcoholised beverages;
  • soft drinks;
  • rice-based and soya-based beverages, other than milk substitutes;
  • energy drinks, isotonic beverages, protein-enriched sports beverages;
  • non-alcoholic essences and fruit extracts for making beverages.

This Class does not include, in particular:

  • flavourings for beverages being essential oils (Class 3) or other than essential oils (Class 30);
  • dietetic beverages adapted for medical purposes (Class 5);
  • milk beverages with milk predominating, milk shakes (Class 29);
  • milk substitutes, for example, almond milk, coconut milk, peanut milk, rice milk, soya milk (Class 29);
  • lemon juice for culinary purposes, tomato juice for cooking (Class 29);
  • beverages with coffee, cocoa, chocolate or tea base (Class 30);
  • beverages for pets (Class 31);
  • alcoholic beverages, except beer (Class 33).

Class 33

Alcoholic beverages, except beers; alcoholic preparations for making beverages.

Explanatory Note

Class 33 includes mainly alcoholic beverages, essences and extracts.

This Class includes, in particular:

  • wines, fortified wines;
  • alcoholic cider, perry;
  • spirits, liqueurs;
  • alcoholic essences, alcoholic fruit extracts, bitters.

This Class does not include, in particular:

  • medicinal beverages (Class 5);
  • de-alcoholised beverages (Class 32);
  • beers (Class 32);
  • non-alcoholic mixers used to make alcoholic beverages, for example, soft drinks, soda water (Class 32).

Class 34

Tobacco and tobacco substitutes; cigarettes and cigars; electronic cigarettes and oral vaporizers for smokers; smokers' articles; matches.

Explanatory Note

Class 34 includes mainly tobacco and articles used for smoking, as well as certain accessories and containers related to their use.

This Class includes, in particular:

  • tobacco substitutes, not for medical purposes;
  • flavourings, other than essential oils, for use in electronic cigarettes, oral vaporizers for smokers;
  • herbs for smoking;
  • snuff;
  • certain accessories and containers related to the use of tobacco and articles for smoking, for example, lighters for smokers, ashtrays for smokers, tobacco jars, snuff boxes, cigar humidors.

This Class does not include, in particular:

  • tobacco-free cigarettes for medical purposes (Class 5);
  • batteries and chargers for electronic cigarettes (Class 9);
  • ashtrays for automobiles (Class 12).

Classes of Services (35 to 45)

Class 35

Advertising; business management, organization and administration; office functions.

Explanatory Note

Class 35 includes mainly services rendered by persons or organizations principally with the object of: 1. help in the working or management of a commercial undertaking, or 2. help in the management of the business affairs or commercial functions of an industrial or commercial enterprise,

as well as services rendered by advertising establishments primarily undertaking communications to the public, declarations or announcements by all means of diffusion and concerning all kinds of goods or services.

This Class includes, in particular:

  • the bringing together, for the benefit of others, of a variety of goods, excluding the transport thereof, enabling customers to conveniently view and purchase those goods;  such services may be provided by retail stores, wholesale outlets, through vending machines, mail order catalogues or by means of electronic media, for example, through web sites or television shopping programmes;
  • advertising, marketing and promotional services, for example, distribution of samples, development of advertising concepts, writing and publication of publicity texts;
  • shop window dressing;
  • public relations services;
  • production of teleshopping programmes;
  • organization of trade fairs and exhibitions for commercial or advertising purposes;
  • search engine optimization for sales promotion;
  • commercial assistance services, for example, personnel recruitment, negotiation of business contracts for others, cost price analysis, import-export agency services;
  • administration services relating to business transactions and financial records, for example, book-keeping, drawing up of statements of accounts, business and financial auditing, business appraisals, tax preparation and filing services;
  • commercial administration of the licensing of the goods and services of others;
  • services consisting of the registration, transcription, composition, compilation or systematization of written communications and registrations, and also the compilation of mathematical or statistical data;
  • office functions, for example, appointment scheduling and reminder services, data search in computer files for others, computerized file management, telephone switchboard services.

This Class does not include, in particular:

  • financial services, for example, financial analysis, financial management, financial sponsorship (Cl. 36);
  • real estate management (Cl. 36);
  • stock brokerage services (Cl. 36);
  • transportation logistics (Cl. 39);
  • energy auditing (Cl. 42);
  • graphic design of promotional materials (Cl. 42);
  • legal services in relation to the negotiation of contracts for others (Cl. 45);
  • licensing of intellectual property, legal administration of licences, copyright management (Cl. 45);
  • registration of domain names (Cl. 45).

Class 36

Financial, monetary and banking services; insurance services; real estate affairs.

Explanatory Note

Class 36 includes mainly services relating to banking and other financial transactions, financial valuation services, as well as insurance and real estate activities.

This Class includes, in particular:

  • financial transaction and payment services, for example, exchanging money, electronic funds transfer, processing of credit card and debit card payments, issuance of travellers' cheques;
  • financial management and research;
  • financial appraisals, for example, jewellery, art and real estate appraisal, repair costs evaluation;
  • cheque verification;
  • financing and credit services, for example, loans, issuance of credit cards, hire- or lease-purchase financing;
  • crowdfunding;
  • safe deposit services;
  • financial sponsorship;
  • real estate agency services, real estate management, rental of apartments, rent collection;
  • insurance underwriting, actuarial services;
  • brokerage services, for example, securities, insurance and real estate brokerage, brokerage of carbon credits, pawnbrokerage.

This Class does not include, in particular:

  • administration services relating to business transactions and financial records, for example, book-keeping, drawing up of statements of accounts, business and financial auditing, business appraisals, tax preparation and filing services (Cl. 35);
  • sponsorship search, promotion of goods and services through sponsorship of sports events (Cl. 35);
  • cash replenishment of automated teller machines (Cl. 39);
  • freight brokerage, transport brokerage (Cl. 39);
  • quality evaluation of wool and standing timber (Cl. 42).

Class 37

Construction services; installation and repair services; mining extraction, oil and gas drilling.

Explanatory Note

Class 37 includes mainly services in the field of construction, as well as services involving the restoration of objects to their original condition or their preservation without altering their physical or chemical properties.

This Class includes, in particular:

  • construction and demolition of buildings, roads, bridges, dams or transmission lines, as well as services in the field of construction, for example, interior and exterior painting, plastering, plumbing, heating equipment installation, and roofing;
  • shipbuilding;
  • rental of construction tools, machines and equipment, for example, rental of bulldozers, rental of cranes;
  • various repair services, for example, those in the fields of electricity, computer hardware, furniture, instruments, tools;
  • various restoration services, for example, building restoration, furniture restoration and restoration of works of art;
  • maintenance services for preserving an object in its original condition without changing any of its properties;
  • cleaning of different objects, for example, windows, vehicles, clothing, as well as the laundering and pressing of clothing.

This Class does not include, in particular:

  • physical storage of goods (Class 39);
  • transformation of an object or substance that involves a process of change in its essential properties, for example, the cutting, dyeing, fireproofing of cloth (Class 40), the casting, plating, treating of metal (Class 40) custom tailoring, dressmaking, embroidering (Class 40), food and drink preservation (Class 40);
  • installation, maintenance and updating of computer software (Class 42), creation and hosting of web sites (Class 42);
  • construction drafting and architectural services (Class 42).

Class 38

Telecommunications services.

Explanatory Note

Class 38 includes mainly services that allow at least one party to communicate with another, as well as services for the broadcasting and transmission of data.

This Class includes, in particular:

  • transmission of digital files and electronic mail;
  • providing user access to global computer networks;
  • radio and television broadcasting;
  • video-on-demand transmission;
  • providing internet chatrooms and online forums;
  • telephone and voice mail services;
  • teleconferencing and videoconferencing services.

This Class does not include, in particular:

  • radio advertising (Class 35);
  • telemarketing services (Class 35);
  • content or subject matter that may be contained in the communication activity, for example, downloadable image files (Class 9), providing business information via a web site (Class 35), providing films and television programmes, not downloadable, via video-on-demand services (Class 41);
  • services conducted using telecommunication connections, for example, online retail services for downloadable digital music (Class 35), online banking (Class 36);
  • production of radio and television programmes (Class 41);
  • telecommunications technology consultancy (Class 42);
  • online social networking services (Class 45).

Class 39

Transport; packaging and storage of goods; travel arrangement.

Explanatory Note

Class 39 includes mainly services for the transport of people, animals or goods from one place to another (by rail, road, water, air or pipeline) and services necessarily connected with such transport, as well as the storing of goods in any kind of storage facility, warehouses or other types of building for their preservation or guarding.

This Class includes, in particular:

  • operation of stations, bridges, railways, ferries and other transport facilities;
  • rental of vehicles for transportation, as well as chauffeuring and piloting services;
  • rental services related to transport, storage and travel, for example, parking place rental, garage rental, rental of storage containers;
  • operation of maritime tugs, unloading, operation of ports and docks, and salvaging of wrecked ships and their cargoes;
  • packaging, bottling, wrapping and delivering of goods;
  • replenishing vending machines and automated teller machines;
  • services for providing information about journeys or the transport of goods by brokers and tourist agencies, as well as for providing information relating to tariffs, timetables and methods of transport;
  • inspection of vehicles or goods for the purpose of transport;
  • distribution of energy and electricity, as well as distribution and supply of water.

This Class does not include, in particular:

  • advertising travel or transport;
  • insurance services during the transport of people or goods (Class 36);
  • maintenance and repair of vehicles or other items connected with the transport of people or goods (Class 37);
  • conducting guided tours (Class 41);
  • electronic data storage (Class 42);
  • reservation of hotel rooms or other temporary accommodation by travel agents or brokers (Class 43).

Class 40

Treatment of materials; recycling of waste and trash; air purification and treatment of water; printing services; food and drink preservation.

Explanatory Note

Class 40 includes mainly services rendered by the mechanical or chemical processing, transformation or production of objects or inorganic or organic substances, including custom manufacturing services. For the purposes of classification, the production or manufacturing of goods is considered a service only in cases where it is effected for the account of another person to their order and specification. If the production or manufacturing is not being performed to fulfil an order for goods which meet the customer's particular needs, requirements, or specifications, then it is generally ancillary to the maker's primary commercial activity or goods in trade. If the substance or object is marketed to third parties by the person who processed, transformed or produced it, then this would generally not be considered a service.

This Class includes, in particular:

  • transformation of an object or substance and any process involving a change in its essential properties, for example, dyeing a garment; such transformation services are also classified in Class 40 if they are provided in the framework of repair or maintenance work, for example, chromium plating of motor vehicle bumpers;
  • services of material treatment which may be present during the production of any substance or object other than a building, for example, services which involve cutting, shaping, polishing by abrasion or metal coating;
  • joining of materials, for example, soldering or welding;
  • processing and treatment of foodstuffs, for example, fruit crushing, flour milling, food and drink preservation, food smoking, freezing of foods;
  • custom manufacturing of goods to the order and specification of others (bearing in mind that certain offices require that the goods produced be indicated), for example, custom manufacturing of automobiles;
  • services of a dental technician;
  • quilting, embroidering, custom tailoring, textile dyeing, applying finishes to textiles.

This Class does not include, in particular:

  • services that do not entail a change in the essential properties of the object or substance, for example, furniture maintenance or repair services (Class 37);
  • services in the field of construction, for example, painting and plastering (Class 37).
  • cleaning services, for example, laundering, window cleaning, cleaning of interior and exterior surfaces of buildings (Class 37);
  • rustproofing, for example, anti-rust treatment for vehicles (Class 37); certain customization services, for example, the custom painting of automobiles (Class 37);
  • decorating of food, food sculpting (Class 43);

Class 41

Education; providing of training; entertainment; sporting and cultural activities.

Explanatory Note

Class 41 includes mainly services consisting of all forms of education or training, services having the basic aim of the entertainment, amusement or recreation of people, as well as the presentation of works of visual art or literature to the public for cultural or educational purposes.

This Class includes, in particular:

  • organization of exhibitions for cultural or educational purposes, arranging and conducting of conferences, congresses and symposiums;
  • translation and language interpretation services;
  • publication of books and texts, other than publicity texts;
  • news reporters services, photographic reporting;
  • photography;
  • film direction and production services, other than for advertising films;
  • cultural, educational or entertainment services provided by amusement parks, circuses, zoos, art galleries and museums;
  • sports and fitness training services;
  • training of animals;
  • online gaming services;
  • gambling services, organization of lotteries;
  • ticket reservation and booking services for entertainment, educational and sporting events;
  • certain writing services, for example, screenplay writing, songwriting.

This Class does not include, in particular:

  • organization of exhibitions for commercial or advertising purposes (Cl. 35);
  • writing and publication of publicity texts (Cl. 35);
  • news agency services (Cl. 38);
  • radio and television broadcasting (Cl. 38);
  • videoconferencing services (Cl. 38);
  • technical writing (Cl. 42);
  • day nursery and crèche services (Cl. 43);
  • health spa services (Cl. 44);
  • planning and arranging wedding ceremonies (Cl. 45).

Class 42

Scientific and technological services and research and design relating thereto; industrial analysis, industrial research and industrial design services; quality control and authentication services; design and development of computer hardware and software.

Explanatory Note

Class 42 includes mainly services provided by persons in relation to the theoretical and practical aspects of complex fields of activities, for example, scientific laboratory services, engineering, computer programming, architectural services or interior design.

This Class includes, in particular:

  • services of engineers and scientists who undertake evaluations, estimates, research and reports in the scientific and technological fields including technological consultancy;
  • computer and technology services for securing computer data and personal and financial information and for the detection of unauthorized access to data and information, for example, computer virus protection services, data encryption services, electronic monitoring of personally identifying information to detect identity theft via the internet;
  • software as a service (SaaS), platform as a service (PaaS);
  • scientific research services for medical purposes;
  • architectural and urban planning services;
  • certain design services, for example, industrial design, design of computer software and systems, interior design, packaging design, graphic arts design, dress designing;
  • surveying;
  • oil, gas and mining exploration services.

This Class does not include, in particular:

  • certain research services, for example, business research (Class 35), marketing research (Class 35), financial research (Class 36), genealogical research (Class 45), legal research (Class 45);
  • business auditing (Class 35);
  • computer file management services (Class 35);
  • financial evaluation services (Class 36);
  • mining extraction, oil and gas drilling (Class 37);
  • installation, maintenance and repair of computer hardware (Class 37);
  • sound engineering services (Class 41);
  • certain design services, for example, landscape design (Class 44);
  • medical and veterinary services (Class 44);
  • legal services (Class 45);.

Class 43

Services for providing food and drink; temporary accommodation.

Explanatory Note

Class 43 includes mainly services provided in relation to the preparation of food and drink for consumption, as well as services for providing temporary accommodation.

This Class includes, in particular:

  • temporary accommodation reservations, for example, hotel reservations;
  • boarding for animals;
  • rental of meeting rooms, tents and transportable buildings;
  • retirement home services;
  • day-nursery and crèche services;
  • decorating of food, food sculpting;
  • rental of cooking apparatus;
  • rental of chairs, tables, table linen, glassware;
  • hookah lounge services;
  • personal chef services.

This Class does not include, in particular:

  • rental services for real estate such as houses, flats, etc., for permanent use (Class 36);
  • arranging travel by tourist agencies (Class 39);
  • preservation services for food and drink (Class 40);
  • discotheque services (Class 41);
  • boarding schools (Class 41);
  • rest and convalescent homes (Class 44).

Class 44

Medical services; veterinary services; hygienic and beauty care for human beings or animals; agriculture, aquaculture, horticulture and forestry services.

Explanatory Note

Class 44 includes mainly medical care, hygienic and beauty care given by persons or establishments to human beings and animals, as well as services relating to the fields of agriculture, aquaculture, horticulture and forestry.

This Class includes, in particular:

  • hospital services;
  • telemedicine services;
  • dentistry, optometry and mental health services;
  • medical clinic services and medical analysis services for diagnostic and treatment purposes provided by medical laboratories, such as x-ray examinations and taking of blood samples;
  • therapy services, for example, physiotherapy and speech therapy;
  • pharmacy advice and preparation of prescriptions by pharmacists;
  • blood bank and human tissue bank services;
  • convalescent home and rest home services;
  • dietary and nutritional advice;
  • health spa services;
  • artificial insemination and in vitro fertilzation services;
  • animal breeding;
  • animal grooming;
  • body piercing and tattooing;
  • services relating to gardening, for example, plant nursery services, landscape design, landscape gardening, lawn care;
  • services relating to floral art , for example, flower arranging, wreath making;
  • weed killing, vermin and pest control for agriculture, aquaculture, horticulture and forestry.

This Class does not include, in particular:

  • vermin and pest control, other than for agriculture, aquaculture, horticulture and forestry) (Class 37);
  • installation and repair services for irrigation devices (Class 37);
  • ambulance transport (Class 39);
  • slaughtering of animals and taxidermy (Class 40);
  • timber felling and processing (Class 40);
  • animal training services (Class 41);
  • health clubs for physical exercise (Class 41);
  • scientific research services for medical purposes (Class 42);
  • boarding for animals (Class 43);
  • retirement homes (Class 43);
  • funerary undertaking (Class 45).

Class 45

Legal services; security services for the physical protection of tangible property and individuals; personal and social services rendered by others to meet the needs of individuals.

Explanatory Note

This Class includes, in particular:

  • services rendered by lawyers, legal assistants, and personal advocates, to individuals, groups of individuals, organizations and enterprises;
  • investigation and surveillance services relating to the physical safety of persons and security of tangible property;
  • services provided to individuals in relation with social events, such as social escort services, matrimonial agencies, funeral services.

This Class does not include, in particular:

  • professional services giving direct aid in the operations or functions of a commercial undertaking (Class 35);
  • services relating to financial or monetary affairs and services dealing with insurance (Class 36);
  • escorting of travellers (Class 39);
  • security transport (Class 39);
  • services consisting of all forms of education of persons (Class 41);
  • performances of singers or dancers (Class 41);
  • computer programming services for the protection of software (Class 42);
  • computer and internet security consultancy and data encryption services (Class 42);
  • services provided by others to give medical, hygienic or beauty care for human beings or animals (Class 44);
  • certain rental services.
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