Archived — Perspectives on North American Free Trade Series Number 04—The Changing Industry and Skill Mix of Canada's International Trade, April 1999
Strategic Policy Sector
Economic Research and Policy Analysis Branch
This study examines the changing industry and skill mix of Canadian exports and imports over the past three decades, using Input-Output (I/O) analysis. It estimates how much of Canada's employment is associated with exports and imports and whether or not changes in the industrial composition of our trade has affected the employment and skill mix of jobs in Canada over time. The key finding is that despite the rising importance of exports in total economic activity, the growth in the share of employment attributable to exports has been much less pronounced; this is because present day exports have a much higher import content in intermediate inputs than in the past. The paper also finds that the chief cause of changes in the employment mix are the final export mix itself, along with the degree of import penetration for intermediate inputs.
Catalogue number: C21-28/4-1999
Available online only.
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