Canadian ICT Sector Profile—2015

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Aussi offert en français sous le titre Profil du secteur canadien des TIC - 2015

Industry Structure

There are over 37,400 companies in the Canadian Information and Communications Technologies (ICT) sector. The large majority (over 33,000) fall within the software and computer services industries.

The ICT sector consists mainly of small companies, with over 32,000 of them employing fewer than 10 people. The number of large companies employing over 500 individuals is relatively small, accounting for approximately 115 firms, including subsidiaries of foreign multinational corporations.

Manufacturing stands out as the sub-sector with larger companies. In 2015, 15.6% of ICT manufacturing companies had more than 50 employees, while across the whole ICT sector this share was only 3.3%.

Figure 1: Companies by ICT Sub-sector, 2015
 

Pie chart of companies by ICT sub-sector for 2015 (the long description is located below the image)
Description of Figure 1
Companies by ICT Sub-sector, 2015
ICT Sub-sector Percentage
ICT Wholesaling 5.4%
ICT Manufacturing 2.6%
Communications Services 3.4%
Software & Computer Services 88.6%

Figure 2: Companies by Employee Size for Total ICT Sector, 2015

Pie chart of companies by employee size for total ICT Sector in the year 2015 (the long description is located below the image)
Description of Figure 2
Companies by Employee Size for Total ICT Sector, 2015
Number of Employees Percentage
1–9 Employees 85.8%
10–49 Employees 11.0%
50–100 Employees 1.8%
100+ Employees 1.5%

GDP Contribution

The ICT sector makes a substantial contribution to Canada's GDP. In 2015, the sector's GDP was $71.3 billionFootnote *, and accounted for 4.4% of national GDP.

ICT sector growth was slightly ahead of the overall economy in 2015. The sector increased by 1.7%, greater than the total Canadian economy (+1.0%). Since 2007, the ICT sector has posted stronger growth than the total economy. On average, annual growth in this sector has been 1.7%, compared to 1.4% for the overall economy. The ICT sector has accounted for 5.2% of Canadian GDP growth since 2007.

The software and computer services industries experienced the fastest growth in GDP in 2015, up 5.0%. The ICT wholesaling declined 2.7%, while the communications services sub-sectors remained flat. Meanwhile, the manufacturing industries GDP grew, up 2.2%.

Figure 3: GDP by ICT Sub-sector, 2015
(Total: $71.3 Billion)

Pie chart of GDP by ICT Sub-sector, 2015 (the long description is located below the image)
Description of Figure 3
GDP by ICT Sub-sector, 2015
(Total: $71.3 billion)
ICT Sub-sector Percentage
ICT Wholesaling 9.5%
ICT Manufacturing 5.0%
Communications Services 42.7%
Software and Computer Services 42.3%

Figure 4: ICT Sector GDP, 2007–2015
(2007 Constant Dollars)

Bar chart of ICT Sector GDP, 2007–2015 (the long description is located below the image)
Description of Figure 4
ICT Sector GDP, 2007–2015
(2007 Constant Dollars)
Year Information and communication technology sector
($billions)
2007 62.5
2008 63.5
2009 62.2
2010 64.5
2011 67.1
2012 67.3
2013 68.3
2014 70.2
2015 71.3

Revenues

Revenues in the ICT sector increased by 4.1% in 2015, led by the software and computer services sub-sector (+7.2%) and the manufacturing industries (+7.1%). The wholesaling, and communications services sub-sectors posted growth rates of 4.2% and 0.6%, respectively. The increase in ICT manufacturing revenue was the first one in five years.

From 2007 to 2015, ICT sector revenues grew from $133.4 billion to $172.2 billion, a 29.1% increase. During this period, the ICT manufacturing industries declined by 44.4%. On the other hand, all of the services sub-sectors posted gains: the software and computer services, wholesaling, and the communications services sub-sectors increased by 61.3%, 33.4%, and 25.2% respectively.

Over the same period, manufacturing industries' revenue dropped from 12.0% to 5.2% of total ICT sector revenue.

Figure 5: ICT Sub-sector Revenues, 2007–2015
 

Bar chart of ICT Sub-sector Revenues, 2007–2015 (the long description is located below the image)
Description of Figure 5
ICT Sub-sector Revenues, 2007–2015
($billions)
ICT Sub-Sectors 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Manufacturing 16.06 13.47 11.63 11.96 11.54 9.66 8.54 8.35 8.94
Software and Computer Services 38.13 40.88 42.69 43.27 46.74 51.02 53.32 57.38 61.50
Communications Services 47.22 50.51 52.30 54.16 56.12 56.44 57.33 58.76 59.10
Wholesaling 32.02 33.41 32.25 34.42 35.96 39.16 38.24 40.98 42.70
Total ICT Sector 133.44 138.27 138.87 143.82 150.35 156.28 157.44 165.46 172.24

Figure 6: Revenues by ICT Sub-sector, 2015
(Total: $172.2 Billion)

Pie chart of Revenues by ICT Sub-sector, 2015 (the long description is located below the image)
Description of Figure 6
Revenues by ICT Sub-sector, 2015
ICT Sub-sector Percentage
ICT Wholesaling 24.8%
Communications Services 34.3%
Software & Computer Services 35.7%
ICT Manufacturing 5.2%

Exports

The Canadian ICT manufacturing sub-sector relies heavily on the export market. About 87% of ICT products manufactured in Canada were exported in 2015.

Canadian exports of ICT goods increased by 10.1% in 2015 to $11.6 billion. Increases in exports of computer and peripheral equipment (+$329M), as well as audio and video equipment (+$303M) contributed the most to this growth.

However, between 2007 and 2015, exports of ICT goods dropped by 30.8%. Since 2007, exports of wired communications equipment (−59.6%) fell the most while exports of audio and video equipment (+61.2%) were the only to increase. Over this period, the share of wired communications equipment in total ICT goods exports dropped by 19 percentage points to 17%.

Figure 7: Exports of ICT Goods by Product Group, 2015
(Total: $11.6 Billion)

Pie chart of Exports of ICT Goods by Product Group, 2015 (the long description is located below the image)
Description of Figure 7
Exports of ICT Goods by Product Group, 2015
(Total: $11.6 Billion)
Product Group Percentage
Audio-Video & Other ICT Goods 16.6%
Electronic Components 20.2%
Wireless Communications Eqpt 18.7%
Wired Communications Eqpt 17.0%
Computer Eqpt 27.4%

Figure 8: Exports of ICT Goods by Region, 2015
Share of Total ICT Goods Exports

Pie chart of Exports of ICT Goods by Region, 2015 - Share of Total ICT Goods Exports (the long description is located below the image)
Description of Figure 8
Exports of ICT Goods by Region, 2015
Share of Total ICT Goods Exports
Region 2015
Asia-Pacific 9.9%
European Union 9.8%
Other 10.2%
United States 70.1%

Exports of ICT goods to the United States increased by 13.3% in 2015, making up over two-thirds ($7.5 billion) of all ICT goods exported from Canada. However, exports to the US are still $3.5 billion lower than in 2007. Exports to the Asia-Pacific region decreased by 5.3% in 2015, while exports to the European Union increased by 5.3%. Exports to all other countries accounted for $1.1 billion of Canadian ICT goods exports in 2015, up 4% from 2014.

The ICT services industries are more domestically oriented. In 2015, exports of communications services grew by 3.9%, totaling $2.0 billion, while software and computer services dropped 5.5% to $8.8 billion. Exports accounted for 14.3% of software and computer services revenues, and less than 3.4% of communications services revenues.

Although ICT services exports declined in 2015, the long-term trend shows that exports of ICT services are catching up with exports of ICT goods. From 2007 to 2015, exports of software and computer services grew by 22.6%, while exports of communications services increased by 13.7%. However, the increase in exports of ICT services was not large enough to offset the decline in exports of ICT goods. Total exports of ICT goods and services decreased 12.8% over the period.

Figure 9: Exports of ICT Goods and Services, 2007–2015 ($billions)

Line chart of Exports of ICT Goods and Services, 2007–2015 (the long description is located below the image)
Description of Figure 9
Exports of ICT Goods and Services, 2007–2015
($billions)
2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Goods 17 15 13 11 11 11 10 11 12
Software and Computer Services 7 8 8 8 9 9 9 9 9
Telecommunications Services 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
Total 26 25 23 21 22 22 22 22 22

Research & Development

ICT industries are the largest performers of private sector R&D in Canada. In 2015, the ICT sector held a 29.8% share of all private sector R&D expenditures in Canada.

ICT sector R&D expenditures totaled $4.6 billion in 2015, falling 6.7% from the previous year, largely due to a drop in the manufacturing industries (−21.3%).

From 2007 to 2015, R&D spending in the ICT sector fell by 15.1%. While spending increased in wholesaling (+178%), and software and computer services (+3.3%), it decreased in the communication services (−36.7%), and manufacturing (−40.8%) industries.

Figure 10: R&D Expenditures by ICT Industry, 2015
(Total: $4.9 Billion)

Pie chart of R&D Expenditures by ICT Industry, 2015 (the long description is located below the image)
Description of Figure 10
R&D Expenditures by ICT Industry, 2015
(Total: $4.9 Billion)
ICT Industry Percentage
Wholesaling 12.9%
Communications Equipment Mfg 20.4%
Electronic Components Mfg 9.3%
Other ICT Mfg 2.0%
Communications Services 9.7%
Software & Computer Services 45.7%

Employment

The ICT sector accounts for 3.3% of national employment. Employment in the ICT sector increased 4.2% in 2015, amounting to 584,850 jobs. This growth was much faster than that of the overall economy (+0.8%).

In 2015, employment increased in all ICT sub-sectors except for manufacturing, which declined by 6.5%. Meanwhile, employment in the software and computer services, communication services, and ICT wholesaling sub-sectors increased by 5.4%, 4.3%, and 3.8%, respectively.

Reflecting a shift in the ICT sector from manufacturing to services, the share of manufacturing industries in total ICT sector employment declined by 5 percentage points from 2007 to 2015, while the share of software and computer services industries increased by 8.3 percentage points over the same period.

Figure 11: ICT Sector Employment, 2007–2015


Bar chart with line chart of ICT Sector Employment, 2007–2015 (the long description is located below the image)
Description of Figure 11
ICT Sector Employment, 2007–2015
Year ICT Employment level (L)
('000$)
ICT share of Canadian Employment (R)
(Percentage)
2007 525.6 3.1%
2008 540.4 3.2%
2009 530.2 3.2%
2010 539.9 3.2%
2011 534.6 3.1%
2012 542.0 3.1%
2013 551.8 3.1%
2014 561.2 3.2%
2015 584.9 3.3%

Figure 12: Employment by ICT Sub-sector, 2015
(Total: 584,850 Workers)

Pie chart of Employment by ICT Sub-sector, 2015 (the long description is located below the image)
Description of Figure 12
Employment by ICT Sub-sector, 2015
(Total: 584,850 Workers)
ICT Sub-sector Percentage
ICT Wholesaling 9.5%
ICT Manufacturing 6.1%
Communications Services 22.4%
Software & Computer Services 62.0%

Education

The ICT sector is characterized by a knowledge-intensive workforce, with over half of its workers holding a university degree, compared to 28.8% within all Canadian industries.

The software and computer services sub-sector employs the largest proportion of university educated workers within the ICT sector (56.8%).

Figure 13: Percentage of Workers with a University Degree by Major ICT Industry, 2015

Bar chart of Percentage of Workers with a University Degree by Major ICT Industry, 2015 (the long description is located below the image)
Description of Figure 13
Percentage of Workers with a University Degree by Major ICT Industry, 2015
ICT Industry Percentage
Software & Computer Services 56.8%
Total ICT Sector 50.7%
Computer Equipment Mfg 46.1%
Communications Equipment Mfg 45.6%
Electronic Component Mfg 38.8%
Communications Services 37.2%
All Canadian Industries 28.8%

Employee Earnings

Employees in the ICT sector earn on average over $73,800 a year. In 2015, these workers earned 49% more than the economy-wide average, with the highest earners coming from the software and computer services industries.

Despite being the lowest paid workers in the ICT sector, employees in the electronic component industry still earned 11% more than the national average in 2015.

From 2007 to 2015, the average salary in the ICT sector grew at a similar pace to the overall economy, up 21% and 20.9% respectively.

Figure 14: Average Annual Earnings by Major ICT Industry, 2015

Bar chart of Average Annual Earnings by Major ICT Industry, 2015 (the long description is located below the image)
Description of Figure 14
Average Annual Earnings by Major ICT Industry, 2015
ICT Industry Annual Earning
Software & Computer Services $79,625
Total ICT Sector $73,864
Communications Eqpt Mfg $73,451
Communications Services $63,313
Electronic Component Mfg $54,880
All Canadian Industries $49,510

ICT Sector Industries

ICT Manufacturing
  • Computer and Peripheral Equipment
  • Communications Equipment
  • Electronic Components
  • Audio and Video Equipment
  • Magnetic and Optical Media
ICT Wholesaling
Software and Computer Services
  • Software publishers
  • Computer systems design
  • Data processing
  • Electronic and precision equipment repair and maintenance
Communications Services
  • Wireless Telecommunications Carriers
  • Wired Telecommunications Carriers
  • Cable and Other Program Distribution

Data sources

  1. Companies:
    • ISED calculations using data from Statistics Canada’s Business Registry.
  2. Revenues:
    • Manufacturing: Statistics Canada CANSIM table 301-0008;
    • Software and Computer Services: Statistics Canada CANSIM table 354-0009 and custom tabulations;
    • Communications Services: Statistics Canada CANSIM table 356-0004;
    • Wholesale: Statistics Canada CANSIM table 081-0017; and           
    • ISED estimates for the most recent year presented (for all ICT industries).
  3. GDP:
    • Statistics Canada custom tables.
  4. Employment:
    • Statistics Canada, Survey of Employment, Payroll, and Hours (SEPH) for the number of employees and Labour Force Survey (LFS) for the number of self-employed (custom tables).
  5. Research & Development:
    • Statistics Canada, custom tables.
  6. Education:
    • Statistics Canada, Labour Force Survey custom tables.
  7. Employee Earnings:
    • ISED calculations using Statistics Canada CANSIM tables 281-0024 and 281-0027.
  8. Exports:
    • Goods: ISED calculations using Trade Data Online data;
    • Services: Statistics Canada, CANSIM table 376-0033.
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