Canadian Patents Database / Patent 3036319 Summary

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(12) Patent Application: (11) CA 3036319
(54) English Title: THE LEVY DETOUR CIRCUIT
(54) French Title: LE CIRCUIT DE DETOUR DE PRELEVEMENT

English Abstract


The invention disclosed in this patent application generates a higher
electrical power output than
electrical power input. The disclosed invention is composed of four main
sections: a source of
current (amperage), a source of electromotive force (voltage), one or more
diode(s), rectifier(s),
device(s) or combination thereof and a zone/area to apply the load. Conductive
materials will form
connective junctions between these four main sections. The source of current
(amperage) and the
source of electromotive force (voltage) may each be of direct current (DC),
alternating current (AC)
and/or a combination thereof. The amperage and voltage of the sources may be
of varying values.
However, the amperage of the source of current will ideally be greater than or
equal to the amperage
of the source of electromotive force. Likewise, the voltage of the source of
electromotive force will
ideally be greater than or equal to the voltage of the source of current.


Note: Claims are shown in the official language in which they were submitted.

8
The Embodiments of the Invention In Which An Exclusive Property or Privilege
Is Claimed
Are Defined as Follows:
1. An invention with a greater electrical power output than electrical power
input, wherein the
invention includes four main sections (the number of each section is
irrelevant, they are
numbered for clarity) within one or more circuit(s) comprised of one or more
conductive
material(s) and/or one or more inductive material(s) and their connective
junction(s):
.cndot. The first section consists of one or more source(s) of
electromotive force (voltage).
.cndot. The second section consists of one or more source(s) of current
(amperage).
.cndot. The third section may consist of one or more element(s) such as,
but not limited to:
one or more diode(s) and/or one or more other device(s) which may be used to
bypass or to direct current around one or more source(s) of electromotive
force
(voltage). One or more other device(s) may include, but are not limited to:
one or
more additional source(s) of electromotive force (voltage) to create one or
more
forward-biased and/or reverse-biased diode(s). Alternatively, this section may

comprise solely of one or more conductive material(s) and/or one or more
inductive
material(s) and/or one or more connective junction(s) which may be used to
bypass
or to direct current around one or more source(s) of electromotive force
(voltage).
.cndot. The fourth section consists of one or more area(s)/zone(s) to
attach and/or to power
load(s).
2. The source(s) of current from claim I will be connected to one or more
"detour" pathway(s)
which may be comprised of one or more conductive material(s) and/or inductive
material(s)
and/or connective junction(s).
3. The "detour pathway(s) from claim 2 may allow amperage from the source(s)
of current
from claim 1 to bypass or to be directed around the internal resistance of the
source(s) of
electromotive force from claim 1.
4. The "detour" pathway(s) from claim 2 may also contain one or more
element(s) from claim
1.
5. The source(s) of electromotive force from claim 1 and the source(s)
of current from claim 1
may be connected in series.

9
6. The source(s) of electromotive force from claim 1 may consist of one or
more source(s) such
as, but not limited to: one or more battery/batteries and/or one or more
generator(s) and/or
one or more battery bank(s) and/or one or more photovoltaic cell(s).
7. The source(s) of current from claim 1 may consist of one or more
source(s) such as, but not
limited to: one or more battery/batteries and/or one or more generator(s)
and/or one or more
battery bank(s) and/or one or more photovoltaic cell(s).
8. The source(s) of electromotive force from claim I may consist of direct
current (DC),
alternating current (AC) or a combination thereof.
9. The source(s) of current from claim 1 may consist of direct current
(DC), alternating current
(AC) or a combination thereof.
10. One or more transformer(s) and/or one or more other inductive element(s)
may be included
at any location within the invention to increase the outputted value of
voltage and/or
amperage measured at the area(s)/zone(s) to attach and/or to power the load(s)
from claim 1.
I 1 . If one or more source(s) of the source of electromotive force from claim
6 and/or if one or
more source(s) of the source of current from claim 7 outputs alternating
current (AC): one or
more rectifier(s) and/or one or more inverter(s) and/or one or more other
element(s) may be
included at any location within the invention to convert alternative current
(AC) to direct
current (DC) and/or to convert direct current (DC) to alternating current
(AC).
12. The aforementioned conversions in claim 11 may occur one or more times
within the
invention.
13. A fuse or fuse(s) may be inserted at any location within the invention.
14. The source(s) of electromotive force from claim l may be connected to one
or more
resistor(s) and/or one or more other element(s) with electrical resistance to
increase the
amount of current and/or electrical energy that enters the detour pathway(s)
from claim 2
and/or to increase the outputted value of current and/or electrical energy
measured at one or
more area(s)/zone(s) to attach and/or to power the loads from claim 1.

Note: Descriptions are shown in the official language in which they were submitted.

1
Abstract of the Disclosure
The invention disclosed in this patent application generates a higher
electrical power output than
electrical power input. The disclosed invention may be composed of four main
sections: 1) one or
more source(s) of current (amperage); 2) one or more source(s) of
electromotive force (voltage); 3)
one or more diode(s) and/or one or more other device(s) which may bypass or
direct current around
the source(s) of electromotive force; and 4) one or more zone(s)/area(s) to
apply the load. One or
more conductive material(s) and/or one or more inductive material(s) may form
connective
junctions between these four main sections. The source(s) of current
(amperage) and the source(s) of
electromotive force (voltage) may be of direct current (DC), alternating
current (AC) and/or a
combination thereof. The amperage and voltage of the sources may be of varying
values. However,
the amperage(s) of the source(s) of current may ideally be greater than or
equal to the amperage(s)
of the source(s) of electromotive force. Likewise, the voltage(s) of the
source(s) of electromotive
force may ideally be greater than or equal to the voltage(s) of the source(s)
of current.
Power Amplifier with Greater Power Output than Input:
The invention provides a design for a device that generates a greater
electrical power output than
electrical power input.
Background of the Invention
Electrical power is a very important commodity around the globe. Electricity
drives our electric and
electronic devices, along with our economy. The disclosed invention generates
a higher electrical
power output than electrical power input. No other invention found on the
Canadian Patent Database
claimed to have this ability, by utilizing a source of current (amperage), a
source of electromotive
force (voltage) and connective junctions that form a "detour" pathway.
At least two relevant patents were found on the Canadian Patent Database. This
was a patent titled
"UninteiTuptible Power Supply with Isolated Bypass Winding":
1,241,425
Tracy et al.
However, this patent is distinct from the disclosed invention for several
reasons. Firstly, it requires a
transfer switch. The disclosed invention does not require a switch. Secondly,
it claims to use
CA 3036319 2019-05-02

2
alternating current, but not direct current. The disclosed invention may use
either form of current. In
addition, the relevant patent has been expired in Canada since 2006.
Therefore, the disclosed
invention does not infringe this patent.
Other patents on the Canadian Patent Database also claim to have a greater
output charging current
than input charging current, such as within a patent titled "Power Supply for
a Load Control
Device":
2,806,248
Carmen
The invention above by Carmen also requires a controller to render the device
conductive and non-
conductive. The disclosed invention does not need a controller to render
components conductive and
non-conductive.
Therefore, the disclosed invention is unique from other patents due to its
composition and function.
The key function of the disclosed invention is to generate a higher electrical
power output than
electrical power input.
Summary of the Invention:
The disclosed invention generates a higher electrical power output than
electrical power input. To
this end, it may be used to amplify the power output of many generators, both
industrial and
personal. The initial electric input may be generated by a variety of sources,
such as from the
electricity generated from: the chemical reaction within a battery, the
burning of fossil fuels, the
movement of water, wind or photons. Therefore, this technology can benefit
almost any public or
private company that produces electricity. Both direct current (DC) and/or
alternating current (AC)
may serve as input and/or output for the disclosed invention.
The disclosed invention is composed of four main sections which will form one
or more circuit(s)
via one or more conductive material(s) and/or one or more inductive
material(s) that may also serve
as connective junctions. The first section consists of one or more source(s)
of electromotive force
(voltage), such as a battery. The second section consists of one or more
source(s) of current
(amperage), such as a battery. The third section may consist of one or more
element(s) such as, but
limited to: one or more diode(s) and/or one or more other devices which may be
used to bypass or
direct current around one or more source(s) of electromotive force (voltage).
For example, one or
CA 3036319 2019-05-02

3
more device(s) such as, but not limited to: one or more additional source(s)
of electromotive force,
which may create one or more forward-biased and/or reverse-biased diode(s),
can be included
within the third section. Alternatively, the third section may consist solely
of one or more
conductive material(s) and/or one or more inductive material(s) and/or one or
more connective
junctions which may bypass or direct current around one or more source(s) of
electromotive force
(voltage). The fourth section consists of one or more zone(s) or area(s) to
apply one or more load(s).
The load(s) may consume energy from the first and second sections.
In the six drawings, which form a part of this specification:
Fig. 1. is a transverse view of the first, second, third and fourth sections
positioned together with:
one or more conductive material(s) and/or one or more inductive material(s)
and their connective
junctions.
Fig. 2. is a transverse view of the first section: one or more source(s) of
electromotive force
(voltage).
Fig. 3. is a transverse view of the second section: one or more source(s) of
current (amperage).
Fig. 4. is a transverse view of the third section, one or more elements such
as: one or more diode(s)
and/or one or more other device(s) which may be used to direct current around
the source of
electromotive force (voltage).
Fig. 5. is a transverse view of the fourth section: one or more area(s) or
zone(s) to apply one or more
load(s).
Fig. 6. Is a transverse view of the first, second, third and fourth sections
positioned together with:
one or more conductive material(s) and/or one or more inductive material(s)
and their connective
junctions, plus additional possible positions for one or more AC-DC
rectifier(s) and/or one or more
DC-AC inverter(s).
Detailed Description of the Invention
As shown in Fig. 1, all four sections: 1) the source(s) of electromotive force
(voltage) 1; 2) the
source(s) of current (amperage) 2; 3) one or more diode(s) and/or one or more
device(s) 3 which
may direct current around the source of electromotive force (voltage) 1; and
4) one or more
zone(s)/area(s) 4 to apply one or more load(s) 5, are positioned together to
form the invention. These
four sections may be connected by one or more conductive material(s) and/or
one or more inductive
CA 3036319 2019-05-02

4
material(s) 6 (such as copper wires and/or iron cores) that form connective
junctions and carry the
electrical energy throughout the circuitry of the invention. Thus, the
circuitry of the invention
consists of one or more circuit(s) which may include: the four main sections
of the invention, one or
more conductive material(s) and/or one or more inductive material(s) and their
connective junctions
and/or any additional devices within the invention. The first connective
junction 7 may appear
between the one or more diode(s) and/or one or more device(s) 3 and the source
of electromotive
force (voltage) 1. The second connective junction 8 may appear between the
source of current
(amperage) 2 and the one or more diode(s) and/or one or more device(s) 3.
Therefore, the one or
more diode(s) and/or one or more device(s) 3 may be connected in parallel with
the source(s) of
electromotive force (voltage) I. The source(s) of electromotive force
(voltage) I may be connected
in series with the source(s) of current (amperage) 2.
The hypothesised working principle of the invention is that amperage from the
source(s) of current 2
will bypass or be directed around the internal resistance of the source(s) of
electromotive force 1 by
following one or more "detour" pathway(s). The "detour- pathway may be created
by connective
junction 7 and connective junction 8. The "detour" pathway may contain one or
more diode(s)
and/or one or more device(s) 3. Therefore, the maximum current and voltage
within the invention
may ideally be measured at the area(s)/zone(s) 4 to attach or to power one or
more load(s) 5. In
addition, since the source(s) of current and electromotive force may be
connected in series, the
voltage of the two sources may sum together to create a maximum voltage at the
area(s)/zone(s) 4 to
attach or to power one or more load(s) 5.
As shown in Fig. 2, the source(s) of the electromotive force 1 may be
comprised of one or more
element(s) that generate voltage, such as: a single battery or battery bank.
Alternatively, an electric
generator or various types of electric generators may serve as the source(s)
of electromotive force I.
The voltage(s) of the source(s) of electromotive force 1 may or may not be
greater or equal to the
voltage(s) of the source(s) of current (amperage) 2. In addition, the value of
voltage from the
source(s) of electromotive force 1 may or may not be as high as possible and
the value of amperage
from the source(s) of electromotive force 1 may or may not be as low as
possible. To increase
voltage and decrease current output, one or more transformer(s) and/or other
inductive device(s) 9
may be placed downstream and/or upstream of the source(s) of the electromotive
force 1 within the
invention's circuitry. The addition of the transformer(s) and/or other
inductive device(s) within the
invention's circuitry can create two or more circuits within the invention,
since transformers and
other inductive devices cause current/voltage/electrical energy from one
circuit to be induced in one
CA 3036319 2019-05-02

S
or more other circuit(s). The source(s) of electromotive force 1 and the
transformer(s) and/or other
inductive device(s) 9 may be attached to the rest of the invention's circuitry
via one or more
conductive material(s) and/or one or more inductive material(s) 6.
As shown in Fig. 3, the source(s) of the current 2 may be comprised of one or
more element(s) that
generate amperage, such as: a single battery or battery bank. Alternatively,
an electric generator
and/or various types of electric generators may serve as the source(s) of
current 2. The amperage of
the source(s) of the current 2 may or may not be greater than or equal to the
amperage of the
source(s) of electromotive force (voltage) I. In addition, the value of
amperage from the source(s) of
current 2 may or may not be as high as possible and the value of voltage from
the source(s) of
current 2 may or may not be as low as possible. To increase current and
decrease voltage output, one
or more transformer(s) and/or one or more other inductive device(s) 10 may be
placed downstream
and/or upstream of the source(s) of the current 2 within the device's circuit.
The source(s) of current
2 and one or more transformer(s) and/or one or more inductive device(s) 10 may
be attached to the
rest of the device's circuitry via one or more conductive material(s) and/or
one or more inductive
material(s) 6.
As shown in Fig. 4, the one or more diode(s) and/or one or more device(s) 3
which may be used to
direct current around one or more source(s) of electromotive force (voltage) 1
may ideally be able to
safely function under the voltage and amperage from within the invention. One
or more device(s) 3
which may be used to direct current around source(s) of electromotive force
(voltage) 1, can include,
but are not limited to: one or more additional source(s) of electromotive
force (voltage) to create one
or more forward-biased and/or reverse biased diode(s) 3. The one or more
diode(s) and/or one or
more device(s) 3 may allow the amperage from the source(s) of current 2 to
bypass or to be directed
around the internal resistance of the one or more source(s) of electromotive
force 1. The one or more
diode(s) and/or one or more device(s) 3 may be attached to the rest of the
invention's circuitry via
one or more conductive material(s) and/or one or more inductive material(s) 6.
In addition, the one
or more diode(s) and/or one or more device(s) 3 may ensure that a dangerous
build-up of energy
(also known as a short circuit) is not formed within the invention.
As shown in Fig. 5, the zone(s)/area(s) 4 of the electrical load(s) 5 will be
used to attach one or more
electrical load(s) 5 to the rest of the invention. The electrical load(s) 5
may be attached to the
invention's circuitry via one or more conductive material(s) and/or one or
more inductive material(s)
6. The electrical load(s) can consist of one or more device(s) such as, but
not limited to: one or more
CA 3036319 2019-05-02

6
engine(s) and/or one or more lightbulbs and/or one or more other
electrical/electronic devices. The
zone(s)/area(s) 4 of the electrical load(s) 5 may receive the maximum value of
voltage and amperage
from the sources of electromotive force 1 and current 2. Therefore, more
electrical output power will
be measured at the zone(s)/area(s) 4 for the electrical load(s) 5 than the sum
of electrical input
power from the sources of electromotive force 1 and current 2. One or more
fuse(s) 11 may be
added adjacent to the zone(s)/area(s) 4 of the electrical load(s) 5 to prevent
a burnout. Alternatively,
one or more fuse(s) 11 may be added at any location within the circuitry of
the invention to ensure
the highest level of safety.
As shown in Fig. 6, one or more additional AC-DC rectifier(s) and/or one or
more DC-AC
inverter(s) and/or one or more other device(s) may be included within the
invention's circuitry from
Fig. 1. The purpose of these devices is to convert power of alternating
current (AC) from the
source(s) of electromotive force 1 and/or the source(s) of current 2 into
direct current (DC) and/or
vice versa. Once the energy is combined into a direct current (DC), it may be
converted to an
alternating current (AC) to power one or more load(s) that accepts solely
alternating current (AC).
One or more AC-DC rectifier(s) 12 may be positioned upstream and/or downstream
from the source
of electromotive(s) force 1 and the source(s) of current 2. One or more DC-AC
inverter(s) 13 may
be positioned upstream and/or downstream of the area(s)/zone(s) 4 of the one
or more load(s) 5.
As an illustrative example, let us assume that the source(s) of electromotive
force 1 has an
electromotive force of 8 volts and a current of 30 milliamps. The source(s) of
current 2 has a value
of 200 milliamps and 1 volt.
Power = Amperage x Voltage
111pUtelectromotRe source = 0.030 Ax 8.0 V = 0.24 Watts
Inputcurrent source ¨ 0.200 A x 1.0 V = 0.20 Watts
The output voltage may equal the sum of the input voltages (Voutput = 9.0 V),
since the sources may
be connected in series. The output current may equal approximately the value
of the maximum input
current (loutput = 0.200 A), since the amperage from the source(s) of current
2 bypasses the internal
resistance from the source(s) of electromotive force 1.
OutputLoad = 0.200 A x 9.0 V = 1.8 Watts
InputTotai = 0.24 Watts + 0.20 Watts = 0.44 Watts
CA 3036319 2019-05-02

7
Therefore, the output of electrical power measured at the zone(s)/area(s) 4 of
the electrical load(s) 5
is greater than the summative input of electrical power from the source(s) of
electromotive force 1
and the source(s) of current 2.
As an aside, the estimated output will be less than the calculated output
value due to thermal energy
loss in the circuitry. However, even in real-life scenarios, materials to be
used within the invention
should be optimized such that the electrical output should still be greater
than the input.
CA 3036319 2019-05-02

A single figure which represents the drawing illustrating the invention.

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Title Date
Forecasted Issue Date Unavailable
(22) Filed 2019-03-11
Examination Requested 2019-03-11
(41) Open to Public Inspection 2019-05-28

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Next Payment if small entity fee 2021-03-11 $50.00
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Payment History

Fee Type Anniversary Year Due Date Amount Paid Paid Date
Request for Examination $400.00 2019-03-11
Filing $200.00 2019-03-11
Current owners on record shown in alphabetical order.
Current Owners on Record
LEVY, JORDAN T.
Past owners on record shown in alphabetical order.
Past Owners on Record
None
Past Owners that do not appear in the "Owners on Record" listing will appear in other documentation within the application.

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Description 2019-03-11 6 257
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Drawings 2019-03-11 3 19
Abstract 2019-03-11 1 46
Correspondence Related to Formalities 2019-03-11 1 35
Special Order 2019-03-18 2 46
Filing Certificate Correction 2019-03-25 1 30
Amendment 2019-03-25 1 35
Office Letter 2019-04-02 1 46
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Cover Page 2019-04-25 2 36
Amendment 2019-05-02 11 460
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Description 2019-05-02 7 332
Amendment 2019-05-21 1 24
Special Order - Green Granted 2019-05-28 1 50
R30(2) Examiner Requisition 2019-05-31 11 682
Interview Record with Cover Letter Registered 2019-08-23 1 29
Amendment 2019-08-22 9 376
Abstract 2019-08-22 1 26
Description 2019-08-22 6 301
R30(2) Examiner Requisition 2019-09-03 11 755